The Making of Salafism

The Making of Salafism

Henri Lauzière builds his history on the transnational networks of Taqi al-Din al-Hilali (1894–1987), a Moroccan Salafi who, with his associates, participated in the development of Salafism as both a term and a movement.

Author: Henri Lauzière

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231540179

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 913

Some Islamic scholars hold that Salafism is an innovative and rationalist effort at Islamic reform that emerged in the late nineteenth century but gradually disappeared in the mid twentieth. Others argue Salafism is an anti-innovative and antirationalist movement of Islamic purism that dates back to the medieval period yet persists today. Though they contradict each other, both narratives are considered authoritative, making it hard for outsiders to grasp the history of the ideology and its core beliefs. Introducing a third, empirically based genealogy, The Making of Salafism understands the concept as a recent phenomenon projected back onto the past, and it sees its purist evolution as a direct result of decolonization. Henri Lauzière builds his history on the transnational networks of Taqi al-Din al-Hilali (1894–1987), a Moroccan Salafi who, with his associates, participated in the development of Salafism as both a term and a movement. Traveling from Rabat to Mecca, from Calcutta to Berlin, al-Hilali interacted with high-profile Salafi scholars and activists who eventually abandoned Islamic modernism in favor of a more purist approach to Islam. Today, Salafis tend to claim a monopoly on religious truth and freely confront other Muslims on theological and legal issues. Lauzière's pathbreaking history recognizes the social forces behind this purist turn, uncovering the popular origins of what has become a global phenomenon.
Categories: History

The Making of a Salafi Muslim Woman

The Making of a Salafi Muslim Woman

With unprecedented access to Salafi women's groups in the UK, Anabel Inge provides the first in-depth account of their lives, probing the reasons for their conversion and their subsequent dilemmas anddifficulties.

Author: Anabel Inge

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190611675

Category: Religion

Page: 303

View: 272

The spread of Salafism - often called "Wahhabism" - in the West has intrigued and alarmed observers since 9/11. Many see it as a fundamentalist interpretation of Islam that subjugates women and fuels Jihadist extremism. According to this view, Salafi women are the unwilling victims of apatriarchal, fanatical version of Islam. Yet, in Britain, growing numbers of educated women - often converts or from less conservative Muslim backgrounds - are actively choosing to embrace Salafism's literalist beliefs and strict guidelines, including full veiling, wifely obedience, and seclusionfrom non-related men. How do these young women reconcile these demands with their desire for fulfilling careers, university degrees and suitable husbands? How do their beliefs affect their love lives and other relationships? And why do they become Salafis in the first place?Anabel Inge has gained unprecedented access to Salafi women's groups in the UK to provide the first in-depth and vivid account of their lives. Drawing on more than two years of ethnographic fieldwork and interviews in London, she probes the reasons for Salafism's appeal among young Somalis,Afro-Caribbean converts, and women from other backgrounds. She also reveals how the women's lives are fraught with personal dilemmas. This ground-breaking, lucid, and richly detailed contribution will be of interest to policy-makers, journalists, scholars, and general readers.
Categories: Religion

Salafism in the Maghreb

Salafism in the Maghreb

Lauzière, The Making of Salafism. Abdelhakim Aboullouz, “Le salafisme
marocain au début des années 2000: Du conformisme au pouvoir à la
participation,” in Le Maroc au present, edited by Baudouin Dupret, Zakaria Rhani,
and Assia ...

Author: Frederic Wehrey

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190942427

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 496

The Arab Maghreb-the long stretch of North Africa that expands from Libya to Mauritania-is a vitally important region that impacts the security and politics of Europe, sub-Saharan Africa, and the broader Middle East. As Middle East scholars Frederic Wehrey and Anouar Boukhars show in Salafism in the Maghreb, it is also home to the conservative, literalist interpretation of Islam known as Salafism, which has emerged as a major social and political force. Through extensive interviews and fieldwork, Wehrey and Boukhars examine the many roles and manifestations of Salafism in the Maghreb, looking at the relationship between Salafism and the Maghreb's ruling regimes, as well as competing Islamist currents, increasingly youthful populations, and communal groups like tribes and ethno-linguistic minorities. They pay particular attention to how seemingly immutable Salafi ideology is often shaped by local contexts and opportunities. Informed by rigorous research, deep empathy, and unparalleled access to Salafi adherents, clerics, politicians, and militants, Salafism in the Maghreb offers a definitive account of this important Islamist current.
Categories: Political Science

The Making of a Salafi Muslim Woman

The Making of a Salafi Muslim Woman

For instance, is it morally justifiable, or even in the public interest, to secretly film
Salafis—who condemn violent jihad ... Ethnic and social backgrounds, combined
with local context, have also crucially influenced the making of Salafi women.

Author: Anabel Inge

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190611682

Category: Religion

Page: 320

View: 657

The spread of Salafism--often referred to as "Wahhabism"--in the West has intrigued and alarmed observers since the attacks of 9/11. Many see it as a fundamentalist interpretation of Islam that condones the subjugation of women and fuels Jihadist extremism. This view depicts Salafi women as the hapless victims of a fanatical version of Islam. Yet in Britain, growing numbers of educated women--often converts or from less conservative Muslim backgrounds-are actively choosing to embrace Salafism's literalist beliefs and strict regulations, including heavy veiling, wifely obedience, and seclusion from non-related men. How do these young women reconcile such difficult demands with their desire for university education, fulfilling careers, and suitable husbands? How do their beliefs affect their love lives and other relationships? And why do they become Salafi in the first place? Anabel Inge has gained unprecedented access to Salafi women's groups in the United Kingdom to provide the first in-depth account of their lives. Drawing on more than two years of ethnographic fieldwork in London, she examines why Salafism is attracting so many young Somalis, Afro-Caribbean converts, and others. But she also reveals the personal dilemmas they confront. This ground-breaking, lucid, and richly detailed book will be of vital interest to scholars, policy-makers, journalists, and general readers.
Categories: Religion

The Making of a Terrorist POLITICAL DIMENSIONS Instability and opportunity the origins of terrorism in weak and failed states

The Making of a Terrorist  POLITICAL DIMENSIONS  Instability and opportunity  the origins of terrorism in weak and failed states

The Salafi Dimension The term Salafi has been frequently used interchangeably
with Wahhabi to describe the militant and puritanical interpretation of Islam. Salafi
adherents are viewed as potential supporters of global terror. Salafism is ...

Author: James J. F. Forest

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105128381626

Category: Terrorism

Page:

View: 546

Categories: Terrorism

The Making of a Terrorist Recruitment

The Making of a Terrorist  Recruitment

The Salafi Dimension The term Salafi has been frequently used interchangeably
with Wahhabi to describe the militant and puritanical interpretation of Islam .
Salafi adherents are viewed as potential supporters of global terror . Salafism is ...

Author: James J. F. Forest

Publisher: Praeger

ISBN: UOM:39015063190501

Category: Terrorism

Page: 446

View: 154

Global terrorism has become a frightening reality. The situation calls for greater engagement with the public, as the necessary eyes and ears of the global anti-terrorism coalition. However, to be effective the public must be equipped with the knowledge of how, why, and where an individual becomes a terrorist. This is the primary goal of this set, which seeks to answer one central question: What do we currently know about the transformation through which an individual becomes a terrorist?
Categories: Terrorism

Political Islam Case studies Africa Iran Europe Asia

Political Islam  Case studies   Africa  Iran  Europe  Asia

In addition to France , sizeable communities that follow the tenets of Salafism are
found in Belgium , the Netherlands ... In August 1998 , Hattab's followers joined
the GSPC , making it not only the main Algerian terrorist group , but also the main
 ...

Author: Barry M. Rubin

Publisher:

ISBN: 0415421349

Category: Europe

Page: 416

View: 772

Organized into sections, this book discusses the origins and world view of political Islam and its relationship with issues of terrorism and democracy. This three-volume collection also includes case studies that examine the ideas, strategy, tactics, leadership and opposition to the movement both in the Middle East and in other parts of the world.
Categories: Europe

Debating the War of Ideas

Debating the War of Ideas

I use the term , “ Jihadi - Salafism , ” fully appreciating the baggage that the “
Jihadi ” label carries . ... For more biographical information on Gadahn , see Raffi
Khatchadourian's piece , “ Azzam the American : The making of an Al Qaeda ...

Author: Eric D. Patterson

Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan

ISBN: PSU:000066066408

Category: Political Science

Page: 264

View: 996

The War of Ideas is being fought both within Islamic societies and between some Muslim voices and the West. The War of Ideas is a struggle between moral claims, political philosophies, and historical interpretations that compete for assent within a society and across borders. Like the ideological component of the Cold War, the War of Ideas is about the fundamental principles of human society, from the basis for law and structures of governance to gender relations and the nexus of religion and politics. It is a global War: the foes have resorted to arms to protect and promote their worldview. This book brings together some of the most important voices from different partisan, theoretical and religious perspectives to argue and forecast the next phase in the War of Ideas.
Categories: Political Science

Islamism

Islamism

Tarek Osman examines why political Islam managed to win successive elections and how Islamist groups in various nations have responded after ascending to power.

Author: Tarek Osman

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300216011

Category: Religion

Page: 328

View: 218

A political, social, and cultural battle is currently raging in the Middle East. On one side are the Islamists, those who believe Islam should be the region’s primary identity. In opposition are nationalists, secularists, royal families, military establishments, and others who view Islamism as a serious threat to national security, historical identity, and a cohesive society. This provocative, vitally important work explores the development of the largest, most influential Islamic groups in the Middle East over the past century. Tarek Osman examines why political Islam managed to win successive elections and how Islamist groups in various nations have responded after ascending to power. He dissects the alliances that have formed among Islamist factions and against them, addressing the important issues of Islamism’s compatibility with modernity, with the region’s experiences in the twentieth century, and its impact on social contracts and minorities. He explains what Salafism means, its evolution, and connections to jihadist groups in the Middle East. Osman speculates on what the Islamists’ prospects for the future will mean for the region and the rest of the world.
Categories: Religion

Die Welt des Islams

Die Welt des Islams

YUSUF AL - UYAIRI AND THE MAKING OF A REVOLUTIONARY SALAFI
PRAXIS BY ROEL MEIJER Nijmegen Abstract Yūsuf al - Uyairī was the first
leader of al - Qaeda on the Arabian Peninsula . Besides being part of the al -
Qaeda network ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015079678424

Category: Islam

Page:

View: 314

Categories: Islam

Islamism

Islamism

Tarek Osman examines why political Islam managed to win successive elections and how Islamist groups in various nations have responded after ascending to power.

Author: Tarek Osman

Publisher:

ISBN: 0300230966

Category: Religion

Page: 328

View: 451

An incisive analysis of Islamist movements in the Middle East A political, social, and cultural battle is currently raging in the Middle East. On one side are the Islamists, those who believe Islam should be the region's primary identity. In opposition are nationalists, secularists, royal families, military establishments, and others who view Islamism as a serious threat to national security, historical identity, and a cohesive society. This provocative, vitally important work explores the development of the largest, most influential Islamic groups in the Middle East over the past century. Tarek Osman examines why political Islam managed to win successive elections and how Islamist groups in various nations have responded after ascending to power. He dissects the alliances that have formed among Islamist factions and against them, addressing the important issues of Islamism's compatibility with modernity, with the region's experiences in the twentieth century, and its impact on social contracts and minorities. He explains what Salafism means, its evolution, and connections to jihadist groups in the Middle East. Osman speculates on what the Islamists' prospects for the future will mean for the region and the rest of the world.
Categories: Religion

Modern Sufis and the State

Modern Sufis and the State

Focusing on India and Pakistan within a broader global context, this book provides locally grounded accounts of how Sufis in South Asia have engaged in politics from the colonial period to the present.

Author: Katherine Pratt Ewing

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231551465

Category: Religion

Page: 344

View: 948

Sufism is typically thought of as the mystical side of Islam. In recent years, it has been held up as a supposedly peaceful alternative to the spread of forms of Islam associated with violence, an embodiment of democratic ideals of tolerance and pluralism. Are Sufis in fact as otherworldy and apolitical as this stereotype suggests? Modern Sufis and the State brings together a range of scholars, including anthropologists, historians, and religious-studies specialists, to challenge common assumptions that are made about Sufism today. Focusing on India and Pakistan within a broader global context, this book provides locally grounded accounts of how Sufis in South Asia have engaged in politics from the colonial period to the present. Contributors foreground the effects and unintended consequences of efforts to link Sufism with the spread of democracy and consider what roles scholars and governments have played in the making of twenty-first-century Sufism. They critique the belief that Salafism and Sufism are antithetical, offering nuanced analyses of the diversity, multivalence, and local embeddedness of Sufi political engagements and self-representations in Pakistan and India. Essays question the portrayal of Sufi shrines as sites of toleration, peace, and harmony, exploring cases of tension and conflict. A wide-ranging interdisciplinary collection, Modern Sufis and the State is a timely call to think critically about the role of public discourse in shaping perceptions of Sufism.
Categories: Religion

The Impossible Revolution

The Impossible Revolution

'The Impossible Revolution' is a powerful, compelling critique of Syria's catastrophic war, which has profoundly reshaped the lives of millions of Syrians.

Author: Yassin al-Haj Saleh

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9781849048668

Category: Syria

Page: 312

View: 852

Yassin al-Haj Saleh is a leftist dissident who spent sixteen years as a political prisoner and now lives in exile. He describes with precision and fervour the events that led to Syria's 2011 uprising, the metamorphosis of the popular revolution into a regional war, and the 'three monsters' Saleh sees 'treading on Syria's corpse': the Assad regime and its allies, ISIS and other jihadists, and Russia and the US. Where conventional wisdom has it that Assad's army is now battling religious fanatics for control of the country, Saleh argues that the emancipatory, democratic mass movement that ignited the revolution still exists, though it is beset on all sides.'The Impossible Revolution' is a powerful, compelling critique of Syria's catastrophic war, which has profoundly reshaped the lives of millions of Syrians.
Categories: Syria

Making Sense of Daesh in Afghanistan

Making Sense of Daesh in Afghanistan

So-called Islamic State (IS or Daesh) in Iraq and Syria is widely interpreted as a terrorist phenomenon.

Author: Katja Mielke

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1018380020

Category: Afghanistan

Page: 64

View: 528

So-called Islamic State (IS or Daesh) in Iraq and Syria is widely interpreted as a terrorist phenomenon. The proclamation in late January 2015 of a Wilayat Kho-rasan, which includes Afghanistan and Pakistan, as an IS branch is commonly interpreted as a manifestation of Daesh's global ambition to erect an Islamic caliphate. Its expansion implies hierarchical order, command structures and financial flows as well as a transnational mobility of fighters, arms and recruits between Syria and Iraq, on the one hand, and Afghanistan–Pakistan, on the other. In this Working Paper, we take a (new) social movement perspective to investigate the processes and underlying dynamics of Daesh’s emergence in different parts of the country. By employing social movement concepts, such as opportunity structures, coalition-building, resource mobilization and framing, we disentangle the different types of resource mobilization and long-term conflicts that have merged into the phenomenon of Daesh in Afghanistan. In dialogue with other approaches to terrorism studies as well as peace, civil war and security studies, our analysis focuses on relations and interactions among various actors in the Afghan-Pakistan region and their translocal networks.The insight builds on a ten-month fieldwork-based research project conducted in four regions—east, west, north-east and north Afghanistan—during 2016. We find that Daesh in Afghanistan is a context-specific phenomenon that manifests differently in the various regions across the country and is embedded in a long-term transformation of the religious, cultural and political landscape in the cross-border region of Afghanistan–Pakistan. The direct links between Daesh in Syria and Iraq and its branch in Afghanistan are relatively weak, mostly indirect and largely symbolic, being performed through public displays of allegiance. Daesh appears to mobilize resources mainly through translocal social networks established in the past and connect the Afghan–Pakistan border region with Gulf Arab countries, not Daesh’s headquarters in Raqqa. The ideology of Jihadi Salafism derives from longer-term processes and provides a new framework for actors in Afghanistan that is there to stay. Jihadi Salafism is a small but ultra-violent part of the large-scale spread of Salafism manifest in the mushrooming of Salafi mosques and madrassas, particularly in the east, north-east and north of Afghanistan. The Paper suggests that, while Daesh in Afghanistan is not the extended arm of Raqqa, it certainly has to be taken seriously. For it is precisely this relative autonomy that makes it likely to survive the fall of Mosul and Raqqa.
Categories: Afghanistan

Political Islam

Political Islam

Salafism is known not only for its emphasis on creed and its strict upholding of
tawhid , but also for its strict practice , called ... Yusuf al- “ Uyairi ( also known as
Yusuf al - Ayiri ) , Yusuf al - ' Uyairi and the Making of a Revolutionary Salafi
Praxis ...

Author: Khālid Ḥarūb

Publisher: SOAS Middle East Issues

ISBN: IND:30000127032708

Category: Political Science

Page: 315

View: 793

An indispensable reference for academics, researchers, the media and the informed general reader with an interest in Islamic political debates.
Categories: Political Science

For Love of the Prophet

For Love of the Prophet

This book places itself squarely in the center of current debates about the possibility of an Islamic state."--John Bowen, author of On British Islam

Author: Noah Salomon

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691165158

Category: Social Science

Page: 264

View: 838

For some, the idea of an Islamic state serves to fulfill aspirations for cultural sovereignty and new forms of ethical political practice. For others, it violates the proper domains of both religion and politics. Yet, while there has been much discussion of the idea and ideals of the Islamic state, its possibilities and impossibilities, surprisingly little has been written about how this political formation is lived. For Love of the Prophet looks at the Republic of Sudan's twenty-five-year experiment with Islamic statehood. Focusing not on state institutions, but rather on the daily life that goes on in their shadows, Noah Salomon’s careful ethnography examines the lasting effects of state Islamization on Sudanese society through a study of the individuals and organizations working in its midst. Salomon investigates Sudan at a crucial moment in its history—balanced between unity and partition, secular and religious politics, peace and war—when those who desired an Islamic state were rethinking the political form under which they had lived for nearly a generation. Countering the dominant discourse, Salomon depicts contemporary Islamic politics not as a response to secularism and Westernization but as a node in a much longer conversation within Islamic thought, augmented and reappropriated as state projects of Islamic reform became objects of debate and controversy. Among the first books to delve into the making of the modern Islamic state, For Love of the Prophet reveals both novel political ideals and new articulations of Islam as it is rethought through the lens of the nation.
Categories: Social Science

Modern Things on Trial

Modern Things on Trial

In this book, Leor Halevi tells the story of the Islamic trials of technological and commercial innovations of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

Author: Leor Halevi

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231547970

Category: Religion

Page: 367

View: 744

In cities awakening to global exchange under European imperial rule, Muslims encountered all sorts of strange and wonderful new things—synthetic toothbrushes, toilet paper, telegraphs, railways, gramophones, brimmed hats, tailored pants, and lottery tickets. The passage of these goods across cultural frontiers spurred passionate debates. Realizing that these goods were changing religious practices and values, proponents and critics wondered what to outlaw and what to permit. In this book, Leor Halevi tells the story of the Islamic trials of technological and commercial innovations of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. He focuses on the communications of an entrepreneurial Syrian interpreter of the shariʿa named Rashid Rida, who became a renowned reformer by responding to the demand for authoritative and authentic religious advice. Upon migrating to Egypt, Rida founded an Islamic magazine, The Lighthouse, which cultivated an educated, prosperous readership within and beyond the British Empire. To an audience eager to know if their scriptures sanctioned particular interactions with particular objects, he preached the message that by rediscovering Islam’s foundational spirit, the global community of Muslims would thrive and realize modernity’s religious and secular promises. Through analysis of Rida’s international correspondence, Halevi argues that religious entanglements with new commodities and technologies were the driving forces behind local and global projects to reform the Islamic legal tradition. Shedding light on culture, commerce, and consumption in Cairo and other colonial cities, Modern Things on Trial is a groundbreaking account of Islam’s material transformation in a globalizing era.
Categories: Religion

Saudi Arabia in Transition

Saudi Arabia in Transition

This book presents the fruits of their research as well as those of the most prominent Saudi academics in the field.

Author: Bernard Haykel

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107006294

Category: Political Science

Page: 360

View: 778

"Making sense of Saudi Arabia is crucially important today. The kingdom's western province contains the heart of Islam, and it is the United States' closest Arab ally and the largest producer of oil in the world. However, the country is undergoing rapid change: its aged leadership is ceding power to a new generation, and its society, dominated by young people, is restive. Saudi Arabia has long remained closed to foreign scholars, with a select few academics allowed into the kingdom over the past decade. This book presents the fruits of their research as well as those of the most prominent Saudi academics in the field. This volume focuses on different sectors of Saudi society and examines how the changes of the past few decades have affected each. It reflects new insights and provides the most up-to-date research on the country's social, cultural, economic and political dynamics"--
Categories: Political Science

A Decade of Combating Radical Ideology

A Decade of Combating Radical Ideology

... of the Indonesian JI , also criticised those from the Salafi movement in his
published and unpublished works.13 It is very important in counter - ideological
work to avoid generalisations , be it in making assessments , analysis or
conclusions .

Author: Muhammad Haniff Hassan

Publisher:

ISBN: UCSD:31822038897179

Category: Terrorism

Page: 84

View: 904

Categories: Terrorism

Southeast Asia and the Middle East

Southeast Asia and the Middle East

This essay is a revised version of an earlier piece , “ Other Schools , Other
Pilgrimages , Other Dreams : The Making and ... Indonesia Backgrounder : Why
Salafism and Terrorism Mostly Don ' t Mix ( Jakarta and Brussels : International
Crisis ...

Author: Eric Tagliacozzo

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105114463297

Category: History

Page: 392

View: 811

Acknowledgments p. vii Orthographic Note p. viii 1 Southeast Asia and the Middle East: Charting Directions Eric Tagliacozzo p. 1 I The Early Dimensions of Contact 2 Finding Java: Muslim Nomenclature of Insular Southeast Asia from Sþrvijaya to Snouck Hurgronje Michael Laffan p. 17 3 The Hajj, Islam, and Power among the Bugis in Early Colonial Riau Timothy P. Barnard p. 65 4 The Origins and Contributions of Early Arabs in Malaya Mohammad Redzuan Othman p. 83 II The Colonial Age 5 The Middle East Connection and Reform and Revival Movements among the Putihan in 19th-century Java M.C. Ricklefs p. 111 6 The Skeptic's Eye: Snouck Hurgronje and the Politics of Pilgrimage from the Indies Eric Tagliacozzo p. 135 7 Challenging Inequality in a Modern Islamic Idiom: Social Ferment amongst Arabs in Early 20th-century Java Sumit K. Mandal p. 156 8 Southeast Asian Debates and Middle Eastern Inspiration: European Dress in Minangkabau at the Beginning of the 20th Century Nico J.G. Kaptein p. 176 III The First Half of the 20th Century 9 Topics and Queries for a History of Arab Families and Inheritance in Southeast Asia: Some Preliminary Thoughts Michael Gilsenan p. 199 10 From Golden Youth in Arabia to Business Leaders in Singapore: Instructions of a Hadrami Patriarch Ulrike Freitag p. 235 11 M. Asad Shahab: A Portrait of an Indonesian Hadrami Who Bridged the Two Worlds Mona Abaza p. 250 IV Into Modernity 12 Jihad and the Specter of Transnational Islam in Contemporary Southeast Asia: A Comparative Historical Perspective John T. Sidel p. 275 13 Some Comparative Notes on Three Muslim Rebellion Movements in Southeast Asia (Burma, Thailand, and the Philippines) Moshe Yegar p. 319 14 Political Islam in Post-Soeharto Indonesia: The Contest between "Radical-Conservative Islam" and "Progressive-Liberal Islam" M. Syafi'i Anwar p. 349 Contributors p. 386 Index.
Categories: History