This volume casts a critical gaze on current practices and on the wider relationship of bicycling to other forms of urban mobility, especially within the context of sustainable and livable cities.
Author: Cox, Peter
Publisher: Policy Press
Category: Political Science
This volume casts a critical gaze on current practices and on the wider relationship of bicycling to other forms of urban mobility, especially within the context of sustainable and livable cities. The book's international contributors provide an interdisciplinary critical analysis of policy and practice.
Using qualitative interviews, this thesis examines bicycle and car politics in Toronto, Canada to understand: (i) how automobility affects those engaged in contesting and supporting cycling initiatives; (ii) why the installation of cycling ...
Author: Jennifer Tannis Hill
Using qualitative interviews, this thesis examines bicycle and car politics in Toronto, Canada to understand: (i) how automobility affects those engaged in contesting and supporting cycling initiatives; (ii) why the installation of cycling infrastructure has been politicized; and (iii) whether strategies used by cycling activists are effective. The paper concludes that contemporary cultural and economic values surrounding automobility are visible in those engaged in bicycle and car politics. Findings suggest that the politicization of efforts to install cycling infrastructure arise due to how these values manifest themselves in the political realm, and the interrelationship between a lack of coherent transportation policy, the institutionalization of automobiles in planning and a ward-based decision-making system that entrenches suburban and urban biases. Activist strategies could be more effective by moving away from a focus on cycling lanes to address cultural norms associated with automobiles and bicycles and by focusing on a 'complete streets' approach.
Grounding its analysis in both regional political economy and neighborhood-based ethnography, this book ultimately uses the bicycle as a lens to view major shifts in today’s American city.
Author: John G. Stehlin
Publisher: U of Minnesota Press
Category: Social Science
A critical look at the political economy of urban bicycle infrastructure in the United States Not long ago, bicycling in the city was considered a radical statement or a last resort, and few cyclists braved the inhospitable streets of most American cities. Today, however, the urban cyclist represents progress and the urban “renaissance.” City leaders now undertake ambitious new bicycle infrastructure plans and bike share schemes to promote the environmental, social, and economic health of the city and its residents. Cyclescapes of the Unequal City contextualizes and critically examines this new wave of bicycling in American cities, exploring how bicycle infrastructure planning has become a key symbol of—and site of conflict over—uneven urban development. John G. Stehlin traces bicycling’s rise in popularity as a key policy solution for American cities facing the environmental, economic, and social contradictions of the previous century of sprawl. Using in-depth case studies from San Francisco, Philadelphia, and Detroit, he argues that the mission of bicycle advocacy has converged with, and reshaped, the urban growth machine around a model of livable, environmentally friendly, and innovation-based urban capitalism. While advocates envision a more sustainable city for all, the deployment of bicycle infrastructure within the framework of the neoliberal city in many ways intensifies divisions along lines of race, class, and space. Cyclescapes of the Unequal City speaks to a growing interest in bicycling as an urban economic and environmental strategy, its role in the politics of gentrification, and efforts to build more diverse coalitions of bicycle advocates. Grounding its analysis in both regional political economy and neighborhood-based ethnography, this book ultimately uses the bicycle as a lens to view major shifts in today’s American city.
Explores the reasons for difficulties in making cycling mainstream in many cultures, despite its claims for being one of the most sustainable forms of transport.
Author: John Parkin
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
Category: Political Science
Explores the reasons for difficulties in making cycling mainstream in many cultures, despite its claims for being one of the most sustainable forms of transport. This title examines the cultural development of cycling in countries with high use and the differences in use between different sub-groups of the population.
Urban cycling has been gaining momentum for decades, yet the need to upgrade infrastructure to accommodate cycling has never been greater.
Author: Rebecca Mayers
Category: Bicycle lanes
Urban cycling has been gaining momentum for decades, yet the need to upgrade infrastructure to accommodate cycling has never been greater. Urban development in North America continues to privilege car usage, despite growing threats of climate change and resource depletion. To better adapt to these challenges, cities are responding by encouraging alternate modes of transportation through bike-friendly design and planning which reduces an individual's carbon footprint. Nevertheless, the politics of approving such initiatives remain contentious, even though evidence reveals bikeable cities are beneficial in a variety of ways. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to expose how seemingly bike-friendly policies serves to disadvantage urban cyclists and further privilege car culture. Concentrating on cyclists' experiences in the Region of Waterloo, this study engaged with local cyclists directly to understand how regional initiatives and policies aimed at improving cycling left cyclists feeling devalued and under-resourced. Informed by a critical urban lens, this qualitative study collected 16 participants stories through semi-structured interviews to address the following research questions: How do cyclists experience so-called bike-friendly policies and infrastructure in the Region of Waterloo?; how do cyclists' lived experiences reflect their right to the city?; and (3) how do bike-friendly policies and infrastructure privilege car culture? Five themes were identified from the data collected and consist of: (1) identification as a cyclist; (2) rationale for riding; (3) riding in a car-centric city; (4) lived experience with so called “bicycle-friendly” infrastructure and (5) the representation of politics of Waterloo cycling. The discussion of findings prompted five themes to help better synthesize cyclists' experiences: Identity, tangibilize the intangible, build it well and they will come, (4) keeping up with the culture shift, and changing minds to changing modes. This research brings to light narratives from cyclists lives that provoke further research on the topic of cycling to broadening our understanding and how to influence positive change through practice.
This book examines emerging debates and questions around cycling to critically analyse and challenge dominant framings and prevalent conventions of ‘good cycling’.
Author: Dennis Zuev
This book examines emerging debates and questions around cycling to critically analyse and challenge dominant framings and prevalent conventions of ‘good cycling’. Cycling Societies brings to light the plurality of voices and forms of cycling in other societies, revealing the diversity and complexity of cycling across different socio-political regimes, geographies and cultures. It presents case studies from five continents and demonstrates the need of thinking comparatively about cycling and urban environments. The book pivots around the three themes of innovations, inequalities and governance and engages a diversity of voices: world-renowned academics in the field of cycling and urban mobility, cycling activists and transportation consultants. Synthesising academic contributions with policy briefs, this innovative book will be of great interest to students, scholars and practitioners of sustainable transportation, urban planning and mobility studies.
This book will appeal to upper-level undergraduates and graduates in urban geography, city planning, transportation, environmental studies, as well as transportation advocates, urban policy-makers, and anyone concerned about climate change ...
Author: Jason Henderson
Category: Business & Economics
With 29 percent of all trips made by bicycle, Copenhagen is considered a model of green transport. This book considers the underlying political conditions that enabled cycling to appeal to such a wide range of citizens in Copenhagen and asks how this can be replicated elsewhere. Despite Copenhagen’s global reputation, its success has been a result of a long political struggle and is far from completely secure. Car use in Denmark is increasing, including in Copenhagen's suburbs, and new developments in Copenhagen include more parking for cars. There is a political tension in Copenhagen over the spaces for cycling, the car, and public transit. In considering examples of backlashes and conflicts over street space in Copenhagen, this book argues that the kinds of debates happening in Copenhagen are very similar to the debates regularly occurring in cities throughout the world. This makes Copenhagen more, not less, comparable to many cities around the world, including cities in the United States. This book will appeal to upper-level undergraduates and graduates in urban geography, city planning, transportation, environmental studies, as well as transportation advocates, urban policy-makers, and anyone concerned about climate change and looking to identify paths forward in their own cities and localities.
has been a surge in cycling in many European cities because of the building of safe and convenient infrastructure for biking, as well as making it possible to combine public transport with biking (allowing bicycles on trains, ...
Author: Harold Wilhite
Category: Business & Economics
Deep reductions in energy use and carbon emissions will not be possible within political economies that are driven by the capitalist imperatives of growth, commodification and individualization. As such, it has now become necessary to understand the relationship between capitalism and the emergence of high energy habits. Using the examples of home energy, transport and food, The Political Economy of Low Carbon Transformation articulates the relationship between the politics of economic expansion and the formation of high-energy habits at the level of family and household. The book elaborates a theory of habit and how it can contribute to this relationship. It critiques mainstream green economy and green energy prescriptions for low carbon transformation that take economic growth for granted and ignore habits formed in a material world designed and built for high energy use. The book explores the growing number of communities around the world that are engaged in collaborative efforts to reform their community and household habits in ways that are less environmentally intrusive. It assesses their potential to make an impact on national and urban low carbon political agendas. The book is aimed at a large and growing interdisciplinary audience interested in the relationship between political economy, consumption and sustainability.
A comparison is made between the political situation in Europe and China. The existing state of the transport infrastructure construction policies in terms of sustainability and BIM strategies and how they change and develop over China ...
Author: Jaap Bakker
Publisher: CRC Press
Category: Technology & Engineering
This volume contains the papers presented at IALCCE2016, the fifth International Symposium on Life-Cycle Civil Engineering (IALCCE2016), to be held in Delft, The Netherlands, October 16-19, 2016. It consists of a book of extended abstracts and a DVD with full papers including the Fazlur R. Khan lecture, keynote lectures, and technical papers from all over the world. All major aspects of life-cycle engineering are addressed, with special focus on structural damage processes, life-cycle design, inspection, monitoring, assessment, maintenance and rehabilitation, life-cycle cost of structures and infrastructures, life-cycle performance of special structures, and life-cycle oriented computational tools. The aim of the editors is to provide a valuable source for anyone interested in life-cycle of civil infrastructure systems, including students, researchers and practitioners from all areas of engineering and industry.
Proceedings of the Third International Symposium on Life-Cycle Civil Engineering (IALCCE'12), Vienna, Austria, ... on the ability to communicate to the political decision makers the long term implications of alternative priorities.
Author: Alfred Strauss
Publisher: CRC Press
Category: Technology & Engineering
Life-Cycle and Sustainability of Civil Infrastructure Systems contains the lectures and papers presented at the Third International Symposium on Life-Cycle Civil Engineering (IALCCE 2012) held in one of Vienna‘s most famous venues, the Hofburg Palace, October 3rd-6th, 2012. This volume consists of a book of extended abstracts (516 pp) and a DVD-ROM
The protests against reallocating roadway space from cyclists to cars were the political foundation for a return to the former policies of expanding and improving cycling infrastructure in the following years and decades (Koglin 2015).
Author: Ralph Buehler
Publisher: MIT Press
How to make city cycling--the most sustainable form of urban transportation--safe, practical, and convenient for all cyclists. Cycling is the most sustainable mode of urban transportation, practical for most short- and medium-distance trips--commuting to and from work or school, shopping, visiting friends, going to the doctor's office. It's good for your health, spares the environment a trip's worth of auto emissions, and is economical for both public and personal budgets. Cycling, with all its benefits, should not be reserved for the fit, the spandex-clad, and the daring. Cycling for Sustainable Cities shows how to make city cycling safe, practical, and convenient for all cyclists.
The goal of our research was to demonstrate spatially explicit approaches for monitoring city-wide changes in patterns of safety and ridership following improvements to cycling infrastructure.
Author: Darren George Boss
Cycling is an underutilized mode of transportation in cities across North America. Numerous factors contribute to low ridership levels, but a key deterrent to cycling is concern for personal safety. In an effort to increase cycling mode share, many cities are investing in cycling infrastructure, with several cities constructing connected bicycle networks. Monitoring the impact of new infrastructure is important for accountability to citizens and to encourage political will for future investments in cycling facilities. A lack of spatially continuous ridership data and methodological challenges have limited monitoring and evaluation of the impacts of infrastructure changes. The goal of our research was to demonstrate spatially explicit approaches for monitoring city-wide changes in patterns of safety and ridership following improvements to cycling infrastructure. To meet our goal, our first analysis demonstrated a method for monitoring changes in the spatial-temporal distribution of cycling incidents across a city. We compared planar versus network constrained kernel density estimation for visualizing cycling incident intensity across the street network of Vancouver, Canada using cycling incidents reported to the Insurance Corporation of British Columbia. Next, we applied a change detection algorithm to detect statistically significant change between maps of kernel density estimates. The utility of the network kernel density change detection method is demonstrated through a case study in the city of Vancouver, Canada where we compare cycling incident densities following construction of two cycle tracks in the downtown core. The methods developed and demonstrated for this study provide city planners, transportation engineers and researchers a means of monitoring city-wide changes in the patterns of cycling incidents following enhancements to cycling infrastructure. Our second analysis demonstrated how network constrained spatial analysis methods can be applied to emerging sources of crowdsourced cycling data to monitor city-wide changes in patterns of ridership. We used network constrained global and local measures of spatial autocorrelation, applied to crowdsourced ridership data from Strava, to examine changes in ridership patterns across Ottawa-Gatineau, Canada, following installation and closures of cycling infrastructure. City planners, transportation engineers and researchers can use the methods outlined here to monitor city-wide changes in ridership patterns following investment in cycling infrastructure or other changes to the transportation network. Through this thesis we help overcome the challenges associated with monitoring the impact of infrastructure changes on ridership and cycling safety. We demonstrated how network constrained spatial analysis methods can be applied to officially reported cycling incident data to identify changes in the spatial-temporal distribution of cycling safety across a transportation network. We also demonstrated how network appropriate spatial analysis techniques can be applied to large, emerging crowdsourced cycling datasets to monitor changes in patterns of ridership. These methods enhance our understanding of the city-wide impact of infrastructure changes on cycling safety and ridership patterns.
In How Cycling Can Save the World, Walker takes readers on a tour of cities like Copenhagen and Utrecht, where everyday cycling has taken root, demonstrating cycling’s proven effect on reducing smog and obesity, and improving quality of ...
Author: Peter Walker
Peter Walker—reporter at the Guardian and curator of its popular bike blog—shows how the future of humanity depends on the bicycle. Car culture has ensnared much of the world—and it's no wonder. Convenience and comfort (as well as some clever lobbying) have made the car the transportation method of choice for generations. But as the world evolves, the high cost of the automobile is made clearer—with its dramatic effects on pollution, the way it cuts people off from their communities, and the alarming rate at which people are injured and killed in crashes. Walker argues that the simplest way to tackle many of these problems at once is with one of humankind's most perfect inventions—the bicycle. In How Cycling Can Save the World, Walker takes readers on a tour of cities like Copenhagen and Utrecht, where everyday cycling has taken root, demonstrating cycling’s proven effect on reducing smog and obesity, and improving quality of life and mental health. Interviews with public figures—such as Janette Sadik-Khan, who led the charge to create more pedestrian- and cyclist- friendly infrastructure in New York City—provide case studies on how it can be done, and prove that you can make a big change with just a few cycling lanes and a paradigm shift. Meticulously researched and incredibly inspiring, How Cycling Can Save the World delivers on its lofty promise and leads readers to the realization that cycling could not only save the world, but have a lasting and positive impact on their own lives.
It may be infrastructuredriven, that is, promoted by the infrastructure to advance along the learning cycle while the politics cluster remains neutral. In other words, in the absence of political obstruction, an enabling infrastructure ...
Author: Thorsten Benner
Publisher: OUP Oxford
Category: Political Science
Peace operations are the UN ́s flagship activity. Over the past decade, UN blue helmets have been dispatched to ever more challenging environments from the Congo to Timor to perform an expanding set of tasks. From protecting civilians in the midst of violent conflict to rebuilding state institutions after war, a new range of tasks has transformed the business of the blue helmets into an inherently knowledge-based venture. But all too often, the UN blue helmets, policemen, and other civilian officials have been "flying blind" in their efforts to stabilize countries ravaged by war. The UN realized the need to put knowledge, guidance and doctrine, and reflection on failures and successes at the center of the institution. Building on an innovative multi-disciplinary framework, this study provides a first comprehensive account of learning in peacekeeping. Covering the crucial past decade of expansion in peace operations, it zooms into a dozen cases of attempted learning across four crucial domains: police assistance, judicial reform, reintegration of former combatants, and mission integration. Throughout the different cases, the study analyzes the role of key variables as enablers and stumbling blocks for learning: bureaucratic politics, the learning infrastructure, leadership as well as power and interests of member states. Building on five years of research and access to key documents and decision-makers, the book presents a vivid portrait of an international bureaucracy struggling to turn itself into a learning organization. Aimed at policy-makers, diplomats, and a wide academic audience (including those working in international relations, peace research, political science, public administration, and organizational sociology), the book is an indispensable resource for anyone interested in the evolution of modern peace operations.
This study was undertaken in order to understand the employment impacts of bicycle and pedestrian infrastructure.
Author: Heidi Garrett-Peltier
Category: Bicycle lanes
This study was undertaken in order to understand the employment impacts of bicycle and pedestrian infrastructure. In January 2009 the Political Economy Research Institute (PERI) published a study analyzing the needs and job creation effects of public investments in a wide variety of infrastructure projects, including energy, water, and transportation.1 However, the transportation infrastructure we considered in that study did not specifically include cycling or walking infrastructure that could be used for commuting as well as recreational purposes. In searching through the literature, we discovered that there were no studies which specifically addressed the job creation that results from building infrastructure such as bike lanes, multi-use trails, and pedestrian facilities. This study, the first of its kind, was developed to fill this need.
Academic Paper from the year 2021 in the subject Transportation Science & Technology, grade: 1,3, University of Applied Sciences Dresden, language: English, abstract: In this scientific paper, the authors ask the question: Is it possible to ...
Author: Tim Würzburg
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
Academic Paper from the year 2021 in the subject Transportation Science & Technology, grade: 1,3, University of Applied Sciences Dresden, language: English, abstract: In this scientific paper, the authors ask the question: Is it possible to reduce motorized private transport by expanding the bicycle infrastructure in German cities? The bicycle is an environmentally friendly and health-promoting alternative to motorized private transport and is also more cost-effective. Currently, the bicycle is not yet being used to the extent that it could be. Far too many people resort to the car for a variety of reasons. This paper examines possible reasons, such as safety issues, time, weather, and road users' states of mind, that prevent daily bicycle use. In the following, measures and guidelines are presented on how it is possible to enable safer, more structured, and more flexible bicycle traffic in German cities and thus exert a positive influence on the overall traffic. The focus is on infrastructural measures such as improved marking of bicycle lanes, the development of bicycle highways or new concepts for crossing areas, the development of a joint concept between public transport and a traffic-regulating fee for motorized private transport. Since a gap in the research on whether these measures can be implemented in the eastern German city of Dresden was found, a SWOT matrix is used to analyze the concrete possibilities that can be implemented and to evaluate possible opportunities and potential risks. The strengths as well as the weaknesses, that emerge from the cityscape, society, and political measures, serve as a basis.
Building the Cycling City examines the triumphs and challenges of the Dutch while also presenting stories of North American cities already implementing lessons from across the Atlantic.
Author: Melissa Bruntlett
Publisher: Island Press
The world is rediscovering the bicycle as a multi-pronged solution to acute, 21st-century problems, including affordability, obesity, congestion, climate change, inequity, and social isolation. The Netherlands has built an accessible cycling culture that cities around the world can learn from. Chris and Melissa Bruntlett share the incredible success of the Netherlands through engaging interviews with local experts and stories of their own delightful experiences riding in five Dutch cities. Building the Cycling City examines the triumphs and challenges of the Dutch while also presenting stories of North American cities already implementing lessons from across the Atlantic. Discover how Dutch cities inspired Atlanta to look at its transit-bike connection in a new way and showed Seattle how to teach its residents to realize the freedom of biking, along with other encouraging examples.
Cycling infrastructure and cycling promotion are high on the political agenda and have produced the environmental and safety/security conditions that encourage cycling, with the result that 26 per cent of all trips every day are by bike ...
Author: John Whitelegg
Category: Business & Economics
Quality of Life and Public Management explores the possibility for a dramatic and significant improvement in quality of life for all population groups and sub-groups in the UK. Strongly evidence-based, the book draws on case study data and comparisons into local and central government structure, funding, policy, cultures and outcomes from a number of EU countries, such as Denmark, Germany, and Switzerland. It shows that quality of life on a number of important criteria is superior in these other countries than it is in the UK. The book makes a strong argument that it is possible to replicate this success in the UK and that failure to do so has been the result of failed political institutions, in particular local government. John Whitelegg examines the impact of better central and local governance on the welfare of children and older people. He also looks at the built environment, air quality, resilience and renewable energy in the UK and gives suggestions for practical and implementable policies based on evidence and best practice from other EU cities. The book is rooted in the belief that every locality can and should have the best possible standards of health, quality of life, environment, climate change protection and transport choices that can be found anywhere in the world. This book will be of great value to students and researchers in the fields of public management, politics, social work, planning and public services in general. It also has direct relevance for professionals in central and local government, councillors, community groups and NGOs.