The Serengeti Rules made me think differently about what we biologists do. This is a book that needs to be shouted from the rooftops."--Andrew F. Read, Pennsylvania State University "Masterful and compelling.
Author: Sean B. Carroll
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Now the subject of a feature film that the New York Times calls "spellbinding" How does life work? How does nature produce the right numbers of zebras and lions on the African savanna, or fish in the ocean? How do our bodies produce the right numbers of cells in our organs and bloodstream? In The Serengeti Rules, award-winning biologist and author Sean Carroll tells the stories of the pioneering scientists who sought the answers to such simple yet profoundly important questions, and shows how their discoveries matter for our health and the health of the planet we depend upon. One of the most important revelations about the natural world is that everything is regulated—there are rules that regulate the amount of every molecule in our bodies and rules that govern the numbers of every animal and plant in the wild. And the most surprising revelation about the rules that regulate life at such different scales is that they are remarkably similar—there is a common underlying logic of life. Carroll recounts how our deep knowledge of the rules and logic of the human body has spurred the advent of revolutionary life-saving medicines, and makes the compelling case that it is now time to use the Serengeti Rules to heal our ailing planet. A bold and inspiring synthesis by one of our most accomplished biologists and gifted storytellers, The Serengeti Rules is the first book to illuminate how life works at vastly different scales. Read it and you will never look at the world the same way again.
The Serengeti Rules is a visionary book, which celebrates the new wisdom and
the men and women who have brought the vision to pass.” —The Guardian “A
compelling read filled with big, bold ideas.” —naTure “The Serengeti Rules is ...
Author: Sean B. Carroll
Publisher: Princeton University Press
"Fascinating and exhilarating—Sean B. Carroll at his very best."—Bill Bryson, author of The Body: A Guide for Occupants From acclaimed writer and biologist Sean B. Carroll, a rollicking, awe-inspiring story of the surprising power of chance in our lives and the world Why is the world the way it is? How did we get here? Does everything happen for a reason or are some things left to chance? Philosophers and theologians have pondered these questions for millennia, but startling scientific discoveries over the past half century are revealing that we live in a world driven by chance. A Series of Fortunate Events tells the story of the awesome power of chance and how it is the surprising source of all the beauty and diversity in the living world. Like every other species, we humans are here by accident. But it is shocking just how many things—any of which might never have occurred—had to happen in certain ways for any of us to exist. From an extremely improbable asteroid impact, to the wild gyrations of the Ice Age, to invisible accidents in our parents' gonads, we are all here through an astonishing series of fortunate events. And chance continues to reign every day over the razor-thin line between our life and death. This is a relatively small book about a really big idea. It is also a spirited tale. Drawing inspiration from Monty Python, Kurt Vonnegut, and other great thinkers, and crafted by one of today's most accomplished science storytellers, A Series of Fortunate Events is an irresistibly entertaining and thought-provoking account of one of the most important but least appreciated facts of life.
The park finally set in place boundaries and rules that imposed a hegemonic
conservationist view onto the Serengeti landscape in ways that made it difficult
for any competing visions to survive. The core spatial images of constriction and ...
Author: Jan Bender Shetler
Publisher: Ohio University Press
Many students come to African history with a host of stereotypes that are not always easy to dislodge. One of the most common is that of Africa as safari grounds—as the land of expansive, unpopulated game reserves untouched by civilization and preserved in their original pristine state by the tireless efforts of contemporary conservationists. With prose that is elegant in its simplicity and analysis that is forceful and compelling, Jan Bender Shetler brings the landscape memory of the Serengeti to life. She demonstrates how the social identities of western Serengeti peoples are embedded in specific spaces and in their collective memories of those spaces. Using a new methodology to analyze precolonial oral traditions, Shetler identifies core spatial images and reevaluates them in their historical context through the use of archaeological, linguistic, ethnographic, ecological, and archival evidence. Imagining Serengeti is a lively environmental history that will ensure that we never look at images of the African landscape in quite the same way.
( NPV Rule 2 ) . Note that a positive NPV was not sufficient for adoption of a
criterion . This simply implied positive milk returns over feed cost or positive
returns to management . NPV depended on factors other than the culling guide .
The guide ...
Author: Tj Jager
Publisher: Center Agricultural Pub & Document
Category: Soil chemistry
Soils were surveyed in the woodlands of the Serengeti National Park in north-west Tanzania. The Serengeti Woodlands have been covered by volcanic deposits that have influenced chemical properties to a large extent. Physical characteristics were studied too in detail. The distribution of woodland and grassland correlated with infiltration rate and depth the moisture front reached after infiltration. A neutron probe was used for the soil moisture study. Especially in grassland areas frequented by large herds of herbivores, effective rainfall was less than half the actual rainfall. Mineralogical studies revealed that the clay fraction of the soils of the Serengeti Woodlands consisted almost entirely of X-ray amorphous material.
Mango flies lay their eggs on clothes drying in the open ; a hot iron kills these
eggs , and we made it a strict rule that all our ... To keep well in camp we adhered
to a few simple health rules such as taking anti - malarial drugs , wearing a hat in
... which had officially been Harry's workshop before it ceased to be big enough
to accommodate more wildlife than the Serengeti Plain . It was this exposure to
fur at such a young age that helped fuel Kate's passion for animals , both living
Author: Clare Naylor
Publisher: Ballantine Books
Here’s the delightful new novel from Clare Naylor, whose sleeper hit Dog Handling was one of Cosmopolitan’s Best Beach Reads for 2002. Fresh and fun, The Goddess Rules is an outrageous, wry, and razor-sharp portrait of a girl who thinks her life is just fine–until she meets a woman who swears by the belief that life is meant to be fabulous. When obsessed pet owners have pooches or kitties they want immortalized on canvas, Kate Disney is the artist of choice. From her shed (which doubles as a studio and apartment) in London’s Primrose Hill, Kate caters to the whims of the rich and famous while herself living a decidedly bohemian existence. The problem is, she has a tendency to cater to her on-again, way-off-again boyfriend as well. Jake is so erratic, that most of her friends don’t understand why she even bothers. But it’s hard to fall out of love with a man who writes her songs and calls her “Angel”–even if he disappears for weeks at a time. Luckily for Kate, Mirabelle Moncur isn’t buying any of that claptrap. Mirri was an actress, a legend in her time. Now, at age sixty, she’s given up on fame and men and lives in Africa, where she raises lion cubs. But her reclusive nature has done nothing to dull her beauty, mar her incredible figure, or dampen her outrageous joie de vivre. After sweeping into London to have Kate paint a portrait of her favorite cub, Mirri seizes hold of Kate’s life–from the baggy wardrobe to the hopeless taste in men. Under Mirri’s tutelage, Kate learns to dance on tables with abandon, drink like a dockworker, and flirt like a goddess. And when her old friend Louis reenters the picture, she begins to see things in a whole new light. But Mirri has secrets that hint at a less than divine future. Now it’s Kate’s turn to teach Mirri a thing or two about life, love, and being fabulous.
... the Serengeti. How she loses her patience depends in part on her genes,
events while she was in the womb, and how she was raised as a little girl.
Hormones are involved too, as are the neurological signals she uses to perceive
Author: John Medina
Publisher: Pear Press
Category: Family & Relationships
What’s the single most important thing you can do during pregnancy? What does watching TV do to a child’s brain? What’s the best way to handle temper tantrums? Scientists know. In his New York Times bestseller Brain Rules, Dr. John Medina showed us how our brains really work—and why we ought to redesign our workplaces and schools. Now, in Brain Rules for Baby, he shares what the latest science says about how to raise smart and happy children from zero to five. This book is destined to revolutionize parenting. Just one of the surprises: The best way to get your children into the college of their choice? Teach them impulse control. Brain Rules for Baby bridges the gap between what scientists know and what parents practice. Through fascinating and funny stories, Medina, a developmental molecular biologist and dad, unravels how a child’s brain develops – and what you can do to optimize it. You will view your children—and how to raise them—in a whole new light. You’ll learn: Where nature ends and nurture begins Why men should do more household chores What you do when emotions run hot affects how your baby turns out, because babies need to feel safe above all TV is harmful for children under 2 Your child’s ability to relate to others predicts her future math performance Smart and happy are inseparable. Pursuing your child’s intellectual success at the expense of his happiness achieves neither Praising effort is better than praising intelligence The best predictor of academic performance is not IQ. It’s self-control What you do right now—before pregnancy, during pregnancy, and through the first five years—will affect your children for the rest of their lives. Brain Rules for Baby is an indispensable guide.
the Serengeti for eight hours—heck, for eight minutes—we were usually
somebody's lunch. We haven't had millions of years to adapt to our sedentary
lifestyle. That lifestyle has hurt both our physical and mental health. There is no
question we ...
Author: John Medina
Publisher: Pear Press
Most of us have no idea what’s really going on inside our heads. Yet brain scientists have uncovered details every business leader, parent, and teacher should know—like the need for physical activity to get your brain working its best. How do we learn? What exactly do sleep and stress do to our brains? Why is multi-tasking a myth? Why is it so easy to forget—and so important to repeat new knowledge? Is it true that men and women have different brains? In Brain Rules, Dr. John Medina, a molecular biologist, shares his lifelong interest in how the brain sciences might influence the way we teach our children and the way we work. In each chapter, he describes a brain rule—what scientists know for sure about how our brains work—and then offers transformative ideas for our daily lives. Medina’s fascinating stories and infectious sense of humor breathe life into brain science. You’ll learn why Michael Jordan was no good at baseball. You’ll peer over a surgeon’s shoulder as he proves that most of us have a Jennifer Aniston neuron. You’ll meet a boy who has an amazing memory for music but can’t tie his own shoes. You will discover how: Every brain is wired differently Exercise improves cognition We are designed to never stop learning and exploring Memories are volatile Sleep is powerfully linked with the ability to learn Vision trumps all of the other senses Stress changes the way we learn In the end, you’ll understand how your brain really works—and how to get the most out of it.
7.4 Local human biomass densities 99 than in the Serengeti, but elephants are
bigger than wildebeest, and so can maintain a similar biomass density on a
smaller food supply (Section 6.9). Brown and Flavin (1988) estimate the world's
Author: Colin J. Pennycuick
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
This book is an invitation to biologists to dust off their elementary physics and think about biological processes in Newtonian terms. In his clear, straightforward text, Colin Pennycuick demonstrates how physical laws operate at all levels, from cells to ecosystems, and shows how to applythem with precision. Rediscovering the nature of physical properties can lead to new insights and understanding. Pennycuick writes in a clear, accessible style, with many examples taken from the familiar world of zoology. One chapter deals with fractal geometry, a new way of measuring size, shape, and scale. A new feature of Pennycuick's work is the extension of the biomechanical approach to ecosystemdynamics, the subject of the last two chapters. Students of animal behaviour, ecology, and applied physics will enjoy working through the ideas in this stimulating volume.
... its consequences, and to understand the rules by which hunters operate. By
this means it is possible to identify a number of conditions that will have to be met
by any programme with the purpose of conserving Serengeti wildlife in the future.
Author: V.J. Taylor
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Human exploitation of other mammals has passed through three histori cal phases, distinct in their ecological significance though overlapping in time. Initially, Homo sapiens was a predator, particularly of herbivores but also of fur-bearing predators. From about 11 000 years ago, goats and sheep were domesticated in the Middle East, rapidly replacing gazelles and other game as the principal source of meat. The principal crops, including wheat and barley, were taken into agriculture at about the same time, and the resulting Neolithic farming culture spread slowly from there over the subsequent 10 500 years. In a few places such as Mexico, Peru and China, this Middle Eastern culture met and merged with agricultural traditions that had made a similar but independent transition. These agricultural traditions provided the essential support for the industrial revolution, and for a third phase of industrial exploita tion of mammals. In this chapter, these themes are drawn out and their ecological signifi cance is investigated. Some of the impacts of humans on other mammals require consideration on a world-wide basis, but the chapter concen trates, parochially, on Great Britain. What have been the ecological consequences of our exploitation of other mammals? 2. 2 HISTORICAL PHASES OF EXPLOITATION 2. 2. 1 Predatory man Our nearest relatives - chimpanzees, orang utans and gorillas - are essentially forest species, deriving most of their diet from the fruits of forest trees and the shoots and leaves of plants.
Just as the rules of Theory P or traditional push/pull marketing are driven by its
assumptions, so is Theory A. If you take the assumptions of ... It showed a small
girl walking out on the Serengeti Plane as a rhinoceros charged directly at her.
Author: Glen Urban
Publisher: Pearson Education
Category: Business & Economics
Traditional "push/pull" marketing no longer works. Even highly-touted customer relationship initiatives are failing. Smart companies are pioneering an entirely new route to higher margins and sustainable competitive advantage: customer advocacy. This book reveals how it works, why it works, and how to make it work for your company. In today's environment, you must build unprecedented trust among customers who have more information, options, and sophistication than ever. You must transcend "relationship marketing" to focus on maximizing customer interests and deepening customer partnerships. It's not easy. But if you do it, you gain immense opportunities your competitors simply can't touch. Glen Urban offers a complete blueprint for getting there. You'll learn how to improve on all eight elements of customer advocacy, from transparency to partnership. Urban answers frequently asked questions about advocacy strategies, helping you identify and overcome your most significant obstacles. Then, drawing on new case studies, he shows how to align culture, metrics, incentives, and organization, driving effective advocacy throughout your entire organization.
Movement rules for herbivores in spatially heterogeneous environments :
responses to small scale pattern . Landscape Ecol . ... Selection of vegetation
components by grazing ungulates in the Serengeti National Park . Nature ( Lond .
Over the past 30 years or so, research effort in behaviour and ecology has progressed from simple documentation of the habits or habitats of differ ent species to asking more searching questions about the adaptiveness of the patterns of ...
Author: H.H.T Prins
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Over the past 30 years or so, research effort in behaviour and ecology has progressed from simple documentation of the habits or habitats of differ ent species to asking more searching questions about the adaptiveness of the patterns of behaviour observed; moved from documenting simply what occurs, to trying to understand why. Increasingly, studies of behav iour or ecology explore the function of particular responses or patterns of behaviour in individuals or populations - looking for the adaptiveness that has led to the adoption of such patterns either at a proximate level (what environmental circumstances have favoured the adoption of some particular strategy or response from within the animal's repertoire at that specific time) or at an evolutionary level (speculating upon what pres sures have led to the inclusion of a particular pattern of behaviour within the repertoire in the first place). Many common principles have been established - common to a wide diversity of animal groups, yet showing some precise relationship between a given aspect of behaviour or population dynamics and some particular ecological factor. In particular, tremendous advances have been made in understanding the foraging behaviour of animals - and the 'decision rules' by which they seek and select from the various resources on offer - and patterns of social organization and behaviour: the adap tiveness of different social structures, group sizes or reproductive tactics.
The Serengeti Centre A management plan regulates all development in the park
and at the heart of this is a zoning scheme which identifies different zones based
on resource sensitivity ... Each has its own policies , rules and restrictions .
Author: David Martin
Publisher: Mkuki na Nyota Publishers
Category: Serengeti National Park (Tanzania)
The wildebeest migration, like a discernible thread, embraces and connects the Serengeti's ecosystem much as it has done for at least two million years. Upon the migration u and the rains u almost all things depend. Every year, with some seasonally dictated variations in timing and scale, over one million wildebeest leave the southern Serengeti's short grass plains in search of the grass and water they need to survive. During their annual pilgrimage they will travel some 2,000 miles devouring 4,000 tonnes of grass a day. A quarter of a million will be born; many will die. To the outsider it may appear to be a senseless exercise. Flooded rivers will be crossed with many wildebeest drowning. Calves will die u or be lost u crossing rain-swollen rivers and lakes. Diseases, poachers and predators will contribute to thinning the herds.
Back in the 1940s, the Maasai were driven out of many of the wildlife parks,
including the Serengeti. Their culture was not always compatible with national
park rules, particularly since the 1980s, when tourism in these parks became the
Author: Michael Tennesen
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
“Simultaneously sobering and exhilarating, Michael Tennesen’s wide-ranging survey of disasters highlights both life’s fragility and its metamorphosing persistence” (Booklist) and describes what life on earth could look like after the next mass extinction. A growing number of scientists agree we are headed toward a mass extinction, perhaps in as little as 300 years. Already there have been five mass extinctions in the last 600 million years, including the Cretaceous Extinction, during which an asteroid knocked out the dinosaurs. Though these events were initially destructive, they were also prime movers of evolutionary change in nature. And we can see some of the warning signs of another extinction event coming, as our oceans lose both fish and oxygen, and our lands lose both predators and prey. In The Next Species, Michael Tennesen questions what life might be like after it happens. In thoughtful, provocative ways, Tennesen discusses the future of nature and whether humans will make it through the bottleneck of extinction. Could life suddenly get very big as it did before the arrival of humans? Could the conquest of Mars lead to another form of human? Could we upload our minds into a computer and live in a virtual reality? How would we recognize the next humans? Are they with us now? Tennesen delves into the history of the planet and travels to rainforests, canyons, craters, and caves all over the world to explore the potential winners and losers of the next era of evolution. His predictions, based on reports and interviews with top scientists, have vital implications for life on earth today. The Next Species is “an engrossing history of life, the dismal changes wrought by man, and a forecast of life after the sixth mass extinction” (Kirkus Reviews).
Apart from the Serengeti, there are many other places where elephant, rhino and
buffalo herds are numerous and ... early as 1891, resulting in a Wildlife Decree in
1896 to specify rules for hunting certain types of animals in particular districts.
Author: Ronald Callander
Publisher: 30 Degrees South Publishers
Category: Biography & Autobiography
In this book we are given a unique view of East Africa of the 1950s; not the stereotyped picture of wildlife safaris and leaping Masai, but the emerging independence struggle of a new African nation from the viewpoint of a white police office, in an exceptionally detailed, thoroughly readable, firsthand account of a rare period of recent history. It tells how an Australian veteran, fresh from the Korean War, became a colonial police officer in Tanganyika Territory (later Tanzania after federation with the offshore islands of Zanzibar in 1964). Ê The reader is taken on a journey which tourists in Africa never see: from back alleys and police cells in the polyglot city of Dar es Salaam, to snake-infested camps on UgandaÐRuanda border patrols, and on police field force emergency operations from barracks at the foot of Kilimanjaro. There is much here to discover about a mostly benign semi-colonial period in Africa which lasted less than fifty years, passing, in one AfricanÕs description, as briefly as a butterflyÕs heartbeat; where a few conscientious white administrators and their loyal African assistants managed vast regions of a desolate territory with remarkably selfless care and scarce resources; where things worked most of the time, but sometimes where chaos reigned. It is about the country itself, its ubiquitous animals and its people at close range, including villagers, criminals, hunters, witch doctors, and colonial officials, but most of all, the African askari policemen who were the authorÕs closeÑand often onlyÑcompanions.
He the results of any research were notes that general rules for not expressed in
a way that nature reserve design are risky ... where Many of these general
guidelines the real management issues in apply to the human dimension the Serengeti ...
... a larger organism are isomorphic in being subject to mathematical rules by
which the physics of the entire system can be described. For example, a
measurement of the rhythm of leg movements among the animals cruising the Serengeti in ...
Author: Ariel Glucklich
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Why would anyone seek out the very experience the rest of us most wish to avoid? Why would religious worshipers flog or crucify themselves, sleep on spikes, hang suspended by their flesh, or walk for miles through scorching deserts with bare and bloodied feet? In this insightful new book, Ariel Glucklich argues that the experience of ritual pain, far from being a form of a madness or superstition, contains a hidden rationality and can bring about a profound transformation of the consciousness and identity of the spiritual seeker. Steering a course between purely cultural and purely biological explanations, Glucklich approaches sacred pain from the perspective of the practitioner to fully examine the psychological and spiritual effects of self-hurting. He discusses the scientific understanding of pain, drawing on research in fields such as neuropsychology and neurology. He also ranges over a broad spectrum of historical and cultural contexts, showing the many ways mystics, saints, pilgrims, mourners, shamans, Taoists, Muslims, Hindus, Native Americans, and indeed members of virtually every religion have used pain to achieve a greater identification with God. He examines how pain has served as a punishment for sin, a cure for disease, a weapon against the body and its desires, or a means by which the ego may be transcended and spiritual sickness healed. "When pain transgresses the limits," the Muslim mystic Mizra Asadullah Ghalib is quoted as saying, "it becomes medicine." Based on extensive research and written with both empathy and critical insight, Sacred Pain explores the uncharted inner terrain of self-hurting and reveals how meaningful suffering has been used to heal the human spirit.
See how she rules the world, even while asleep? She was the energetic and
sociable one, always eager for human attention. Every lap was designed for her
small, round belly, and every nose was a place to put her dainty paw. When my
Author: Caroline Paul
Publisher: A&C Black
What do our pets do when they're not with us? Caroline Paul and Wendy MacNaughton used GPS, cat cameras, psychics, and the web to track the adventures of their beloved cat Tibia.
... microarrays, natural history, systems biology Abstract Ecologists study the rules
that govern processes influencing the ... A metaphor Imagine the Serengeti plain
of east Africa: grasses, shrubs, and trees extend over the landscape; giraffe, ...
Author: Rodney Mauricio
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
An enduring controversy in evolutionary biology is the genetic basis of adaptation. Darwin emphasized "many slight differences" as the ultimate source of variation to be acted upon by natural selection. In the early 1900’s, this view was opposed by "Mendelian geneticists", who emphasized the importance of "macromutations" in evolution. The Modern Synthesis resolved this controversy, concluding that mutations in genes of very small effect were responsible for adaptive evolution. A decade ago, Allen Orr and Jerry Coyne reexamined the evidence for this neo-Darwinian view and found that both the theoretical and empirical basis for it were weak. Orr and Coyne encouraged evolutionary biologists to reexamine this neglected question: what is the genetic basis of adaptive evolution? In this volume, a new generation of biologists have taken up this challenge. Using advances in both molecular genetic and statistical techniques, evolutionary geneticists have made considerable progress in this emerging field. In this volume, a diversity of examples from plant and animal studies provides valuable information for those interested in the genetics and evolution of complex traits.