The Proletarian Gamble

The Proletarian Gamble

In The Proletarian Gamble, Ken C. Kawashima maintains that contingent labor is a defining characteristic of capitalist commodity economies.

Author: Ken C. Kawashima

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 9780822392293

Category: History

Page: 308

View: 970

Koreans constituted the largest colonial labor force in imperial Japan during the 1920s and 1930s. Caught between the Scylla of agricultural destitution in Korea and the Charybdis of industrial depression in Japan, migrant Korean peasants arrived on Japanese soil amid extreme instability in the labor and housing markets. In The Proletarian Gamble, Ken C. Kawashima maintains that contingent labor is a defining characteristic of capitalist commodity economies. He scrutinizes how the labor power of Korean workers in Japan was commodified, and how these workers both fought against the racist and contingent conditions of exchange and combated institutionalized racism. Kawashima draws on previously unseen archival materials from interwar Japan as he describes how Korean migrants struggled against various recruitment practices, unfair and discriminatory wages, sudden firings, racist housing practices, and excessive bureaucratic red tape. Demonstrating that there was no single Korean “minority,” he reveals how Koreans exploited fellow Koreans and how the stratification of their communities worked to the advantage of state and capital. However, Kawashima also describes how, when migrant workers did organize—as when they became involved in Rōsō (the largest Korean communist labor union in Japan) and in Zenkyō (the Japanese communist labor union)—their diverse struggles were united toward a common goal. In The Proletarian Gamble, his analysis of the Korean migrant workers' experiences opens into a much broader rethinking of the fundamental nature of capitalist commodity economies and the analytical categories of the proletariat, surplus populations, commodification, and state power.
Categories: History

Recasting Red Culture in Proletarian Japan

Recasting Red Culture in Proletarian Japan

Japanese proletarian writer Hayashi Fusao, who later became a fascist, eventually urged Koreans to write in Japanese, not Korean. ... See Ken Kawashima, The Proletarian Gamble: Korean Workers in Interwar Japan (Durham, ...

Author: Samuel Perry

Publisher: University of Hawaii Press

ISBN: 9780824840228

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 248

View: 293

Recasting Red Culture turns a critical eye on the influential proletarian cultural movement that flourished in 1920s and 1930s Japan. This was a diverse, cosmopolitan, and highly contested moment in Japanese history when notions of political egalitarianism were being translated into cultural practices specific to the Japanese experience. Both a political and historiographical intervention, the book offers a fascinating account of the passions—and antinomies—that animated one of the most admirable intellectual and cultural movements of Japan’s twentieth century, and argues that proletarian literature, cultural workers, and institutions fundamentally enrich our understanding of Japanese culture. What sustained the proletarian movement’s faith in the idea that art and literature were indispensable to the task of revolution? How did the movement manage to enlist artists, teachers, and scientist into its ranks, and what sorts of contradictions arose in the merging of working-class and bourgeois cultures? Recasting Red Culture asks these and other questions as it historicizes proletarian Japan at the intersection of bourgeois aesthetics, radical politics, and a flourishing modern print culture. Drawing parallels with the experiences of European revolutionaries, the book vividly details how cultural activists “recast” forms of modern culture into practices commensurate with the goals of revolution. Weaving over a dozen translated fairytales, poems, and short stories into his narrative, Samuel Perry offers a fundamentally new approach to studying revolutionary culture. By examining the margins of the proletarian cultural movement, Perry effectively redefines its center as he closely reads and historicizes proletarian children’s culture, avant-garde “wall fiction,” and a literature that bears witness to Japan’s fraught relationship with its Korean colony. Along the way, he shows how proletarian culture opened up new critical spaces in the intersections of class, popular culture, childhood, gender, and ethnicity.
Categories: Literary Criticism

Proletarian and Gendered Mass Migrations

Proletarian and Gendered Mass Migrations

Kawashima, Ken C. The Proletarian Gamble: Korean Workers in Interwar Japan. Durham: Duke University Press, 2009. Kawashima, Kumiko. “Japanese Working Holiday Makers in Australia and their Return to the Japanese Labour Market: Before and ...

Author:

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004251380

Category: Social Science

Page: 584

View: 886

Proletarian and Gendered Mass Migrations connects the 19th- proletarian and the 20th-and 21st-century domestics and caregiver labor migrations and migration systems in global transcultural perspective. It integrates male and female migrations and employs a systems approach with human agency perspectives.
Categories: Social Science

Glorify the Empire

Glorify the Empire

See Ken Kawashima, The Proletarian Gamble: Korean Workers in Interwar Japan (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2009). However, in Japan, many recent reprints of original proletarian texts have been issued by such left-oriented centres ...

Author: Annika A. Culver

Publisher: UBC Press

ISBN: 9780774824385

Category: Political Science

Page: 284

View: 437

In the 1930s and ’40s, Japanese rulers in Manchukuo enlisted writers and artists to promote imperial Japan’s modernization program. Ironically, the cultural producers chosen to spread the imperialist message were previously left-wing politically. In Glorify the Empire, Annika A. Culver explores how these once anti-imperialist intellectuals produced avant-garde works celebrating the modernity of a fascist state and reflecting a complicated picture of complicity with, and ambivalence toward, Japan’s utopian project. A groundbreaking work, Glorify the Empire magnifies the intersection between politics and art in a rarely examined period of Japanese history.
Categories: Political Science

Placing Empire

Placing Empire

Sakai Toshio, Osaka City Bureau of Labor, quoted in Kawashima, The Proletarian Gamble, 47. 90. Akimori, Chōsen shokan, 6. 91. While Maruyama Hiroshi points out that the heyday of national park designation in Japan and around the world ...

Author: Kate McDonald

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520967236

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 936

A free ebook version of this title is available through Luminos, University of California Press’s Open Access publishing program. Visit www.luminosoa.org to learn more. Placing Empire examines the spatial politics of Japanese imperialism through a study of Japanese travel and tourism to Korea, Manchuria, and Taiwan between the late nineteenth century and the early 1950s. In a departure from standard histories of Japan, this book shows how debates over the role of colonized lands reshaped the social and spatial imaginary of the modern Japanese nation and how, in turn, this sociospatial imaginary affected the ways in which colonial difference was conceptualized and enacted. The book thus illuminates how ideas of place became central to the production of new forms of colonial hierarchy as empires around the globe transitioned from an era of territorial acquisition to one of territorial maintenance.
Categories: History

Books for Burning

Books for Burning

As always , the proletarian forms of behavior show the way . The wage struggle in fact tends to ... The continuity , the interests , the unresolved alternatives make up the proletarian gamble . But the problem is to resolve them little ...

Author: Antonio Negri

Publisher: Verso

ISBN: 1844670341

Category: History

Page: 299

View: 288

Subversive political writings by the acclaimed author of Empire.
Categories: History

Building a Heaven on Earth

Building a Heaven on Earth

See Helen Kim, “Rural Education for the Regeneration of Korea,” 6. 77. The colonial government supervised recruitment campaigns by Japanese companies to hire peasants to work in Japan. See Ken Kawashima, The Proletarian Gamble (Durham, ...

Author: Albert L. Park

Publisher: University of Hawaii Press

ISBN: 9780824853273

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 214

Why and how did Korean religious groups respond to growing rural poverty, social dislocation, and the corrosion of culture caused by forces of modernization under strict Japanese colonial rule (1910–1945)? Questions about religion's relationship and response to capitalism, industrialization, urbanization, and secularization lie at the heart of understanding the intersection between colonialism, religion, and modernity in Korea. Yet, getting answers to these questions has been a challenge because of narrow historical investigations that fail to study religious processes in relation to political, economic, social, and cultural developments. In Building a Heaven on Earth, Albert L. Park studies the progressive drives by religious groups to contest standard conceptions of modernity and forge a heavenly kingdom on the Korean peninsula to relieve people from fierce ruptures in their everyday lives. The results of his study will reconfigure the debates on colonial modernity, the origins of faith-based social activism in Korea, and the role of religion in a modern world. Building a Heaven on Earth, in particular, presents a compelling story about the determination of the Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA), the Presbyterian Church, and the Ch'ŏndogyo to carry out large-scale rural movements to form a paradise on earth anchored in religion, agriculture, and a pastoral life. It is a transnational story of leaders from these three groups leaning on ideas and systems from countries, such as Denmark, France, Japan, and the United States, to help them reform political, economic, social, and cultural structures in colonial Korea. This book shows that these religious institutions provided discursive and material frameworks that allowed for an alternative form of modernity that featured new forms of agency, social organization, and the nation. In so doing, Building a Heaven on Earth repositions our understandings of modern Korean history.
Categories: History

Translating the Occupation

Translating the Occupation

6 See Wendy Matsumura, The Limits of Okinawa: Japanese Capitalism, Living Labor, and Theorizations of Community (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2015), ch. 4. 7 See Ken Kawashima, The Proletarian Gamble: Korean Workers in ...

Author: Jonathan Henshaw

Publisher: UBC Press

ISBN: 9780774864497

Category: History

Page: 480

View: 406

From 1931 to 1945, Chinese citizens were subjugated to Japanese imperialism. Despite the enduring historical importance of the occupation, Translating the Occupation is the first English-language volume to provide such a diverse selection of important primary sources from this period. Contributors have translated Chinese, Japanese, and Korean texts on a wide range of subjects, focusing on writers who have long been considered problematic or outright traitorous. This volume offers a practical, accessible sourcebook from which to challenge standard narratives. It deepens our understanding of the myriad tensions and transformations at work in Chinese wartime society.
Categories: History

Interpreting Modernism in Korean Art

Interpreting Modernism in Korean Art

9 See also Heather Bowen-Struyk, “Introduction: Proletarian Arts in East Asia,” Positions: East Asia Cultures Critique 14, no. 2 (2006): 251–78; Ken C. Kawashima, The Proletarian Gamble: Korean Workers in Interwar Japan (Durham, ...

Author: Kyunghee Pyun

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000453553

Category: Art

Page: 234

View: 268

This book examines the development of national emblems, photographic portraiture, oil painting, world expositions, modern spaces for art exhibitions, university programs of visual arts, and other agencies of modern art in Korea. With few books on modern art in Korea available in English, this book is an authoritative volume on the topic and provides a comparative perspective on Asian modernism including Japan, China, and India. In turn, these essays also shed a light on Asian reception of and response to the Orientalism and exoticism popular in Europe and North America in the early twentieth century. The book will be of interest to scholars working in art history, the history of Asia, Asian studies, colonialism, nationalism, and cultural identity.
Categories: Art

For Dignity Justice and Revolution

For Dignity  Justice  and Revolution

An Anthology of Japanese Proletarian Literature Norma Field, Heather Bowen-Struyk. If a more appropriate one exists, we can adopt it, and if we come to a ... See Kawashima, The Proletarian Gamble, especially chapter 5, for the context ...

Author: Norma Field

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226034782

Category: History

Page: 488

View: 722

Fiction created by and for the working class emerged worldwide in the early twentieth century as a response to rapid modernization, dramatic inequality, and imperial expansion. In Japan, literary youth, men and women, sought to turn their imaginations and craft to tackling the ensuing injustices, with results that captured both middle-class and worker-farmer readers. This anthology is a landmark introduction to Japanese proletarian literature from that period. Contextualized by introductory essays, forty expertly translated stories touch on topics like perilous factories, predatory bosses, ethnic discrimination, and the myriad indignities of poverty. Together, they show how even intensely personal issues form a pattern of oppression. Fostering labor consciousness as part of an international leftist arts movement, these writers, lovers of literature, were also challenging the institution of modern literature itself. This anthology demonstrates the vitality of the “red decade” long buried in modern Japanese literary history.
Categories: History

THE PSYCHODYNAMICS AND PSYCHOLOGY OF GAMBLING

THE PSYCHODYNAMICS AND PSYCHOLOGY OF GAMBLING

Ethnic minorities will be more likely to gamble and develop gambling problems than those in the predominant ethnic ... Gambling is just another means through which the bourgeois ruling class continues to exploit the proletarian masses.

Author: Mikal Aasved

Publisher: Charles C Thomas Publisher

ISBN: 9780398083601

Category: PSYCHOLOGY

Page: 270

View: 487

The Psychodynamics and Psychology of Gambling is the first volume in the four-volume The Gambling Theory and Research Series. Author Mikal Aasved felt a need to fill what he perceived to be a lack of background sources or reviews of literature pertaining to gambling theory and research. This series will present major findings of leading researchers as they study the causes and effects of gambling, both recreational and excessive. This first entry in the series reviews the most influential psychodynamic and psychological theories that explain why people gamble. Psychoanalytical theorists discussed include Freud, Von Hattingberg, Fenichel, Bergler, Simmel, Greenson, Stekel, and others. Aasved includes sections on behavioral (learning or reinforcement theory) psychological approaches to gambling with discussion of Skinner's ideas and research findings as well as Pavlov's principles. This book begins with the question 'Why do people gamble?' and offers many theories proposed by clinicians, laboratory and field researchers, and participants as they seek to explain the motivation behind gambling. The differences between gambling as entertainment and gambling compulsion is a focus of much research. Aasved addresses ideas set forth as to why some people are able to control their gambling and others cannot, even when it means sacrificing their jobs, family, and material possessions. This text provides a comprehensive background into theories of addiction research as studied by leaders in the field.
Categories: PSYCHOLOGY

Empire s Guest Workers

Empire s Guest Workers

In a world where companies competed for labor, most were forced to permit illegal activities such as gambling and prostitution in order ... 10, 12; Kawashima, The Proletarian Gamble, 9; Rediker, “The Revenge of Crispus Attucks,” 39–40.

Author: Matthew Casey

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107127692

Category: History

Page: 326

View: 228

Haitian seasonal migration to Cuba is central to narratives about race, national development, and US imperialism in the early twentieth-century Caribbean. Filling a major gap in literature, this innovative study reconstructs Haitian guest workers' lived experiences as they moved among the rural and urban areas of Haiti, and the sugar plantations, coffee farms, and cities of eastern Cuba. It offers an unprecedented glimpse into the daily workings of empire, labor, and political economy in Haiti and Cuba. Migrants' efforts to improve their living and working conditions and practice their religions shaped migration policies, economic realities, ideas of race, and Caribbean spirituality in Haiti and Cuba as each experienced US imperialism.
Categories: History

Handbook Global History of Work

Handbook Global History of Work

Ken C. Kawashima, The Proletarian Gamble. Korean Workers in Interwar Japan (Durham, NC, 2009), pp. 25–45; Michael Weiner, Race and Migration in Imperial Japan (London and New York, 1994), pp. 112–113, 133–135, 150, 205.

Author: Karin Hofmeester

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110424584

Category: History

Page: 612

View: 904

Coffee from East Africa, wine from California, chocolate from the Ivory Coast - all those every day products are based on labour, often produced under appalling conditions, but always involving the combination of various work processes we are often not aware of. What is the day-to-day reality for workers in various parts of the world, and how was it in the past? How do they work today, and how did they work in the past? These and many other questions comprise the field of the global history of work – a young discipline that is introduced with this handbook. In 8 thematic chapters, this book discusses these aspects of work in a global and long term perspective, paying attention to several kinds of work. Convict labour, slave and wage labour, labour migration, and workers of the textile industry, but also workers' organisation, strikes, and motivations for work are part of this first handbook of global labour history, written by the most renowned scholars of the profession.
Categories: History

The Typographic Imagination

The Typographic Imagination

The Proletarian Gamble: Korean Workers in Interwar Japan. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 2009. Kawashima, Ken C., et al., eds. Tosaka Jun: A Critical Reader. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 2013. Keavney, Christopher.

Author: Nathan Shockey

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231550741

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 334

View: 376

In the early twentieth century, Japan was awash with typographic text and mass-produced print. Over the short span of a few decades, affordable books and magazines became a part of everyday life, and a new generation of writers and thinkers considered how their world could be reconstructed through the circulation of printed language as a mass-market commodity. The Typographic Imagination explores how this commercial print revolution transformed Japan’s media ecology and traces the possibilities and pitfalls of type as a force for radical social change. Nathan Shockey examines the emergence of new forms of reading, writing, and thinking in Japan from the last years of the nineteenth century through the first decades of the twentieth. Charting the relationships among prose, politics, and print capitalism, he considers the meanings and functions of print as a staple commodity and as a ubiquitous and material medium for discourse and thought. Drawing on extensive archival research, The Typographic Imagination brings into conversation a wide array of materials, including bookseller trade circulars, language reform debates, works of experimental fiction, photo gazetteers, socialist periodicals, Esperanto primers, declassified censorship documents, and printing press strike bulletins. Combining the rigorous close analysis of Japanese literary studies with transdisciplinary methodologies from media studies, book history, and intellectual history, The Typographic Imagination presents a multivalent vision of the rise of mass print media and the transformations of modern Japanese literature, language, and culture.
Categories: Literary Criticism

Factory Girl Literature

Factory Girl Literature

The Proletarian Gamble: Korean Workers in Interwar Japan. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2009. Kim, Elaine. “Men's Talk.” In Dangerous Women: Gender and Korean Nationalism, ed. Elaine Kim and Chungmoo Choi, 67–117.

Author: Ruth Barraclough

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520289765

Category: History

Page: 196

View: 809

As millions of women and girls left country towns to generate Korea’s manufacturing boom, the factory girl emerged as an archetypal figure in twentieth-century popular culture. This book explores the factory girl in Korean literature from the 1920s to the 1990s, showing the complex ways in which she has embodied the sexual and class violence of industrial life.
Categories: History

Japan as the Occupier and the Occupied

Japan as the Occupier and the Occupied

... 2011); for labor mobilization see KC Kawashima, The Proletarian Gamble: Korean Workers in Interwar Japan (Durham and London: Duke University Press, 2009) and M Driscoll, Absolute Erotic, Absolute Grotesque: The Living, Dead, ...

Author: Christine de Matos

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137408112

Category: History

Page: 292

View: 603

Japan as the Occupier and the Occupied examines transwar political, military and social transitions in Japan and various territories that it controlled, including Korea, Borneo, Singapore, Manchuria and China, before and after August 1945. This approach allows a more nuanced understanding of Japan's role as occupier and occupied to emerge.
Categories: History

Making Sense of Mining History

Making Sense of Mining History

3; Ken C. Kawashima, The Proletarian Gamble: Korean Workers in Interwar Japan (Durham: Duke University Press Books, 2009), pp. 25–45; Regine Mathias, Industrialisierung und Lohnarbeit. Der Kohlebergbau in Nord-Kyūshū und sein Einfluss ...

Author: Stefan Berger

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429516955

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 140

This book draws together international contributors to analyse a wide range of aspects of mining history across the globe including mining archaeology, technologies of mining, migration and mining, the everyday life of the miner, the state and mining, industrial relations in mining, gender and mining, environment and mining, mining accidents, the visual history of mining, and mining heritage. The result is a counter balance to more common national and regional case study perspectives.
Categories: History

Rationalizing Korea

Rationalizing Korea

Kawashima, Ken C. The Proletarian Gamble: Korean Workers in Interwar. 364 • Bibliography 366 • Bibliography HwangHwang -- 9780520288317.indd9780520288317.indd 364364 04/11/1504/11/15 2:522:52 PMPM.

Author: Kyung Moon Hwang

Publisher: University of California Press

ISBN: 9780520288324

Category: History

Page: 416

View: 623

The first book to explore the institutional, ideological, and conceptual development of the modern state on the peninsula, Rationalizing Korea analyzes the state’s relationship to five social sectors, each through a distinctive interpretive theme: economy (developmentalism), religion (secularization), education (public schooling), population (registration), and public health (disease control). Kyung Moon Hwang argues that while this formative process resulted in a more commanding and systematic state, it was also highly fragmented, socially embedded, and driven by competing, often conflicting rationalizations, including those of Confucian statecraft and legitimation. Such outcomes reflected the acute experience of imperialism, nationalism, colonialism, and other sweeping forces of the era.
Categories: History

Voices of the Korean Minority in Postwar Japan

Voices of the Korean Minority in Postwar Japan

45 Ken C. Kawashima, The Proletarian Gamble: Korean Workers in Interwar Japan (Durham: Duke University Press, 2009), 19– 20. 46 Foucault, “The Order of Discourse,” 55. 47 Lynn Thiesmeyer, “Introduction: Silencing in Discourse,” in ...

Author: Erik Ropers

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429880803

Category: History

Page: 228

View: 889

Shedding new light on how the histories of zainichi Koreans have been written, consumed, and discussed, this book addresses the roots of postwar debates concerning the wartime experiences of Koreans in Japan. Providing an overview of the complicated historiography, it explores the experiences of Koreans located at Ground Zero in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, as well as the history and processes that coerced Korean women into military prostitution. These debates and controversies continue to attract attention regionally and globally, and as this book demonstrates, they are deeply embedded in ideas dating back decades earlier. By tracing the roots of these debates in historical writings from local history groups to zainichi and Japanese scholars, we may see how written histories have been used for particular social, political, or cultural purposes, and how they have lent support to certain interpretations and memories of past events across the political spectrum. Interdisciplinary at its core, Voices of the Korean Minority in Postwar Japan will appeal to audiences including those interested in modern Japanese and Korean history, historiography and methodology, and memory studies.
Categories: History

Japan s Pan Asian Empire

Japan   s Pan Asian Empire

Kawashima, Ken C. The Proletarian Gamble: The Korean Workers in Interwar Japan. Durham: Duke University Press, 2009. Kim, Su Yun. Imperial Romance: Fictions of Colonial Intimacy in Korea, 1905–1945. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, ...

Author: Seok-Won Lee

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000334432

Category: History

Page: 238

View: 939

This book is a study of how the theories and actual practices of a Pan-Asian empire were produced during Japan’s war, 1931–1945. As Japan invaded China and conducted a full-scale war against the United States in the late 1930s and early 1940s, several versions of a Pan-Asian empire were presented by Japanese intellectuals, in order to maximize wartime collaboration and mobilization in China and the colonies. A broad group of social scientists – including Rōyama Masamichi, Kada Tetsuji, Ezawa Jōji, Takata Yasuma, and Shinmei Masamichi – presented highly politicized visions of a new Asia characterized by a newly shared Asian identity. Critically examining how Japanese social scientists contrived the logic of a Japan-led East Asian community, Part I of this book demonstrates the violent nature of imperial knowledge production which buttresses colonial developmentalism. In Part II, the book also explores questions around the (re)making of colonial Korea as part of Japan’s regional empire, generating theoretical and realistic tensions between resistance and collaboration. Japan’s Pan-Asian Empire provides original theoretical perspectives on the construction of a multi-ethnic and multi-cultural empire. It will appeal to students and scholars of modern Japanese history, colonial and postcolonial studies, as well as Korean studies.
Categories: History