The book demonstrates that the ongoing influence of Nazi Germany after 1945 is much more central to understanding of modern German art and architecture than previously recognized"--
Author: Paul B. Jaskot
"The Nazi Perpetrator reevaluates pivotal developments in postwar German art and architecture against the backdrop of debates over the Nazi past and the difficulty of determining who was or was not a Nazi perpetrator. The book demonstrates that the ongoing influence of Nazi Germany after 1945 is much more central to understanding of modern German art and architecture than previously recognized" -- Provided by publisher.
A significant consequence of this is the impact that it has on the reader, who is thereby drawn into the narrative as a potential perpetrator who could, in similar circumstances, have acted in similar ways.
Author: Joanne Pettitt
Category: Literary Criticism
This study provides a comprehensive analysis of representations of Holocaust perpetrators in literature. Such texts, often rather controversially, seek to undo the myth of pure evil that surrounds the Holocaust and to reconstruct the perpetrator in more human (“banal”) terms. Following this line of thought, protagonists frequently place emphasis on the contextual or situational factors that led up to the genocide. A significant consequence of this is the impact that it has on the reader, who is thereby drawn into the narrative as a potential perpetrator who could, in similar circumstances, have acted in similar ways. The tensions that this creates, especially in relation to the construction of empathy, constitutes a major focus of this work. Making use of in excess of sixty primary sources, this work explores fictional accounts of Holocaust perpetration as well as Nazi memoirs. It will be of interest to anyone working in the broad areas of Holocaust literature and/or perpetrator studies.
History buffs and students of the Holocaust will be fascinated with this book but for the casual reader, there's an enormous amount of material to digest-probably too much-and the graphic descriptions will likely prove overwhelming. (c) ...
Author: Donald M. McKale
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
Nazis after Hitler traces the histories of thirty "typical" perpetrators of the Holocaust—some well known, some obscure—who survived World War II. Donald M. McKale reveals the shocking reality that the perpetrators were only rarely, if ever, tried and punished for their crimes, and nearly all alleged their innocence in Germany's extermination of nearly six million European Jews during the war, providing fodder for postwar Holocaust deniers. Written in a compelling narrative style, Nazis after Hitler is the first to provide an overview of the lives of Nazis who survived the war, the vast majority of whom escaped justice. McKale provides a unique and accessible synthesis of the extensive research on the Holocaust and Nazi war criminals that will be invaluable for all readers interested in World War II.
Combining a rigorous historical analysis with psychological insight, the book explores the dynamics of participation in large-scale atrocities, offering a thought-provoking and timely reflection on individual responsibility for collective ...
Author: Guenter Lewy
Publisher: Oxford University Press
"Monsters exist, but they are too few in number to be truly dangerous. More dangerous are the common men, the functionaries ready to believe and to act without asking questions." Primo Levi's words disclose a chilling truth: assigning blame to hideous political leaders, such as Hitler, Himmler, and Heydrich, is necessary but not sufficient to explain how the Holocaust could have happened. These leaders, in fact, relied on many thousands of ordinary men and women who made the Nazi machine work on a daily basis--members of the killing squads, guards accompanying the trains to the extermination camps, civilian employees of the SS, the drivers of gas trucks, and the personnel of death factories such as Auschwitz. Why did these ordinary people collaborate and willingly become mass murderers? In Perpetrators: The World of the Holocaust Killers, Guenter Lewy tries to answer one of history's most disturbing questions. Lewy draws on a wealth of previously untapped sources, including letters and diaries of soldiers who served in Russia, the recollections of Jewish survivors, archival documents, and most importantly, the trial records of hundreds of Nazi functionaries. The result is a ghastly, extraordinarily detailed portrait of the Holocaust perpetrators, their mindset, and the motivations for their actions. Combining a rigorous historical analysis with psychological insight, the book explores the dynamics of participation in large-scale atrocities, offering a thought-provoking and timely reflection on individual responsibility for collective crimes. Lewy concludes that the perpetrators acted out of a variety of motives--a sense of duty, obedience to authority, thirst for career, and a blind faith in anti-Semitic ideology, among others. A witness to the 1938 Kristallnacht himself and the son of a concentration camp survivor, Lewy has searched for the reasons of the Holocaust out of far more than theoretical interest: it is a passionate attempt to illuminate a dismal chapter of his life--and of human history--that cannot be forgotten.
Author: Helen J. Whatmore-ThomsonPublish On: 2020-08-06
In Germany Volksgemeinschaft debates have dealt with degrees of complicity in
the Nazi system ; in Poland , Jan Gross's work Neighbours exposed intra -
community violence and local populations as akin to Nazi perpetrators ; French ...
Author: Helen J. Whatmore-Thomson
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Nazi concentration camps were built close to local populations all across Europe. These nearby communities were involved with the camps in a myriad of ways, and after the war, they continued to interact with camp legacies. This study examines locality-camp relationships and how these played out during and after the war.
Through lengthy interviews and observation of family relationships, this book investigates how the histories of those involved in the Holocaust (as both victims and perpetrators) impact, socially and psychologically, on the lives of the ...
Author: Gabriele Rosenthal
Publisher: A&C Black
Through lengthy interviews and observation of family relationships, this book investigates how the histories of those involved in the Holocaust (as both victims and perpetrators) impact, socially and psychologically, on the lives of the second and third generation. Five case studies of survivors' families from Germany and Israel present different experiences of persecution, and demonstrate to what extent the past defines post-War family dynamics. Two case studies of non-Jewish German families where the grandparents' generation are suspected of having perpetrated Nazi crimes show how guilt, and the myth of themselves being victims, are pressed on to the succeeding generations.
thought that may wind into extending the notion of victimhood to the active perpetrators of the Nazi crimes, as it were coerced, or at least misled, by the
regime.” A complex of ethical problems around this line of thought was raised in
1969 in a ...
Author: Leona Toker
Publisher: Indiana University Press
Category: Literary Criticism
Devoted to the ways in which Holocaust literature and gulag literature provide contexts for each other, Leona Toker shows how the prominent features of one shed light on the veiled features and methods of the other. Toker views these narratives and texts against the background of historical information about the Soviet and the Nazi regimes of repression. Writers at the center of this work include Varlam Shalamov, Primo Levi, Elie Wiesel, and Ka-Tzetnik, and others including Alexandr Solzhenitsyn, Evgeniya Ginzburg, and Jorge Semprun illuminate the discussion. Toker’s twofold analysis concentrates on the narrative qualities of the works as well as how each text documents the writer’s experience. She provides insight into how fictionalized narrative can double as historical testimony, how references to events might have become obscure owing to the passage of time and the cultural diversity of readers, and how these references form new meaning in the text. Toker is well-known as a skillful interpreter of gulag literature, and this text presents new thinking about how gulag literature and Holocaust literature enable a better understanding about testimony in the face of evil.
For decades, mainstream depictions of Nazi perpetrators tended to focus on a
relatively small group of German political leaders. Since the 1990s several waves
of revelations have pointed to the widespread involvement of German institutions
Author: János Matyas Kovács
Publisher: Lexington Books
Category: Political Science
Brave New Hungary focuses on the rise of a “brave new” anti-liberal regime led by Viktor Orbán who made a decisive contribution to the transformation of a poorly managed liberal democracy to a well-organized authoritarian rule bordering on autocracy during the past decade. Emerging capitalism in post-1989 Hungary that once took pride in winning the Eastern European race for catching up with the West has evolved into a reclusive, statist, national-populist system reminding the observers of its communist and pre-communist predecessors. Going beyond the self-description of the Orbán regime that emphasizes its Christian-conservative and illiberal nature, the authors, leading experts of Hungarian politics, history, society, and economy, suggest new ways to comprehend the sharp decline of the rule of law in an EU member state. Their case studies cover crucial fields of the new authoritarian power, ranging from its historical roots and constitutional properties to media and social policies. The volume presents the Hungarian “System of National Cooperation” as a pervasive but in many respects improvised and vulnerable experiment in social engineering, rather than a set of mature and irreversible institutions. The originality of this dystopian “new world” does not stem from the transition to authoritarian control per se but its plurality of meanings. It can be seen as a simulacrum that shows different images to different viewers and perpetuates itself by its post-truth variability. Rather than pathologizing the current Hungarian regime as a result of a unique master plan designed by a cynical political entrepreneur, the authors show the transnational dynamic of backsliding – a warning for other countries that suffer from comparable deadlocks of liberal democracy.
Another way to contain the emotional impact of the trials derived from the nature
of German law and its application for the prosecution of Nazi perpetrators . The
emphasis on individual agency and the subjective disposition of the defendants ...
Author: Frank Biess
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
While fear and anxiety have historically been associated with authoritarian regimes, Frank Biess demonstrates the ambivalent role of these emotions in the democratization of West Germany, where fears and anxieties about the country's catastrophic past and uncertain future both undermined democracy and stabilized the emerging Federal Republic.
The Lynching of American Airmen in Nazi Germany Kevin T Hall. Table 4.1.
Information Pertaining to Tried Perpetrators 490 45 years old 50% Total number
of perpetrators Average age of perpetrators (during trials) Known NSDAP
Author: Kevin T Hall
Publisher: Indiana University Press
Terror Flyers examines the "lynch justice" (Lynchjustiz) committed against American airmen in Nazi Germany during World War II. Using engaging first-person accounts of downed pilots, as well as previously unused primary sources, Terror Flyers challenges the notion that such lynchings were exclusively the domain of Nazi party officials and soldiers. New evidence reveals ordinary German people executed Lynchjustiz as well. Initially occurring as a spontaneous reaction to the devastation of the Allied air campaign against the cities of the Third Reich, Lynchjustiz offered the Nazi regime a unique propaganda opportunity to harness the outrage of the German population. Fueled by inspiration from America's own history of the lynching of African Americans, Nazi propaganda exploited the very same imagery found in US publications to escalate the anger of the German people. Drawing heavily on the accounts of the downed airmen themselves, testimonies from the "flyer trials" held in Dachau during 1945–48, and rarely seen Nazi propaganda, Terror Flyers offers a new narrative of this previously overlooked aspect of the Allied campaign in Europe and suggests that at least 3,000 cases of lynch justice likely occurred between 1943 and 1945.
Author: Professor of History Claudia KoonzPublish On: 2003
The author identifies the "ethnic fundamentalism" that infused Nazism, revealing the "conscience" and civic morality that founded the core of Nazi ideology, using a wide variety of sources to flesh out this controversial take on the Nazis. ...
Author: Professor of History Claudia Koonz
Publisher: Harvard University Press
The author identifies the "ethnic fundamentalism" that infused Nazism, revealing the "conscience" and civic morality that founded the core of Nazi ideology, using a wide variety of sources to flesh out this controversial take on the Nazis. (History)
This volume documents the still-rare encounter of moral-philosophical, historiographic and medical-ethical research on National Socialism, and looks at the ethical aspects of the National Socialist ideology, as well as at the moral ...
Author: Wolfgang Bialas
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
This volume documents the still-rare encounter of moral-philosophical, historiographic and medical-ethical research on National Socialism, and looks at the ethical aspects of the National Socialist ideology, as well as at the moral convictions of National Socialist perpetrators, some of whom acted as “perpetrators with a good conscience”. It furthermore discusses questions such as the content and rationale of Nazi race ethics, the “euthanasia” killings and the Nazi ethics of racial warfare and the role of the SS as the vanguard of the National Socialist race state, the moral conditioning of Nazi perpetrators and their self-exoneration strategies after the defeat of Nazism, and German Holocaust memory politics. Due to the broad range of topics covered and methodologies discussed, this book will interest academic readers of various disciplines of the humanities, including German history, Holocaust studies, Jewish studies philosophy and medical ethics. It will also appeal to the common public interested in Nazi ideology and ethics, and their implications for current ethical issues and challenges, such as the consequences of moral indifference as well as the debate on euthanasia and mercy killing.
( 165 ) The third book presents a perpetrator who is successful in impersonating
a victim and thus suggests that the ... should neglect one of the most important
facts of the Holocaust : the fact that the Nazi perpetrators committed atrocious
Holocaust Perpetrators and the Group Dynamic of Mass Killing Raul Hilberg
wrote in 1961 that the Holocaust perpetrators ... a cluster of “ sleeper " traits that
were activated or awakened in the historical circumstances of the Nazi
Johann Wolfgang Goethe - Universität Frankfurt - Thomas Amos The Nazi Perpetrator : Postwar German Art and the Politics of the Right . By Paul B. Jaskot .
Minneapolis : University of Minnesota Press , 2013. ix + 275 pages + 63 b / w and
During my study in Germany , interviewing children of Nazi perpetrators , I
searched for what I defined as ' confession - settings ' of the perpetrators . I
interviewed priests , physicians , psychiatrists , asking them if they have ever
encountered a ...
Under the wide definition , a Nazi victim was any Jew who lived in a country
when it was under a Nazi régime , Nazi occupation or Nazi collabourators , or
who fled to escape the Nazis . 40 At the end of the century , there were an
Author: Marilyn Henry
In 1951, an ad hoc consortium of Jewish organizations received, together with the State of Israel, an invitation to negotiate with West Germany for "moral and material amends" for Nazi-era damages. The consortium became the Conference on Jewish Material Claims against Germany, known as the Claims Conference. Over a half-century, the Conference's vigorous pursuit of claims against Germany led to compensation for hundreds of thousands of victims of Nazism. The activities of the Conference expanded from support of individual victims to allocations to special goals, including support for Righteous Gentiles, commemoration of the Holocaust, study and research, etc. Dwells on problems faced by the Conference in dealing with the governments of East Germany and Austria, which before the 1990s did not recognize their countries as successors of the Nazi state, as well as with big companies in West Germany, which did not recognize their responsibility for their part in the Nazi program of "annihilation through work", and thus did not want to compensate their former workers.
Together these essays will inform the future of the Holocaust in scholarly research and in popular understanding."--De l'éditeur.
Author: Peter Hayes
Publisher: Northwestern University Press
"In the courtroom and the classroom, in popular media, public policy, and scholarly pursuits, the Holocaust-its origins, its nature, and its implications-remains very much a matter of interest, debate, and controversy. Arriving at a time when a new generation must come to terms with the legacy of the Holocaust or forever lose the benefit of its historical, social, and moral lessons, this volume offers a richly varied, deeply informed perspective on the practice, interpretation, and direction of Holocaust research now and in the future. In their essays the authors-an international group including eminent senior scholars as well those who represent the future of the field-set the agenda for Holocaust studies in the coming years, even as they give readers the means for understanding today's news and views of the Holocaust, whether in court cases involving victims and perpetrators; international, national, and corporate developments; or fictional, documentary, and historical accounts. Several of the essays-such as one on nonarmed "amidah" or resistance and others on the role of gender in the behavior of perpetrators and victims-provide innovative and potentially significant interpretive frameworks for the field of Holocaust studies. Others; for instance, the rounding up of Jews in Italy, Nazi food policy in Eastern Europe, and Nazi anti-Jewish scholarship, emphasize the importance of new sources for reconstructing the historical record. Still others, including essays on the 1964 Frankfurt trial of Auschwitz guards and on the response of the Catholic Church to the question of German guilt, bring a new depth and sophistication to highly charged, sharply politicized topics. Together these essays will inform the future of the Holocaust in scholarly research and in popular understanding."--De l'éditeur.