Author: Jeffrey T. RichelsonPublish On: 2008-11-10
Based on original interviews and extensive archival research, The Wizards of Langley turns a piercing lamp on many of the agency's activities, many never before made public.
Author: Jeffrey T. Richelson
Publisher: Hachette UK
In this, the first full-length study of the Directorate of Science and Technology, Jeffrey T. Richelson walks us down the corridors of CIA headquarters in Langley, Virginia, and through the four decades of science, scientists, and managers that produced the CIA we have today. He tells a story of amazing technological innovation in service of intelligence gathering, of bitter bureaucratic infighting, and sometimes, as in the case of its "mind-control" adventure, of stunning moral failure. Based on original interviews and extensive archival research, The Wizards of Langley turns a piercing lamp on many of the agency's activities, many never before made public.
This overview and collection of documents and other material related to the Office of Scientific Intelligence (OSI) offer a glimpse of CIA's overall contribution to the analysis of Soviet capabilities in science and technology during the ...
Author: Central Agency
This overview and collection of documents and other material related to the Office of Scientific Intelligence (OSI) offer a glimpse of CIA's overall contribution to the analysis of Soviet capabilities in science and technology during the Cold War. It is by no means intended to be definitive, or even complete, with respect to all the activities associated with the Agency's scientific and technological capability, analysis, and resulting report. It does, however, highlight some key events and selected activities that contribute to our understanding of the unique role OSI played in the Agency's history.
This study of the CIA's Directorate of S&T introduces us to key personalities who helped share the directorate: Edwin Land of Polaroid, Albert Wheelon, Carl Duckett, and others who operated secretly within the directorate such as Antonion ...
Author: Jeffrey Richelson
Category: Intelligence service
This study of the CIA's Directorate of S&T introduces us to key personalities who helped share the directorate: Edwin Land of Polaroid, Albert Wheelon, Carl Duckett, and others who operated secretly within the directorate such as Antonion Mendez, whose "technical service" skills helped 6 Americans escape Iran after the seizure of the U.S. Embassy in 1979. Presents intriguing details -- many never before published -- of the directorate's programs and activities. For example, it employed technical intelligence analysts and photographic interpreters to unravel the secrets of foreign missile and space programs and monitor developments, including Chernobyl and the Gulf War. "Sheds a piercing lamp on many of the CIA's least understood activities."
See also Leader's journey “The wizards of Langley,” 89 Wooden, J., 28 Woolworth sit-in, 206 World War I, 217 World War II: D-Day (1944), 66, 76–77, 169; growth of U.S. Army during, 215; Marshall Plan following, 60 WorldCom, 33 X Xerox, ...
Author: Lee G. Bolman
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Category: Business & Economics
The Wizard and the Warrior gives leaders the insight and courage they need to take risks on behalf of values they cherish and the people they guide. Great leaders must act both as wizard, calling on imagination, creativity, meaning, and magic, and as warrior, mobilizing strength, courage, and willingness to fight as necessary to fulfill their mission. Best-selling authors Lee Bolman and Terrence Deal present the defining moments and experiences of exemplary leaders such as Carly Fiorina, Thomas Keller (head chef of French Laundry), David Neeleman (CEO of Jet Blue), Mary Kay Ash, Warren Buffet, Anne Mulcahy, and Abraham Lincoln3⁄4all of whom have wrested with their own inner warrior and wizard. These engaging, realistic case studies are followed by commentaries that will raise questions and suggest possibilities without rushing to resolution or simple answers.
... First Spy Satellites ( Annapolis , MD : U.S. Naval Institute , 1997 ) , 235 ; Jeffrey T. Richelson , The Wizards of Langley : Inside the CIA's Directorate of Science and Technology ( Boulder , CO : Westview , 2001 ) , 170 . 36.
Author: Gunter Bischof
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
The essays of a dozen leading European and American Cold War historians analyze the 'Prague Spring' and the Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia in light of new documentary evidence from the archives of two dozen countries and explain what happened behind the scenes. They also reassess the weak response of the United States and consider whether Washington might have given a 'green light,' if only inadvertently, to the Soviet Union prior to the invasion.
Mieczkowski, Eisenhower's Sputnik Moment, 16; Richelson, The Wizards of Langley, 23–26. The KH-2's camera provided resolution down to 25 feet, versus the KH-1's 40 feet. 14. Thomas Graham and Keith Hansen, Spy Satellites (Seattle: ...
Author: André Millard
Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press
Category: Technology & Engineering
Taking a wide-ranging look at factual (and fictional) technology, Millard views the James Bond universe as evidence for popular perceptions of technological development as both inevitably progressive and apocalyptically threatening.
Author: Alexander C.T. GeppertPublish On: 2020-12-02
36. Harold E. Puthoff, 'CIA-Initiated Remote Viewing Program at Stanford Research Institute,' Journal of Scientific Exploration 10.1 (Spring 1996), 63–76, here 65. 37. Jeffrey T. Richelson, The Wizards of Langley: Inside the CIA's ...
Author: Alexander C.T. Geppert
Publisher: Springer Nature
Militarizing Outer Space explores the dystopian and destructive dimensions of the Space Age and challenges conventional narratives of a bipolar Cold War rivalry. Concentrating on weapons, warfare and violence, this provocative volume examines real and imagined endeavors of arming the skies and conquering the heavens. The third and final volume in the groundbreaking European Astroculture trilogy, Militarizing Outer Space zooms in on the interplay between security, technopolitics and knowledge from the 1920s through the 1980s. Often hailed as the site of heavenly utopias and otherworldly salvation, outer space transformed from a promised sanctuary to a present threat, where the battles of the future were to be waged. Astroculture proved instrumental in fathoming forms and functions of warfare’s futures past, both on earth and in space. The allure of dominating outer space, the book shows, was neither limited to the early twenty-first century nor to current American space force rhetorics.
Jeffrey T. Richelson, The Wizards of Langley: Inside the CIA's Directorate of Science and Technology (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 2001), 150. 49. Powers, Man Who Kept the Secrets, 211. 50. Helms, A Look over My Shoulder, 386. 51.
Author: Joshua Rovner
Publisher: Cornell University Press
Rovner explores the complex interaction between intelligence and policy and shines a spotlight on the problem of politicization.
Richelson cites Andrew Goodpaster stating Eisenhower wanted the A - 12 to go forward only on a low priority basis for potential air force use in time of war , see Richelson , Wizards of Langley , pp . 21-22 .
... thus illuminating the hitherto unknown ways in which the civilian NASA interacted with the intelligence community.45 Richelson's groundbreaking The Wizards of Langley ( 2001 ) , a history of the CIA's Directorate of Science and ...
45 Richelson's groundbreaking The Wizards of Langley ( 2001 ) , a history of the CIA's Directorate of Science and Technology which developed and deployed both photoreconnaissance and signals intelligence systems during the Cold War ...
Author: Steven J. Dick
In March 2005, the NASA History Division and the Division of Space History at the National Air and Space Museum brought together a distinguished group of scholars to consider the state of the discipline of space history. This volume is a collection of essays based on those deliberations. The meeting took place at a time of extraordinary transformation for NASA, stemming from the new Vision of Space Exploration announced by President George W. Bush in January 204: to go to the Moon, Mars, and beyond. This Vision, in turn, stemmed from a deep reevaluation of NASA?s goals in the wake of the Space Shuttle Columbia accident and the recommendations of the Columbia Accident Investigation Board. The new goals were seen as initiating a "New Age of Exploration" and were placed in the context of the importance of exploration and discovery to the American experiences. (Amazon).
Author: Central Intelligence AgencyPublish On: 2013-11-26
The collection provides a glimpse of the CIAs overall contributions to science and technology during the Cold War.
Author: Central Intelligence Agency
Publisher: Central Intelligence Agency
The Office of Scientific Intelligence was created in 1949, driven by the concerns of technological surprise in nuclear weapons, biological warfare, and guided missiles. OSI was formed by expanding the Scientific Intelligence Branch of the Office of Reports and Estimates (ORE) and combining it with the Nuclear Energy Group of the Office of Special Operations (OSO). It was one of the longest-standing offices in the Directorate of Intelligence, surviving over 31 years until it was merged with the Office of Weapons Intelligence (OWI) on 25 February 1980 to form the Office of Scientific and Weapons Research. The collection is centered on the three-volume history of OSI. It includes selected National Intelligence Estimates, other intelligence reports drafted by OSI, pertinent Studies in Intelligence articles, and other early OSI historical documents. The collection provides a glimpse of the CIAs overall contributions to science and technology during the Cold War.
According to Langley, the Horse of a Different Color is a talking horse that acts as a guide when the Scarecrow, Tin Woodman, Cowardly Lion, and the Wizard traipse through China Country in search of Dorothy. That might have worked out ...
Author: David J. Hogan
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
Category: Performing Arts
The Wizard of Oz FAQ is a fact-filled celebration of the beloved 1939 fantasy masterpiece starring Judy Garland. It's all here – from L. Frank Baum and his Oz novels to the complete background story of the movie's conception, development, and shoot, with special attention given to the little-known parade of uncredited directors, casting difficulties, and on-set accidents and gaffes, as well as more than 75 sidebars devoted to key cast members, directors, and other behind-the-scenes personnel. You'll find a wealth of fun facts: How MGM overworked Judy Garland before, during, and after Oz; why director Victor Fleming had his hands full with the Cowardly Lion and Dorothy's other friends; what it was about Toto that really bothered Judy; the physical horrors of filming in Technicolor; the racial Oz gag that was scripted but never shot; when the Wicked Witch was going to be beautiful; why The Wizard of Oz owes a lot to silent-screen star Mary Pickford; the story of deleted scenes, and a full two weeks of shooting that had to be scrapped; why MGM star Mickey Rooney was part of the movie's traveling publicity blitz; how the Wicked Witch was literally blown off her broomstick one day; the place where lions, tigers, and bears really do live together; singers you hear but never see; the day MGM fired Judy Garland; and much more. Just follow the yellow brick road!
Wizards. of. Langley: The. CIA's. Directorate. of. Science. and. Technology. JEFFREY T. RICHELSON To most of the public, reference to the Central Intelligence Agency elicits visions of espionage and covert operations.
Author: Christopher Andrew
Eternal Vigilance? seeks to offer reinterpretations of some of the major established themes in CIA history such as its origins, foundations, its treatment of the Soviet threat, the Iranian revolution and the accountability of the agency. The book also opens new areas of research such as foreign liaison, relations with the scientific community, use of scientific and technical research and economic intelligence. The articles are both by well-known scholars in the field and young researchers at the beginning of their academic careers. Contributors come almost equally from both sides of the Atlantic. All draw, to varying degrees, on recently declassified documents and newly-available archives and, as the final chapter seeks to show, all point the way to future research.
After the Corona satellite was perfected by the “wizards of Langley”—as scholar Jeffrey T. Richelson labeled its creators in an excellent book on this subject'—and followed by birds that carried larger and larger film payloads, ...
Author: Frederick P. Hitz
Category: Political Science
In this riveting insider’s account, a former inspector general of the CIA compares actual espionage cases and practices with classic and popular spy fiction, showing that the real world of espionage is nearly always stranger and more complicated than even the best spy fiction.Exploring everything from tradecraft and recruitment to bureaucracy and betrayal, The Great Game contrasts fictional spies created by such authors as John Le Carr?, Tom Clancy and Joseph Conrad with their real-life counterparts from Kim Philby to Aldrich Ames. Drawing on his thirty year career with the CIA, Frederick P. Hitz shows that even the most imaginative authors fail to capture the profound human dilemmas raised by real-life cases. Engaging and insightful, The Great Game shines a fascinating light on the veiled history of intelligence.
Author: Kenneth Michael AbsherPublish On: 2012-09-21
Richelson, The Wizards of Langley, 145–46. 181. For a detailed discussion of the differences between OXCART and the SR-71, see Carl Duckett, Deputy Director for Science and Technology, to DCI, “PFIAB Discussion of OXCART Phase-Out,” ...
Author: Kenneth Michael Absher
Publisher: University Press of Kentucky
Above the politics and ideological battles of Washington, D.C., is a committee that meets behind locked doors and leaves its paper trail in classified files. The President's Intelligence Advisory Board (PIAB) is one of the most secretive and potentially influential segments of the U.S. intelligence community. Established in 1956, the PIAB advises the president about intelligence collection, analysis, and estimates, and about the legality of foreign intelligence activities. Privileged and Confidential: The Secret History of the President's Intelligence Advisory Board is the first and only study of the PIAB. Foreign policy veterans Kenneth Michael Absher, Michael C. Desch, and Roman Popadiuk trace the board's history from Eisenhower through Obama and evaluate its effectiveness under each president. Created to be an independent panel of nonpartisan experts, the PIAB has become increasingly susceptible to politics in recent years and has lost some of its influence. Absher, Desch, and Popadiuk, however, clearly demonstrate the board's potential to offer a unique and valuable perspective on intelligence issues. Privileged and Confidential not only illuminates a little-known element of U.S. intelligence operations but also offers suggestions for enhancing a critical executive function.
332 "airplane business": Richelson, The Wizards of Langley, p. 61. 337 monitoring station: William Perry interview, Nov. 16, 1999. 338 "fragmentation": Donald E. Welzenbach, "Science and Technology: Origins of a Directorate," Studies in ...
Author: Philip Taubman
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
Traces the efforts of Cold War scientists to revolutionize American airplane designs, spying capabilities, and defense technologies, citing how their inventions made possible the systems and processes of current military campaigns.
It was peopled with extraneous characters as a result of Langley's attempt to tie Kansas as literally as possible to Oz. For example, the farmhand who becomes the Tin Woodman— and, as the Tin Woodman, petitions the Wizard of Oz for a ...
Author: Aljean Harmetz
Publisher: Chicago Review Press
Category: Performing Arts
“Fantastic.” Gore Vidal, New York Review of Books “Grand.” Ray Bradbury, Los Angeles Times “Definitive.” Salmon Rushdie, The New Yorker “A fluent, incisive and fair history of life in Hollywood during the golden age of films. The author seems to have talked to everyone with knowledge of what went on at MGM in its heyday. . . . Marvelous.” Publishers Weekly From the ten scriptwriters at work to the scandal headlines of Munchkin orgies at the Culver City Hotel to the Witch's (accidental) burning, here is the real story of the making of The Wizard of Oz. This richly detailed re-creation brings alive a major Hollywood studio and reveals, through hundreds of interviews (with cameramen, screenwriters, costume designers, directors, producers, light technicians, and actors), how the factory-like Hollywood system of moviemaking miraculously produced one of the most enduring and best-loved films ever made. We watch it happen--the bright, idiosyncratic, wildly devoted MGM-ers inventing the lines, the songs; flying hordes of monkeys through the sky; growing a poppy field; building the Emerald City (and 60 other sets); designing and sewing the nearly 1,000 costumes; enduring the pressures from the front office; choosing the actors. Here is Oz, a marvelous, unprecedented experience of studio life as it was lived day by day, detail by detail, department by department, at the most powerful and flamboyant studio Hollywood has ever known--at its moment of greatest power. Aljean Harmetz is the author of The Making of Casablanca, On the Road to Tara: The Making of Gone with the Wind, and other books.