See Aristide Zolberg, Astri Suhrke and Sergio Aguayo, Escape from Violence:
Conflict and the Refugee Crisis in the Developing World (Oxford: Oxford
University Press, 1989). Gatrell, The Making of the Modern Refugee, 283. Peter
Author: Matthew Frank
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Refugees in Europe, 1919-1959 offers a new history of Europe's mid-20th century as seen through its recurrent refugee crises. By bringing together in one volume recent research on a range of different contexts of groups of refugees and refugee policy, it sheds light on the common assumptions that underpinned the history of refugees throughout the period under review. The essays foreground the period between the end of the First World War, which inaugurated a series of new international structures to deal with displaced populations, and the late 1950s, when Europe's home-grown refugee problems had supposedly been 'solved' and attention shifted from the identification of an exclusively European refugee problem to a global one. Borrowing from E. H. Carr's The Twenty Years' Crisis, first published in 1939, the editors of this volume test the idea that the two post-war eras could be represented as a single crisis of a European-dominated international order of nation states in the face of successive refugee crises which were both the direct consequence of that system and a challenge to it. Each of the chapters reflects on the utility and limitations of this notion of a 'forty years' crisis' for understanding the development of specific national and international responses to refugees in the mid-20th century. Contributors to the volume also provide alternative readings of the history of an international refugee regime, in which the non-European and colonial world are assigned a central role in the narrative.
Refugees. He had been Mayor of New York for three terms and, before that, a
Congressman for a decade; his was one of the most recognised faces in America
. But, out of office for three months and away from the limelight, Fiorello
Author: Victor Sebestyen
Publisher: Pan Macmillan
With the end of the Second World War, a new world was born. The peace agreements that brought the conflict to an end implemented decisions that not only shaped the second half of the twentieth century, but continue to affect our world today and impact on its future. In 1946 the Cold War began, the state of Israel was conceived, the independence of India was all but confirmed and Chinese Communists gained a decisive upper hand in their fight for power. It was a pivotal year in modern history in which countries were reborn and created, national and ideological boundaries were redrawn and people across the globe began to rebuild their lives. In this remarkable history, the foreign correspondent and historian Victor Sebestyen draws on contemporary documents from around the world - including Stalin's personal notes from the Potsdam peace conference - to examine what lay behind the political decision-making. Sebestyen uses a vast array of archival material and personal testimonies to explore how the lives of generations of people across continents were shaped by the events of 1946. Taking readers from Berlin to London, from Paris to Moscow, from Washington to Jerusalem and from Delhi to Shanghai, this is a vivid and wide-ranging account of both powerbrokers and ordinary men and women from an acclaimed author.
C.P. Broad, 'Refugees from Hungary: Diary of a Journey,' The British Medical
Journal, Vol. 2 (8 December 1956), pp. 1359–1360. Gatrell, The Making of the Modern Refugee, pp. 111–112. Kecskés, 'Les composantes d'une action
Author: Greg Burgess
Publisher: Springer Nature
This book recounts France’s responses to refugees from the liberation of Paris in 1944 to the end of the civil wars in the former Yugoslavia in 1995. It questions whether France fulfilled the promise of asylum for those persecuted for the ‘cause of liberty’ made in its Constitution of 1946. Post-war development and the demand for immigrant workers were favourable to refugees from the Communist east, from Franco’s Spain, from Hungary after insurrection of 1956, and later from Latin America and Indochina. Asylum developed nationally in conjunction with international developments, the interventions of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, and the adoption of the 1951 Refugee Convention. Economic ruptures in the 1970s, however, and the appearance of refugees from Asia and Africa, led to the assertion of national priorities and brought about a sense of crisis, and questions about whether France could continue to fulfil its promise.
Author: Elena Fiddian-QasmiyehPublish On: 2014-06-12
Caestecker, F., and Moore, B. (2010) Refugees from Nazi Germany and the
Liberal European States. New York: Berghahn Books. Carron, V. ... Gatrell, P. (
2010) 'The Making of the Modern Refugee'. Keynote Address for the Conference
Author: Elena Fiddian-Qasmiyeh
Publisher: OUP Oxford
Category: Political Science
Refugee and Forced Migration Studies has grown from being a concern of a relatively small number of scholars and policy researchers in the 1980s to a global field of interest with thousands of students worldwide studying displacement either from traditional disciplinary perspectives or as a core component of newer programmes across the Humanities and Social and Political Sciences. Today the field encompasses both rigorous academic research which may or may not ultimately inform policy and practice, as well as action-research focused on advocating in favour of refugees' needs and rights. This authoritative Handbook critically evaluates the birth and development of Refugee and Forced Migration Studies, and analyses the key contemporary and future challenges faced by academics and practitioners working with and for forcibly displaced populations around the world. The 52 state-of-the-art chapters, written by leading academics, practitioners, and policymakers working in universities, research centres, think tanks, NGOs and international organizations, provide a comprehensive and cutting-edge overview of the key intellectual, political, social and institutional challenges arising from mass displacement in the world today. The chapters vividly illustrate the vibrant and engaging debates that characterize this rapidly expanding field of research and practice.
Author: Vazira Fazila-Yacoobali ZamindarPublish On: 2010
from Purana Qila and other “Muslim refugee camps” in Delhi boarded trains to
Pakistan, most ofthem made their way to Karachi, Pakistan's new capital in the
province of Sind. In Pakistan, Muslim refugees came to be officially called “
5 State and politics in Israel, Iran and Turkey from the Second World War 1 For a
detailed examination of the 1948/9 fighting see Benny Morris, The Birth of the
Palestinian Refugee Problem: 1947–1949 (Cambridge: Cambridge University ...
Author: Roger Owen
Category: Political Science
Roger Owen has fully revised and updated his authoritative text to take into account the latest developments in the Middle East. This book continues to serve as an excellent introduction for newcomers to the modern history and politics of this fascinating region. This third edition continues to explore the emergence of individual Middle Eastern states since the fall of the Ottoman Empire at the end of the First World War and the key themes that have characterized the region since then.
Kathleen R. Warnes After decades of State Department stonewalling and
indifference to the fate of the Jews in Europe under the Nazi regime, President
Franklin Delano Roosevelt in 1944, “invited” 1,000 refugees to come to Fort
Ontario, near ...
Author: Patrick J. Hayes
Category: Social Science
Combining the insight of two-dozen expert contributors to examine key figures, events, and policies over 200 years of U.S. immigration history, this work illuminates the foundations of the ethnic and socioeconomic makeup of our nation. * 45 entries covering such issues as the Alien and Sedition Acts, asylees, immigration and customs enforcement, immigration and religion, and U.S.–Mexico border relations * Contributions from an international collaborative of 24 scholars from the social and human sciences * Photographs * A timeline * Entry-specific bibliographies and a lengthy general bibliography
As ' s refugees from Purana Qila and other “ Muslim refugee camps ” in Delhi
boarded trains to Pakistan , most of them made their way to Karachi , Pakistan's
new capital in the province of Sind . In Pakistan , Muslim refugees came to be ...
Author: Vazira Fazila
Publisher: Penguin Books India
In This Remarkable Study Based On More Than Two Years Of Ethnographic And Archival Research, Vazira Fazila-Yacoobali Zamindar Argues That The Combined Interventions Of The Two Postcolonial States Were Enormously Important In Shaping These Massive Displacements. She Examines The Long, Contentious, And Ambivalent Process Of Drawing Political Boundaries And Making Distinct Nation-States In The Midst Of This Historic Chaos. Zamindar Crosses Political And Conceptual Boundaries To Bring Together Oral Histories With North Indian Muslim Families Divided Between The Two Cities Of Delhi And Karachi With Extensive Archival Research In Previously Unexamined Urdu Newspapers And Government Records Of India And Pakistan. She Juxtaposes The Experiences Of Ordinary People Against The Bureaucratic Interventions Of Both Postcolonial States To Manage And Control Refugees And Administer Refugee Property. As A Result, She Reveals The Surprising History Of The Making Of The Western Indo-Pak Border, One Of The Most Highly Surveillanced In The World, Which Came To Be Instituted In Response To This Refugee Crisis, In Order To Construct National Difference Where It Was The Most Blurred. In Particular, Zamindar Examines The Muslim Question At The Heart Of Partition. From The Margins And Silences Of National Histories, She Draws Out The Resistance, Bewilderment, And Marginalization Of North Indian Muslims As They Came To Be Pushed Out And Divided By Both Emergent Nation-States. It Is Here That Zamindar Asks Us To Stretch Our Understanding Of Partition Violence To Include This Long, And In Some Sense Ongoing, Bureaucratic Violence Of Postcolonial Nationhood, And To Place Partition At The Heart Of A Twentieth Century Of Border-Making And Nation-State Formation. A Product Of Outstanding Historical-Ethnographic Research, Vazira Fazila-Yacoobali Zamindar'S Book Tells Like No One Has Done Before The Maddeningly Tangled Story Of How, In The Years After The Partition Of 1947, India And Pakistan Actually Came To Separate Their Territories, Properties, And Peoples Into Two Sovereign States. Zamindar'S Ability To Weave Into A Single Narrative The National And The Local, The Administrative And The Personal, The Everyday And The Epochal, Is Truly Remarkable. This Is A Path Breaking Contribution To Modern South Asian Studies. Partha Chatterjee, Author Of The Politics Of The Governed: Reflections On Popular Politics In Most Of The World A Deeply Moving Account Of The Contingent Category Of The No-Questions-Asked Natural Citizen Within The Indian And Pakistani Nation-States, At Birth And In Their Long, Postnatal Condition. The Hurriedly Fixed National Boundaries Here Both Necessitate And Entice, Contain And Penalize Crossings. Zamindar Richly Documents How For Some Minority Groups Travel, Kinship Ties, And A National Longing Have To Be Continually Bared To Lay Claim To Citizenship Within A Multireligious Dispensation. An Unsettling Work That Breaks Through The Chalk Circles Circumscribing The Retellings Of Our Separate And National Pasts. Shahid Amin, Author Of Writing Alternative Histories: A View From India A Remarkable Exercise Of Ethno-History From Below. In Addition To Official Sources, Zamindar Has Collected Testimonies In Archives And Interviewed Survivors Of Partition To Offer An Original And Significant Chronicle Of The Nation-Making Process In Both India And Pakistan. Christophe Jaffrelot, Author Of The Hindu Nationalist Movement And Indian Politics, 1925 To The 1990S This Is A Significant And Path-Breaking Book And Is Likely To Become The Standard Study Of The Subject. It Will Be Cited Authoritatively Or Be Argued With For Some Time To Come. Aamir Mufti, Author Of Enlightenment In The Colony: The Jewish Question And The Crisis Of Postcolonial Culture
Author: Stephen R. MacKinnonPublish On: 2008-05-21
Stephen MacKinnon for the first time tells the full story of Wuhan's defense and fall, and how the siege's aftermath led to new directions in the history of modern Chinese culture, society, and politics.
Author: Stephen R. MacKinnon
Publisher: Univ of California Press
During the spring of 1938, a flood of Chinese refugees displaced by the Anti-Japanese War (1937-1945) converged on the central Yangzi valley tricity complex of Wuhan. For ten remarkable months, in a highly charged atmosphere of carnage, heroism, and desperation, Wuhan held out against the Japanese in what would become a turning point in the war—and one that attracted international attention. Stephen MacKinnon for the first time tells the full story of Wuhan's defense and fall, and how the siege's aftermath led to new directions in the history of modern Chinese culture, society, and politics.
Tam Luck, a little Vietnamese refugee. Tam, who had been living in a refugee
camp in Thailand for seven years, finally came to America, oh America yearning
to be free, and then went crazy. He had come with his brother, hoping to bring his
Author: Mark Warren
Publisher: Doubleday Books
Category: Biography & Autobiography
A psychiatrist discusses his training, his experiences with difficult patients, and the stages in the doctor-patient relationship
Our ' refugee ' Committee , after assessing tentage , hotel - space , feeding
facilities at bars and restaurants , and billeting and kitchen capacity of officials '
houses with marquees in the gardens , assessed the total personnel that
We first heard of disturbances in Delhi after August 1947 , but the newspapers
were censored and we only knew that curfew had been imposed over the city
and that the military was deployed to escort refugees across the border .
Author: Begum Khurshid Mirza
Presents An Autobiography Of Begum Khurshid Mirza. Provides An Insight Into The Social Conditions Of Muslims Indians And The Transition Of Pakistan. Divided Into 15 Chapters.
This work , by Astbury ( 1893 - 1961 ) at Leeds , inspired several groups to try to
find the structures of more complex proteins . Amongst these was Max Perutz (
1914 - ) , a refugee from Nazi Germany , who in 1937 began work at Cambridge
Author: John Marks
Traces the development of science, looks at its impact on our daily lives, and describes how research was conducted in various cultures
Saklani, Sakni, “Tibetan Refugees in India. A Sociological Study of an Uprooted
Community” (Ph.D., Benares University, 1978). Sung Yaoting, “Chinese Tibetan
Relations, 1890–1947,” (Ph.D., University of Minnesota, 1949). “Tibetan Refugee
Author: A.Tom Grunfeld
Category: Political Science
An account of Tibet and the Tibetan people that emphasises the political history of the 20th century. This book attempts to reach beyond the polemics by considering the various historical arguments, using archival material from several nations and drawing conclusions focused on available documents.
... England had depended for much of her science and technology upon well-
qualified immigrants from Scotland and Germany, so the USA benefited hugely
from immigrants, many of them political refugees as Priestley had been in 1794.
Author: David Knight
This volume brings together the people, events, and discoveries of 19th century science into a lively narrative. It places particular emphasis on the new forms in which scientists communicated with the public, in the context of increasing urbanization, globalization and industrialization.
In recent years historians of the Middle East have been making a conscious effort
to distance themselves from traditional ... and it remains to be seen what
alternatives there are if we want to write a ' modern history of the Middle East
without the support of ... The Shuneh Arab refugee camp at the time of the
creation of the state.
Author: Ilan Pappé
Publisher: Psychology Press
The most comprehensive view of the region and its recent history in a post 9/11 world, this is the first textbook on the modern Middle East to examine its urban, rural, cultural and women's histories over its political and economic history.
The armies were evenly matched, and the fighting was stubborn; but the fall of St
Ruth at a critical moment disheartened the Irish, their left was broken by a fierce
cavalry charge under Ruvigny, a Huguenot refugee and a pupil of Turenne, and ...
Author: J.C. Beckett
Publisher: Faber & Faber
'Technically this book is a masterly achievement: the collection, sorting, selecting and balancing of material has meant an immense amount of hard and highly skilful work. The presentation is not only learned but cool, objective, unimpassioned and yet almost always alive and compassionate as well . . . As a reference book alone it is immensely valuable . . . As an example of a humane, scholarly, expert history, Professor Beckett's book will be difficult to surpass.' D. B. Quinn, Belfast Telegraph '[He] has brilliantly succeeded. The book is admirably constructed and written with clarity and economy which carry the narrative unflaggingly through to the end . . . This excellent book supersedes all previous histories of modern Ireland.' F. S. L. Lyons, New Statesman
... one-quarter to one-half of an American dollar during the Republican period.75
Whether his donations totaled U. S.$700 or U. S.$1,400, this was a significant
financial contribution at the time, especially for a refugee who had fled home
Author: Gray Tuttle
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Over the past century and with varying degrees of success, China has tried to integrate Tibet into the modern Chinese nation-state. In this groundbreaking work, Gray Tuttle reveals the surprising role Buddhism and Buddhist leaders played in the development of the modern Chinese state and in fostering relations between Tibet and China from the Republican period (1912-1949) to the early years of Communist rule. Beyond exploring interactions between Buddhists and politicians in Tibet and China, Tuttle offers new insights on the impact of modern ideas of nationalism, race, and religion in East Asia. After the fall of the Qing dynasty in 1911, the Chinese Nationalists, without the traditional religious authority of the Manchu Emperor, promoted nationalism and racial unity in an effort to win support among Tibetans. Once this failed, Chinese politicians appealed to a shared Buddhist heritage. This shift in policy reflected the late-nineteenth-century academic notion of Buddhism as a unified world religion, rather than a set of competing and diverse Asian religious practices. While Chinese politicians hoped to gain Tibetan loyalty through religion, the promotion of a shared Buddhist heritage allowed Chinese Buddhists and Tibetan political and religious leaders to pursue their goals. During the 1930s and 1940s, Tibetan Buddhist ideas and teachers enjoyed tremendous popularity within a broad spectrum of Chinese society and especially among marginalized Chinese Buddhists. Even when relationships between the elite leadership between the two nations broke down, religious and cultural connections remained strong. After the Communists seized control, they continued to exploit this link when exerting control over Tibet by force in the 1950s. And despite being an avowedly atheist regime, with the exception of the Cultural Revolution, the Chinese communist government has continued to recognize and support many elements of Tibetan religious, if not political, culture. Tuttle's study explores the role of Buddhism in the formation of modern China and its relationship to Tibet through the lives of Tibetan and Chinese Buddhists and politicians and by drawing on previously unexamined archival and governmental materials, as well as personal memoirs of Chinese politicians and Buddhist monks, and ephemera from religious ceremonies.