The Tyranny of Generosity

The Tyranny of Generosity

In The Tyranny of Generosity, Theodore Lechterman shows how this private power can threaten the foundations of a democratic society.

Author: Theodore M. Lechterman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780197611418

Category: Philosophy

Page: 281

View: 741

The practice of philanthropy, which releases private property for public purposes, represents in many ways the best angels of our nature. But this practice's noteworthy virtues often obscure the fact that philanthropy also represents the exercise of private power. In The Tyranny of Generosity, Theodore Lechterman shows how this private power can threaten the foundations of a democratic society. The deployment of private wealth for public ends may rival the authority of communities to determine their own affairs. And, in societies characterized by wide disparities in wealth, philanthropy often combines with background inequalities to make public decisions overwhelmingly sensitive to the preferences of the rich. Allowing private wealth to dictate social outcomes collides with core commitments of a democratic society, a society in which people are supposed to determine their common affairs together, on equal terms. But why exactly is democracy valuable? How should these values be weighed against the liberty of donors and the many social benefits that philanthropy promises? Lechterman explores these questions by examining various topics in the practice of philanthropy: the respective roles of philanthropy and government, public subsidies for private giving, the use of donations for political speech, instruments of perpetual giving, the rise in giving by commercial corporations, and effective altruism as a guide for individual giving. These studies build to a surprising conclusion: realizing the democratic ideal may be impossible without philanthropy--but making philanthropy safe for democracy also requires fundamental changes to policy and practice.
Categories: Philosophy

The Tyranny of Generosity

The Tyranny of Generosity

It's wrong to offload these responsibilities to private benefactors, no matter how generous or technically proficient they may be. ... III. The Democratic Ideal and Its Components Democracy might be 32 The Tyranny of Generosity.

Author: Theodore M. Lechterman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780197611432

Category: Philosophy

Page:

View: 800

The practice of philanthropy, which releases private property for public purposes, represents in many ways the best angels of our nature. But this practice's noteworthy virtues often obscure the fact that philanthropy also represents the exercise of private power. In The Tyranny of Generosity, Theodore Lechterman shows how this private power can threaten the foundations of a democratic society. The deployment of private wealth for public ends may rival the authority of communities to determine their own affairs. And, in societies characterized by wide disparities in wealth, philanthropy often combines with background inequalities to make public decisions overwhelmingly sensitive to the preferences of the rich. Allowing private wealth to dictate social outcomes collides with core commitments of a democratic society, a society in which people are supposed to determine their common affairs together, on equal terms. But why exactly is democracy valuable? How should these values be weighed against the liberty of donors and the many social benefits that philanthropy promises? Lechterman explores these questions by examining various topics in the practice of philanthropy: the respective roles of philanthropy and government, public subsidies for private giving, the use of donations for political speech, instruments of perpetual giving, the rise in giving by commercial corporations, and "effective altruism" as a guide for individual giving. These studies build to a surprising conclusion: realizing the democratic ideal may be impossible without philanthropy--but making philanthropy safe for democracy also requires fundamental changes to policy and practice.
Categories: Philosophy

The Mother of the Gods Athens and the Tyranny of Asia

The Mother of the Gods  Athens  and the Tyranny of Asia

The devotion of gold in particular also served to impress the Greeks not only with the magnitude of the wealth at Croesus' disposal, but also with the generosity to Croesus of the Earth herself, a generosity that might yield still ...

Author: Mark H. Munn

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520931589

Category: Religion

Page: 478

View: 389

Among maternal deities of the Greek pantheon, the Mother of the Gods was a paradox. She is variously described as a devoted mother, a chaste wife, an impassioned lover, and a virgin daughter; she is said to be both foreign and familiar to the Greeks. In this erudite and absorbing study, Mark Munn examines how the cult of Mother of the Gods came from Phrygia and Lydia, where she was the mother of tyrants, to Athens, where she protected the laws of the Athenian democracy. Analyzing the divergence of Greek and Asiatic culture at the beginning of the classical era, Munn describes how Kybebe, the Lydian goddess who signified fertility and sovereignty, assumed a different aspect to the Greeks when Lydia became part of the Persian empire. Conflict and resolution were played out symbolically, he shows, and the goddess of Lydian tyranny was eventually accepted by the Athenians as the Mother of the Gods, and as a symbol of their own sovereignty. This book elegantly illustrates how ancient divinities were not static types, but rather expressions of cultural systems that responded to historical change. Presenting a new perspective on the context in which the Homeric and Hesiodic epics were composed, Munn traces the transformation of the Asiatic deity who was the goddess of Sacred Marriage among the Assyrians and Babylonians, equivalent to Ishtar. Among the Lydians, she was the bride to tyrants and the mother of tyrants. To the Greeks, she was Aphrodite. An original and compelling consideration of the relations between the Greeks and the dominant powers of western Asia, The Mother of the Gods, Athens, and the Tyranny of Asia is the first thorough examination of the way that religious cult practice and thought influenced political activities during and after the sixth and fifth centuries B.C.
Categories: Religion

Liberty Versus the Tyranny of Socialism

Liberty Versus the Tyranny of Socialism

Wednesday, February 9, 2005 Charity to man's fellow man is praiseworthy, and Americans are the most generous people on Earth. According to a quote by American philanthropist Daniel Rose in “An Exceptional Nation,” an article in ...

Author: Walter E. Williams

Publisher: Hoover Press

ISBN: 9780817949136

Category: Political Science

Page: 378

View: 266

In this selected collection of his syndicated newspaper columns, Walter Williams offers his sometimes controversial views on education, health, the environment, government, law and society, race, and a range of other topics. Although many of these essays focus on the growth of government and our loss of liberty, many others demonstrate how the tools of freemarket economics can be used to improve our lives in ways ordinary people can understand.
Categories: Political Science

Utah Monthly Magazine

Utah Monthly Magazine

Many a generous and valuable life has been ruined and its health and happiness destroyed by this tyranny of selfish weakness over unselfish strength . Sometimes it is the aged and infirm who are thus tyrannical .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: HARVARD:HX6CQU

Category:

Page: 506

View: 232

Categories:

The Tyranny of Guilt

The Tyranny of Guilt

... and combine firmness with regard to governments and generosity with regard to peoples. in short, it must simply reconnect with the subversive richness of its ideas and the vitality of its founding principles. naturally, ...

Author: Pascal Bruckner

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691154305

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 758

Why the West must overcome its guilty conscience to foster a better global future Fascism, communism, genocide, slavery, racism, imperialism—the West has no shortage of reasons for guilt. And, indeed, since the Holocaust and the end of World War II, Europeans in particular have been consumed by remorse. But Pascal Bruckner argues that guilt has now gone too far. It has become a pathology, and even an obstacle to fighting today's atrocities. Bruckner, one of France's leading writers and public intellectuals, argues that obsessive guilt has obscured important realities. The West has no monopoly on evil, and has destroyed monsters as well as created them—leading in the abolition of slavery, renouncing colonialism, building peaceful and prosperous communities, and establishing rules and institutions that are models for the world. The West should be proud—and ready to defend itself and its values. In this, Europeans should learn from Americans, who still have sufficient self-esteem to act decisively in a world of chaos and violence. Lamenting the vice of anti-Americanism that grips so many European intellectuals, Bruckner urges a renewed transatlantic alliance, and advises Americans not to let recent foreign-policy misadventures sap their own confidence. This is a searing, provocative, and psychologically penetrating account of the crude thought and bad politics that arise from excessive bad conscience.
Categories: Philosophy

The Tyranny of Malice

The Tyranny of Malice

56 Generosity reflects the spirit of gratitude . The grateful person is able to take in and assimilate everything from good feelings to good thoughts , aside from tangible items like food or books . This means he or she can build up an ...

Author: Joseph H. Berke

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015013930626

Category: Aggressiveness

Page: 446

View: 782

Categories: Aggressiveness

Towards a Professional Model of Surrogate Motherhood

Towards a Professional Model of Surrogate Motherhood

And because they are women, they often receive very little acknowledgement of their sacrifice and generosity. The Tyranny of the Gift Idealization of organ donation as a purely altruistic gift of life can be used as a form of social ...

Author: Ruth Walker

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137586582

Category: Social Science

Page: 200

View: 554

This book delves deeply into modern surrogacy arrangements, responding to both practical and ethical critiques by offering a radically new model for surrogate motherhood. Current practice distinguishes between two models of surrogacy – the altruistic (unpaid) model and the commercial (paid) model, both of which present social, ethical, and conceptual challenges. This book proposes a novel arrangement for surrogate motherhood – the professional model. Inspired by professions, such as nursing, teaching, and social work, the professional model acknowledges the caring motives that surrogate mothers have while at the same time compensating them for their work. Walker and Van Zyl adopt an evidence-based approach to explain that the professional model enables trust between intended parents and surrogates, provides professional support at every stage of the relationship, affords legal protections against exploitation and commodification, and recognizes the rights and interests of all parties, including the intended baby. The model applies to both transnational and domestic surrogacy and will be of great interest to policy makers, social researchers, bioethicists, legal scholars, fertility professionals, clinicians, and graduate students in psychology, philosophy, medicine and ethics.
Categories: Social Science

Caught between Worlds

Caught between Worlds

Within Drury's account of Malagasy society, the tyranny of particular men destroys a cultural system that seems not only ... of masters who occupy various positions along a psychological spectrum of tyranny, generosity, and paternalism.

Author: Joe Snader

Publisher: University Press of Kentucky

ISBN: 9780813149530

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 320

View: 677

The captivity narrative has always been a literary genre associated with America. Joe Snader argues, however, that captivity narratives emerged much earlier in Britain, coinciding with European colonial expansion, the development of anthropology, and the rise of liberal political thought. Stories of Europeans held captive in the Middle East, America, Africa, and Southeast Asia appeared in the British press from the late sixteenth through the late eighteenth centuries, and captivity narratives were frequently featured during the early development of the novel. Until the mid-eighteenth century, British examples of the genre outpaced their American cousins in length, frequency of publication, attention to anthropological detail, and subjective complexity. Using both new and canonical texts, Snader shows that foreign captivity was a favorite topic in eighteenth-century Britain. An adaptable and expansive genre, these narratives used set plots and stereotypes originating in Mediterranean power struggles and relocated in a variety of settings, particularly eastern lands. The narratives' rhetorical strategies and cultural assumptions often grew out of centuries of religious strife and coincided with Europe's early modern military ascendancy. Caught Between Worlds presents a broad, rich, and flexible definition of the captivity narrative, placing the American strain in its proper place within the tradition as a whole. Snader, having assembled the first bibliography of British captivity narratives, analyzes both factual texts and a large body of fictional works, revealing the ways they helped define British identity and challenged Britons to rethink the place of their nation in the larger world.
Categories: Literary Criticism

The Latter Day Saints Millennial Star

The Latter Day Saints  Millennial Star

It might be supposed that where power of any kind was united with generosity it would excite affectionate gratitude ... Many a generous and valuable life has been ruined and its health and happiness destroyed by this tyranny of selfish ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: PRNC:32101013394679

Category: Mormon Church

Page: 842

View: 481

Categories: Mormon Church