The Enlightenment and religion

The Enlightenment and religion

Equally interesting is the History of British Deism (1995), edited by J. V. Price. 34 The eight volumes of reproduced texts which constitute the History appear, ostensibly, impressive and a testament to the term 'English deist movement' ...

Author: S. J. Barnett

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 9781847795939

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 895

This electronic version has been made available under a Creative Commons (BY-NC-ND) open access license. This book offers a critical survey of religious change and its causes in eighteenth-century Europe, and constitutes a challenge to the accepted views in traditional Enlightenment studies. Focusing on Enlightenment Italy, France and England, it illustrates how the canonical view of eighteenth-century religious change has in reality been constructed upon scant evidence and assumption, in particular the idea that the thought of the enlightened led to modernity. For, despite a lack of evidence, one of the fundamental assumptions of Enlightenment studies has been the assertion that there was a vibrant Deist movement which formed the “intellectual solvent” of the eighteenth century. The central claim of this book is that the immense ideological appeal of the traditional birth-of-modernity myth has meant that the actual lack of Deists has been glossed over, and a quite misleading historical view has become entrenched.
Categories: History

Scripture and Deism

Scripture and Deism

The Biblical Criticism of the Eighteenth-century British Deists Diego Lucci. use of several critical theories relating to the Bible and the history of Christianity . Thus , the deists and other British radical thinkers practically ...

Author: Diego Lucci

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 3039112546

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 256

View: 157

This book deals with the British deists' biblical hermeneutics, its roots, and its effects on European culture and society. Deist thinkers such as John Toland, Anthony Collins and Matthew Tindal pointed out the historical and anthropological origins of positive religions. Focusing on the human roots of Judaism, Christianity, Islam and Ancient Paganism, they advocated tolerance and freedom of thought. In the context of the deists' research on the history of positive religions, the study of the Scriptures played a key role. Deists and freethinkers fought against the influence of Christian doctrine on political and social life. They denied the supernatural foundations of Christianity and of Christian institutions, and analyzed the Bible with the aim to promote the free search for truth. This book thus stresses the significance of the deists' biblical criticism for the development of Enlightenment views of religion and for the secularization of Europe.
Categories: Literary Criticism

A History of Atheism in Britain

A History of Atheism in Britain

By tracing its development from so early a date, Dr Berman gives an account of an important and fascinating strand of intellectual history.

Author: David Berman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135975579

Category: Philosophy

Page: 272

View: 867

Probably no doctrine has excited as much horror and abuse as atheism. This first history of British atheism, first published in 1987, tries to explain this reaction while exhibiting the development of atheism from Hobbes to Russell. Although avowed atheism appeared surprisingly late – 1782 in Britain – there were covert atheists in the middle seventeenth century. By tracing its development from so early a date, Dr Berman gives an account of an important and fascinating strand of intellectual history.
Categories: Philosophy

Reflections on the Conduct of the Modern Deists

Reflections on the Conduct of the Modern Deists

First published in 1995. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Author: Samuel Chandler

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415107741

Category: Philosophy

Page: 110

View: 227

First published in 1995. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Categories: Philosophy

A Forgotten Christian Deist

A Forgotten Christian Deist

Lord, A., '“The great Arcana of the deity”: menstruation and menstrual disorders in eighteenth century British medical thought', Bulletin of the History of Medicine, 73 (1999) 8–63. Lorraine de Montluzin, E., Attributions of authorship ...

Author: Jan van den Berg

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000417852

Category: History

Page: 250

View: 615

This is a cultural and intellectual biography of a neglected but important figure, Thomas Morgan (1671/2–1743). Educated at Bridgewater Academy, he was active as Presbyterian preacher, medical practitioner, and one of the first who called himself a Christian Deist. Morgan was not only a harbinger of the disparagement of the Old Testament, but also a prolific pamphleteer about things religious, and a publisher of medical books. He received praise for his medical work, but a negative press for his theological visions, and he ended as a forgotten figure in history; this book restores an overlooked writer to his due place in history. It is the first modern biography of Morgan and its readership comprises historians of deism, the enlightenment, the eighteenth century, theology and the church, Presbyterianism, and medical history.
Categories: History

The Radical Rhetoric of the English Deists

The Radical Rhetoric of the English Deists

Chapter 2 : Characteristics of British Deism 1. ... That the traditional view of the Deists persists is evident in David Christie - Murray's treatment of the Deists in A History of Heresy , chapter 17 . 3. See her Radical Enlightenment ...

Author: James A. Herrick

Publisher: Univ of South Carolina Press

ISBN: 1570031665

Category: Religion

Page: 245

View: 782

Focusing on the works of lesser-known yet influential Deists, the author examines the 70-year polemic between the Church of England and the English Deists, illuminating the rhetorical war which raged between them. He contends that Deism owes its significance to these skilled controversialists.
Categories: Religion

Atheism and Deism Revalued

Atheism and Deism Revalued

Heterodox Religious Identities in Britain, 1650-1800 Wayne Hudson, Diego Lucci ... What is perhaps most surprising about this absence of deists from the history of free expression is that such well-known proponents of this right as ...

Author: Wayne Hudson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317177579

Category: History

Page: 292

View: 377

Given the central role played by religion in early-modern Britain, it is perhaps surprising that historians have not always paid close attention to the shifting and nuanced subtleties of terms used in religious controversies. In this collection particular attention is focussed upon two of the most contentious of these terms: ’atheism’ and ’deism’, terms that have shaped significant parts of the scholarship on the Enlightenment. This volume argues that in the seventeenth and eighteenth century atheism and deism involved fine distinctions that have not always been preserved by later scholars. The original deployment and usage of these terms were often more complicated than much of the historical scholarship suggests. Indeed, in much of the literature static definitions are often taken for granted, resulting in depictions of the past constructed upon anachronistic assumptions. Offering reassessments of the historical figures most associated with ’atheism’ and ’deism’ in early modern Britain, this collection opens the subject up for debate and shows how the new historiography of deism changes our understanding of heterodox religious identities in Britain from 1650 to 1800. It problematises the older view that individuals were atheist or deists in a straightforward sense and instead explores the plurality and flexibility of religious identities during this period. Drawing on the most recent scholarship, the volume enriches the debate about heterodoxy, offering new perspectives on a range of prominent figures and providing an overview of major changes in the field.
Categories: History

Jefferson s Religion

Jefferson s Religion

Jefferson quoted liberally from Bolingbroke, Shaftesbury, and other Deists in his written works. ... Dissent (Univerity of Kansas Press, 1992); and Samuel Chandler and James Foster, History of British Deism (London: Routledge, 1994). 2.

Author: Stephen J. Vicchio

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 9781498271295

Category: Religion

Page: 158

View: 595

Thomas Jefferson's views have led many to conclude that he was an atheist, as recently as in the work of Christopher Hitchens. But the third President has also been labeled a deist, a Unitarian, and a Christian. Philosopher and theologian Stephen Vicchio takes on the challenge of analyzing Jefferson's writings in detail to see if any of these appellations is fitting. The author finds that Jefferson's two volumes on the New Testament Gospels (A Syllabus of an Estimate of the Merit of the Doctrines of Jesus and The Life and Morals of Jesus of Nazareth) reveal a great deal concerning the theological perspective of this famous American statesman.
Categories: Religion

American Religious History Belief and Society through Time 3 volumes

American Religious History  Belief and Society through Time  3 volumes

“Warm deists,” in contrast, believed in a providential God who directed human history. ... There were vast theological differences among deists; seventeenth-century British deists tended to conceive of the deity as often bordering on ...

Author: Gary Scott Smith

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9781440861611

Category: Religion

Page: 1150

View: 295

A mix of thematic essays, reference entries, and primary source documents covering the role of religion in American history and life from the colonial era to the present. Often controversial, religion has been an important force in shaping American culture. Religious convictions strongly influenced colonial and state governments as well as the United States as a new republic. Religious teachings, values, and practices deeply affected political structures and policies, economic ideology and practice, educational institutions and instruction, social norms and customs, marriage, and family life. By analyzing religion's interaction with American culture and prominent religious leaders and ideologies, this reference helps readers to better understand many fascinating, often controversial, religious leaders, ideas, events, and topics. The work is organized in three volumes devoted to particular periods. Volume one includes a chronology highlighting key events related to religion in American history and an introduction that overviews religion in America during the period covered by the volume, and roughly 10 essays that explore significant themes. These essays are followed by approximately 120 alphabetically arranged reference entries providing objective, fundamental information about topics related to religion in America. Each volume presents nearly 50 primary source documents, each introduced by a contextualizing headnote. A selected, general bibliography closes volume three. Timelines in each volume highlight key events in American religious history Some 30 essays survey broad themes central to American religious history Roughly 360 reference entries provide fundamental information about specific topics related to religion in American history Excerpts from around 150 primary source documents provide first-hand accounts of how religion has shaped American history Entry bibliographies and a selected, general, end-of-work bibliography direct users to additional information resources
Categories: Religion