The Politics of Nuclear Weapons

The Politics of Nuclear Weapons

Uranium, plutonium and nuclear fission Genesis of the bomb: from the Manhattan
Project to the Trinity Test Little Boy and ... before we can begin to think about
many of the political and strategic aspects of nuclear weapons, it is useful to get a
 ...

Author: Andrew Futter

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781473917149

Category: Political Science

Page: 280

View: 477

This book provides an introduction to political and strategic aspects of nuclear weaponry. It offers an accessible overview of the concept of nuclear weapons, outlines how thinking about these weapons has developed and considers how nuclear threats can continue to be managed in the future. It includes: Coverage of nuclear testing, proliferation, strategy, global actors and disarmament. Analysis of contemporary topics such as nuclear terrorism. A timeline of key nuclear events. Annotated further reading lists helping you to locate sources for essays and assignments. Summaries, study questions and a glossary of key terms Free SAGE journal articles available on the Resources tab The author will be providing regular updates to his suggested web resources, so be sure to check the Resources tab for the most up-to-date. The Politics of Nuclear Weapons is essential reading for both undergraduate and postgraduate students taking courses in Nuclear Politics.
Categories: Political Science

The Politics of Nuclear Weapons in South Asia

The Politics of Nuclear Weapons in South Asia

With those tests they emerged as de facto nuclear weapons states2 and opened
a new chapter in the nuclear politics of the region. The Indo—Pakistani nuclear
tests also left huge implications for the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) and global
 ...

Author: Dr Bhumitra Chakma

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9781409476412

Category: Political Science

Page: 278

View: 859

An important and critical re-evaluation of South Asia's post-tests nuclear politics, in contrast to other books, this volume emphasises the political dimension of South Asia's nuclear weapons, explains how the bombs are used as politico-strategic assets rather than pure battlefield weapons and how India and Pakistan utilise them for politico-strategic purposes in an extremely complex and competitive South Asian strategic landscape. Written by a group of perceptive observers of South Asia, this volume evaluates the current state of Indo-Pakistani nuclear deterrents, the challenges that the two countries confront in building their nuclear forces, the post-test nuclear doctrines of the two strategic rivals, the implications of Indo-Pakistani politics for regional cooperation, the role of two systemic actors (USA and China) in the region's nuclear politics and the critical issues of confidence-building and nuclear arms control.
Categories: Political Science

The Politics of Nuclear Consultation in NATO 1965 1980

The Politics of Nuclear Consultation in NATO 1965 1980

THE IMPACT OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS ON NATO : THE PROBLEM OF
NUCLEAR SHARING The NATO Council ... can be taken as marking the point at
which nuclear sharing emerged as a central military and political issue for the
alliance .

Author: Paul Buteux

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521154820

Category: Political Science

Page: 308

View: 705

This important study contributes to the understanding of the issues and polices of the nuclear arms control questions.
Categories: Political Science

The Politics of Nuclear Non Proliferation

The Politics of Nuclear Non Proliferation

... the Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya announced its unilateral
relinquishment of all types of weapons of mass ... attention – is the inconsistent
political commitment to the nuclear weapons program and the rather volatile
government ...

Author: Ursula Jasper

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136759123

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 601

This book examines the puzzle of why some states acquire nuclear weapons, whereas others refrain from trying to do so – or even renounce them. Based on the predominant theoretical thinking in International Relations it is often assumed that nuclear proliferation is inevitable, given the anarchic nature of the international system. Proliferation is thus often explained by vague references to states’ insecurity in an anarchic environment. Yet, elusive generalisations and grand, abstract theories inhibit a more profound and detailed knowledge of the very political processes that lead towards nuclearisation or its reversal. Drawing upon the philosophical and social-theoretical insights of American pragmatism, The Politics of Nuclear Non-Proliferation provides a theoretically innovative and practically useful framework for the analysis of states’ nuclear proliferation policies. Rather than reccounting a parsimonious, lean account of proliferation, the framework allows for the incorporation of multiple paradigms in order to depict the complex political contestation underlying states’ proliferation decisions. This pragmatist framework of analysis offers ways of overcoming long-standing metatheoretical gridlocks in the IR discipline and encourages scholars to reorient their efforts towards imminent "real-world" challenges. This book will be of much interest to students of nuclear proliferation, international security and IR theory.
Categories: Political Science

International Political Effects of the Spread of Nuclear Weapons

International Political Effects of the Spread of Nuclear Weapons

This book contains essays from a 1978 colloquium, jointly sponsored by the Central Intelligence Agency and the Department of Defense, that brought together 50 people from the academic, research organization, intelligence, and national ...

Author: John Kerry King

Publisher:

ISBN: 1410203670

Category: Political Science

Page: 252

View: 964

Technical and economic considerations no longer prevent the acquisition of nuclear weapons by nations that do not have them. The technology is now widely known and generally accessible, and the cost is not prohibitive. For an increasing number of nations a decision to develop nuclear weapons rests on political and strategic factors. This book contains essays from a 1978 colloquium, jointly sponsored by the Central Intelligence Agency and the Department of Defense, that brought together 50 people from the academic, research organization, intelligence, and national security policymaking communities to discuss the essays and the questions generated by them.
Categories: Political Science

The Politics of Nuclear Proliferation

The Politics of Nuclear Proliferation

Author: George H. Quester

Publisher: Baltimore : Johns Hopkins University Press

ISBN: UOM:39015054104693

Category: Nuclear disarmament

Page: 249

View: 921

Categories: Nuclear disarmament

The Politics of Nuclear Waste

The Politics of Nuclear Waste

Nuclear wastes comprise one category within a general class of hazardous
wastes that modern industrial activity forces ... much of the public associates the
risk of disaster, namely, nuclear weapons production and nuclear power
generation.

Author: E. William Colglazier

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9781483154244

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 290

View: 960

The Politics of Nuclear Waste covers several issues concerning nuclear waste, such as management, disposal, and its impact on politics. Consisting of eight chapters, the book covers several aspects of the politics of nuclear waste. The opening chapter discusses nuclear waste management in the United States, while the next chapter reviews a cross national perspective on the politics of nuclear waste. Chapter 3 talks about congressional and executive branch factions in nuclear waste management policy, while Chapter 4 discusses federal-state conflict in nuclear waste management. Chapter 5 tackles consultation and concurrence, and Chapter 6 deals with public participation. Chapter seven aims to answer “When does consultation become co-optation? and “When does information become propaganda? The last chapter discusses prospects for consensus. This book will be of great interest to those concerned with the implication of nuclear waste management for the political climate.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Nuclear Weapons

Nuclear Weapons

5. Nuclear. Weapons. and. World. Politics. INTRODUCTION In the two preceding
chapters we have discussed how political tensions, interacting with technological
advance, have created the balance of terror and seem likely to preserve it.

Author: A. J. C. Edwards

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 0887061850

Category: History

Page: 275

View: 788

This is a clear, non-technical and comprehensive study of nuclear strategy and the balance of power. The book is intended for both supporters and opponents of nuclear deterrence--indeed for all who believe that nuclear issues cannot be wished away or laid aside but must be addressed with knowledge, even if this means thinking about the unthinkable. Within a coherent system of thought, this volume addresses the most fundamental issues of our time, such as the first-strike advantage, arms-control agreements, the Star Wars program, the "nuclear winter" hypothesis, and nuclear conflict itself. The book is packed with valuable factual information, including notes, diagrams, illustrations, and appendices.
Categories: History

The Politics of Nuclear Power

The Politics of Nuclear Power

Extrapolating from vital statistics of infant mortality and occurrences of congenital
defects and leukemia in certain states over a period of years before, during and
after nuclear weapons tests, Dr. Sternglass said "Drastic downward revisions of ...

Author: D.P. McCaffrey

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401133326

Category: Political Science

Page: 269

View: 718

Several individuals noted the potentially important civilian uses of atomic energy shortly after the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945. That year J. Robert Oppenheimer told a national radio audience that "in the near future" it would be possible to generate profitable electric power from "controlled nuclear chain reaction units" (reactors). It was suggested that, after fIfteen to twenty-five years of development, mature nuclear technology could provide virtually inexhaustible, cheap energy given the abundance of nuclear fuel. Admiral Lewis Strauss, the Chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission, stated that atomic power would generate electricity "too cheap to meter" (A statement that, according to Brookhaven National Laboratories' physicist Herbert Kouts, immediately "caused consternation among his technical advisors" [Kouts, 1983: 3)). For a brief period it was thought that airplanes would fly using atomic power, and homes would install small nuclear reactors for heat and hot water. 1950s and early 1960s a small number of prototype nuclear In the reactors came on line in the United States. The first power plant protoype reactor began operation in Shippingport, Pennsylvania in 1957. It was followed by the Dresden 1 unit near Chicago in 1959, the Yankee plant in Rowe, Massachusetts (1960), and the Indian Point (New York) and Big Rock Point (Michigan) plants in 1%2. These five plants had a combined 800 megawatts (800 MW), or less than one generating capacity ofless than percent of the total American electricity generating capacity in 1962.
Categories: Political Science

Strategic Dynamics and Nuclear Weapons Proliferation in South Asia

Strategic Dynamics and Nuclear Weapons Proliferation in South Asia

Chapter Six Regimes , Politics of Nuclear Non - Proliferation and India In direct
contrast to most members of the international community , India ' s approach to
nuclear non - proliferation regimes over the last three decades has generally
been ...

Author: Bhumitra Chakma

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 3039103822

Category: Political Science

Page: 309

View: 418

This book analyses India and Pakistan's decision to 'go nuclear' against the odds of Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty-based nuclear order. It reflects upon the key factors that contributed to, and the process that prompted India and Pakistan's nuclear programmes to take a military orientation, which eventually culminated in the May 1998 nuclear tests. It also explains the motivation which underscored both India and Pakistan's determination to advance nuclear postures in 1998 that appeared to be inconsistent with the post-Cold War global strategic environment. Further, this book explains why international and regional nuclear non-proliferation regimes were ineffective in preventing India and Pakistan from going nuclear.
Categories: Political Science

Politics and Strategy of Nuclear Weapons in the Middle East The

Politics and Strategy of Nuclear Weapons in the Middle East  The

Nuclear proliferation could be taken as being the first development of bombs
beyond the original party in possession of one, as no real consensus had been
reached Worldwide on a distinction between those nations "entitled" to bombs
and ...

Author: Shlomo Aronson

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791495346

Category: History

Page: 398

View: 460

Based on research from an array of American, Arab, British, French, German, and Israeli sources, this book provides a nuclear history of the world’s most explosive region. Most significantly, it gives an exposition of Israel’s acquisition and political use, or nonuse, of nuclear weapons as a central factor of its foreign policy in the 1960-1991 period. In stressing the factor of nuclear weapons, the author highlights an often-neglected aspect of Israeli security policy. This is the first interpretation of the historical development of nuclear doctrine in the Middle East that assesses the strategic implications of opacity—Israel’s use of suggestion, rather than open acknowledgment, that it possesses nuclear weapons. Aronson discusses the strategic thinking of Israel, the Arab countries, the U.S., the former Soviet Union, and other countries and connects Israeli strategies for war, peace, territories, and the political economy with the use of nuclear deterrence. The author approaches the development of Israeli doctrines on nuclear weapons and defense in general within a large matrix that includes the United States; Israeli perceptions of Arab history, culture, and psychology; and Israeli perceptions of Israel’s own history, culture, and psychology. He also deals with Arab perceptions of Israel’s nuclear program and with Arab and Iranian incentives to go nuclear. In addition, he discusses at length the importance of nuclear factors in the conduct of the Persian Gulf War and examines the implications of the decline of the former Soviet Union for arms control and peace in the Middle East.
Categories: History

Nuclear Arms

Nuclear Arms

Author: R. James Woolsey

Publisher: Ics Press

ISBN: STANFORD:36105039548636

Category: Arms race

Page: 289

View: 323

Categories: Arms race

Politics and the Bomb

Politics and the Bomb

In other words, it describes the spread of nuclear weapons to states not yet
possessing them, as opposed to the increase in nuclear weapons arsenals—
through the development of new and improved weapons design— of the existing
nuclear ...

Author: Sara Z. Kutchesfahani

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136299261

Category: Political Science

Page: 168

View: 792

Epistemic communities represent networks of knowledge-based experts that help articulate cause-and-effect relationships of complex problems, define the self-interests of a state, or formulate specific policies for state decision makers. However, the role of these scientists and knowledgeable professionals in nuclear policy formulation is poorly understood. Thoroughly documented and making excellent use of source material, Politics and the Bomb provides refreshingly new empirical evidence and theoretical analysis of the importance of scientists and experts behind the creation of new non-proliferation agreements. Simply not another book on nuclear proliferation, Sara Z. Kutchesfahani explores the differences in the emergence, composition, and influence mechanisms of the epistemic communities behind the nuclear non-proliferation policy formulation in Brazilian-Argentine Agency for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials (ABACC) and the Nunn-Lugar Cooperative Threat Reduction (CTR) Program. In doing so she eloquently demonstrates how the role of these non-proliferation experts lead to the possibility of creating more effective non-proliferation policies in the future and hints at the need to sustain non-proliferation epistemic communities in all countries that can provide input to the global proliferation problem until it is solved.
Categories: Political Science

South Asia s Nuclear Security

South Asia s Nuclear Security

It illuminates the politics of nuclear weapons acquisition by the two states and
shows how they have attempted to adjust their nuclear identity following the
nuclear tests by adopting nuclear postures that they thought would serve their ...

Author: Bhumitra Chakma

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317586890

Category: Political Science

Page: 198

View: 607

South Asia is often viewed as a potential nuclear flashpoint and a probable source of nuclear terrorism. But, how valid are such perceptions? This book seeks to address this question and assesses the region’s nuclear security from two principal standpoints. First, it evaluates the robustness of the Indo-Pakistani mutual deterrence by analysing the strength and weaknesses of the competing arguments regarding the issue. It also analyses the causes and consequences of nuclear arms race between India and Pakistan, the nature of deterrence structure in the region and the challenges of confidence building and arms control between the two countries in order to assess the robustness of South Asia’s nuclear deterrence. Second, it assesses the safety and security of the nuclear assets and nuclear infrastructure of India and Pakistan. The author holds that the debate on South Asia’s nuclear security is largely misplaced because the optimists tend to overemphasise the stabilising effects of nuclear weapons and the pessimists are too alarmists. It is argued that while the risks of nuclear weapons are significant, it is unlikely that India and Pakistan will give up their nuclear arsenals in the foreseeable future. Therefore, what needs to happen is that while nuclear elimination should be the long-term goal, in the interim years the two countries need to pursue minimum deterrence policies to reduce the likelihood of deterrence failure and the possibility of obtaining fissile materials by non-state actors.
Categories: Political Science

US Nuclear Weapons Policy After the Cold War

US Nuclear Weapons Policy After the Cold War

politics. and. nuclear. weapons. policy. Understanding the evolution of American
nuclear weapons policy requires detailed examination of competing
interpretations of a set of contested concepts that constitute that policy. The
previous chapter ...

Author: Nick Ritchie

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134036448

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 826

This book offers an in-depth examination of America’s nuclear weapons policy since the end of the Cold War. Exploring nuclear forces structure, arms control, regional planning and the weapons production complex, the volume identifies competing sets of ideas about nuclear weapons and domestic political constraints on major shifts in policy. It provides a detailed analysis of the complex evolution of policy, the factors affecting policy formulation, competing understandings of the role of nuclear weapons in US national security discourse, and the likely future direction of policy. The book argues that US policy has not proceeded in a linear, rational and internally consistent direction, and that it entered a second post-Cold War phase under President George W. Bush. However, domestic political processes and lack of political and military interest in America’s nuclear forces have constrained major shifts in nuclear weapons policy. This book will be of much interest to students of US foreign policy, nuclear proliferation, strategic studies and IR in general.
Categories: History

The Politics and Technology of Nuclear Proliferation

The Politics and Technology of Nuclear Proliferation

The following discussion describes the present political and technological
situation regarding nuclear weapons and their development in those nations that
own them, in those that desire them, and in those that are capable of supplying
the ...

Author: Robert F. Mozley

Publisher: University of Washington Press

ISBN: 0295802537

Category: Political Science

Page: 384

View: 442

Politics and technology intersect in the international effort to prevent nuclear proliferation. Written for scientists, policy makers, journalists, students, and concerned citizens, The Politics and Technology of Nuclear Proliferation makes a highly complex subject understandable. This comprehensive overview provides information about both the basic technologies and the political realities. Methods of producing weapon materials�plutonium and highly enriched uranium�as well as their use in bombs are described in detail, as is the generally successful international effort to prevent the spread of the ability to make nuclear weapons. In explaining the problems the world will face if nuclear weapons become generally available, Mozley summarizes and reviews the methods used to prevent proliferation and describes the status of those nations involved in trade in nuclear materials. He places emphasis on the danger of attack by renegade nations or terrorist groups, particularly the possibility that weapon material might be stolen from the presently impoverished and unstable former Soviet Union.
Categories: Political Science

Political Fallout

Political Fallout

Ultimately, Political Fallout suggests that in order to understand the development of the Cold War arms race, it is crucial to view the controversy over nuclear fallout as both an environmental and political issue"--

Author: Toshihiro Higuchi

Publisher:

ISBN: 0804785945

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 765

Political Fallout is the story of one of the first human-driven, truly global environmental crises--radioactive fallout from nuclear weapons testing during the Cold War--and the international response. Beginning in 1945, the United States, Britain, and the Soviet Union detonated hundreds of nuclear weapons in the atmosphere, scattering a massive amount of radioactivity across the globe. The scale of contamination was so vast, and radioactive decay so slow, that the cumulative effect on humans and the environment is still difficult to fully comprehend. The international debate over nuclear fallout turned global radioactive contamination into an environmental issue, eventually leading the nuclear superpowers to sign the landmark Partial Test Ban Treaty (PTBT) in 1963. Bringing together environmental history and Cold War history, Toshihiro Higuchi argues that the PTBT, originally proposed as an arms control measure, transformed into a dual-purpose initiative to check the nuclear arms race and radioactive pollution simultaneously. Higuchi draws on sources in English, Russian, and Japanese, considering both the epistemic differences that emerged in different scientific communities in the 1950s and the way that public consciousness around the risks of radioactive fallout influenced policy in turn. Political Fallout addresses the implications of science and policymaking in the Anthropocene--an era in which humans are confronting environmental changes of their own making.
Categories: History

Nuclear Energy

Nuclear Energy

The first successful international agreement to control the spread of nuclear
weapons came after President Dwight Eisenhower's “Atoms for Peace” proposal,
made in 1953, under which the United States would aid countries in their pursuit
of ...

Author: David Bodansky

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387269312

Category: Science

Page: 694

View: 360

This second edition represents an extensive revision of the ?rst edition, - though the motivation for the book and the intended audiences, as described inthepreviouspreface,remainthesame. Theoveralllengthhasbeenincreased substantially, with revised or expanded discussions of a number of topics, - cluding Yucca Mountain repository plans, new reactor designs, health e?ects of radiation, costs of electricity, and dangers from terrorism and weapons p- liferation. The overall status of nuclear power has changed rather little over the past eight years. Nuclear reactor construction remains at a very low ebb in much of the world, with the exception of Asia, while nuclear power’s share of the electricity supply continues to be about 75% in France and 20% in the United States. However,therearesignsofaheightenedinterestinconsideringpossible nuclear growth. In the late 1990s, the U. S. Department of Energy began new programs to stimulate research and planning for future reactors, and many candidate designs are now contending—at least on paper—to be the next generation leaders. Outside the United States, the commercial development ofthePebbleBedModularReactorisbeingpursuedinSouthAfrica,aFrench- German consortium has won an order from Finlandfor the long-plannedEPR (European Pressurized Water Reactor), and new reactors have been built or planned in Asia. In an unanticipated positive development for nuclear energy, the capacity factor of U. S. reactors has increased dramatically in recent years, and most operating reactors now appear headed for 20-year license renewals.
Categories: Science

Nuclear Command and Control in NATO

Nuclear Command and Control in NATO

This book examines NATO's attempts between 1952 and 1990 to achieve the political and military control of nuclear weapons operations in a multinational organisation.

Author: Shaun Gregory

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 0312129149

Category: History

Page: 251

View: 883

For more than forty years NATO premised its defence on credible nuclear deterrence. Underwriting this deterrence was NATO's strategy and the nuclear weapons and command and control systems intended to make the strategy an operational reality. This book examines NATO's attempts between 1952 and 1990 to achieve the political and military control of nuclear weapons operations in a multinational organisation. By using case-studies of US, British, French and NATO nuclear weapons operations and empirical evidence from Cold War crises it provides an analysis of NATO's experience and offers insights for the present day.
Categories: History

The Politics of Legal Regimes of Nuclear Energy in the Aspect of International Security

The Politics of Legal Regimes of Nuclear Energy in the Aspect of International Security

IV.2 THE WORLD COURT PROJECT The possession of nuclear weapons is
closely related to the national security of the state which possesses them. States
do not want to be constrained on issues related to their national security on a ...

Author: Besfort T. Rrecaj

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 9783643905451

Category: Political Science

Page: 297

View: 257

This book represents a comprehensive contemporary view of the current, hot, and controversial issues revolving around nuclear energy. It involves issues of international/national security where realpolitik, in terms of power politics, remain key features in State relations. States, through international law and cooperation, managed to put in place a nuclear energy management regime with the Non-Proliferation Treaty as its main pillar. The book analyzes the role of international law in this highly sensitive issue, with referral to specific cases of proliferation and the current standings in the control of nuclear energy. (Series: International Law and International Relations / Volkerrecht und internationale Beziehungen - Vol. 9) [Subject: International Affairs, Security Studies, Politics, Energy Studies, International Law]
Categories: Political Science