In championing radical ideas such as individual liberty and an empirical appraisal of the universe through rational inquiry and natural experience, Enlightenment philosophers in Europe and America planted the seeds for modern liberalism, ...
Category: Literary Collections
The Age of Enlightenment of the 18th century, also called the Age of Reason, was so named for an intellectual movement that shook the foundations of Western civilization. In championing radical ideas such as individual liberty and an empirical appraisal of the universe through rational inquiry and natural experience, Enlightenment philosophers in Europe and America planted the seeds for modern liberalism, cultural humanism, science and technology, and laissez-faire Capitalism This volume brings together works from this era, with more than 100 selections from a range of sources. It includes examples by Kant, Diderot, Voltaire, Newton, Rousseau, Locke, Franklin, Jefferson, Madison, and Paine that demonstrate the pervasive impact of Enlightenment views on philosophy and epistemology as well as on political, social, and economic institutions.
For a representative sampling of Enlightenment attitudes toward history, see the selections under ''Progress and History'' in Kramnick, The Portable Enlightenment Reader, 351–95. 2. Henry St. John Bolingbroke, Letters on the Study and ...
Author: Robert B. Louden
Publisher: Oxford University Press
The World We Want compares the future world that Enlightenment intellectuals had hoped for with our own world at present. In what respects do the two worlds differ, and why are they so different? To what extent is and isn't our world the world they wanted, and to what extent do we today still want their world? Unlike previous philosophical critiques and defenses of the Enlightenment, the present study focuses extensively on the relevant historical and empirical record first, by examining carefully what kind of future Enlightenment intellectuals actually hoped for; second, by tracking the different legacies of their central ideals over the past two centuries. But in addition to documenting the significant gap that still exists between Enlightenment ideals and current realities, the author also attempts to show why the ideals of the Enlightenment still elude us. What does our own experience tell us about the appropriateness of these ideals? Which Enlightenment ideals do not fit with human nature? Why is meaningful support for these ideals, particularly within the US, so weak at present? Which of the means that Enlightenment intellectuals advocated for realizing their ideals are inefficacious? Which of their ideals have devolved into distorted versions of themselves when attempts have been made to realize them? How and why, after more than two centuries, have we still failed to realize the most significant Enlightenment ideals? In short, what is dead and what is living in these ideals?
Institute of Social Research 1923–1950, Boston: Little-Brown, 1973 Kant, Immanuel, 'What is Enlightenment?' , in Isaac Kramnick (ed.), The Portable Enlightenment Reader, New York: Viking, 1995 Kitching, Gavin, Karl Marx and the ...
Author: Gavin Kitching
Postmodern theory has engaged the hearts and heads of the brightest students because of its apparent political and social radicalism. Despite this Professor Gavin Kitching claims that, 'At the heart of postmodernism is very poor, deeply confused and misbegotten philosophy. As a result even the very best students who fall under its sway produce radically incoherent ideas about language, meaning, truth and reality.' This is not another conservative attack on postmodernism. Rather, it is a carefully considered analysis from a dedicated university teacher who is convinced that we have gone terribly astray. He shows that postmodern theory is at best irrelevant to, and at worst undermining of, persuasive political arguments, and reveals the basic philosophical confusion at its heart which makes this so. Essential reading for any student writing a thesis in the humanities and the social sciences, and for their teachers. 'It is the strongest and best attack on the ravages of routine post-modernism that I have ever read. I applaud the way he lists the good causes that students warmly espouse, and then suggests a simpler way to support them without the self-destructive it's all just language that is implicit in their work.' - Professor Sir Bernard Crick, Emeritus Professor of Politics, Birkbeck College, University of London 'Gavin Kitching rattles the cages. Will the inmates hear this? They should, if only for the reason that there is virtue in learning to argue against yourself. This is a serious book.' - Professor Peter Beilharz, Sociology, La Trobe University 'Required reading for anyone who wants to understand how and why postmodernism has had such disastrous pedagogical consequences.' - Professor David G. Stern, Philosophy, University of Iowa
2 Kramnick, Isaac, (Ed.) The Portable Enlightenment Reader, London: Penguin, 1995, p. 311 Bentham, Jeremy, The Influence of Natural Religion on the Temporal Happiness of Mankind, New York: Prometheus Books, 2003, p.
Author: Mike King
Publisher: ISD LLC
Spirituality is a difficult subject in the modern world. Everywhere, from popular media to the university, from the bookshelf to the dinner table, religions are derided or marginalised and public figures, such as Richard Dawkins, set upon anyone who admits to a belief in God. It seems that science and religion are fundamentally at odds and that a mutual respect is unacceptable to either in their parallel pursuit of 'truth'. Yet the majority of Enlightenment authors engaged with both science and spirituality and did not lose their faith. Today we tend to see these authors as not having applied full scientific rigour to their religious beliefs, but are we correct in dismissing this aspect of their lives so easily? In Secularism, Mike King examines the elements of religion, philosophy and science which have contributed to an almost total disavowal of spirituality by contemporary western intellectuals. He engages with a wide range of thinkers, including Pythagoras, Marx, Spinoza, Darwin and Nietzsche, and incorporates detailed studies of a variety of 'spiritual' leaders, some of whom readers are unlikely to have considered in this way before, to uncover why the western world no longer has any interest in devotion or accords it any respect.
There are negro slaves dispersed all over Europe, of which no-one ever discovered any symptoms of ingenuity” (Hume, in Kramnick, Portable Enlightenment Reader, 629); “All these savages have little feeling for the beautiful in moral ...
Author: J. Andrew Kirk
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
This book offers an introductory review to a wide range of thinking, formulated over the last half-millennium in the Western world, about the meaning of human existence. It will touch on a variety of issues of contemporary significance, such as the origin and uniqueness of the human species, freedom and determinism, the nature of good and evil, and the possibilities and limits of the sciences. The book will supply a number of explanatory comments, from a Christian perspective, on the various views uncovered. Insofar as human beings are fascinated by exploring the reality of their own selves, in relation to history, culture, the natural environment, and a variety of worldviews, this book will afford readers plenty of material to stimulate them in their own exploration.
The Portable Enlightenment Reader , New York ... The Portable Enlightenment Reader , 1995 , p.147 . 5 . Cassirer , Ernst , The Philosophy of the Enlightenment , Boston , 1955 , p.135 , 6 . Ibid . 7 . Kramnick ( ed . ) ...
Author: Rafiq Zakaria
Publisher: Popular Prakashan
This Volume Presents A Historical Not A Religions Survey; It Analyses The Place Of God In Every Major Religion Cutting Across Religious Precepts And Practices And Brings Out The Continual Discovery Of The Only One Who Has Endured.
Cf., Condorcet, “The Future Progress of Human Mind” (1794), in Kramnick, ed., The Portable Enlightenment Reader, 26–38. 88. Koselleck, “Modernity and the Planes of Historicity,” 10. 89. Peter Harrison, “Religion” and the Religions in ...
Isaac Kramnick , introduction to The Portable Enlightenment Reader , ed . with introduction by Isaac Kramnick ( New York : Penguin Books , 1995 ) , ix - xxiii . 60. Baron d'Holbach , “ No Need of Theology , Only of Reason , ” in The ...
Author: Paul T. McCartney
Publisher: LSU Press
In Power and Progress, Paul T. McCartney presents a provocative case study of the Spanish-American War, exposing newfound dimensions to the relationship between American nationalism and U.S. foreign policy. Two significant but distinct foreign-policy issues are at the center of McCartney's analysis: the declaration of war against Spain in 1898 and the annexation of the Philippine Islands as part of the war's peace treaty. According to McCartney, Americans were very explicitly and self-consciously expanding their nation's sense of mission in making these two foreign-policy decisions. They drew upon a cultural identity forged from racist, religious, and liberal-democratic characteristics to guide the United States into the uncharted waters of international prominence. What America did abroad they emphatically framed in terms of what they believed America to be. Foreign policy, McCartney argues, provided a concrete focus for this sense of mission on the world stage and played a marked role in shaping the contours and substance of American nationalism itself. Power and Progress provides the first intensive look at how the idea of American mission has influenced the conduct of U.S. foreign policy, lending fresh insight into a transformative moment in the development of both U.S. foreign policy and national identity. It contributes measurably to our understanding of the cultural sources of American foreign policy and thus serves as a partial corrective to studies that overemphasize economic motives.
John T. Goldthwait (1995) as Observations on the Feeling of the Beautiful and the Sublime, in Isaac Kramnick (ed.) The Portable Enlightenment Reader, London: Penguin. — (1781/7) Kritik der reinen Vernunft; trans.
Author: Martin Fitzpatrick
Publisher: Psychology Press
The Enlightenment World offers an informed, comprehensive and up-to-date analysis of the European Enlightenment (c. 1720-1800) as both an historical epoch and a cultural formation. This prestigious collection begins with the intellectual origins of the Enlightenment, and spans early formations up to both contemporary and modern critics of the Enlightenment. The chapters, written by leading international experts, represent the most cutting-edge research within the field and include: The High Enlightenment Polite Culture and the Arts Reforming the World Material and Pop Culture Transformations and Exploration. Covering topics as diverse as government, fashion, craftsmen and artisans, philanthropy, cross-cultural encounters, feminism, censorship, science and education, this volume will provide essential reading for all students of the Enlightenment.
Enthusiasm and Enlightenment in Europe, 1650–1850. San Marino, CA: Huntingdon Library, 1998. Kramnick, Isaac. “Explanatory note, John Locke.” In An Essay concerning Human Understanding, in The Portable Enlightenment Reader, ...
Author: Richard T. Pollard
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
Dan Taylor was a leading English eighteenth-century General Baptist minister and founder of the New Connexion of General Baptists—a revival movement. This book provides considerable new light on the theological thinking of this important evangelical figure. The major themes examined are Taylor’s spiritual formation; soteriology; understanding of the atonement; beliefs regarding the means and process of conversion; ecclesiology; approach to baptism, the Lord’s Supper, and worship; and missiology. The nature of Taylor’s evangelicalism—its central characteristics, underlying tendencies, evidence of the shaping influence of certain Enlightenment values, and ways that it was outworked—reflect that which was distinct about evangelicalism as a movement emerging from the eighteenth-century Evangelical Revival. It is thus especially relevant to recent debates regarding the origins of evangelicalism. Taylor’s evangelicalism was particularly marked by its pioneering nature. His propensity for innovation serves as a unifying theme throughout the book, with many of its accompanying patterns of thinking and practical expressions demonstrating that which was distinct about evangelicalism in the eighteenth century.