Constitutional Engineering in Brazil

Constitutional Engineering in Brazil

The book investigates why a country facing issues that needed to be tackled nationwide chose to decentralize when it moved from authoritarianism to democracy.

Author: Celina Souza

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781349256945

Category: Political Science

Page: 211

View: 856

The book investigates why a country facing issues that needed to be tackled nationwide chose to decentralize when it moved from authoritarianism to democracy. It discusses the events of the Brazilian constituent assembly and investigates the results of decentralization at the subnational sphere. The results suggest that there was a lack of social consensus on what was to be achieved by decentralization. They suggest that political and economic factors influence the outcomes of decentralization, thus exposing the limits of decentralization on policy results.
Categories: Political Science

The Brazilian Legislature and Political System

The Brazilian Legislature and Political System

This study is the very first on the Brazilian legislature and political system. It addresses important issues regarding the role of executive and congressional bureaucracies in Brazil.

Author: Abdo I. Baaklini

Publisher: Praeger

ISBN: UTEXAS:059173000686336

Category: Political Science

Page: 232

View: 712

This study is the very first on the Brazilian legislature and political system. It addresses important issues regarding the role of executive and congressional bureaucracies in Brazil.
Categories: Political Science

Political Transition and Democratic Consolidation

Political Transition and Democratic Consolidation

This book presents a survey of the different interpretations of this important period of Brazilian history and, at the same time, outlines some criticisms on the mainstream interpretations in Brazilian Political Science.

Author: Adriano Nervo Codato

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 1594547130

Category: Political Science

Page: 171

View: 898

How does a political regime evolve? How (and when) does an old regime turn itself into a new one? When does a political change occur? What is the first thing to change in a political transformation and what is the degree and the speed of this change? What are the causes of this transformation? And when exactly does this change end? When the new regime is completely established? What concepts can we use to understand each moment of the political transition? How can we think about the whole process? In 2005, Brazil completes twenty continuous years of civil government, a striking exception in the country's history, all of then, except one, chosen by direct elections. The long transition from the dictatorial regime to a non-dictatorial one (not necessarily democratic) begin in 1974. Fifteen years after, in 1989, a new stage in this process begins, overcoming the instability of the national political scene. From this moment on, the consolidation of democracy becomes the central problem of the national political agenda. There are many ways of telling and explaining this history. This book presents a survey of the different interpretations of this important period of Brazilian history and, at the same time, outlines some criticisms on the mainstream interpretations in Brazilian Political Science.
Categories: Political Science

Rising Powers Institutions and Elites

Rising Powers  Institutions and Elites

These are some of the questions raised in this book. The chapters in this book aim at assessing the links between the international and national dimensions with a pluridisciplinary approach.

Author: Collectif

Publisher: Presses universitaires de Bordeaux

ISBN: 9791030002812

Category: Political Science

Page: 204

View: 323

Emerging countries have increasingly acquired a crucial importance in the international area over the last few decades. Their growing influence in the international system and their roles as rising powers in the political, economic and military spheres have been largely analysed and have raised intense debates. However, the relations between their emergence as new dominant powers at an international level and their political evolution at a national level have been less studied. To what extent are the political institutions and the elites of rising powers different from those of western countries? At an international level do their trajectories have any influence on the evolution of their political and institutional characteristics? What is the impact of such rising nations on the organization of internal power structures and the functioning of their national institutions? These are some of the questions raised in this book. The chapters in this book aim at assessing the links between the international and national dimensions with a pluridisciplinary approach. Focusing on four rising powers (Brazil, China, Russia and Turkey), a large diversity of themes are emphasized including the organisation of institutions, the nature and development of regimes, the political legitimacy of institutions for citizens, the different territorial levels for the organisation of power, ideological debates about the founding principles of regimes as well as the role and the place of elites, and also their ideologies and their transformations and the policies that they implement. The originality of this book relies on the analysis of the rising powers from the inside, with most of the contributions by scholars coming from the very countries under study.
Categories: Political Science

The Political System of Brazil

The Political System of Brazil

Moreover, the party system was very fragmented and not very institutionalized (Mainwaring, 1999). This chapter summarizes a growing literature on Brazilian political parties. Although some of the previously mentioned assessments ...

Author: Dana de la Fontaine

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783642400230

Category: Political Science

Page: 419

View: 623

This volume presents in-depth insights into the polity, politics and policies of the Brazilian political system. It reassesses the processes of change since the country's return to democracy in the 1980s, in the light of autocratic societal structures and suboptimal institutional design, on the one hand, and the political and economic achievements observed, on the other. In their contributions, top Brazilian and international scholars critically examine the development of the political system with a focus on the Lula and Rousseff administrations, and place their actions and failures in the socio-political and economic context so as to uncover the underlying institutional structures, constellations and diverging interests of actors on various decision-making levels and in different political fields. It is the central aim of this book to present a differentiated portrait of the current political landscape and remaining contradictions in Latin America's largest country.
Categories: Political Science

Populist Governance in Brazil

Populist Governance in Brazil

This book addresses the field of populisms from a contemporary perspective. The book brings a conceptual, qualitative, culturally sensitive and transformative approach to containing populist governance.

Author: Carina Barbosa Gouvêa

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030850227

Category: Political Science

Page: 123

View: 226

This book addresses the field of populisms from a contemporary perspective. The book brings a conceptual, qualitative, culturally sensitive and transformative approach to containing populist governance. The authors set out not only examine and compile the most varied conceptual definitions, but also present a theoretical definition in which they recognize a myriad of variable properties of populisms which are strategies commonly used in specific political contexts. Furthermore, with its own methodology, the book shows the use of a working method whose analysis was designed to apply the definition of populism applicable in any national context and answer the following hypothesis: the political and normative actions undertaken in the political system could be characterized as a populist movement in its formal and/or informal aspects, directly or indirectly? In this perspective, variable properties are attributes that allow to establish a traceable relationship through a set of specific indicators for its operationalization and empirical tests. The book also applies the definition of populisms in the political and normative actions undertaken by Jair Messias Bolsonaro in Brazil, presenting an extensive repertoire of mechanisms which understanding could contribute to contain populism, with the proper adaptations to the characteristics of each context. Reading Populisms will certainly contribute to the readers having more conceptual tools to analyze this global phenomenon that threatens the building of democratic constitutionalism as well as to understand how the growth of populism is associated with the weaknesses of liberal democracy.
Categories: Political Science

Brazilian Politics

Brazilian Politics

Divided into 8 chapters, each containing a concise introduction outlining the core issues for discussion and an annotated guide to further reading, this book offers the most complete primer available for anyone interested in the politics of ...

Author: Alfred P. Montero

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 9780745633602

Category: Political Science

Page: 176

View: 563

Brazilian Politics offers the most comprehensive and up-to-date introduction to the contemporary politics of South Americas largest democracy. Accessibly written for students, the book traces the major trends in Brazils political development and analyses the main challenges facing the country today. Topics covered include the crisis of the state, economic and political causes of inequality and poverty, the failures of the electoral and party system, the widening array of social movements and non-governmental organizations, and the heightened role of Brazil in the areas of international trade, security and diplomacy. Focusing on five key themes the strength of the state, representation, social equity, citizenship and political participation, and the role of the state in a global community of states Alfred Montero shows that Brazilian democracy has advanced greatly in recent years. However, this process is a complex one and, as the author cautions, Brazilian democracy still has a long way to go. But the high public expectations which accompanied the election of Lula da Silva to the presidency in 2002 have given Brazilian politics a renewed optimism and momentum. By building on the achievements of President Fernando Henrique Cardoso (1994-2002), the book concludes that the Lula presidency holds out the hope of changing Brazilian politics for the long haul. Divided into 8 chapters, each containing a concise introduction outlining the core issues for discussion and an annotated guide to further reading, this book offers the most complete primer available for anyone interested in the politics of contemporary Brazil.
Categories: Political Science

The Bolsonaro Paradox

The Bolsonaro Paradox

This book presents the first in-depth academic investigation published in English about one of the most radical incarnations of the current global wave of new right-wing movements and governments: the movement that brought to power the ...

Author: Camila Rocha

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030796532

Category: Social Science

Page: 154

View: 975

This book presents the first in-depth academic investigation published in English about one of the most radical incarnations of the current global wave of new right-wing movements and governments: the movement that brought to power the current Brazilian president, Jair Bolsonaro. The rise of this new right-wing movement in Brazil came as a surprise to many analysts who used to see the country as a successful example of the implementation of progressive social policies in the first decade of the 21st century, and posed many questions to those seeking to understand the role Brazil now plays in the development of this international far-right wave. The authors of this volume try to answer some of these questions by presenting the results of an extensive field research conducted over the years with Bolsonaro supporters and members of the new Brazilian right-wing movements. They have analyzed quantitative and especially qualitative data to accompany the accelerated transformations of the Brazilian public sphere, starting from small liberal and conservative groups on social media towards larger audiences via book publishing, the education system, the mainstream media, and the political-party system. By framing the Brazilian case in the wider international political scenario, The Bolsonaro Paradox: The Public Sphere and Right-Wing Counterpublicity in Contemporary Brazil will be an invaluable resource for sociologists, political scientists, international relations scholars and other social scientists – as well as to journalists and political analysts – interested in better understanding the role Brazil plays in the global rise of new far-right movements and governments.
Categories: Social Science

Judging Policy

Judging Policy

Judging Policy also inserts the judiciary into the scholarly debate regarding the extent of presidential control of the policy process in Latin America's largest nation.

Author: Matthew Taylor

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105126931505

Category: Law

Page: 227

View: 970

Judging Policy analyzes the causes and consequences of the increasingly prominent role courts are being asked to play in the public policy process in Latin America’s largest nation, Brazil.
Categories: Law

Power Patronage and Political Violence

Power  Patronage  and Political Violence

She charts the nineteenth-century origins of coronelismo, a form of machine politics that linked rural power and patronage at the municipal level to state and federal politics. ø By highlighting the structural role of the municipality ...

Author: Judy Bieber

Publisher: U of Nebraska Press

ISBN: 0803212976

Category: Political Science

Page: 270

View: 922

Judy Bieber explores the relationship between state centralization and municipal politics in Minas Gerais, Brazil, during the Imperial Period, 1822?89. She charts the nineteenth-century origins of coronelismo, a form of machine politics that linked rural power and patronage at the municipal level to state and federal politics. ø By highlighting the structural role of the municipality within the political system, Bieber provides a key to explaining Brazil?s so-called exceptionalism?its ability to maintain territorial and political cohesion within the framework of a constitutional monarchy instead of fragmenting violently, as did many Spanish republics. ø Despite the maintenance of national unity, political violence characterized much of Brazil?s political history, especially in the municipalities of its frontier regions. Historians have often attributed the chaotic nature of these politics to geographical isolation and decentralization of power. Bieber challenges these assumptions, arguing instead that state centralization was the primary factor contributing to political violence in Brazil?s frontier regions. ø The Brazilian national government centralized appointments of municipal authorities, thereby linking partisan affiliation on the periphery with provincial and national political parties. Local appointees corrupted and abused the mechanisms of social control in order to attain electoral victories for political patrons who had rewarded them with official jobs. This system produced escalating violence and promoted judicial impunity at the municipal level while simultaneously creating political stability at the provincial and federal levels. ø National discourse attributed political violence to a natural tendency possessed by rural elites in the uncivilized backlands. Municipal actors, however, belied prevailing stereotypes of ideological passivity and intellectual backwardness. In the press and in private correspondence they actively sought to define the terms of their political participation, developing their own conceptions of liberalism and ethical norms of political patronage.
Categories: Political Science