Jihadism Transformed

Jihadism Transformed

This timely collection of essays examines how jihadist narratives have changed globally, adapting to these turbulent circumstances.

Author: Simon Staffell

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190911256

Category: Political Science

Page:

View: 537

Jihadist narratives have evolved dramatically over the past five years, driven by momentous events in the Middle East and beyond; the death of bin Laden; the rise and ultimate failure of the Arab Spring; and most notably, the rise of the so-called Islamic State. For many years, al-Qaeda pointed to an aspirational future Caliphate as their utopian end goal - one which allowed them to justify their violent excesses in the here and now. Islamic State turned that aspiration into a dystopic reality, and in the process hijacked the jihadist narrative, breathing new life into the global Salafi-Jihadi movement. Despite air-strikes from above, and local disillusionment from below, the new caliphate has stubbornly persisted and has been at the heart of ISIS's growing global appeal. This timely collection of essays examines how jihadist narratives have changed globally, adapting to these turbulent circumstances. Area and thematic specialists consider transitions inside the Middle East and North Africa as well as in South Asia, sub-Saharan Africa and Europe. As these analyses demonstrate, the success of the ISIS narrative has been as much about resonance with local contexts, as it has been about the appeal of the global idea of a tangible and realised caliphate.
Categories: Political Science

The Islamic State

The Islamic State

This book includes a Who's Who in the Islamic State's senior leadership. From the foreword by Ahmed Rashid The Islamic State is the best basic understanding available of the ISIS phenomena and how to deal with it.

Author: Charles R. Lister

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 0815726678

Category: History

Page: 110

View: 616

An authoritative guide to the rise of the Islamic State and its senior leadership How did the Islamic State grow from regional terrorist group to a brutal multinational bureaucratic machine? What are its goals? How can it be stopped? In 2014, the Islamic State seemingly appeared out of nowhere, routing Iraqi forces, conquering Iraq's second-largest city, boldly announcing the establishment of a caliphate, and declaring itself the Islamic State (IS). Today, IS controls thousands of square miles and is attempting to govern millions of people. In this definitive guide to the Islamic State and its senior leadership, Charles R. Lister traces its roots from the release of its notorious father figure, Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, from a Jordanian prison and the group's formation in Afghanistan in the late-1990s, and finally to its stunning maturation in Iraq and Syria. The West knows IS through its unrelenting propaganda war. Behind the deft use of social media and the slick videos of despicable acts is what amounts to a proto-state. Lister shares details of IS's sophisticated revenue machine, attempts at governing, and its formidable military. With IS knocking on the doors of Lebanon, Jordan, and Saudi Arabia, Lister's portrait helps us understand what to expect next and recommends a course of action to defeat IS, extinguish extremism, and encourage a tolerant Islam across the Middle East. Foreword by Ahmed Rashid
Categories: History

The Fall and Rise of the Islamic State

The Fall and Rise of the Islamic State

"Noah Feldman tells the story behind the increasingly popular call for the establishment of the sharia--the law of the traditional Islamic state--in the modern Muslim world.

Author: Noah Feldman

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691156248

Category: History

Page: 189

View: 370

"Noah Feldman tells the story behind the increasingly popular call for the establishment of the sharia--the law of the traditional Islamic state--in the modern Muslim world. Feldman goes back to the roots of classical Islamic law, under which executive power was balanced by the scholars who interpreted and administered the sharia. That balance was destroyed under Ottoman rule, resulting in the unchecked executive dominance that continues to distort politics in so many Muslim states. Feldman argues that a modern Islamic state could provide political and legal justice to today's Muslims through sharia--but only if new institutions emerge that restore this constitutional balance of power. In a new introduction, Feldman discusses developments in Egypt, Tunisia, Libya, and other Muslim-majority countries since the Arab Spring and describes how Islamists must meet the challenge of balance if the new Islamic states are to succeed."--P. [4] of cover.
Categories: History

Rise of ISIS

Rise of ISIS

This book provides background on ISIS and its subsequent surge then examines international reaction and military action against ISIS.

Author: Christine Fuller

Publisher:

ISBN: 1634831780

Category:

Page: 205

View: 312

The Islamic State (IS, aka the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, ISIL/ISIS) is a transnational Sunni Islamist insurgent and terrorist group that has expanded its control over areas of parts of Iraq and Syria since 2013, threatening the wider region. There is debate over the degree to which the Islamic State organization might represent a direct terrorist threat to the U.S. homeland or to U.S. facilities and personnel in the region. ISIS has its roots in the Sunni rebellion against the U.S.-led occupation after the 2003 invasion. Some believe, however, that ISIS is a useful cover for former high-ranking elements of Saddam Hussein's dismantled Sunni-dominated security forces, determined to regain their former position. ISIS has taken advantage of chaos in Syria to occupy large areas of Syrian Sunni-majority territory and set up a claimed capital there. The forces ranged against ISIS make further progress more difficult, but differing policies pursued by its opponents in the region make a coordinated response difficult. Inherent contradictions exist, particularly because of the differing strategic alignments of the respective governments of Iraq and Syria. This book provides background on ISIS and its subsequent surge then examines international reaction and military action against ISIS.
Categories:

ISIS Taking Over the Middle East

ISIS Taking Over the Middle East

-Explains the formation, effects, beliefs, and objectives of the group The world has been rocked with news of the rise of a new power in the Middle East.

Author: Joseph Spark

Publisher: Createspace Independent Pub

ISBN: 1502339889

Category: History

Page: 82

View: 230

-Explains the formation, effects, beliefs, and objectives of the group The world has been rocked with news of the rise of a new power in the Middle East. The Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) (also known as the Islamic State of Levant (ISIL) and Da'ish) currently controls up to 16 provinces (waliyah) in Iraq and Syria. This Sunni jihadist group - an offshoot of Al Qaeda - has been distinguished by its hard-line ideology, which, much like that of its predecessor, promotes religious extremism, has an unmistakable anti-western stance and condones the use of violence. The group has since relayed its plans of creating an Islamic state in Iraq, Syria and the entire Levant region; governed by Sharia (Islamic law). Although ISIL has insisted that its ideology is Salafist (fundamental Islamist) at its roots, many critics have questioned this claim. The main point of difference between Da'ish and other Islamic militant groups such as Al Qaeda and the Taliban, however, has been that the group has targeted the Shiite community with similar violent tactics used against the government and supposed foreign enemies.
Categories: History

Empire of Fear

Empire of Fear

In this updated edition of his acclaimed book, BBC reporter Andrew Hosken delivers the inside story on Islamic State from their origins to the present day.

Author: Andrew Hosken

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 9781780749334

Category: Religion

Page: 352

View: 308

Tourists killed in Tunisia, Jihadi John targeted by drone strikes, carnage in Paris and hundreds of thousands of Syrians risking everything to reach Europe in an attempt to escape the violence. Islamic State’s reign of terror continues. Back in June 2014 Islamic State had launched an astonishing blitzkrieg which saw them seize control of an area in the Middle East the size of Britain. The news was soon filled with their relentless acts of savagery, yet nobody seemed to know who they were or where they’d come from. In this updated edition of his acclaimed book, BBC reporter Andrew Hosken delivers the inside story on Islamic State from their origins to the present day. Through extensive first-hand reporting, Hosken builds a comprehensive picture of IS, their brutal ideology and exterminationist methods. The result is equally compelling and horrifying.
Categories: Religion

The New Islamic State

The New Islamic State

The book is suitable for academics, policymakers and the general public.

Author: Tom Lansford

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1472465873

Category: Political Science

Page: 200

View: 558

The rise of the Islamic State has dramatically forced a recalculation of political order and security in the Persian Gulf and broader Greater Middle East by the United States and its allies and adversaries, including, most notably, Iran, Israel and Saudi Arabia. Since the Arab Spring of 2011, the Islamic State has altered the military balance in the Syrian intra-state conflict and captured significant territory in Iraq. Its military successes has attracted foreign fighters from more than 100 countries, drawn in some cases by a sophisticated recruitment strategy that effectively combines a jihadist message with a social media outreach program targeting vulnerable Muslim populations in the region and the West. The Islamic State has prompted renewed American and allied military intervention in Iraq and Syria, and complicated the US relationship with its Iranian adversaries. The New Islamic State examines the rise of the religious extremist organization from the ashes of al-Qaeda in Iraq to its current efforts in Syria and Iraq and is designed to provide a comprehensive overview of the Islamic State, its effects on the Persian Gulf and Greater Middle East, and the response of both regional and great powers. The book is suitable for academics, policymakers and the general public.
Categories: Political Science

The Islamic State in Africa

The Islamic State in Africa

The Islamic State in Africa suggests that this puzzle can be explained by the emergence and evolution of Islamic State's provinces in Africa, which it calls 'sovereign subordinates'.

Author: Jason Warner

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0197639321

Category:

Page: 288

View: 358

In 2019, Islamic State lost its last remaining sliver of territory in Syria, and its Caliph, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, was killed. These setbacks seemed to herald the Caliphate's death knell, and many now forecast its imminent demise. Yet its affiliates endure, particularly in Africa: nearly all of Islamic State's cells on the continent have reaffirmed their allegiance, attacks have continued in its name, many groups have been reinvigorated, and a new province has emerged. Why, in Africa, did the two major setbacks of 2019 have so little impact on support for Islamic State? The Islamic State in Africa suggests that this puzzle can be explained by the emergence and evolution of Islamic State's provinces in Africa, which it calls "sovereign subordinates". By examining the rise and development of eight Islamic State "cells", the authors show how, having pledged allegiance to IS Central, cells evolved mostly autonomously, using the IS brand as a means for accrual of power, but, in practice, receiving relatively little if any direction or material support from central command. Given this pattern, IS Central's relative decline has had little impact on its African affiliates--who are likely to remain committed to the Caliphate's cause for the foreseeable future.
Categories:

The Management of Savagery

The Management of Savagery

THE MANAGEMENT OF SAVAGERY tells the story of the parallel rise of international jihadism and Western ultra-nationalism.

Author: Max Blumenthal

Publisher: Verso Books

ISBN: 9781788732277

Category: Political Science

Page: 400

View: 184

THE MANAGEMENT OF SAVAGERY tells the story of the parallel rise of international jihadism and Western ultra-nationalism. Since Washington's secret funding of the Mujahideen following the Russian invasion of Afghanistan in the 1970s, America has supported extremists with money and hardware, including enemies such as Bin Laden. The Pentagon's willingness to make alliances abroad have seen the war coming home with inevitable consequences: by funding, training, and arming jihadist elements in Afghanistan, Syria, and Libya since the Cold War and waging wars of regime change and interventions that gave birth to the Islamic State. Meanwhile, Trump's dealings In the Middle East are likely only to exacerbate the situation further. Blumenthal excavates the real story behind America's dealing with the world and shows how the extremist forces that now threaten peace across the globe are the inevitable flowering of America's imperial designs of a national security state. And shows how this has ended with the rise of the Trump presidency.
Categories: Political Science

The Violent Rise of ISIS

The Violent Rise of ISIS

This book charts the group's violent history, from the first signs of an emerging new jihadist group to the official declaration of the Caliphate, and tracks their use of violence as they seek power and dominance over the world's 1.5 ...

Author: Chris Townsend

Publisher: Enslow Publishing, LLC

ISBN: 9780766092105

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 104

View: 996

On July 5, 2014, after the stunning seizure of Mosul, Iraq, a relatively unknown man in black stepped into an Iraqi mosque and declared the reestablishment of The Caliphate, an Islamic body of governance not seen since the early days of the religion. Large swathes of Iraq and Syria have been swept under a medieval wave of violence, and groups as far away as Nigeria and Indonesia have pledged their loyalty to the Islamic State, waging their own campaigns of violence. This book charts the group's violent history, from the first signs of an emerging new jihadist group to the official declaration of the Caliphate, and tracks their use of violence as they seek power and dominance over the world's 1.5 billion Muslim practitioners.
Categories: Juvenile Nonfiction