The Rise and Fall of Peace on Earth

The Rise and Fall of Peace on Earth

The Rise and Fall of Peace on Earth examines that singularly peaceful quarter century. Its initial three chapters describe how and why peace came to be established in three important parts of the world: Europe (Chapter 1), ...

Author: Michael Mandelbaum

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190935955

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 880

In the twenty-five years after 1989, the world enjoyed the deepest peace in history. In The Rise and Fall of Peace on Earth, the eminent foreign policy scholar Michael Mandelbaum examines that remarkable quarter century, describing how and why the peace was established and then fell apart. To be sure, wars took place in this era, but less frequently and on a far smaller scale than in previous periods. Mandelbaum argues that the widespread peace ended because three major countries -- Vladimir Putin's Russia in Europe, Xi Jinping's China in East Asia, and the Shia clerics' Iran in the Middle East -- put an end to it with aggressive nationalist policies aimed at overturning the prevailing political arrangements in their respective regions. The three had a common motive: their need to survive in a democratic age with their countries' prospects for economic growth uncertain. Mandelbaum further argues that the key to the return of peace lies in the advent of genuine democracy, including free elections and the protection of religious, economic, and political liberty. Yet, since recent history has shown that democracy cannot be imposed from the outside, The Rise and Fall of Peace on Earth has a dual message: while the world has a formula for peace, there is no way to ensure that all countries will embrace it.
Categories: Political Science

The Rise and Fall of Peace on Earth

The Rise and Fall of Peace on Earth

In The Rise and Fall of Peace on Earth, the eminent foreign policy scholar Michael Mandelbaum examines that remarkable quarter century, describing how and why the peace was established and then fell apart.

Author: Michael Mandelbaum

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190935948

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 446

In the twenty-five years after 1989, the world enjoyed the deepest peace in history. In The Rise and Fall of Peace on Earth, the eminent foreign policy scholar Michael Mandelbaum examines that remarkable quarter century, describing how and why the peace was established and then fell apart. To be sure, wars took place in this era, but less frequently and on a far smaller scale than in previous periods. Mandelbaum argues that the widespread peace ended because three major countries -- Vladimir Putin's Russia in Europe, Xi Jinping's China in East Asia, and the Shia clerics' Iran in the Middle East -- put an end to it with aggressive nationalist policies aimed at overturning the prevailing political arrangements in their respective regions. The three had a common motive: their need to survive in a democratic age with their countries' prospects for economic growth uncertain. Mandelbaum further argues that the key to the return of peace lies in the advent of genuine democracy, including free elections and the protection of religious, economic, and political liberty. Yet, since recent history has shown that democracy cannot be imposed from the outside, The Rise and Fall of Peace on Earth has a dual message: while the world has a formula for peace, there is no way to ensure that all countries will embrace it.
Categories: Political Science

The Four Ages of American Foreign Policy

The Four Ages of American Foreign Policy

240–241; Mandelbaum, The Rise and Fall of Peace on Earth, pp. 124–125; Malkasian, op. cit., pp. 202–207. 119. It was also known as ISIL— the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant. 120. On the Islamic State see Cook, op. cit., pp.

Author: Michael Mandelbaum

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780197621790

Category: History

Page: 624

View: 472

"Terrorist attacks on New York City and Washington D.C. on September 11, 2001, launched the United States into three wars: a global war on terror; a war in Afghanistan; and a war against Saddam Hussein's regime in Iraq. In both Afghanistan and Iraq American efforts to install stable, democratic, friendly governments encountered opposition, and the United States found itself fighting against insurgencies in both places. In 2008, a severe financial crisis struck America, which led to a prolonged global recession. By the end of this period, Russia, China, and Iran had begun to mount serious challenges to American interests in Europe, East Asia, and the Middle East respectively. This brought an end to the fourth age of American foreign policy"--
Categories: History

Crossing Borders

Crossing Borders

Michael Mandelbaum, The Rise and Fall of Peace on Earth (New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2019). Michael Mandelbaum traces the growing instability in the world since the end of the Cold War to the policies of China, Russia, ...

Author: Harry I. Chernotsky

Publisher: CQ Press

ISBN: 9781544378091

Category: Political Science

Page: 384

View: 471

Crossing Borders helps students develop a framework for understanding the various disciplines that constitute international studies by exploring the many boundaries they knowingly (and unknowingly) cross on a daily basis. Renowned authors Harry I. Chernotsky and Heidi H. Hobbs address the diverse fields of international studies—geography, politics, economics, sociology, and anthropology—giving instructors a launching point to pursue their own disciplinary interests. This bestseller not only helps students to better grasp international affairs, but also offers advice on how they can engage with global issues through study abroad, internships, and career options. Updated thoroughly to reflect recent events and trends, the Fourth Edition assesses the COVID-19 pandemic; the use of social media to interfere in elections; the role of China in trade, investment, and finance; and the tensions surrounding persistent racial and gender inequities around the world. Included with this text The online resources for your text are available via the password-protected Instructor Resource Site. Learn more
Categories: Political Science

Grand Strategy from Truman to Trump

Grand Strategy from Truman to Trump

Michael Mandelbaum, The Rise and Fall of Peace on Earth (New York: Oxford University Press, 2019), 51. 30. Cited in Layne, “The US- Chinese Power Shift and the End of Pax Americana,” 95; Brands, “The Chinese Century,” National Interest, ...

Author: Benjamin Miller

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226735153

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

View: 99

American foreign policy is the subject of extensive debate. Many look to domestic factors as the driving forces of bad policies. Benjamin Miller instead seeks to account for changes in US international strategy by developing a theory of grand strategy that captures the key security approaches available to US decision-makers in times of war and peace. Grand Strategy from Truman to Trump makes a crucial contribution to our understanding of competing grand strategies that accounts for objectives and means of security policy. Miller puts forward a model that is widely applicable, based on empirical evidence from post-WWII to today, and shows that external factors—rather than internal concerns—are the most determinative.
Categories: Political Science

The Stupidity of War

The Stupidity of War

The United States and Western Europe, 1945–1952,” Journal of Peace Research 23(3), 263–77. 1999. East, West, North, South: Major ... “Dying to Lose: Explaining the Decline in Global Terrorism. ... The Rise and Fall of Peace on Earth.

Author: John Mueller

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108843836

Category: History

Page: 342

View: 141

This innovative argument shows the consequences of increased aversion to international war for foreign and military policy.
Categories: History

The USA and The World 2019 2020

The USA and The World 2019 2020

The Rise and Fall of Peace on Earth. New York: Oxford University Press, 2019. Marshall, David, ed. The International Rule of Law Movement: A Crisis of Legitimacy and the Way Forward. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2014.

Author:

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9781475852448

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 703

Updated annually and part of the renowned “World Today Series,” USA and the World presents an unusually penetrating look into America and its relationship to the rest of the world.
Categories: History

Peace on Earth

Peace on Earth

Arnold Toynbee had discovered much about the cycles of rise, decline and fall of previous cultures and civilizations. His work did, however and very importantly indicate also that the decline could be stopped and the civilization ...

Author: Edwin Jones

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 9781498290623

Category: Religion

Page: 202

View: 978

This book posits that it is not possible for a civilization to maintain a human and humane culture without the assistance of religion. Religion can be misused or abused into having a negative effect, but an authentic religion, when properly managed, is the only effective source of durable, common, and humane values throughout society. Religion's assertion of the existence of God--who alone provides the transcendent power--is the only logical basis for asserting and maintaining common values for all people, going far above and beyond the indiscriminate and multifarious opinions of diverse and imperfect human beings. Some people can maintain certain values, derived from their own consciences, but human history and psychoanalysis shows that the majority of people cannot sustain a whole culture or civilization from a purely utilitarian and materialistic basis. Human nature is imperfect and needs the help of a transcendent power to support its spiritual needs in a humane society and to create a culture or civilization that lasts.
Categories: Religion

By the Sea and Other Verses

By the Sea and Other Verses

"As well His power the rise and fall doth sway Of human passion, tho He suffer long; The puny pride of man shall yet obey The ... As beamed her answering smile, thro' grateful tears, While her lips whispered only "Peace on earth.

Author: Hannah Lavinia Baily

Publisher: Library of Alexandria

ISBN: 9781465538628

Category: Indiana

Page: 68

View: 350

Categories: Indiana

Godfrey of Viterbo and his Readers

Godfrey of Viterbo and his Readers

The function of the Roman Empire was to bring peace to the world and to the church. ... Cf. J. Darwin, After Tamerlane: The Rise and Fall of Global Empires, 1400–2000 (London, 2007), 23: 'Empire (where different ethnic communities fall ...

Author: Thomas Foerster

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317126287

Category: History

Page: 210

View: 269

This collection provides a systematic survey of the wide readership the works of Godfrey of Viterbo enjoyed in the late Middle Ages. In the last years of the twelfth century this chronicler and imperial notary wrote a series of historical collections that gained considerable and lasting popularity: between the thirteenth and fifteenth centuries, his works were copied in elaborate manuscripts in almost all of Latin Europe. This wide distribution is particularly surprising for an author like Godfrey whom modern historians have never credited with any importance at all, as they considered his works chaotic and historically unreliable. Yet Godfrey was certainly one of the most daring historiographers of his time. In his works, the lineage of the Hohenstaufen emperors Frederick Barbarossa and Henry VI is traced directly to Charlemagne and Augustus, to the kings of Troy and of the Old Testament, and to Jupiter and everyone who, in his view, wielded imperial power in the past. Godfrey was a herald of the new political ideas the Hohenstaufen developed after the years of defeat against the papacy and the Italian communes, but also a universal chronicler whose interests reached far beyond the political issues of his day. Bringing together a group of specialists on manuscripts and historical writing in late medieval England, Spain, Italy, Germany, Bohemia and Poland, this volume aims to revive Godfrey’s reputation by demonstrating how his works were understood by medieval readers.
Categories: History