The Intellectual Origins of Modernity explores the long and winding road of
modernity from Rousseau to Foucault and its roots, which are not to be found in a
desire for enlightenment or in the idea of progress but in the Promethean passion
Author: David Ohana
Category: Political Science
The Intellectual Origins of Modernity explores the long and winding road of modernity from Rousseau to Foucault and its roots, which are not to be found in a desire for enlightenment or in the idea of progress but in the Promethean passion of Western humankind. Modernity is the Promethean passion, the passion of humans to be their own master, to use their insight to make a world different from the one that they found, and to liberate themselves from their immemorial chains. This passion created the political ideologies of the nineteenth century and made its imprint on the totalitarian regimes that arose in their wake in the twentieth. Underlying the Promethean passion there was modernity—humankind's project of self-creation—and enlightenment, the existence of a constant tension between the actual and the desirable, between reality and the ideal. Beneath the weariness, the exhaustion and the skepticism of post-modernist criticism is a refusal to take Promethean horizons into account. This book attests the importance of reason, which remains a powerful critical weapon of humankind against the idols that have come out of modernity: totalitarianism, fundamentalism, the golem of technology, genetic engineering and a boundless will to power. Without it, the new Prometheus is liable to return the fire to the gods.
Author: Ibrahim M. Abu-Rabi'Publish On: 1996-01-01
the history of ideas (the study of systematic thought, usually in philosophical
treatises), intellectual history proper (the ... and questions that have preoccupied
thinkers in the modern Arab world, whether religious or secular, is a formidable
Author: Ibrahim M. Abu-Rabi'
Publisher: SUNY Press
Foreword Acknowledgments 1 The Context: Modern Arab Intellectual History, Themes, and Questions 2 Turath Resurgent? Arab Islamism and the Problematic of Tradition 3 Hasan al-Banna and the foundation fo the Ikhwan: Intellectual Underpinnings 4 Sayyid Qutb: The Pre-Ikhwan Phase 5 Sayyid Qutb’s Thought between 1952 and 1962: A Prelude to His Qur’anic Exegesis 6 Qur’anic Contents of Sayyid Qutb’s Thought 7 Toward an Islamic Liberation Theology: Muhammad Husayn Fadlallah and the Principles of Shi’i Resurgence 8 Islamic Revivalism: The Contemporary Debate Notes Bibliography Index
Surely , as so many others have noticed , Whiggery was torn between the forces
of modernity and traditional values . Despite Whig rhetoric , then , both
mainstream parties embraced the forces of modernity via their virtually identical
Author: Julie M. Walsh
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Category: Social Science
While many have highlighted partisan differences over ideology and educational policies in the Jacksonian period, this study alternatively reveals an underlying philosophical consensus about citizenship training, or education, among opposing leaders of the political parties. Ironically, this consensus existed in tension with the stated ideals of each of the political parties, namely the Democrats, Whigs, and Workingmen. The Democrats and Workingmen were known for their rhetorical commitment to the values of equality and individualism, while the Whigs embraced conservative values, such as social harmony, as well as modern ones, such as individualism. The educational consensus, in its tendency to cultivate a passive citizenry, challenged many of these values, but accommodated socioeconomic conditions and the imperatives of a politics of mass parties. Passive citizens would be content to vote loyally for their party and to demand little to no input in the formation of its platform, habits that were crucial tothe burgeoning party system at this time. In exposing such a substantive consensus in an area with profound effects for politics, this study questions the significance of rhetorical differences among the parties at this time and indeed challenges methodologies that rely solely on rhetorical analysis to understand partisan visions.
Author: Michael Allen GillespiePublish On: 2008-09-15
Origin. of. Modernity. THE THEOLOGICAL CRISIS OF LATE MEDIEVAL
THOUGHT While the modern world became conscious of itself in the sixteenth
and seventeenth centuries, it would be as much a mistake to believe that modernity began ...
Author: Michael Allen Gillespie
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Exposing the religious roots of our ostensibly godless age, Michael Allen Gillespie reveals in this landmark study that modernity is much less secular than conventional wisdom suggests. Taking as his starting point the collapse of the medieval world, Gillespie argues that from the very beginning moderns sought not to eliminate religion but to support a new view of religion and its place in human life. He goes on to explore the ideas of such figures as William of Ockham, Petrarch, Erasmus, Luther, Descartes, and Hobbes, showing that modernity is best understood as a series of attempts to formulate a new and coherent metaphysics or theology. “Bringing the history of political thought up to date and situating it against the backdrop of contemporary events, Gillespie’s analyses provide us a way to begin to have conversations with the Islamic world about what is perhaps the central question within each of the three monotheistic religions: if God is omnipotent, then what is the place of human freedom?”—Joshua Mitchell, Georgetown University
He specializes in intellectual history in the early modern period, and is editing (
with A. Vine) vol. III of the Oxford Francis Bacon. Recent publications include '
Hume's General Rules and the “Chief Business of Philosophers”' (Impressions of
Author: Desmond M. Clarke
Publisher: OUP Oxford
In this Handbook twenty-six leading scholars survey the development of philosophy between the middle of the sixteenth century and the early eighteenth century. The five parts of the book cover metaphysics and natural philosophy; the mind, the passions, and aesthetics; epistemology, logic, mathematics, and language; ethics and political philosophy; and religion. The period between the publication of Copernicus's De Revolutionibus and Berkeley's reflections on Newton and Locke saw one of the most fundamental changes in the history of our way of thinking about the universe. This radical transformation of worldview was partly a response to what we now call the Scientific Revolution; it was equally a reflection of political changes that were no less fundamental, which included the establishment of nation-states and some of the first attempts to formulate a theory of international rights and justice. Finally, the Reformation and its aftermath undermined the apparent unity of the Christian church in Europe and challenged both religious beliefs that had been accepted for centuries and the interpretation of the Bible on which they had been based. The Handbook surveys a number of the most important developments in the philosophy of the period, as these are expounded both in texts that have since become very familiar and in other philosophical texts that are undeservedly less well-known. It also reaches beyond the philosophy to make evident the fluidity of the boundary with science, and to consider the impact on philosophy of historical and political events—explorations, revolutions and reforms, inventions and discoveries. Thus it not only offers a guide to the most important areas of recent research, but also offers some new questions for historians of philosophy to pursue and to have indicated areas that are ripe for further exploration.
The Institutional Origins of Social Change and Stagnation Erik Ringmar. 6
Institutions that reflect It would be a mistake , we said , to give named individuals -
Petrarca , Columbus , Copernicus or anyone else – the credit for the new ...
Author: Erik Ringmar
Publisher: Psychology Press
Category: Business & Economics
Why, from the eighteenth century onwards, did some countries embark on a path of sustained economic growth, while others stagnated? This text looks at the kind of institutions that are required in order for change to take place, and Ringmar concludes that for sustained development to be possible, change must be institutionalized. Taking a global view, Ringmar investigates the implications of his conclusion on issues facing the developing world today.
Reformation Calvinism – Capitalism — Counter - Reformation Europe — Intellectual History – Modernity National States — Netherlands — Reformation —
Restoration Telos Press Ltd . , 431 East 12th Street , New York , NY 10009 HB
For Hans Blumenberg's two major attempts to trace the intellectual origins of modern Western secular culture, see: The Legitimacy of the Modern Age, trans.
Robert M. Wallace (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1983; first publ. as Die Legitimität
Author: L. Besserman
Category: Literary Criticism
This book illuminates the pervasive interplay of 'sacred' and 'secular' phenomena in the literature, history, politics, and religion of the Middle Ages and Early Modern periods. The essays gathered here constitute a new way of applying a classic dichotomy to major cultural phenomena of the pre-modern era.
Thus, we see that the intellectual crisis interpenetrates with the crisis of
civilization. ... If Lonergan stresses the epistemo- logical origins of the crisis,
Voegelin emphasizes the origins in the sentiments, ... of these sentiments of modernity was in the direction of immediate action, not gradualism, violence, not
talk—in short, ...
Author: Thomas J. McPartland
Publisher: University of Missouri Press
Bernard Lonergan's ambitious study of human knowledge, based on his theory of consciousness, is among the major achievements of twentieth-century philosophy. He challenges the principles of contemporary intellectual culture by finding norms and standards not in external perceptions or reified concepts, but in the dynamism of consciousness itself.
Taking Religion Into Interwar Modernism Rajesh Heynickx, Jan de Maeyer ... To
be more precise: the obvious parallels between features of 'mystic modernism'
and the intellectual origins of fascism, on 1 Neugebauer-Wölk, ed., ...
Author: Rajesh Heynickx
Publisher: Leuven University Press
During the 1920's and 1930's many European modernist artists and intellectuals were seeking a primordial finality in Catholicism. In order to distil the eternal from the transitory, they became fascinated by a thought frame promoted by the French philosopher Jacques Maritain: neo-Thomism, a revival of the study of the principles and methodology of the thirteenth-century theologian "Chomas Aquinas. The French poet and surrealist filmmaker Jean Cocteau converted to Catholicism under the influence of Maritain. For the painters Gino Severini, a pioneer of futurism, and Otto van Rees, one of the first Dadaists, Maritain played the role of spiritual counsellor. And when the promoter of abstract art Michel Seuphor embraced Catholic faith in the 1930's, he too had extensive contact with Maritain. For all of them, the dictum of the Irish poet Brian Coffey, once a doctoral student under Maritain, applied: modern art needs a Thomistic conceptual framework. However, the contributions in The Maritain Factor show that Maritain's theories also provoked some irritation, and not just admiration. Walter Benjamin, for example, could only look at Maritain as a charlatan who was out to place modern art under the bell-jar of Catholicism. Studies on interwar modernist aesthetics have been insensitive to traditional reference frames for too long. The Maritain Factor argues that we should not restrict our gaze to a rigid opposition between modern developments and long-established, inherited ways of thinking. II is necessary to extend our horizon to the adaptability within modernism. Moreover, by studying the reception and perception of Maritain this volume demonstrates that Catholic thought was not just one aspect of the manifold varieties of discourses and practices that modernism consisted of. It often offered a basis to 'organise' or 'structure' this multiplicity and thus constituted interwar modernism in many ways.
The Enlightenment's Critique of Orthodoxy The religious issue which was hotly
debated at the origins of modernity has once again acquired a new urgency. The
rise of religious fundamentalisms which have taken the place of now defunct ...
Author: Alan Levine
Publisher: Lexington Books
This collection of original essays by the nation's leading political theorists examines the origins of modernity, and considers the question of tolerance as a product of early modern religious skepticism. Rather than approaching the problem with a purely historical lens, the authors actively demonstrate the significance of these issues to contemporary debates in political philosophy and public policy. The contributors to Early Modern Skepticism raise and address questions of the utmost significance: Is religious faith necessary for ethical behavior? Is skepticism a fruitful ground from which to argue for toleration? This book will be of interest to historians, philosophers, religious scholars, and political theorists -- anyone concerned about the tensions between private beliefs and public behavior.
The best long and short introductions to Japan's modern history are Marius B.
Jansen, The Making of Modern Japan (Cambridge, Mass. ... the Mind of Modern
China (Cambridge, Mass., 1959), Hao Chang, Liang Ch'i-ch'ao and Intellectual
Transition in China, 1890–1907 ... Joseph W. Esherick's The Origins of the Boxer
Uprising (Berkeley, 1988) is an unsurpassed account of the motivations of the
Author: Pankaj Mishra
Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux
A surprising, gripping narrative depicting the thinkers whose ideas shaped contemporary China, India, and the Muslim world A little more than a century ago, as the Japanese navy annihilated the giant Russian one at the Battle of Tsushima, original thinkers across Asia, working independently, sought to frame a distinctly Asian intellectual tradition that would inform and inspire the continent's anticipated rise to dominance. Asian dominance did not come to pass, and those thinkers—Tagore, Gandhi, and later Nehru in India; Liang Qichao and Sun Yatsen in China; Jamal al-Din al-Afghani and Abdurreshi al Ibrahim in the ruins of the Ottoman Empire—are seen as outriders from the main anticolonial tradition. But Pankaj Mishra shows that it was otherwise in this stereotype-shattering book. His enthralling group portrait of like minds scattered across a vast continent makes clear that modern Asia's revolt against the West is not the one led by faith-fired terrorists and thwarted peasants but one with deep roots in the work of thinkers who devised a view of life that was neither modern nor antimodern, neither colonialist nor anticolonialist. In broad, deep, dramatic chapters, Mishra tells the stories of these figures, unpacks their philosophies, and reveals their shared goal of a greater Asia. Right now, when the emergence of a greater Asia seems possible as at no previous time in history, From the Ruins of Empire is as necessary as it is timely—a book essential to our understanding of the world and our place in it.
Figures of Following in Modern Thought and Aesthetics Gerhard Richter ... and intellectual history of modernity, 14; and Jetztzeit, 75, 80; and Jewish Messianism
, 75; and Kracauer, 83; on music, ... One-Way Street (Einbahnstraße), 238n.30; Origin of German Tragic Drama (Ursprung des deutschen Trauerspiels), 36, 75, ...
Author: Gerhard Richter
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Gerhard Richter's groundbreaking study argues that the concept of "afterness" is a key figure in the thought and aesthetics of modernity. It pursues questions such as: What does it mean for something to "follow" something else? Does that which follows mark a clear break with what came before it, or does it in fact tacitly perpetuate its predecessor as a consequence of its inevitable indebtedness to the terms and conditions of that from which it claims to have departed? Indeed, is not the very act of breaking with, and then following upon, a way of retroactively constructing and fortifying that from which the break that set the movement of following into motion had occurred? The book explores the concept and movement of afterness as a privileged yet uncanny category through close readings of writers such as Kant, Kafka, Heidegger, Bloch, Benjamin, Brecht, Adorno, Arendt, Lyotard, and Derrida. It shows how the vexed concepts of afterness, following, and coming after shed new light on a constellation of modern preoccupations, including personal and cultural memory, translation, photography, hope, and the historical and conceptual specificity of what has been termed "after Auschwitz." The study's various analyses across a heterogeneous collection of modern writers and thinkers, diverse historical moments of articulation, and a range of media conspire to illuminate Lyotard's apodictic statement that "after philosophy comes philosophy. But it has been altered by the 'after.'" As Richter's intricate study demonstrates, much hinges on our interpretation of the "after." After all, our most fundamental assumptions concerning modern aesthetic representation, conceptual discourse, community, subjectivity, and politics are at stake.
Science, Technology, Medicine and Modernity: 1789 - 1914 David Knight.
scientists see each other, and are perceived. Butterfield also wrote about the origins of modern science, an intellectual revolution that he perceived as perhaps
Author: David Knight
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Of all the inventions of the nineteenth century, the scientist is one of the most striking. In revolutionary France the science student, taught by men active in research, was born; and a generation later, the graduate student doing a PhD emerged in Germany. In 1833 the word 'scientist' was coined; forty years later science (increasingly specialised) was a becoming a profession. Men of science rivalled clerics and critics as sages; they were honoured as national treasures, and buried in state funerals. Their new ideas invigorated the life of the mind. Peripatetic congresses, great exhibitions, museums, technical colleges and laboratories blossomed; and new industries based on chemistry and electricity brought prosperity and power, economic and military. Eighteenth-century steam engines preceded understanding of the physics underlying them; but electric telegraphs and motors were applied science, based upon painstaking interpretation of nature. The ideas, discoveries and inventions of scientists transformed the world: lives were longer and healthier, cities and empires grew, societies became urban rather than agrarian, the local became global. And by the opening years of the twentieth century, science was spreading beyond Europe and North America, and women were beginning to be visible in the ranks of scientists. Bringing together the people, events, and discoveries of this exciting period into a lively narrative, this book will be essential reading both for students of the history of science and for anyone interested in the foundations of the world as we know it today.
Author: James R. Hackney Jr.Publish On: 2007-03-07
Stephen Feldman, in his thoughtful account of American legal theory, had divided
its intellectual history into premodern, modern, and postmodern periods, with
substages in each period. While his periodization di√ers from mine, particularly
Author: James R. Hackney Jr.
Publisher: Duke University Press
For more than two decades, the law and economics movement has been one of the most influential and controversial schools of thought in American jurisprudence. In this authoritative intellectual history, James R. Hackney Jr. situates the modern law and economics movement within the trajectory of American jurisprudence from the early days of the Republic to the present. Hackney is particularly interested in the claims of objectivity or empiricism asserted by proponents of law and economics. He argues that the incorporation of economic analysis into legal decision making is not an inherently objective enterprise. Rather, law and economics often cloaks ideological determinations—particularly regarding the distribution of wealth—under the cover of science. Hackney demonstrates how legal-economic thought has been affected by the prevailing philosophical ideas about objectivity, which have in turn evolved in response to groundbreaking scientific discoveries. Thus Hackney’s narrative is a history not only of law and economics but also of select strands of philosophy and science. He traces forward from the seventeenth-century the interaction of legal thinking and economic analysis with ideas about the attainability of certitude. The principal legal-economic theories Hackney examines are those that emerged from classical legal thought, legal realism, law and neoclassical economics, and critical legal studies. He links these theories respectively to formalism, pragmatism, the analytic turn, and neopragmatism/postmodernism, and he explains how each of these schools of philosophical thought was influenced by specific scientific discoveries: Newtonian physics, Darwin’s theory of evolution, Einstein’s theories of relativity, and quantum mechanics. Under Cover of Science challenges claims that the contemporary law and economics movement is an objective endeavor by historicizing ideas about certitude and empiricism and their relation to legal-economic thought.
L Alister E. McGrath, The Intellectual Origins of the European Reformation (
Oxford: Blackwell, 2nd edn, 2003). The first edition was published in 1987. L For
the importance of this context for the shaping of the modern age, see M.L. Colish,
Author: Alister E. McGrath
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Luther's Theology of the Cross represents a fully revised and updated edition of the classic 1985 text that expands on the author's ongoing research and reflects 25 years of Luther scholarship. Rewritten and expanded edition of a highly-acclaimed classic text Incorporates primary and secondary sources that have become available since the publication of the first edition Draws on advances in our understanding of the late medieval intellectual, cultural, and religious background of Luther's early development, and the nature of Luther's doctrine of justification (including the so-called 'Finnish' school), many of which have not yet been incorporated into Luther scholarship Luther's 'theological breakthrough' continues to be of central importance to Reformation Studies and the development of Protestantism Written by one of the world's leading Protestant theologians, who is an authority on the development of the doctrine of justification. His classic work Iustitia Dei: A History of the Christian Doctrine of Justification is now in its third edition (2005)
If we are to understand musical modernity in broader terms that reconnect with
those of social and intellectual history, we have to think beyond the usual
divisions of music history arising from a study of musical techniques alone, as if
Author: Julian Johnson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
What does music have to say about modernity? How can this apparently unworldly art tell us anything about modern life? In Out of Time, author Julian Johnson begins from the idea that it can, arguing that music renders an account of modernity from the inside, a history not of events but of sensibility, an archaeology of experience. If music is better understood from this broad perspective, our idea of modernity itself is also enriched by the specific insights of music. The result is a rehearing of modernity and a rethinking of music - an account that challenges ideas of linear progress and reconsiders the common concerns of music, old and new. If all music since 1600 is modern music, the similarities between Monteverdi and Schoenberg, Bach and Stravinsky, or Beethoven and Boulez, become far more significant than their obvious differences. Johnson elaborates this idea in relation to three related areas of experience - temporality, history and memory; space, place and technology; language, the body, and sound. Criss-crossing four centuries of Western culture, he moves between close readings of diverse musical examples (from the madrigal to electronic music) and drawing on the history of science and technology, literature, art, philosophy, and geography. Against the grain of chronology and the usual divisions of music history, Johnson proposes profound connections between musical works from quite different times and places. The multiple lines of the resulting map, similar to those of the London Underground, produce a bewildering network of plural connections, joining Stockhausen to Galileo, music printing to sound recording, the industrial revolution to motivic development, steam trains to waltzes. A significant and groundbreaking work, Out of Time is essential reading for anyone interested in the history of music and modernity.
Origins and Ends of an Unenlightened Disease Helmut Illbruck. Introduction.
Original. Questions. This is a study in the modern intellectual and cultural history
of nostalgia— as a concept, idea, and experience. In the main, it will present this
Author: Helmut Illbruck
Publisher: Northwestern University Press
Helmut Illbruck traces the concept of nostalgia from the earliest uses of the term in the seventeenth century to today as it evolves with different meanings and intensities in the discourses of medicine, literature, philosophy, and aesthetics. Following nostalgia’s troubled relations to the philosophical project of the Enlightenment, Illbruck’s study builds a cumulative argument about nostalgia’s modern significance that often revises and thoroughly enriches our understanding of cultural, literary, and intellectual history. Illbruck concludes with an attempt at a reinterpretation and defense of nostalgia, which seduces us to read and think with, rather than against, nostalgia’s wistful yearning for the past. Nostalgia: Origins and Ends of an Unenlightened Disease is a comprehensive, insistent, and profound interdisciplinary investigation of the history of an idea. It should appeal to readers interested in the cultural makings of the Enlightenment and modernity or in the histories of medicine, literature, and philosophy.
origin. The circle below that is distinguished in black and white signifies that the
qì issuing from the dào operates by ... OF “THAT WHICH IS ABOVE FORM” AND
METAPHYSICS If I may be permitted to comment a little on intellectual history, the
Author: Yasuo Yuasa
Publisher: SUNY Press
These last writings by Japanese philosopher Yuasa engage both Western and Eastern thought to reconsider modernity and offer an alternative, more holistic paradigm.
Despite the immediate problems presented by his thought, and his voluminous
The True Intellectual System of the Universe (hereafter Intellectual System; 1678)
in particular, Cudworth deserves a higher place within the history of philosophy.
Author: Graham Oppy
The early modern period in philosophy - encompassing the 16th to the 18th centuries - reflects a time of social and intellectual turmoil. The Protestant Reformation, the Catholic Counter-Reformation, and the birth of the Enlightenment all contributed to the re-evaluation of reason and faith. The revolution in science and in natural philosophy swept away two millennia of Aristotelian certainty in a human-centred universe. Covering some of the most important figures in the history of Western thought - notably Descartes, Locke, Hume and Kant - "Early Modern Philosophy of Religion" charts the philosophical understanding of religion at a time of intellectual and spiritual revolution. "Early Modern Philosophy of Religion" will be of interest to historians and philosophers of religion, while also serving as an indispensable reference for teachers, students and others who would like to learn more about this formative period in the history of ideas.