God is a soteriological expression meaning to be reconciled to God.12 What Christ did that allows human beings to be brought to God was that he 'suffered for
sins' (peri amartiw epaqen).13 The meaning of this expression, unique to the
Author: Barry D. Smith
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Barry D. Smith studies the salvation-historical meaning of Jesus' death (commonly known as the atonement) in the New Testament. Smith works his way through the four theories of the doctrine of the atonement that have emerged in the history of Christian theology: moral influence, governmental, satisfaction and Christus victor theories. Smith works from the premise that, for a theory of the atonement to be successful, no biblical data may be omitted or distorted, and the generalized concepts used to comprehend the biblical data must be easily seen as implicit in the data. From this vantage point, Smith advances a formulation of the atonement that is best supported by the biblical text itself. The conclusion Smith reaches is that the biblical data supports both the penal-substitutionary version of the satisfaction theory and the Christus victor theory of the atonement, each of which should be viewed as two parts of a more inclusive theory of atonement present in the New Testament.
In alternating sections, Marcus Borg and Tom Wright present their significantly different versions of who Jesus was, what he taught, and what he did.
Author: Tom Wright
Two great Bible scholars, one a liberal, the other a traditionalist, write about Jesus and engage in debate. In alternating sections, Marcus Borg and Tom Wright present their significantly different versions of who Jesus was, what he taught, and what he did. They express sharp, cogently argued disagreement over many crucial issues, and provide a marvellous model for how the Historical Jesus debate should be conducted. Following such an informed argument, the reader can watch the debate develop as the authors answer each other's points, and will reach a more personal picture of the real Jesus, understanding better the opposing views. Much more will be learned along the way.
Author: William Carl PlacherPublish On: 2001-01-01
Arguing that Jesus radically challenges the way most people understand the world and live their lives, an examination of Christ focuses on such secular topics as ministry and the resurrection, as well as contemporary issues including ...
Author: William Carl Placher
Publisher: Westminster John Knox Press
Arguing that Jesus radically challenges the way most people understand the world and live their lives, an examination of Christ focuses on such secular topics as ministry and the resurrection, as well as contemporary issues including criminal justice, war, and homosexuality. Original.
In this companion book, Wright shows how Christianity’s central story tells how this revolution began on a Friday afternoon two thousand years ago and continues now through the church’s work today.
Author: N. T. Wright
The renowned scholar, Anglican bishop, and bestselling author widely considered to be the heir to C. S. Lewis contemplates the central event at the heart of the Christian faith—Jesus’ crucifixion—arguing that the Protestant Reformation did not go far enough in transforming our understanding of its meaning. In The Day the Revolution Began, N. T. Wright once again challenges commonly held Christian beliefs as he did in his acclaimed Surprised by Hope. Demonstrating the rigorous intellect and breathtaking knowledge that have long defined his work, Wright argues that Jesus’ death on the cross was not only to absolve us of our sins; it was actually the beginning of a revolution commissioning the Christian faithful to a new vocation—a royal priesthood responsible for restoring and reconciling all of God’s creation. Wright argues that Jesus’ crucifixion must be understood within the much larger story of God’s purposes to bring heaven and earth together. The Day the Revolution Began offers a grand picture of Jesus’ sacrifice and its full significance for the Christian faith, inspiring believers with a renewed sense of mission, purpose, and hope, and reminding them of the crucial role the Christian faith must play in protecting and shaping the future of the world.
17 , Hosea doth Moses ' call Jesus , 197 , p . 18 , HosHeA Joshua or Jesus ; and
p . 351 , he calls the high - pries JehOSHUA Jesus ; Calvin , Beza on Heb . iv . 8.
says " JOSHUA was proposed “ under the very name . ” Drufius in his notes on ...
This addition makes the meaning still plainer. Jesus knew that he had come to
bring the close of history. Man's evil and the superhuman adversaries come to
their zenith, and surround him as though they are messengers from God. He
Author: Hendrikus Berkhof
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
The core of the Bible, Berkhof argues, is the belief that the Kingdom of God is coming with power. This is the belief that the cross and resurrection are an analogy of the Christ-Event which is being realized throughout the world. Berkhof addresses non-theologians as well as fellow scholars. He is sure that the message of the Church is able to liberate and humanize.
THEORIES OF THE SAVING SIGNIFICANCE OF JESUS' DEATH" Up to now we
have examined the assumption of a substitutionary meaning of Jesus' death as it
was expressed in the various primitive Christian concepts of its expiatory power.
Publisher: Westminster John Knox Press
One of the most influential twentieth-century studies on the doctrine of Christ, this highly acclaimed work demonstrates Pannenberg's belief that at the heart of every Christian theology lies its teaching about Jesus Christ. The second edition, available for the first time in paperback, contains an Afterword in which the author reviews other theologians' responses to his thesis and methodology and shows the progression of his own interpretation.
challenge is evidence of the meaning that was constituted by Jesus and this must
surely give theological impetus to the following questions: what world of meaning
did Jesus constitute for his death and how should that meaning impact our ...
Author: Peter Laughlin
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
According to the Nicene Creed, Christ died for us and for our salvation. But while all Christians agree that Christ's death and resurrection has saving significance, there is little unanimity in how and why that is the case. In fact, Christian history is littered with various accounts of the redemptive value of Christ's death, and new models and motifs are constantly being proposed, many of which now stand in stark contrast to earlier reflections. How then should contemporary articulations of the cross's saving significance be judged? At the heart of this book is the contention that Christian reflection on the atonement is faithful inasmuch as it incorporates the intention that Jesus himself had for his death. In a wide-reaching study, the author draws from both classical scholarship and recent work on the historical Jesus to argue that not only did Jesus imbue his death with redemptive meaning but that such meaning should impact expressions of the cross's saving significance.
THE MEANING OF THE DEATH OF JESUS IN THE GOSPEL OF MARK A REAL
READER PERSPECTIVE Geert VAN OYEN The real reader and the construction
of meaning The interpretation of the death of Jesus is complicated , even if from ...
Author: Geert van Oyen
Publisher: Peeters Publishers
What is the significance of the trial and death of Jesus in the Gospel of Mark? In its annual meetings the Mark Group of the Society of Biblical Literature studied the trial of Jesus in 2003 and the death of Jesus in 2004. Both speakers and audience expressed the desire to bring some of the papers together in book form. The current volume fulfills this wish. The contributions presented here represent an up to date expression of one of the most important themes in Markan exegesis. The editors use the metaphor of a prism to illustrate the two sections of the book. Like a concave prism spreading light, the first section presents a range of understandings of the meaning of the death of Jesus. Like a convex prism focusing light, the second section uses multiple methodologies to focus attention on the trial of Jesus, particularly the charge of blasphemy. The papers together raise questions, challenge common views, and interrelate themes that push Markan scholarship forward.
Generally valid as those rhetorically posed alternatives may be, Paul uses them
to point to a meaning that is specific to the situation of his readers, which brings
us to the level of the meaning of Jesus Christ crucified. What Paul wants to say to
Author: Hendrikus Boers
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
This study addresses the centrality of Christ in Paul's thought, recognizing at the same time that he does not express the meaning of Christ as an existing teaching. Christ as a person, not a teaching, determines Paul's thinking, for himself and in his reasoning with his readers. Christ comes to expression in Paul as the explication of the fundamental reality for himself and for his readers. He develops his thoughts about Christ in each case anew as expressions of the Lord who determines his life and the lives of his readers. In his reasoning with his readers, he expects them to become aware of Christ as the one who determines them in their new lives as believers.
Meaning. of. Jesus. the. Christ. Langdon Gilkey The figure of Jesus the Christ is
almost perversely enigmatic and many-sided. But then so is the God who
presumably sent him and so are the communities or churches who seek to follow
Author: Donald S. Lopez
Publisher: SUNY Press
In this book, the authors explore and reconsider the contemporary significance of the Christ and the Bodhisattva. The volume includes essays by three eminent Christian theologians, Langdon Gilkey, Brother David Steindl-Rast, and Ann Belford Ulanov, that explore the significance of the Christ from the perspectives of the Roman Catholic contemplative tradition, modern depth psychology, and liberal Protestantism. Drawing on information previously unavailable in English, three distinguished scholars of Buddhism, Robert Thurman, Luis Gomez, and His Holiness the Dalai Lama, investigate the significance of the Bodhisattva in India, East Asian, and Tibet. A substantive introduction sets the historical background for the Christ in Christianity and the Bodhisattva in Buddhism. Contributors' essays enhance our understanding of current presuppositions, problems, and prospects for the Buddhist-Christian dialogue.
Even within these parameters , however , there are notable differences between
Sanders and Casey , for instance , as to whether Jesus had significant
controversies with the Pharisees , the meaning and implications of Jesus as a
friend of ...
Author: Ben Witherington
Publisher: InterVarsity Press
Ben Witherington III offers a comprehensive assessment of what scholars such as John Dominic Crossan, Marcus Borg, Burton Mack and the Jesus Seminar are really saying about Jesus.
Rahner's view is that of a Christian inclusivist; he believes that the Word and
Spirit invested in Christ are poured out over all persons whether or not they have
conscious faith in Christian meaning. 154 Jesus and the Quest for Meaning ...
Author: Thomas H. West
Publisher: Fortress Press
A new approach to introducing theology As God's self-communication to humans, Jesus is the key to the human search for meaning, argues Thomas West. He therefore introduces the practice of theology through Christology. From the question of personal meaning and self-constitution and their relationship to transcendent meaning and value, he proceeds to discuss the figure and import of Jesus and then the ethical imperative engendered through encounter with him. Fresh and clear, West's book is an invitation to grapple with one's religious commitments, especially in light of recent insights in biblical studies and Continental, feminist, and liberation theologies. This new text will prove an engaging and effective introduction to theological thinking for both undergraduates and Christian adults.
Author: Theodore Austin-SparksPublish On: 2012-06-09
Really, a life in true harmony with the Lord Jesus will be like that. "As he is, even
so are we in this world" (1 ... But I am quite sure that that is the meaning of
knowing Christ not after the flesh but after the Spirit. That is one of the meanings
of the ...
Author: Theodore Austin-Sparks
Publisher: Lulu Press, Inc
We are going to be occupied with the meaning of Christ ... (but) there are a few preliminary words that I want to say, and they have to do with something of which we are all conscious, a matter which is troubling the majority of real Christians. It is the matter of the lost impact of Christ, of the Gospel, of Christianity. We are suffering from a handicap, and that handicap is tradition. Christianity has become that - a tradition so largely something handed down from generation to generation. It has become a theology, a set of doctrines, of statements about God, about Christ, about the Holy Spirit, and many other things, and as such it has passed very largely into the mental realm - a thing to be worked out in thought, a matter of reason. It has also become a great mystical cult. It has passed into the realm of art, and music, so that you can accept Christianity on that basis and be a Christian along that line, and yet that it shall stand completely out of relation to your inner life.
There is an ongoing controversy about the meaning of Jesus' first beatitude: who
are the "poor" (Luke's ptochoi)? Did this beatitude refer (for Jesus) to a cer. tain
spiritual attitude or to a socioeconomic condition? I will discuss this controversy ...
Author: Anna Wierzbicka
Publisher: Oxford University Press
In this highly interdisciplinary work, linguist Anna Wierzbicka casts new light on the words of Jesus by taking her well-known semantic theory of "universal human concepts"- concepts which are intuitively understandable and self-explanatory across languages-and bringing it to bear on Jesus' parables and the Sermon on the Mount. Her approach results in strikingly novel interpretations of the Gospels. Written in dialogue with other biblical commentators, What Did Jesus Mean? is both scholarly rigorous yet accessible.
The most likely conclusion is that Jesus really was born in Bethlehem and
brought up in Nazareth. ... but others recognize an inevitable dialectic: Jesus
illuminates the meaning of Scripture, while Scripture illuminates the meaning of Jesus.
Author: Steve Moyise
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
Each Christmas, the birth of Jesus is celebrated through carols, Bible readings, and nativity plays. The angelic announcements to Mary and Elizabeth, Jesus' birth in a manger, and the gifts of gold, frankincense, and myrrh are some of the best-known stories in the Bible. But did they really happen? And were they predicted by Israel's prophets, as the Bible claims? Steve Moyise suggests that the clue to answering these questions is to understand how Israel's Scriptures were being interpreted in Jesus' day. Was Isaiah thinking of a virgin birth when he uttered his famous prophecy (Isa 7:14), or is that a later Christian interpretation? Was there a star that led the magi to Bethlehem or should the story be taken symbolically? These and other questions are fully explored and the results are sometimes surprising.
The Pragmatic Meaning of Mk 1:21-28 Before entering into the pericope, we are
aware that the reader3° knows up to this time all that it takes to prepare for Jesus'
ministry: beginning from the prophetic preparation of the <<way»; J ohn's ...
Author: John Chijioke Iwe
Publisher: Gregorian Biblical BookShop
This book considers Jesus' first appearance and activity in Galilee and affirms that Mk. 1:21–28 has a programmatic character for the Gospel of Mark.
THE USE AND MEANING OF JESUS ' COMMAND OF ENEMY LOVE IN THE
EARLY CHRISTIAN PARAENESIS I . Preliminary Remarks We concluded at the
end of Chapter 1 that the tradition behind the written New Testament paraenesis
Discuss these questions: How do Jesus' actions enact the meaning of his death?
What action of the disciples made them participants in the meaning of Jesus'
death? (5) The cup saying in the three Synoptic accounts refers to the covenant ...
Author: Leander E. Keck
Publisher: Abingdon Press
The leader guide provides guidance and the suggested schedule for weekly group sessions to enable discussion in small groups of what persons have discovered in their individual reading and study. Two pages of guidance per session include directions for using the related two-part video segment, procedures for group activity and study related to daily assignments, guidance for use of Gospel Comparisons in group study of Scripture, and questions for discussion. The portion of the weekly meeting when the group studies Scripture as a community recognizes the importance of and opens the way to reading Scripture aloud and hearing Scripture read aloud in the group.