The Song of the Ape

The Song of the Ape

Documents the astonishing experiences that inspired the author's work in chimpanzee communication, the individual histories of five captive chimpanzees, and the scientific attempts to teach human language to chimps.

Author: Andrew R. Halloran

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 9780312563110

Category: Nature

Page: 276

View: 895

Documents the astonishing experiences that inspired the author's work in chimpanzee communication, the individual histories of five captive chimpanzees, and the scientific attempts to teach human language to chimps.
Categories: Nature

The Evolution of Social Communication in Primates

The Evolution of Social Communication in Primates

Harvard University Press, Cambridge Halloran AR (2012) The song of the ape: understanding the language of chimpanzees. St. Martin's Press, New York Hammerschmidt K, Fischer J (2008) Constraints in primate vocal production.

Author: Marco Pina

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319026695

Category: Science

Page: 326

View: 216

How did social communication evolve in primates? In this volume, primatologists, linguists, anthropologists, cognitive scientists and philosophers of science systematically analyze how their specific disciplines demarcate the research questions and methodologies involved in the study of the evolutionary origins of social communication in primates in general and in humans in particular. In the first part of the book, historians and philosophers of science address how the epistemological frameworks associated with primate communication and language evolution studies have changed over time and how these conceptual changes affect our current studies on the subject matter. In the second part, scholars provide cutting-edge insights into the various means through which primates communicate socially in both natural and experimental settings. They examine the behavioral building blocks by which primates communicate and they analyze what the cognitive requirements are for displaying communicative acts. Chapters highlight cross-fostering and language experiments with primates, primate mother-infant communication, the display of emotions and expressions, manual gestures and vocal signals, joint attention, intentionality and theory of mind. The primary focus of the third part is on how these various types of communicative behavior possibly evolved and how they can be understood as evolutionary precursors to human language. Leading scholars analyze how both manual and vocal gestures gave way to mimetic and imitational protolanguage and how the latter possibly transitioned into human language. In the final part, we turn to the hominin lineage, and anthropologists, archeologists and linguists investigate what the necessary neurocognitive, anatomical and behavioral features are in order for human language to evolve and how language differs from other forms of primate communication.
Categories: Science

The Philosophy of Clint Eastwood

The Philosophy of Clint Eastwood

And for communicative gesturing among chimpanzees, see A. Halloran, The Song of the Ape: Understanding the Languages of Chimpanzees (New York: St. Martin's Press, 2012). See also S. Goldin-Meadow, Hearing Gesture: How Our Hands Help Us ...

Author: Richard T. McClelland

Publisher: University Press of Kentucky

ISBN: 9780813142654

Category: Philosophy

Page: 274

View: 175

Famous for his masculine swagger and gritty roles, American cultural icon Clint Eastwood has virtually defined the archetype of the tough lawman. Beginning with his first on-screen appearance in the television series Rawhide (1959--1965) and solidified by his portrayal of the "Man with No Name" in Sergio Leone's "Dollars" trilogy (1964--1966), he rocketed to stardom and soon became one of the most recognizable actors in Hollywood. The Philosophy of Clint Eastwood examines the philosophy and psychology behind this versatile and controversial figure, exploring his roles as actor, musician, and director. Led by editors Richard T. McClelland and Brian B. Clayton, the contributors to this timely volume discuss a variety of topics. They explore Eastwood's arresting critique and revision of the traditional western in films such as Unforgiven (1992), as well as his attitudes toward violence and the associated concept of masculinity from the Dirty Harry movies (starting in 1971) to Gran Torino (2008). The essays also chart a shift in Eastwood's thinking about the value of so-called rugged individualism, an element of many of his early films, already questioned in Play Misty for Me (1971) and decisively rejected in Million Dollar Baby (2004). Clint Eastwood has proven to be a dynamic actor, a perceptive and daring director, as well as an intriguing public figure. Examining subjects such as the role of civil morality and community in his work, his use of themes of self-reliance and religious awareness, and his cinematic sensibility, The Philosophy of Clint Eastwood will provide readers with a deeper sense of Eastwood as an artist and illuminate the philosophical conflicts and resolutions that drive his films.
Categories: Philosophy

Devolution

Devolution

Violence, as unpleasant as it may seem, fulfills a necessary social function in chimpanzees. —ANDREW R. HALLORAN , The Song of the Ape: Understanding the Languages of Chimpanzees JOURNAL ENTRY #12 OCTOBER 10 So much has happened.

Author: Max Brooks

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 9781473568631

Category: Fiction

Page: 304

View: 326

FROM THE #1 BESTSELLING AUTHOR OF WORLD WAR Z 'TRUE TERROR' Guardian 'NAIL CHOMPING SUSPENSE' Total Film ______________________________________ As the ash and chaos from Mount Rainier's eruption swirled and finally settled, the story of the Greenloop massacre has passed unnoticed, unexamined . . . until now. But the journals of resident Kate Holland, recovered from the town's bloody wreckage, capture a tale too harrowing - and too earth-shattering in its implications - to be forgotten. In these pages, Max Brooks brings Kate's extraordinary account to light for the first time, faithfully reproducing her words alongside his own extensive investigations into the massacre and the beasts behind it, once thought legendary but now known to be terrifyingly real. Kate's is a tale of unexpected strength and resilience, of humanity's defiance in the face of a terrible predator's gaze, and inevitably, of savagery and death. Yet it is also far more than that. Because if what Kate Holland saw in those days is real, then we must accept the impossible. We must accept that the creature known as Bigfoot walks among us - and that it is a beast of terrible strength and ferocity. Part survival narrative, part bloody horror tale, part scientific journey into the boundaries between truth and fiction, this is a Bigfoot story as only Max Brooks could chronicle it - and like none you've ever read before. ______________________________________ 'Unputdownable' John Marrs, bestselling author of The One 'A bloody good read' Andrew Hunter-Murray, bestselling author of The Last Day 'A masterful blend of laugh-out-loud social satire and stuff-your-fist-in-your-mouth horror. One elevates the other, making the book, and its message, all the more relevant.' David Sedaris 'For any fan of Bigfoot or cryptozoology, it's a referential treat.' Guardian 'Dark, gripping and visceral, Devolution is a unique journey into terror.' Waterstones 'Another triumph from Max Brooks! . . . I can't wait until he turns every monster from childhood into an intelligent, entertaining page-turner' Stephen Chbosky, No. 1 New York Times bestselling author of Imaginary Friend and The Perks of Being a Wallflower 'Drawing you in with likeable characters in a real-world situation, then smashing your trust to pieces like a giant ape crushing a skull with his bare hands. Devolution will make you think twice about booking that remote weekend getaway in the woods.' Sci-Fi Now, 5* review 'Max Brooks has written the next great epistolary novel. Devolution is phenomenal' Josh Malerman, New York Times bestselling author of Bird Box 'One of the greatest horror novels I've ever read. The characters soar, the ideas sing, and it's all going to scare the living daylights out of you' Blake Crouch, New York Times bestselling author of Dark Matter 'Grisly page-turner . . . Brooks' eye for rich characterisation, pointed social commentary and nail-chomping suspense is as sharp as ever' Total Film 'Delightful . . . A tale of supernatural mayhem that fans of King and Crichton alike will enjoy' Kirkus Reviews (starred review) 'Timely, terrifying, and utterly terrific.' SFX Magazine *****
Categories: Fiction

Not So Different

Not So Different

FURTHER READING Halloran, Andrew R. The Song of the Ape: Understanding the Languages of Chimpanzees. New York: Macmillan, 2012. Slobodchikoff, Constantine. Chasing Doctor Dolittle: Learning the Language of Animals.

Author: Nathan H. Lents

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231541756

Category: Nature

Page: 352

View: 749

Animals fall in love, establish rules for fair play, exchange valued goods and services, hold "funerals" for fallen comrades, deploy sex as a weapon, and communicate with one another using rich vocabularies. Animals also get jealous and violent or greedy and callous and develop irrational phobias, just like us. Monkeys address inequality, wolves miss each other, elephants grieve for their dead, and prairie dogs name the humans they encounter. Human and animal behavior is not as different as once believed. In Not So Different, the biologist Nathan H. Lents argues that the same evolutionary forces of cooperation and competition have shaped both humans and animals. Identical emotional and instinctual drives govern our actions. By acknowledging this shared programming, the human experience no longer seems unique, but in that loss we gain a fuller appreciation of such phenomena as sibling rivalry and the biological basis of grief, helping us lead more grounded, moral lives among animals, our closest kin. Through a mix of colorful reporting and rigorous scientific research, Lents describes the exciting strides scientists have made in decoding animal behavior and bringing the evolutionary paths of humans and animals closer together. He marshals evidence from psychology, evolutionary biology, cognitive science, anthropology, and ethology to further advance this work and to drive home the truth that we are distinguished from animals only in degree, not in kind.
Categories: Nature

Watching Closely

Watching Closely

Song of the Ape: Understanding the Languages of Chimpanzees. New York: St. Martin's Press, 2012. Horowitz, Alexandra. On Looking: A Walker's Guide to the Art of Observation. New York: Scribner, 2014. Katz, Jack. “Analytic Induction.

Author: Christena Nippert-Eng

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190235543

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 335

Ethnographers rely on three related activities to conduct research in the field: observation, conversation, and participation. Observing others in their environments and using this data to inform and share conclusions is an essential part of any fieldworker's toolkit. However, many ethnographers' observational muscles tend to be their weakest. Fortunately, Christena Nippert-Eng's Watching Closely: A Guide to Ethnographic Observation provides a practical, interactive guide for improving one's powers of observation. The book includes nine exercises for practicing observational skills, including a preparatory briefing and post-exercise discussion. Nippert-Eng also offers a weblink (global.oup.com/us/watchingclosely) to sample responses from her previous students, providing an additional resource beyond the text itself. Beyond the traditional tenets of field work, Watching Closely encourages readers to pursue more creative ways of collecting and analyzing data, such as sketching, diagramming, and photography, as well as developing more concrete expectations for the potential uses and meanings of ethnographic data. Engaging and accessible, Watching Closely offers a guide for readers to not only strengthen their core skills and mindset as fieldworkers, but also to produce research that is more scientifically rigorous and persuasive. From social and behavioral scientists to user-centered designers and architects, undergraduate students to experienced fieldworkers, a vast array of readers will reap the benefits of learning more about how we observe.
Categories: Social Science

The Oxford Handbook of Language Evolution

The Oxford Handbook of Language Evolution

... Tania (chimpanzee); Washoe (chimpanzee) animal song and language or speech comparisons 44, 97, 126–7, 128, 362, 452, 490, see also bird song; song anterior cingulate cortex 212 anti-uniformitarianism 302 ape/human differences 170, ...

Author: Maggie Tallerman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199541119

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 763

View: 285

Leading scholars present critical accounts of every aspect of the field, including work in animal behaviour; anatomy, genetics and neurology; the prehistory of language; the development of our uniquely linguistic species; and language creation, transmission, and change.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Living with Animals

Living with Animals

He is the author of The Song of the Ape, an investigation of chimpanzee language and communication. ... and their Animals, Filling the Ark: Animal Welfare in Disasters, and If You Tame Me: Understanding our Connection with Animals.

Author: Natalie Porter

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9781501724831

Category: History

Page: 282

View: 654

Living with Animals is a collection of imagined animal guides—a playful and accessible look at different human-animal relationships around the world. Anthropologists and their co-authors have written accounts of how humans and animals interact in labs, in farms, in zoos, and in African forests, among other places. Modeled after the classic A World of Babies, an edited collection of imagined Dr. Spock manuals from around the world—With Animals focuses on human-animal relationships in their myriad forms. This is ethnographic fiction for those curious about how animals are used for a variety of different tasks around the world. To be sure, animal guides are not a universal genre, so Living with Animals offers an imaginative solution, doing justice to the ways details about animals are conveyed in culturally specific ways by adopting a range of voices and perspectives. How we capitalize on animals, how we live with them, and how humans attempt to control the untamable nature around them are all considered by the authors of this wild read. If you have ever experienced a moment of "what if" curiosity—what is it like to be a gorilla in a zoo, to work in a pig factory farm, to breed cows and horses, this book is for you. A light-handed and light-hearted approach to a fascinating and nuanced subject, Living with Animals suggests many ways in which we can and do coexist with our non-human partners on Earth.
Categories: History

Language Culture and Society

Language  Culture  and Society

Despite the number of studies concerning bottlenosed dolphins, our understanding of their acoustic communicative behavior is still ... SOME FAMOUS LANGUAGELEARNING APE EXPERIMENTS Note: * = male; “chimp” = Pan troglodytes; “bonobo” =

Author: Zdenek Salzmann

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 9780813349558

Category: Social Science

Page: 450

View: 482

Why should we study language? How do the ways in which we communicate define our identities? And how is this all changing in the digital world? Since 1993, many have turned to Language, Culture, and Society for answers to questions like those above because of its comprehensive coverage of all critical aspects of linguistic anthropology. This seventh edition carries on the legacy while addressing some of the newer pressing and exciting challenges of the 21st century, such as issues of language and power, language ideology, and linguistic diasporas. Chapters on gender, race, and class also examine how language helps create-and is created by-identity. New to this edition are enhanced and updated pedagogical features, such as learning objectives, updated resources for continued learning, and the inclusion of a glossary. There is also an expanded discussion of communication online and of social media outlets and how that universe is changing how we interact. The discussion on race and ethnicity has also been expanded to include Latin- and Asian-American English vernacular.
Categories: Social Science

Animal Bodies Human Minds Ape Dolphin and Parrot Language Skills

Animal Bodies  Human Minds  Ape  Dolphin  and Parrot Language Skills

... 174 Akira (chimpanzee), 202 Alarm calls. See Warning calls Alex (parrot), 11, 193,237–253 birth, 5 brain size, 241 category identification ability, 242-245, 251 courtship behavior, 238-239, 241 English-language comprehension ability ...

Author: W.A. Hillix

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781475745122

Category: Science

Page: 310

View: 924

Several books chronicle attempts, most of them during the last 40 years, to teach animals to communicate with people in a human-designed language. These books have typically treated only one or two species, or even one or a few research projects. We have provided a more encompassing view of this field. We also want to reinforce what other authors, for example Jane Goodall, Sue Savage-Rumbaugh, Penny Patterson, Birute Galdikas, and Roger and Deborah Fouts, so passionately convey about our responsibility for our closest animal kin. This book surveys what was known, or believed about animal language throughout history and prehistory, and summarizes current knowledge and the controversy around it. The authors identify and attempt to settle most of the problems in interpreting the animal behaviours that have been observed in studies of animal language ability.
Categories: Science