The Iranian Talmud

The Iranian Talmud

The Iranian Talmud reexamines the Babylonian Talmud—one of Judaism's most central texts—in the light of Persian literature and culture, providing an unprecedented and accessible overview to the vibrant world of pre-Islamic Iran that ...

Author: Shai Secunda

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 9780812245707

Category: Religion

Page: 256

View: 540

The Iranian Talmud reexamines the Babylonian Talmud—one of Judaism's most central texts—in the light of Persian literature and culture, providing an unprecedented and accessible overview to the vibrant world of pre-Islamic Iran that shaped the Bavli.
Categories: Religion

Rabbis Sorcerers Kings and Priests

Rabbis  Sorcerers  Kings  and Priests

This book skillfully engages and demonstrates the rich penetration of Persian imperial society and culture on the Jews of late antique Iran.

Author: Jason Sion Mokhtarian

Publisher:

ISBN: 0520385721

Category:

Page: 296

View: 376

Rabbis, Sorcerers, Kings, and Priests examines the impact of the Persian Sasanian context on the Babylonian Talmud, perhaps the most important corpus in the Jewish sacred canon. What impact did the Persian Zoroastrian Empire, as both a real historical force and an imaginary interlocutor, have on rabbinic identity and authority as expressed in the Talmud? Drawing from the field of comparative religion, Jason Sion Mokhtarian addresses this question by bringing into mutual fruition Talmudic studies and ancient Iranology, two historically distinct disciplines. Whereas most research on the Talmud assumes that the rabbis were an insular group isolated from the cultural horizon outside their academies, this book contextualizes the rabbis and the Talmud within a broader sociocultural orbit by drawing from a wide range of sources from Sasanian Iran, including Middle Persian Zoroastrian literature, archaeological data such as seals and inscriptions, and the Aramaic magical bowl spells. Mokhtarian also includes a detailed examination of the Talmud's dozens of texts that portray three Persian "others": the Persians, the Sasanian kings, and the Zoroastrian priests. This book skillfully engages and demonstrates the rich influence of Persian imperial society and culture on the Jews of late antique Iran.
Categories:

The Talmud in Its Iranian Context

The Talmud in Its Iranian Context

International conference proceedings, 2007, UCLA.

Author: Carol Bakhos

Publisher: Mohr Siebrek Ek

ISBN: 316150187X

Category: Religion

Page: 270

View: 731

Scholars of rabbinics and Iranists are increasingly turning to the orbit of Iranian civilization in order to explore the extent to which the Babylonian Talmud was exposed to the theological and liturgical discourse of the Zoroastrian religion, as well as Sasanian legal practices. Here possibly for the first time, scholars within these fields are brought together in concert to examine the interaction between Jewish and Iranian cultures in terms of legal exegesis, literature, and religious thought. The implications of this groundbreaking effort are vastly significant for Jewish and Iranian Studies. With contributions by: Yaakov Elman, David Goodblatt, Geoffrey Herman, Richard Kalmin, Maria Macuch, Jason Sion Mokhtarian, Shai Secunda, Shaul Shaked, Prods Oktor SkjAervo, Yuhan Sohrab-Dinshaw Vevaina
Categories: Religion

Orality and Textuality in the Iranian World

Orality and Textuality in the Iranian World

The Orality and Textuality in the Iranian World provides important evidence of textual culture's intimate, extensive, and ongoing interaction with the realm of orality, mapping out new areas and foci of research in Iranian Studies.

Author:

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004291973

Category: Religion

Page: 476

View: 532

The Orality and Textuality in the Iranian World provides important evidence of textual culture's intimate, extensive, and ongoing interaction with the realm of orality, mapping out new areas and foci of research in Iranian Studies.
Categories: Religion

Comprehensive History of the Jews of Iran

Comprehensive History of the Jews of Iran

... north of the Holy Land , the ten lost tribes were forced to go to the east , toward
Persia . Babylon , the former hub of Judaism , was an Iranian province for more
than a thousand years , including the period during which the Talmud was written
 ...

Author: Habib Lavi

Publisher: Mazda Pub

ISBN: UOM:39015048737434

Category: History

Page: 597

View: 975

"This book, the first comprehensive source on an important topic, not only describes briefly the history of Jews in ancient Iran (Persia) but covers all periods, particularly the 19th and 20th centuries."--BOOK JACKET.
Categories: History

Sexuality in the Babylonian Talmud

Sexuality in the Babylonian Talmud

By negotiating the Iranian context of the rabbinic discussion alongside the Christian backdrop, this groundbreaking volume presents a balanced and nuanced portrayal of the rabbinic discourse on sexuality and situates rabbinic discussions of ...

Author: Yishai Kiel

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781316797266

Category: Religion

Page:

View: 624

Within this close textual analysis of the Babylonian Talmud, Yishai Kiel explores rabbinic discussions of sex in light of cultural assumptions and dispositions that pervaded the cultures of late antiquity and particularly the Iranian world. By negotiating the Iranian context of the rabbinic discussion alongside the Christian backdrop, this groundbreaking volume presents a balanced and nuanced portrayal of the rabbinic discourse on sexuality and situates rabbinic discussions of sex more broadly at the crossroads of late antique cultures. The study is divided into two thematic sections: the first centers on the broader aspects of rabbinic discourse on sexuality while the second hones in on rabbinic discussions of sexual prohibitions and the classification of permissible and prohibited partnerships, with particular attention to rabbinic discussions of incest. Essential reading for scholars and graduate students of Judaic studies, early Christianity, and Iranian studies, as well as those interested in religious studies and comparative religion.
Categories: Religion

Moses and Gar sp rda r and Herod

Moses and Gar    sp    rda    r and Herod

Chapter 1. Ardaxšer ī Pābagān and Herod -- Chapter 2. Solomon and Jamšīd, Moses and Garšāsp -- Chapter 3. The world to come in Pahlavi literature and the Babylonian Talmud.

Author: Azadeh Ehsani Chombeli

Publisher:

ISBN: 1568594038

Category: Iran

Page:

View: 287

"This book offers a comparative study between a number of Talmudic and Middle Persian narratives. The present work seeks first and foremost to examine Talmudic narratives in their Iranian context, and secondly to examine the Talmudic background of Iranian narratives where applicable. The first and second chapters will offer an analysis of the alteration of historical and biblical figures in the Bavli (the Babylonian Talmud) based on the influence of Iranian mythical and historical figures, while the third chapter will provide an account of how Iranists can learn from Talmudic studies. Here we suggest that a Talmudic narrative may have encouraged Zoroastrian priests to compose an extensive work of religious literature, namely the Ardā Wīrāz-nāmag, an idea which will be further explored in the appendix. The relationship between Iranian and Jewish materials in the Talmudic era is merely a piece of a larger puzzle, a piece that a number of scholars-such as Elman, Secunda, Mokhtarian, Her-man, Kiel, Kalmin, to name a few-have recently begun to focus on. By focusing on Talmudic narratives that have not yet been sufficiently examined for Iranian themes and ideas, this book represents a contribution towards piecing this puzzle together"--
Categories: Iran

Rabbinic Thought in the Talmud

Rabbinic Thought in the Talmud

The Roman Empire was on a gold standard , after the reforms of Diocletian ; the
Iranian Empires were on a silver standard of currency.35 The large fair , so
prominent a feature of Roman economic life , was unknown in Babylon . 3. This
helps ...

Author: Louis Jacobs

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015062625366

Category: Social Science

Page: 216

View: 546

Provides four detailed understandings of the nature and scope of the Babylonian Talmud, outlining the state-of-the-art studies of the subject as well as some problems still awaiting solution, such as who were the actual editors of the Bavli and how they went about their work. This is followed by seven comprehensive examinations of the Talmudic method as seen from the complete unit of the Talmud, the Sugya. The concluding section of the books deals with Rabbinics, the works of post-Talmudic scholars who sought to bring the Talmudic discussions to life in the Jewish community.
Categories: Social Science

The Talmud

The Talmud

WHAT WE DO NOT KNOW ABOUT THE TALMUD We know only this : four
hundred years after the closure of the ... as it was , of their country , Babylonia , a
province in the Iranian empire ruled by the Sasanian dynasty , today located in
Iraq .

Author: Jacob Neusner

Publisher: Augsburg Fortress Publishing

ISBN: UOM:39015024806203

Category: Religion

Page: 186

View: 719

Categories: Religion

The Talmud s Red Fence

The Talmud s Red Fence

The Talmud's Red Fence explores how rituals and beliefs concerning menstruation in the Babylonian Talmud and neighboring Sasanian religious texts were animated by difference and differentiation.

Author: Shai Secunda

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198856825

Category: Religion

Page: 224

View: 344

The Talmud's Red Fence explores how rituals and beliefs concerning menstruation in the Babylonian Talmud and neighboring Sasanian religious texts were animated by difference and differentiation. It argues that the practice and development of menstrual rituals in Babylonian Judaism was a product of the religious terrain of the Sasanian Empire, where groups like Syriac Christians, Mandaeans, Zoroastrians, and Jews defined themselves in part based on how they approached menstrual impurity. It demonstrates that menstruation was highly charged in Babylonian Judaism and Sasanian Zoroastrian, where menstrual discharge was conceived of as highly productive female seed yet at the same time as stemming from either primordial sin (Eve eating from the tree) or evil (Ahrimen's kiss). It argues that competition between rabbis and Zoroastrians concerning menstrual purity put pressure on the Talmudic system, for instance in the unusual development of an expert diagnostic system of discharges. It shows how Babylonian rabbis seriously considered removing women from the home during the menstrual period, as Mandaeans and Zoroastrians did, yet in the end deemed this possibility too "heretical." Finally, it examines three cases of Babylonian Jewish women initiating menstrual practices that carved out autonomous female space. One of these, the extension of menstrual impurity beyond the biblically mandated seven days, is paralleled in both Zoroastrian Middle Persian and Mandaic texts. Ultimately, Talmudic menstrual purity is shown to be driven by difference in its binary structure of pure and impure; in gendered terms; on a social axis between Jews and Sasanian non-Jewish communities; and textually in the way the Palestinian and Babylonian Talmuds took shape in late antiquity.
Categories: Religion

Ganj nah i dastniv s h yi Pahlav va pizh hish h yi r n

Ganj  nah i dastniv  s  h   yi Pahlav   va pizh  hish  h   yi   r  n

of Mesopotamia , which was considered an integral part of Iran , the lowlands , by
the Sasanian Iranians . ... 4 ) The influence of Sasanian law on the Talmud is
revealed in a number of Iranian legal terms in the Talmud , good evidence for a ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:B3585977

Category: Avesta

Page:

View: 627

Categories: Avesta

The Formation of Judaism

The Formation of Judaism

the Talmud of the Land of Israel , ca. 400 , the other in Babylonia , in the Iranian
Empire , hence the Talmud of Babylonia , ca. 600 . The other important part of the
Torah , the written part , served analogously to define a framework for ( formally )
 ...

Author: Jacob Neusner

Publisher: University of South Florida

ISBN: UOM:39015025212393

Category: Religion

Page: 259

View: 293

Categories: Religion

Ancient Judaism

Ancient Judaism

one produced in the Land of Israel , hence the Talmud of the Land of Israel , ca .
400 , the other in Babylonia , in the Iranian Empire , hence the Talmud of
Babylonia , ca . 600 . The other important part of the Torah , the written part ,
served ...

Author: Jacob Neusner

Publisher: University of South Florida

ISBN: UOM:39015040654819

Category: History

Page: 194

View: 225

Categories: History

The Way of Torah

The Way of Torah

In fact , there are two Talmuds , one produced in the Land of Israel and
completed at about 400 C.E. , called “ the Talmud of the Land of Israel ” or “ the
Yerushalmi ( Jerusalem ) Talmud , ” the other produced in Babylonia , in the
Iranian Empire ...

Author: Jacob Neusner

Publisher:

ISBN: UCSC:32106018775491

Category: Religion

Page: 275

View: 634

This classic text from one of the leading Judaic scholars today, The Way of the Torah introduces students to Judaism with a three-pronged approach. Neusner defines Judaism through time, showing its changes and development. He then introduces students to the classic texts of Judaism, while going beyond the Old Testament. Finally, the Torah and Judaism is presented in its living context. It is the only interpretive work that addresses Judaism within the context of the study of religion whereas other texts use only an historical or primary source approach.
Categories: Religion

Historical Mythical and Religious Narratives of the Babylonian Talmud in Their Middle Persian Context

Historical  Mythical and Religious Narratives of the Babylonian Talmud in Their Middle Persian Context

The present work seeks first and foremost to examine Talmudic narratives in their Iranian context, and secondly to examine the Talmudic background of Iranian narratives where applicable.

Author: Azadeh Ehsani Chombeli

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1135022261

Category:

Page: 176

View: 966

This dissertation offers a comparative study between a number of Talmudic and Middle Persian narratives. The present work seeks first and foremost to examine Talmudic narratives in their Iranian context, and secondly to examine the Talmudic background of Iranian narratives where applicable. The first and second chapters will offer an analysis of the alteration of historical and Biblical figures in the Bavli (the Babylonian Talmud) based on the influence of Iranian mythical and historical figures, while the third chapter will provide an account of how Iranists can learn from Talmudic Studies. Here we suggest that a Talmudic narrative may have encouraged Zoroastrian priests to compose an extensive work of religious literature, namely the Ardā-Virāz Nāmag, an idea which will be further explored in the appendix. The relationship between Iranian and Jewish materials in the Talmudic era is merely a piece of a larger puzzle, a piece that a number of scholars-such as Elman, Secunda, Mokhtarian, Herman, Kiel, Kalmin etc.-have recently begun to focus on. By focusing on Talmudic narratives that have not yet been sufficiently examined for Iranian themes and ideas, this dissertation represents a contribution towards piecing this puzzle together.
Categories:

Irano Yuda ikah Le e er Paras eha Yahadut ovets Me arim Bi te ume Ha maga Ben Yehudim e tarbut Paras Be meshekh Ha dorot

Irano Yuda  ikah Le    e   er Paras    eha Yahadut      ovets Me      arim Bi te   ume Ha maga   Ben Yehudim    e tarbut Paras Be meshekh Ha dorot

54 The Iranian origin of this word is not extremely likely , in the first instance ,
because its only occurrence is in the Palestinian Talmud , where there are very
few Iranian loanwords that occur exclusively there and nowhere else in Aramaic .

Author: Shaul Shaked

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015026901085

Category: Hebrew language, Talmudic

Page:

View: 501

Categories: Hebrew language, Talmudic

Iran Israel and the Jews

Iran  Israel  and the Jews

This volume surveys that history through case studies and broad overviews—from the first intensive contacts under Cyrus the Great, through Persian influence on Judaism evident in the Dead Sea Scrolls and the Babylonian Talmud, into the ...

Author: Aaron Koller

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 9781532661709

Category: History

Page: 438

View: 310

Iran, Israel, and the Jews have a relationship that is in the news all the time. But it cannot be understood just in modern terms. Its roots are 2,500 years old. This volume surveys that history through case studies and broad overviews—from the first intensive contacts under Cyrus the Great, through Persian influence on Judaism evident in the Dead Sea Scrolls and the Babylonian Talmud, into the Middle Ages and the flourishing of Judeo-Persian literature and culture, and finally into modern times, when the political, social, and cultural ties are multifaceted and profound. Written by experts in both Iranian and Jewish studies, these essays convey the richness and complexity of a long and tumultuous relationship between two ancient and great civilizations, which continues to shape the world today.
Categories: History

The Foundations of the Iranian Religions

The Foundations of the Iranian Religions

Lithuanian aistra , ' passion , ardour , eagerness Latin irü , ' wrath ' 1 . , ' Aēšma
has frequently been identified with the ' Aquodzios of the Book of Tobit and the
sun of the Talmud and Midrâším , 2 but the characters of the two are so
dissimilar3 ...

Author: Louis Herbert Gray

Publisher:

ISBN: UCLA:31158001088656

Category: Iran

Page: 228

View: 110

Categories: Iran

The Interplay of Roman and Iranian Titles in the Roman East

The Interplay of Roman and Iranian Titles in the Roman East

Author: Tommaso Gnoli

Publisher: Austrian Academy of Sciences

ISBN: STANFORD:36105122444156

Category: History

Page: 136

View: 566

This essay deals with a classical theme in ancient history: the relationships between Rome and the Parthian and Sasanian worlds. What is original is the perspective from which these relationships are investigated, i.e. starting from the analysis of titles apparently used in a non-fitting context on both sides of the border. A very Roman concept, the consularitas, Greek hypateia, is analysed on the one hand in its explicit attribution to the Edessean sovereigns, on the other hand in its implicit attribution to the kings of Armenia and afterwards to the 'Chiefs' of Palmyra. The very Iranian title of 'King of Kings' is also investigated here as unsuitably attributed to Odainath of Palmyra and his son Vaballath, together with an analysis of the very Iranian title argabetes of a very powerful Palmyrenean man, Vorod. This essay is completed by a documentary update on another Iranian title, pasgriba, 'heir to the throne, crownprince', attested in the royal families of Edessa and Hatra, whose meaning has been deeply investigated elsewhere. The above mentioned subjects evidently show how tight the bonds linking the two sides of the river Euphrates used to be, bonds that are not only cultural in a general way, but more concretely also institutional and political.
Categories: History

Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae

Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae

21 The Aramaic term attested in the Talmud may conceivably preserve an echo
of the Iranian use of this term to denote a temple . However , since this word was
not used , as far as we can tell , in official Zoroastrian circles , it is not certain what
 ...

Author: Magyar Tudományos Akadémia

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015061539972

Category: Asia

Page:

View: 131

Categories: Asia