Thus the absorber panel receives radiation on both sides. Some "double-sided" flat-plate collectors have been described, where the rear side is irradiated ...
Author: C. den Ouden
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Contributors to this Conference have shown the wide range of active and passive solar heating systems which have been researched, installed and monitored in recent years throughout western Europe and elsewhere. Yet much remains to be done if solar heating is to reach its full potential. The Conference Committee hopes that this record of the proceedings will provide a basis for the further development of these systems. Many difficulties have been surmounted in arriving at today's position. The foundations of the growing confidence of architects and engineers are to be found in the concerted programmes of research and development mounted by ty,'o of the sponsors of the Conference the European Community and the International Energy Agency. Some of the more tangible products of these programmes have been reported here: component and system behaviour has been subjected to rigorous scientific study; new test facilities have been founded; test procedures devised; simulation methods developed and evaluated; design rules formulated and checked against measured performance. It has been apparent here that the willingness to exchange information and experiences, which has always been a feature of the solar energy scene, remains as strong as ever. A further information-sharing initiative was noted on the part of another sponsor, UNESCO - the setting-up of the European Cooperative Network on Solar Energy, involving countries from both eastern and western Europe.
A linear compound parabolic collector reflector is used as a non-tracking system to concentrate solar energy to a double-sided flat receiver/reactor, ...
Author: Vladimir Strezov
Publisher: CRC Press
New innovations are needed for the invention of more efficient, affordable, sustainable and renewable energy systems, as well as for the mitigation of climate change and global environmental issues. In response to a fast-growing interest in the realm of renewable energy, Renewable Energy Systems: Efficiency, Innovation and Sustainability identifies a need to synthesize relevant and up-to-date information in a single volume. This book describes a systems approach to renewable energy, including technological, political, economic, social and environmental viewpoints, as well as policies and benefits. This unique and concise text, encompassing all aspects of the field in a single source, focuses on truly promising innovative and affordable renewable energy systems. Key Features: Focuses on innovations in renewable energy systems that are affordable and sustainable Collates the most relevant and up-to-date information on renewable energy systems, in a single and unique volume Discusses lifecycle assessment, cost and availability of systems Emphasizes bio-related topics Provides a systems approach to the renewable energy technologies and discusses technological, political, economic, social, and environmental viewpoints as well as policies
090 2 . 090 specular 0 . 100 0 . 005 diffuse 0 . 242 0 . 202 Y plate size ( m2 ) 2 .
110 specular 0 . 155 diffuse 0 . ... The four areas include one two - sided flat plate
to represent the solar panels and three two - sided flat plates to model the central
Author: Manuel Pérez-DonsiónPublish On: 2016-03-08
Selected Issues Volume II Manuel Pérez-Donsión, Silvano Vergura, Gianpaolo Vitale ... A solar PV water pumping system using a new double-sided flat twophase ...
Author: Manuel Pérez-Donsión
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
From a scientific point of view, several challenges to renewable energy come from the intermittent nature of energy sources such as wind, solar photovoltaic and solar thermal. These problems are currently being addressed with research on power electronics converters, storage systems, Artificial Intelligence techniques, new materials and production technologies, numerical analysis techniques, among others. This research endeavours to reduce costs and find alternative energy sources that are competitive with fossil fuels. Consequently, these efforts of the scientific community will contribute to improving the quality of life on the planet. This book summarises ten years of contributions to these topics, and contains a selection of the best papers presented at the International Conferences on Renewable Energy and Power Quality (ICREPQ) from 2003 to 2012. These contributions have been selected by a team of voluntary reviewers, with two to four reviewers assigned to each paper. At the end of this process only about 5% of all presented papers were selected. Considering each paper had been reviewed before, in order to be accepted for the conference, the selected papers represent “the best of the best”. The contributors to this book represent some of the leading authorities in their areas of expertise. This book will be of particular interest to professional engineers and researchers dealing with renewable energy exploitation, but will also prove useful to postgraduate level students. In addition, it can be used as a reference book for engineers, physicists and mathematicians who are interested and involved in the operation, project management, design, and analysis of renewable sources equipment.
The flat surface has many closely spaced pits up to 2 m deep and 10–20 m across. ... are more like Swiss cheese, with flat floors and ice steep‐sided walls.
Author: Peter Bond
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
An Exciting and Authoritative Account of the Second Golden Age of Solar System Exploration Award-winning author Peter Bond provides an up-to-date, in-depth account of the sun and its family in the 2nd edition of Exploring the Solar System. This new edition brings together the discoveries and advances in scientific understanding made during the last 60 years of solar and planetary exploration, using research conducted by the world's leading geoscientists, astronomers, and physicists. Exploring the Solar System, 2nd Edition is an ideal introduction for non-science undergraduates and anyone interested in learning about our small corner of the Milky Way galaxy.
Background Science and the Inner Solar System Eugene F. Milone, William J.F. ... Roughly-circular, steep-sided, flat-topped upland areas ~1,500–2,500 km in ...
Author: Eugene F. Milone
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
The second edition of Solar System Astrophysics: Background Science and the Inner Solar System provides new insights into the burgeoning field of planetary astronomy. As in the first edition, this volume begins with a rigorous treatment of coordinate frames, basic positional astronomy, and the celestial mechanics of two and restricted three body system problems. Perturbations are treated in the same way, with clear step-by-step derivations. Then the Earth's gravitational potential field and the Earth-Moon system are discussed, and the exposition turns to radiation properties with a chapter on the Sun. The exposition of the physical properties of the Moon and the terrestrial planets are greatly expanded, with much new information highlighted on the Moon, Mercury, Venus, and Mars. All of the material is presented within a framework of historical importance. This book and its sister volume, Solar System Astrophysics: Background Science and the Inner Solar system, are pedagogically well written, providing clearly illustrated explanations, for example, of such topics as the numerical integration of the Adams-Williamson equation, the equations of state in planetary interiors and atmospheres, Maxwell’s equations as applied to planetary ionospheres and magnetospheres, and the physics and chemistry of the Habitable Zone in planetary systems. Together, the volumes form a comprehensive text for any university course that aims to deal with all aspects of solar and extra-solar planetary systems. They will appeal separately to the intellectually curious who would like to know how just how far our knowledge of the solar system has progressed in recent years.
Venus also has several types of volcanic features that differ from those on Earth and other planets. Steep-sided or pancake domes are flat-topped, ...
Author: Tilman Spohn
The Encyclopedia of the Solar System, Third Edition—winner of the 2015 PROSE Award in Cosmology & Astronomy from the Association of American Publishers—provides a framework for understanding the origin and evolution of the solar system, historical discoveries, and details about planetary bodies and how they interact—with an astounding breadth of content and breathtaking visual impact. The encyclopedia includes the latest explorations and observations, hundreds of color digital images and illustrations, and over 1,000 pages. It stands alone as the definitive work in this field, and will serve as a modern messenger of scientific discovery and provide a look into the future of our solar system. New additions to the third edition reflect the latest progress and growth in the field, including past and present space missions to the terrestrial planets, the outer solar systems and space telescopes used to detect extrasolar planets. Winner of the 2015 PROSE Award in Cosmology & Astronomy from the Association of American Publishers Presents 700 full-color digital images and diagrams from current space missions and observatories, bringing to life the content and aiding in the understanding and retention of key concepts. Includes a substantial appendix containing data on planetary missions, fundamental data of relevance for planets and satellites, and a glossary, providing immediately accessible mission data for ease of use in conducting further research or for use in presentations and instruction. Contains an extensive bibliography, providing a guide for deeper studies into broader aspects of the field and serving as an excellent entry point for graduate students aiming to broaden their study of planetary science.
... the spacecraft acceleration due to other solar system bodies treated as ... with five single-sided flat plates to model the acceleration due to solar ...
Author: Maria Zuber
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
In September 2011, the GRAIL mission launched two unmanned spacecraft to the Moon, which entered into lunar orbit on December 31, 2011 and January 1, 2012. They orbited the Moon until December 17, 2012, when they impacted the surface near the Moon’s north pole. This book contains three review articles co-authored by the GRAIL Science Team and Guest Scientists that describe the reasons for the GRAIL mission, the development of the necessary technology, and the design of the mission to acquire the most precise measurements of the lunar gravity field possible today. The book provides a detailed description of the GRAIL mission’s scientific objectives, the instrumentation and its required performance, the complex simulation of the measurement system for determining the gravity field, and the innovative education and public outreach of the mission directed toward middle-school students who could select areas of the Moon for imaging with the onboard MoonKam camera system. This volume is aimed at researchers and graduate students active in solar system science and planetology. Originally published in Space Science Reviews journal, Vol. 178/1, 2013.
The particle spectrometer uses a double-sided microstrip silicon detector ... The silicon has thin metal electrodes on its two flat surfaces – gold for ...
Author: C.R. Kitchin
Publisher: CRC Press
Interest in and knowledge of the techniques utilised to investigate our solar system has been growing rapidly for decades and has now reached a stage of maturity. Therefore, the time has now arrived for a book that provides a cohesive and coherent account of how we have obtained our present knowledge of solar system objects, not including the Sun. Remote and Robotic Investigations of the Solar System covers all aspects of solar system observations: the instruments, their theory, and their practical use both on Earth and in space. It explores the state-of-the-art telescopes, cameras, spacecraft and instruments used to analyse the interiors, surfaces, atmospheres and radiation belts of solar system objects, in addition to radio waves, gamma rays, cosmic rays and neutrinos. This book would be ideal for university students undertaking physical science subjects and professionals working in the field, in addition to amateur astronomers and anyone interested in learning more about our local astronomical neighbours.
The larger components were modeled by the basic shapes , i.e. , flat plates or
cylinders . ... components , such as the solar panels , are considered , and the
effects of shading are not included 3,4 as Aerodynamic coefficients ... This was
done as a way to test the radiation software and to allow comparisons between
aerodynamic coefficients and solar radiation ... 2 . The orbit plane is at its
maximum inclination to the ecliptic plane . It is assumed the vehicle holds the
LVLH attitude and ...
An exten sion of this concept is the double-sided flat-plate collector investigated by Goetzberger et al. (1992) shown in Figure 4.18(a) and the system ...
Author: Jeffrey M. Gordon
Category: Technology & Engineering
It is rare that a book draws together the knowledge and experience of scientists, each a world leader in his or her discipline, to create a work that presents the state of the art in a field as rich and diverse as solar energy. In Solar Energy - the State of the Art this aim has been achieved. The book comprises twelve individual chapters, each dedicated to one of the major solar energy sub-disciplines and authored by an internationally recognised expert in the field. Areas covered range from solar radiation and meteorology, solar collectors and concentrators, solar energy and the built environment, to solar thermal electricity, photovoltaics, wind energy and the potential cost of ignoring solar energy resources. The papers examine the technology and field in question, discuss the rudiments and major applications, review the current science and technology and explore the remaining challenges for the future. Solar Energy - the State of the Art is an essential reference work for all solar energy practitioners, students, researchers and engineers wishing to gain a broad-based understanding of the theory, technology, applications and issues surrounding the broad, interdisciplinary field of solar energy. The book will form an important component of any library's solar energy holding and will be of particular benefit as an academic reference, as well as being of practical value to professionals who wish to gain a clear understanding of the concepts required to move forward in this field. Published with ISES.
A low - concentrating optical system for two - sided irradiation of a flat receiver
can be built with flat by reflectors mounted on both sides of the receiver at certain
angles . We have developed a method for calculation of such focal wedges ( FW )
Author: Suvanjan BhattacharyyaPublish On: 2020-12-02
Insolation 10.1 Solar radiation Various perspectives to evaluate solar data ... Double-sided flat plate collector was used to experimentally investigate the ...
Author: Suvanjan Bhattacharyya
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
A direct solution of the heat conduction equation with prescribed initial and boundary conditions yields temperature distribution inside a specimen. The direct solution is mathematically considered as a well-posed one because the solution exists, is unique, and continuously depends on input data. The estimation of unknown parameters from the measured temperature data is known as the inverse problem of heat conduction. An error in temperature measurement, thermal time lagging, thermocouple-cavity, or signal noise data makes stability a problem in the estimation of unknown parameters. The solution of the inverse problem can be obtained by employing the gradient or non-gradient based inverse algorithm. The aim of this book is to analyze the inverse problem and heat exchanger applications in the fields of aerospace, mechanical, applied mechanics, environment sciences, and engineering.