This book represents a new approach to philosophy.
Author: Hans Reichenbach
Publisher: Univ of California Press
This book represents a new approach to philosophy. It treats philosophy as not a collection of systems, but as a study of problems. It recognizes in traditional philosophical systems the historical function of having asked questions rather than having given solutions. Professor Reichenbach traces the failures of the systems to psychological causes. Speculative philosophers offered answers at a time when science had not yet provided the means to give true answers. Their search for certainty and for moral directives led them to accept pseudo-solutions. Plato, Descartes, Spinoza, Kant, and many others are cited to illustrate the rationalist fallacy: reason, unaided by observation, was regarded as a source of knowledge, revealing the physical world and "moral truth." The empiricists could not disprove this thesis, for they could not give a valid account of mathematical knowledge. Mathematical discoveries in the early nineteenth century cleared the way for modern scientific philosophy. Its advance was furthered by discoveries in modern physics, chemistry, biology, and psychology. These findings have made possible a new conception of the universe and of the atom. The work of scientists thus altered philosophy completely and brought into being a philosopher with a new attitude and training. Instead of dictating so-called laws of reason to the scientist, this modern philosopher proceeds by analyzing scientific methods and results. He finds answers to the age-old questions of space, time, causality, and life; of the human observer and the external world. He tells us how to find our way through this world without resorting to unjustifiable beliefs or assuming a supernatural origin for moral standards. Philosophy thus is no longer a battleground of contradictory opinions, but a science discovering truth step by step. Professor Reichenbach, known for his many contributions to logic and the philosophy of science, addresses this book to a wider audience. He writes for those who do not have the leisure or preparation to read in the fields of mathematics, symbolic logic, or physics. Besides showing the principal foundations of the new philosophy, he has been careful to provide the necessary factual background. He has written a philosophical study, not a mere popularization. It contains within its chapters all the necessary scientific material in an understandable form—and, therefore, conveys all the information indispensable to a modern world-view. The late Hans Reichenbach was Professor of Philosophy at the University of California, Los Angeles. His previous books include
This book will defend a dynamic rather than a static view of time.
Author: Friedel Weinert
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
The aim of this interdisciplinary study is to reconstruct the evolution of our changing conceptions of time in the light of scientific discoveries. It will adopt a new perspective and organize the material around three central themes, which run through our history of time reckoning: cosmology and regularity; stasis and flux; symmetry and asymmetry. It is the physical criteria that humans choose – relativistic effects and time-symmetric equations or dynamic-kinematic effects and asymmetric conditions – that establish our views on the nature of time. This book will defend a dynamic rather than a static view of time.
Researchers believe that the universe is vast enough that life has evolved and become technological many times, - yet we have seen no trace of extraterrestrial intelligence.
Author: Milan M. Ćirković
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Category: Fermi's paradox
Researchers believe that the universe is vast enough that life has evolved and become technological many times, - yet we have seen no trace of extraterrestrial intelligence. This conundrum, known as the Fermi pardox, is the deepest mystery in the search for extraterrestrial intelligence. Put simply, where is everybody?
Originally published in 1981, this book was an attempt to bridge the gap between scientists and philosophers by viewing philosophy, at least in part, through scientific eyes.
Author: F. H. George
Publisher: Psychology Press
Originally published in 1981, this book was an attempt to bridge the gap between scientists and philosophers by viewing philosophy, at least in part, through scientific eyes. Professor George is not here concerned with the philosophy of science. Rather he is looking at classical philosophical issues from the behavioural, or scientific, viewpoint. Thus, from the perspective of science, he attempts to establish an understanding of philosophy. The author intended it primarily for behavioural scientists, systems theorists and cyberneticians of the time who should have been closely bound up with the philosophical-scientific relationship.
Six essays by noted philosophers of science include the following topics: explanation in science and in history; philosophy and the scientific image of man; psychoanalysis and parapsychology; the conceptual basis of the biological sciences; ...
Author: Robert G. Colodny
Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Pre
Six essays by noted philosophers of science include the following topics: explanation in science and in history; philosophy and the scientific image of man; psychoanalysis and parapsychology; the conceptual basis of the biological sciences; the nature of time; and problems of microphysics.
This book is an abridged version of Professor Westfall's highly acclaimed and well known Never at Rest: A Biography of Isaac Newton.
Author: Richard S. Westfall
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Category: Technology & Engineering
Isaac Newton is indisputably one of the greatest scientists who ever lived. His achievements in mathematics and physics marked the culmination of the movement that brought modern science into being. In The Life of Isaac Newton, biographer extraordinaire Westfall lucidly and engagingly captures both the personal life and scientific career of Isaac Newton, presenting a fully rounded picture of Newton the man, the scientist, the philosopher, the theologian, and the public figure. This book is an abridged version of Professor Westfall's highly acclaimed and well known Never at Rest: A Biography of Isaac Newton. By eschewing technical details, the author makes this book accessible to a wide range of general readers interested in history of science and biography. Westfall is also the author of The Construction of Modern Science.
Maurice Blondel's major work L'Action contains one of the most penetrating investigations ever of the natural sciences and their methodology.
Author: Michael A. Conway
Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Incorporated
Maurice Blondel's major work L'Action contains one of the most penetrating investigations ever of the natural sciences and their methodology. This study examines in detail this discussion of the sciences in its historical and systematic contours. It further clarifies the scientific character of Blondel's more general philosophy and should be of interest to philosophers of religion and those natural scientists interested in examining the foundations of modern science. In particular it clarifies precisely the interaction at the philosophical level between science and religion. It demonstrates clearly that when one remains consequent in the strictest application of the scientific method, one is forced not only to address the complex matter of consciousness and self-reference, but also such issues as freedom, morality, metaphysics and the more fundamental question of God.
The essays presented in Physics, Philosophy, and the Scientific Community (Volume I of Essays in Honor of Robert S. Cohen) focus on philosophical and historical issues in contemporary physics: on the origins and conceptual foundations of ...
Author: K. Gavroglu
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
In three volumes, a distinguished group of scholars from a variety of disciplines in the natural and social sciences, the humanities and the arts contribute essays in honor of Robert S. Cohen, on the occasion of his 70th birthday. The range of the essays, as well as their originality, and their critical and historical depth, pay tribute to the extraordinary scope of Professor Cohen's intellectual interests, as a scientist-philosopher and a humanist, and also to his engagement in the world of social and political practice. The essays presented in Physics, Philosophy, and the Scientific Community (Volume I of Essays in Honor of Robert S. Cohen) focus on philosophical and historical issues in contemporary physics: on the origins and conceptual foundations of quantum mechanics, on the reception and understanding of Bohr's and Einstein's work, on the emergence of quantum electrodynamics, and on some of the sharp philosophical and scientific issues that arise in current scientific practice (e.g. in superconductivity research). In addition, several essays deal with critical issues within the philosophy of science, both historical and contemporary: e.g. with Cartesian notions of mechanism in the philosophy of biology; with the language and logic of science - e.g. with new insights concerning the issue of a `physicalistic' language in the arguments of Neurath, Carnap and Wittgenstein; with the notion of `elementary logic'; and with rational and non-rational elements in the history of science. Two original contributions to the history of mathematics and some studies in the comparative sociology of science round off this outstanding collection.
And his own philosophical meaning differs from traditional Aristotelians. ... This sort of philosophy of science can be called 'normative', because it is supposed to serve as a norm for the scientist, suggesting to him, on grounds prior ...
Author: Paul L. Allen
Scientists, philosophers and theologians have wrestled repeatedly with the question of whether knowledge is similar or different in their various understandings of the world and God. Although agreement is still elusive, the epistemology of critical realism, associated with Ian Barbour, John Polkinghorne and Arthur Peacocke, remains widely credible. Relying on the lifetime work of philosopher Ernan McMullin, this book expands our understanding of critical realism beyond a permanent stand-off between the subjective and objective, whether in science or theology. Critical realism illuminates the subject and the objectively known simultaneously. Responding to criticisms made against it, this book defends critical realism in science and theology with a specific role to play in our understanding of God.
Author: Dorothea E. OlkowskiPublish On: 2012-04-23
the scientist wishes; there is, in effect, a dialogue between humans and nature, not a dictatorship. ... the practice of the philosophers of science; that sciences illustrate a definition of scientific rationality which the philosophers ...
Author: Dorothea E. Olkowski
Publisher: Indiana University Press
A groundbreaking, interdisciplinary approach to the study of consciousness: “Beautifully written, engaging throughout, and captivating” (Claire Colebrook, The Pennsylvania State University). What can come of a scientific engagement with postmodern philosophy? Some scientists have claimed that the social sciences and humanities have nothing to contribute, except perhaps peripherally, to their research. Dorothea E. Olkowski shows that mathematics itself—the historic link between science and philosophy—plays a fundamental role in the development of the worldviews that drive both fields. Focusing on language, its usage and expression of worldview, she develops a phenomenological account of human thought and action to explicate the role of philosophy in the sciences. Olkowski proposes a model of phenomenology, both scientific and philosophical, that helps make sense of reality and composes an ethics for dealing with unpredictability in our world.