Author: Emiko Ohnuki-TierneyPublish On: 2020-12-08
An early - possibly the earliest - record of the monkey performance is found in a
pictorial representation of a monkey and a trainer in the Nenjū Gyõji Emaki (
Picture Scrolls of Annual Events ) ( Kadokawa Shoten Henshūbu 1968 : no page
Author: Emiko Ohnuki-Tierney
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Category: Social Science
This tripartite study of the monkey metaphor, the monkey performance, and the 'special status' people traces changes in Japanese culture from the eighth century to the present. During early periods of Japanese history the monkey's nearness to the human-animal boundary made it a revered mediator or an animal deity closest to humans. Later it became a scapegoat mocked for its vain efforts to behave in a human fashion. Modern Japanese have begun to see a new meaning in the monkey--a clown who turns itself into an object of laughter while challenging the basic assumptions of Japanese culture and society.
One of our foremost anthropologists looks at the fundamental questions of human origins and what our evolutionary future might hold.
Author: Ian Tattersall
Publisher: OUP Oxford
The fundamental questions of our origins, along with our evolutionary future, find new life in this extraordinary book. In this superb collection of essays, eminent scientist, Ian Tattersall takes up some of the most controversial questions in evolutionary history. He argues that far from being finely engineered organisms, we are in fact improvised beings, owing as much to chance as adaptation. Tattersall leads us around the world and into the far reaches of the past, and reveals the complexities of the science of human evolution.
This is a story about a monkey named Mandy. She looks at herself differently when she is comparing herself to others. She realizes that after trying to be like everyone else she loses her own identity. Meet Mandy's friend Georgia giraffe, Ella elephant, and Farrah flamingo who open Mandy's eyes to her unique nature and beauty!
It is a pity that a may each be recognised by the peculiar bright lines sulphur , 2 ;
charcoal , 2 ; with five blows of monkey . The few more clever amateurs do not
send in specimens of which their spectra exhibit . solid charge over the top of ...
39–40) Research Highlight: The Discovery of Mirror Neurons To study how
movement is processed in the brain, researchers (Gallese, Fadiga, Fogassi, &
Rizzolatti, 1996) placed an electrode in a motor neuron of a monkey's brain, so
Author: Mary Jane Maguire-Fong
"Maguire-Fong has updated her groundbreaking book designed to assist pre- and inservice professionals working with infants and their families. Each chapter draws from research and real-life infant care settings to provide valuable insights into how to design an infant care program, plan curriculum, assess learning, and work with families"--
Behavioral categories Passive behaviors Stare closed mouthed : The monkey
stares into the mirror with its mouth closed and eyebrows not raised or lowered
Self - groom : The monkey manipulates its fur , hands , or feet while sitting on the
and represent approximately two thirds of the F5 mirror neurons in the monkey (
e.g. , Gallese et al . , 1996 ) . In the monkey , mirror neurons do not discharge
when the action is simply mimed ( intransitive action ) ( e.g. , Umiltà et al . , 2001 )
When Great Master Seppo Shingaku and Zen Master San Shõin Enen were
walking together , they saw a group of monkeys . Seppo said : “ Each of those monkeys carries the Ancient Mirror on its back . ” We should closely study what
Figure 1 Example of a mirror neuron and anatomy of agranular frontal and
posterior parietal cortex of the macaque monkey. Upper part: F5 mirror neuron.
The neuron discharges when the monkey grasps an object (a) and when it
He , the monkey and the cargo were left in the bay , while the mutinous crew of
the galley pondered on what to do , at the same time eating and drinking huge
quantities of fresh fish , vegetables and water to compensate for their recent
The team gave macaque monkeys three doses of interferon - alfa and then
infected them with Sars . Two days later the monkeys ' throats were almost free of
viral particles . This suggests that the drug is slowing the virus replication rate .
Application of these techniques leaves no doubt that a mirror neuron system
exists in the human cortex . A recent fMRI study , for instance , in which
volunteers were shown silent videos of dogs , humans and monkeys biting , lip
Author: C. U. M. Smith
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Incorporated
This book has been revised and takes a molecular, evolutionary and comparative approach, providing an overview of sensory systems in vertebrates, invertebrates and prokaryotes, with a strong focus on human senses.
Mirror neurons have not yet been recorded in infant monkeys , so nothing is
known about their development . However , evidence that adult monkey mirror
neurons ' learn ' to respond to previously neutral stimuli ( Ferrari et al . 2005 )
Empathy and Mirror Neurons This connection between empathy and its
neurophysiology ( in the neuroimaging functional MRI ... These
neurophysiologists had placed electrodes in the ventral premotor cortex of the
macaque monkey to study ...
Author: Peter Baofu
Publisher: Information Age Pub Incorporated
Is moral goodness really so desirable in the way that its proponents through the ages would like us to believe? For instance, in our time, there is even this latest version of the popular moral idea shared by many, when Dalai Lama suggested that " w]e need these human values of compassion and affection]....Even without religion, ...we have the capacity to promote these things." (WK 2009) The naivety of this popular moral idea can be contrasted with an opposing (critical) idea advocated not long ago by Sigmund Freud (1966), who once wrote that "men are not gentle creatures who want to be loved, and who at the most can defend themselves if they are attacked; they are, on the contrary, creatures among whose instinctual endowments is to be reckoned a powerful share of aggressiveness. As a result, their neighbor is for them...someone who tempts them to satisfy their aggressiveness on him, to exploit his capacity for work without compensation, to use him sexually without his consent, to seize his possessions, to humiliate him, to cause him pain, to torture and to kill him. Homo homini lupus." Contrary to the two opposing sides of this battle for the high moral ground, morality and immorality are neither possible nor desirable to the extent that their respective ideologues would like us to believe. But one should not misunderstand this challenge as a suggestion that ethics is a worthless field of study, or that other fields of study (related to ethics) like political philosophy, moral psychology, social studies, theology, or even international relations should be dismissed. Needless to stress, neither of these two extreme views is reasonable either. Instead, this book provides an alternative (better) way to understand the nature of ethics, especially in relation to morality and immorality-while learning from different approaches in the literature but without favoring any one of them (nor integrating them, since they are not necessarily compatible with each other). This book offers a new theory to transcend the existing approaches in the literature on ethics in a way not thought of before. This seminal project is to fundamentally alter the way that we think about ethics, from the combined perspectives of the mind, nature, society, and culture, with enormous implications for the human future and what I originally called its "post-human" fate.
Upon seeing the reflec - tion from mirrors . monkey and her six - month - old infant
tion all the chimpanzees attempted to were given over 1 , 000 hours of paired
touch the marked areas on them . In an attempt to salvage the concep mirror ...
In The Myth of Mirror Neurons, neuroscientist Gregory Hickok reexamines the mirror neuron story and finds that it is built on a tenuous foundation—a pair of codependent assumptions about mirror neuron activity and human understanding.
Author: Gregory Hickok
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
An essential reconsideration of one of the most far-reaching theories in modern neuroscience and psychology. In 1992, a group of neuroscientists from Parma, Italy, reported a new class of brain cells discovered in the motor cortex of the macaque monkey. These cells, later dubbed mirror neurons, responded equally well during the monkey’s own motor actions, such as grabbing an object, and while the monkey watched someone else perform similar motor actions. Researchers speculated that the neurons allowed the monkey to understand others by simulating their actions in its own brain. Mirror neurons soon jumped species and took human neuroscience and psychology by storm. In the late 1990s theorists showed how the cells provided an elegantly simple new way to explain the evolution of language, the development of human empathy, and the neural foundation of autism. In the years that followed, a stream of scientific studies implicated mirror neurons in everything from schizophrenia and drug abuse to sexual orientation and contagious yawning. In The Myth of Mirror Neurons, neuroscientist Gregory Hickok reexamines the mirror neuron story and finds that it is built on a tenuous foundation—a pair of codependent assumptions about mirror neuron activity and human understanding. Drawing on a broad range of observations from work on animal behavior, modern neuroimaging, neurological disorders, and more, Hickok argues that the foundational assumptions fall flat in light of the facts. He then explores alternative explanations of mirror neuron function while illuminating crucial questions about human cognition and brain function: Why do humans imitate so prodigiously? How different are the left and right hemispheres of the brain? Why do we have two visual systems? Do we need to be able to talk to understand speech? What’s going wrong in autism? Can humans read minds? The Myth of Mirror Neurons not only delivers an instructive tale about the course of scientific progress—from discovery to theory to revision—but also provides deep insights into the organization and function of the human brain and the nature of communication and cognition.
Involvement of the mirror neurons in comprehending the actor's final intention
was also seen in their responses , which distinguished between identical
grasping actions performed with different intentions . F5 MONKEY BRAIN 1 2 ...
I suddenly recall the monkey perched atop the stone head . Of course ! That monkey was the answer to the history of Angkor . Man in his pride carved an epic
in stone that was meant to endure forever . The monkey , scratching himself