The Intellectual Origins of Modernity

The Intellectual Origins of Modernity

This book attests the importance of reason, which remains a powerful critical weapon of humankind against the idols that have come out of modernity: totalitarianism, fundamentalism, the golem of technology, genetic engineering and a ...

Author: David Ohana

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351110501

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 757

The Intellectual Origins of Modernity explores the long and winding road of modernity from Rousseau to Foucault and its roots, which are not to be found in a desire for enlightenment or in the idea of progress but in the Promethean passion of Western humankind. Modernity is the Promethean passion, the passion of humans to be their own master, to use their insight to make a world different from the one that they found, and to liberate themselves from their immemorial chains. This passion created the political ideologies of the nineteenth century and made its imprint on the totalitarian regimes that arose in their wake in the twentieth. Underlying the Promethean passion there was modernity—humankind's project of self-creation—and enlightenment, the existence of a constant tension between the actual and the desirable, between reality and the ideal. Beneath the weariness, the exhaustion and the skepticism of post-modernist criticism is a refusal to take Promethean horizons into account. This book attests the importance of reason, which remains a powerful critical weapon of humankind against the idols that have come out of modernity: totalitarianism, fundamentalism, the golem of technology, genetic engineering and a boundless will to power. Without it, the new Prometheus is liable to return the fire to the gods.
Categories: Political Science

An Intellectual History of Modern China

An Intellectual History of Modern China

This book is the only comprehensive book on modern China's intellectual history.

Author: Professor of History Emerita Boston University and Associate of the John K Fairbank Center for East Asian Research Harvard University Merle Goldman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521797101

Category: History

Page: 607

View: 364

This book is the only comprehensive book on modern China's intellectual history.
Categories: History

Rethinking Modern European Intellectual History

Rethinking Modern European Intellectual History

This book is a collection of essays by leading practitioners of modern European intellectual history, reflecting on the theoretical and methodological underpinnings of the field.

Author: Darrin M. McMahon

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199769247

Category: History

Page: 305

View: 742

This book is a collection of essays by leading practitioners of modern European intellectual history, reflecting on the theoretical and methodological underpinnings of the field. The essays each attempt to assess their respective disciplines, giving an account of their development and theoretical evolution, while also reflecting on current problems, challenges, and possibilities.
Categories: History

An Intellectual History for India

An Intellectual History for India

This volume addresses the power of ideas in the making of Indian political modernity. As an intermediate history of connections between South Asia and the global arena the volume raises new issues in intellectual history.

Author: Shruti Kapila

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521199759

Category: History

Page: 164

View: 954

This volume addresses the power of ideas in the making of Indian political modernity. As an intermediate history of connections between South Asia and the global arena the volume raises new issues in intellectual history. It reviews the period from the emergence of constitutional liberalism in the1830s, through the swadeshi era to the writings of Tilak, Azad and Gandhi in the twentieth century. While several contributions reflect on the ideologies of nationalism, the volume seeks to rescue intellectual history from being simply a narration of the nation-state. It does not seek to create a 'canon' of political thought so much as to show how Indian concepts of state and society were redrawn in the context of emergent globalized debates about freedom, the constitution of the self and the good society in the late colonial era. In so doing the contributions here resituate an Indian intellectual history that has long been eclipsed by social and political history. These essays were originally published in a Special issue of the journal Modern Intellectual History (CUP, April 2007).
Categories: History

The Intellectual Foundations of Chinese Modernity

The Intellectual Foundations of Chinese Modernity

The book charts the development of these ideologies and explores the work and influence of the intellectuals who were associated with them.

Author: Edmund S. K. Fung

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139488235

Category: History

Page:

View: 297

In the early twentieth century, China was on the brink of change. Different ideologies - those of radicalism, conservatism, liberalism, and social democracy - were much debated in political and intellectual circles. Whereas previous works have analyzed these trends in isolation, Edmund S. K. Fung shows how they related to one another and how intellectuals in China engaged according to their cultural and political persuasions. The author argues that it is this interrelatedness and interplay between different schools of thought that are central to the understanding of Chinese modernity, for many of the debates that began in the Republican era still resonate in China today. The book charts the development of these ideologies and explores the work and influence of the intellectuals who were associated with them. In its challenge to previous scholarship and the breadth of its approach, the book makes a major contribution to the study of Chinese political philosophy and intellectual history.
Categories: History

Creating the Intellectual

Creating the Intellectual

Mao's Great Famine: The History of China's Most Devastating Catastrophe, 1958
–1962. new york: Walker, 2001 ———. The Tragedy of ... In An Intellectual
History of Modern China, edited by Merle goldman and Leo Lee, 13–96.
Cambridge ...

Author: Eddy U

Publisher: University of California Press

ISBN: 9780520303690

Category: History

Page: 247

View: 925

A free ebook version of this title is available through Luminos, University of California Press’s Open Access publishing program. Visit www.luminosoa.org to learn more. Creating the Intellectual redefines how we understand relations between intellectuals and the Chinese socialist revolution of the last century. Under the Chinese Communist Party, “the intellectual” was first and foremost a widening classification of individuals based on Marxist thought. The party turned revolutionaries and otherwise ordinary people into subjects identified as usable but untrustworthy intellectuals, an identification that profoundly affected patterns of domination, interaction, and rupture within the revolutionary enterprise. Drawing on a wide range of data, Eddy U takes the reader on a journey that examines political discourses, revolutionary strategies, rural activities, urban registrations, workplace arrangements, organized protests, and theater productions. He lays out in colorful detail the formation of new identities, forms of organization, and associations in Chinese society. The outcome is a compelling picture of the mutual constitution of the intellectual and the Chinese socialist revolution, the legacy of which still affects ways of seeing, thinking, acting, and feeling in what is now a globalized China.
Categories: History

The Intellectual Origins of the Modern Bolivian Political System 1918 1943

The Intellectual Origins of the Modern Bolivian Political System  1918  1943

This dissertation tells the story of the birth of modern politics in Bolivia.

Author: Carlos Roy Aramayo

Publisher: Proquest, UMI Dissertation Publishing

ISBN: 124364754X

Category:

Page: 448

View: 630

This dissertation tells the story of the birth of modern politics in Bolivia. It argues that the modern Bolivian political system was founded during the 1920s and 1930s by a small group of Creole intellectuals from Cochabamba. By examining the lives, family backgrounds, and social networks of prominent writers and educators, this dissertation shows how a cadre of thinkers, motivated by personal and professional desires, invented modern Bolivian politics. The intellectuals discussed in this study, including Jose Antonio Arze, Augusto Cespedes, Jose Aguirre Gainsbourg, and Carlos Montenegro, were inspired by their personal ambitions and experiences to transform Bolivian politics. They developed alliances with important social groups, particularly the labor movement and the professionalized military, during the 1920s and 1930s. These networks created a new political consciousness in Bolivia. Using a sociological approach to the history of the intelligentsia, the project argues that the disparate, often antagonistic ideologies of Bolivian modernity originated in the experiences of the nation's leading political thinkers and their relationships with key social groups. The struggles of daily life, it demonstrates, build political consciousness; the networks assembled by collective experience create politics. After the disastrous Chaco War with Paraguay and the military socialist regimes of David Toro and German Busch, these intellectuals embodied their modern ideological positions in a variety of new parties and organizations. These included the nationalist Movimiento Nacionalista Revolucionario (MNR), the Marxian Partido de la Izquierda Revolucionaria (PIR), and the Trotskyist Partido Obrero Revolucionario (POR). This dissertation traces the origins of these parties by examining the experiences of the political intellectuals who organized them. The ideologies and policies associated with modernity in Bolivia---particularly nationalism and socialism---still have currency today. The failure of "revolutionary," "reformist," and "populist" governments from the 1930s until the 2000s to fulfill the promises made by modern political institutions is a key reason for the success of Evo Morales' indigenista populism. Understanding the origins of the political, social, and cultural ideologies of the modern political system is thus crucial to comprehending Bolivia in the twenty-first century.
Categories:

The Origins of Postmodernity

The Origins of Postmodernity

Beginning in the Hispanic world of the 1930s, the text takes the reader through to the 70s, when Lyotard and Habermas gave the idea of postmodernism wider currency and finally the 90s, with the work of Fredric Jameson.

Author: Perry Anderson

Publisher: Verso

ISBN: 1859842224

Category: History

Page: 143

View: 238

Traces the genesis, consolidation and consequences of the postmodern idea. Beginning in the Hispanic world of the 1930s, the text takes the reader through to the 70s, when Lyotard and Habermas gave the idea of postmodernism wider currency and finally the 90s, with the work of Fredric Jameson.
Categories: History

Both Eastern and Western

Both Eastern and Western

Studying intellectual trends in Iran in a global historical context, this new intellectual history challenges many dominant paradigms in Iranian historiography and offers a new revisionist interpretation of Iranian modernity.

Author: Afshin Matin-Asgari

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108428538

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 522

Studying intellectual trends in Iran in a global historical context, this new intellectual history challenges many dominant paradigms in Iranian historiography and offers a new revisionist interpretation of Iranian modernity.
Categories: History

The Genesis of Capitalism and the Origins of Modernity

The Genesis of Capitalism and the Origins of Modernity

History 2 . Economics 3 . Reformation Calvinism – Capitalism — Counter -
Reformation Europe — Intellectual HistoryModernity National States —
Netherlands — Reformation — Restoration Telos Press Ltd . , 431 East 12th
Street , New ...

Author: Luciano Pellicani

Publisher: Telos Press, Limited

ISBN: UCSC:32106011545578

Category: Philosophy

Page: 239

View: 761

Categories: Philosophy

Translatio Studiorum

Translatio Studiorum

The present volume collects seventeen case studies that characterize the various kinds of translationes of the European culture of the last two and a half millennia from ancient Greece to Rome, from the Medieval world to the Renaissance up ...

Author: Marco Sgarbi

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004236806

Category: Philosophy

Page: 264

View: 269

The present volume collects seventeen case studies that characterize the various kinds of translationes of the European culture of the last two and a half millennia from ancient Greece to Rome, from the Medieval world to the Renaissance up to the Modernity.
Categories: Philosophy

A History of Modern Political Thought in East Central Europe

A History of Modern Political Thought in East Central Europe

Many other intellectuals linked to Solidarity were busy re-mapping Polish
intellectual history. Styles of Political Thinking, written by the intellectual historian
Marcin Król (1944), dealt with the “young conservative” journals published by
Jerzy ...

Author: Balázs Trencsenyi

Publisher:

ISBN: 9780198829607

Category:

Page: 400

View: 777

A History of Modern Political Thought in East Central Europe, Volume II Part II examines the defeat of the vision of 'socialism with a human face' in 1968 and the political discourses produced by the various 'consolidation' or 'normalization' regimes. It closes with pertinent questions about the fragility of the democratic order globally.
Categories:

Decadent Modernity

Decadent Modernity

The modernistas' aestheticism was quintessentially decadent and therefore
considered to be both the cause and the ... This methodological perspective is
especially useful − and even urgent − when approaching the intellectual history
of ...

Author: Michela Coletta

Publisher:

ISBN: 9781786941312

Category:

Page: 208

View: 582

How did Latin Americans represent their own countries as modern? By treating modernity as a ubiquitous category in which ideas of progress and decadence are far from being mutually exclusive, this book explores how different groups of intellectuals, between the late nineteenth and the early twentieth century, drew from European sociological and medical theories to produce a series of cultural representations based on notions of degeneration. Through a comparative analysis of three country case studies - Argentina, Uruguay and Chile - the book investigates four themes that were central to definitions of Latin American modernity at the turn of the century: race and the nation, the search for the autochthonous, education, and aesthetic values. It takes a transnational approach to show how civilisational constructs were adopted and adapted in a postcolonial context where cultural modernism foreshadowed economic modernisation. In doing this, this work sheds new light on the complex discursive negotiations through which the idea of 'Latin America' became gradually established in the region.
Categories:

Intellectual History

Intellectual History

Although they differ in emphasis and on points of detail , most modern
commentators on Renaissance historical writing and antiquarian scholarship are
concerned with isolating the origins of modern concepts of history , of modern
research ...

Author: Daniel R. Woolf

Publisher:

ISBN: WISC:89017009747

Category: Civilization, Modern

Page: 204

View: 180

Categories: Civilization, Modern

Against the Modern World

Against the Modern World

You can count on Rick Steves to tell you what youreallyneed to know when traveling in Eastern Europe--including the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland, Hungary, Slovenia, and Croatia.

Author: Mark Sedgwick

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195396010

Category: Religion

Page: 369

View: 781

Against the Modern World is the first history of Traditionalism, an important yet surprisingly little-known twentieth-century anti-modern movement. Comprising a number of often secret but sometimes very influential religious groups in the West and in the Islamic world, it affected mainstream and radical politics in Europe and the development of the field of religious studies in the United States, touching the lives of many individuals. French writer Rene Guenon rejected modernity as a dark age and sought to reconstruct the Perennial Philosophy - the central truths behind all the major world religions. Guenon stressed the urgent need for the West's remaining spiritual and intellectual elite to find personal and collective salvation in the surviving vestiges of ancient religious traditions. A number of disenchanted intellectuals responded to his call. In Europe, America, and the Islamic world, Traditionalists founded institutes, Sufi brotherhoods, Masonic lodges, and secret societies. Some attempted unsuccessfully to guide Fascism and Nazism along Traditionalist lines; others later participated in political terror in Italy. Traditionalist ideas were the ideological cement for the alliance of anti-democratic forces in post-Soviet Russia, and in the Islamic world entered the debate about the relationship between Islam and modernity. Although its appeal in the West was ultimately limited, Traditionalism has wielded enormous influence in religious studies, through the work of such Traditionalists as Ananda Coomaraswamy, Huston Smith, Mircea Eliade, and Seyyed Hossein Nasr.
Categories: Religion

The Human Motor

The Human Motor

It goes well beyond its central concern with the 'science of work' to illuminate everything it discusses, from Marxism to the social uses of photography, from cultural decadence to the impact of the First World War."—Martin Jay, ...

Author: Anson Rabinbach

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520078276

Category: Philosophy

Page: 402

View: 770

"Masterfully integrating Europe-wide debates in science, philosophy, technology, economics, and social policy, Rabinbach has provided us with a profoundly original understanding of the productivist obsessions from which we are still painfully freeing ourselves. . . . A splendid example of the mutual enrichment of intellectual and social history. It goes well beyond its central concern with the 'science of work' to illuminate everything it discusses, from Marxism to the social uses of photography, from cultural decadence to the impact of the First World War."—Martin Jay, University of California, Berkeley
Categories: Philosophy

Intellectual History Newsletter

Intellectual History Newsletter

What we don ' t have enough of , unfortunately , is a clearer sense of the
intellectual stakes , the conflict of ideas that were so voluble during the Armory
Show and at other times . If the bohemians distanced themselves from pictorial
modernism ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UVA:X006132419

Category: Civilization

Page:

View: 720

Categories: Civilization

Enlightenment Contested

Enlightenment Contested

This is a managerial survey and reinterpretation of the Enlightenment.

Author: Jonathan I. Israel

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199279225

Category: History

Page: 983

View: 693

This is a managerial survey and reinterpretation of the Enlightenment. The text offers an assessment of the nature and development of the important currents in philosophical thinking arguing that supposed national enlightenments are of less significance than the rift between conservative and radical thought.
Categories: History

Critics of Modernity

Critics of Modernity

Its place within the intellectual history of modern Germany has been variously
described by Kurt Sontheimer , Antidemokratisches Denken in der Weimarer
Republik : Die politischen Ideen des deutschen Nationalismus zwischen 1918
und ...

Author: Martin Travers

Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Incorporated

ISBN: UOM:39015055798188

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 256

View: 736

In cultural terms that ethos was every bit as powerful as the prevailing discourse of Modernism, bringing within its sway figures as diverse as Hermann Lons, Hans Grimm, Ernst Junger, Stefan George, Arnolt Bronnen, Ernst von Salomon, and Gottfried Benn. Disparate as they were in their aesthetic aims and priorities, these writers shared a thorough rejection of the values and institutions of the modern world, whose perceived evils they sought to remove through that most paradoxical of all political acts: a conservative revolution.
Categories: Literary Collections

The Modernity of English Art 1914 30

The Modernity of English Art  1914 30

David Peters Corbett, Professor of Art History and American Studies David Peters
Corbett. 40 42 47 ... The French Trajectories , ' in Modern European Intellectual
History : Reappraisals and New Perspectives , ed . Dominick LaCapra and ...

Author: David Peters Corbett

Publisher: St. Martin's Press

ISBN: UOM:39015047442937

Category: Art

Page: 234

View: 551

This ground-breaking book re-conceptualises the history of English painting from 1914 to the end of the 1920s. Whereas most accounts of the period have tended to see English art as marked by a tension between the native tradition and Modernism.
Categories: Art