228 229 229 229 229 230 230 231 231 232 232 232 233 233 That day, the son: “Police Guard Chinese Shops to Avert Tong War.” CT, Nov. 27, 1924; “Two Chinese Murdered at Hartford,” SR, Nov. 27, 1924; “Truce of Tongs Broken Ere It ...
Author: Scott D. Seligman
A mesmerizing true story of money, murder, gambling, prostitution, and opium in a "wild ramble around Chinatown in its darkest days." (The New Yorker) Nothing had worked. Not threats or negotiations, not shutting down the betting parlors or opium dens, not house-to-house searches or throwing Chinese offenders into prison. Not even executing them. The New York DA was running out of ideas and more people were dying every day as the weapons of choice evolved from hatchets and meat cleavers to pistols, automatic weapons, and even bombs. Welcome to New York City’s Chinatown in 1925. The Chinese in turn-of-the-last-century New York were mostly immigrant peasants and shopkeepers who worked as laundrymen, cigar makers, and domestics. They gravitated to lower Manhattan and lived as Chinese an existence as possible, their few diversions—gambling, opium, and prostitution—available but, sadly, illegal. It didn’t take long before one resourceful merchant saw a golden opportunity to feather his nest by positioning himself squarely between the vice dens and the police charged with shutting them down. Tong Wars is historical true crime set against the perfect landscape: Tammany-era New York City. Representatives of rival tongs (secret societies) corner the various markets of sin using admirably creative strategies. The city government was already corrupt from top to bottom, so once one tong began taxing the gambling dens and paying off the authorities, a rival, jealously eyeing its lucrative franchise, co-opted a local reformist group to help eliminate it. Pretty soon Chinese were slaughtering one another in the streets, inaugurating a succession of wars that raged for the next thirty years. Scott D. Seligman’s account roars through three decades of turmoil, with characters ranging from gangsters and drug lords to reformers and do-gooders to judges, prosecutors, cops, and pols of every stripe and color. A true story set in Prohibition-era Manhattan a generation after Gangs of New York, but fought on the very same turf.
The Tong Wars. You can read all about it on the Internet, which now you probably will.” Then he kissed my forehead and said, “So don't worry about it. Okay?” Yeah, he was protecting me, or at least trying to protect me. From what?
Author: James Rozhon
Tong War describes feuds between Chinese gangs that ended in the 1920s. However, one threatens to break out in Portland, Maine, and PI Melodie Chang is dragged into the middle of it. It doesn't help that she's five months pregnant and that her husband, Brad, is one of the targets of this new feud. Mike Wei is beating up people around town. Melodie will discover that every preconceived notion she has about tong wars will be wrong. She will discover things about her husband that might threaten her marriage. Mostly, she will need to discover the true reason that war has broken out in Portland before it threatens the life of her unborn baby. Into Melodie's world comes a girl named Sylvia and her baby, Johnny. Can Melodie save them before Wei kills both of them? Who is she and what does she have to do with everything that is happening? And why does she insist that Melodie's friend, Candy Howard, needs her? The case will end only when Melodie can answer all these questions. Still, one of them will die before she does and that death will transform not just Melodie but all of them.
As the Irish before, and the Jews and Italians after, the leaders of these gangs spent much of their time trying to kill each other in what became known as tong wars. These tong wars started in San Francisco where Fung Jing Toy, ...
Author: James M. O'Kane
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
Category: Social Science
Ethnic organized crime is a phenomenon that has been largely ignored by social scientists and historians. "The Crooked Ladder" represents a groundbreaking attempt to describe how some members of ethnic minorities have utilized organized crime as one vehicle of upward mobility, advancing from lower-class status to middle-class power and respectability.
58 The first tong war is often identified as an 1875 clash between the Suey Sing Tong and the Kwong Duck Tong over a prostitute—a tong war that left four people dead and a dozen wounded. As Kevin Mullen explains, however, tong wars ...
Author: Philippa Gates
Publisher: Rutgers University Press
Category: Performing Arts
Criminalization/Assimilation traces how Classical Hollywood films constructed America’s image of Chinese Americans from their criminalization as unwanted immigrants to their eventual acceptance when assimilated citizens, exploiting both America’s yellow peril fears about Chinese immigration and its fascination with Chinatowns. Philippa Gates examines Hollywood’s responses to social issues in Chinatown communities, primarily immigration, racism, drug trafficking, and prostitution, as well as the impact of industry factors including the Production Code and star system on the treatment of those subjects. Looking at over 200 films, Gates reveals the variety of racial representations within American film in the first half of the twentieth century and brings to light not only lost and forgotten films but also the contributions of Asian American actors whose presence onscreen offered important alternatives to Hollywood’s yellowface fabrications of Chinese identity and a resistance to Hollywood’s Orientalist narratives.
Pitting " highbinder " or fighting tongs against one another , tong wars killed and maimed countless Chinese field hands . Unlike the more traditional , service - oriented family and regional tong organizations , fighting tongs were ...
Author: Richard Steven Street
Publisher: Stanford University Press
Written by one of America's preeminent labor historians, this book is the definitive account of one of the most spectacular, captivating, complex and strangely neglected stories in Western history--the emergence of migratory farmworkers and the development of California agriculture. Street has systematically worked his way through a mountain of archival materials--more than 500 manuscript collections, scattered in 22 states, including Spain and Mexico--to follow the farmworker story from its beginnings on Spanish missions into the second decade of the twentieth century. The result is a comprehensive tour de force. Scene by scene, the epic narrative clarifies and breathes new life into a controversial and instructive saga long surrounded by myth, conjecture, and scholarly neglect. With its panoramic view spanning 144 years and moving from the US-Mexico border to Oregon, Beasts of the Field reveals diverse patterns of life and labor in the fields that varied among different crops, regions, time periods, and racial and ethic groups. Enormous in scope, packed with surprising twists and turns, and devastating in impact, this compelling, revelatory work of American social history will inform generations to come of the history of California and the nation.
They feuded with the entrenched factions in tong wars until they had carved out of the “Chinese world” in the United States their own sphere of power. The tongs controlled their domain by force and, in Gunther Barth's words, ...
Author: Jingyi Song
Category: Social Science
Jingyi Song’s book Denver’s Chinatown 1875-1900: Gone But Not Forgotten tells the story of the rise and fall of Denver’s Chinatown interwoven with the complexity of race, class, immigration, politics, and economic policies.
In the early part of this century, there were Tong wars in Chinatown. Gang members had gunfights in restaurants, nightclubs, theaters, and even in the streets. Now it's kept hidden, more like the Italian Mafia today.
Author: Raymond Benson
Publisher: Oceanview Publishing
New York Times and USA Today best-selling author p>America’s feisty vigilante returns It's 1960. The Black Stiletto, in her civilian persona as Judy Cooper, volunteers to work for John F. Kennedy's presidential campaign, only to become involved in a devious behind-the-scenes plot that could change the course of history. Is the mysterious Eastern European man she briefly dated associated with a Cuban/Soviet spy ring? Closer to home, the Stiletto must challenge dangerous Tongs in Chinatown after befriending a teenage boy whose father was killed by the gangs. She soon discovers what a different—and very deadly—world exists in lower Manhattan. In the present, Martin, the Stiletto's son, must deal with his mother's worsening Alzheimer's symptoms, his own mental health issues, and the dilemma of whether or not to reveal his family's secrets to the new woman in his life. Meanwhile, his daughter, Gina, continues to bring trouble to herself, exhibiting behavior that suggests she is closer in spirit to her grandmother than Martin would like. Every major character, past and present, experiences a turning point in this third chapter of the Black Stiletto series.
The so-called tong wars of the 1880s and 1890s resulted, and the Chee Kung Tong was deeply involved (Dillon 1962: 71). In the late nineteenth century the criminal element within the society was largely restricted to the cover provided ...
Author: Florence C. Lister
Publisher: University of Arizona Press
Focuses on an ethnographic collection gathered from a complex of Chinese dwellings, the importance of which lies in its size, diversity, good condition, and observable continuity of materials known from earlier periods of Chinese occupation in Tucson.
When the frequency of tong wars dwindled after the 1920s, the need for self-defense diminished. Many of these organizations became primarily socializing centers for the membership and a number of clan associations eventually amalgamated ...
62 Ryan referred to the so-called tong wars that periodically erupted among rival Chinese brotherhoods in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Although the tong wars practiced the idiom of blood feuds, common to many ...
Author: Daniel T. Rodgers
Publisher: Princeton University Press
In the wide-ranging and innovative essays of Cultures in Motion, a dozen distinguished historians offer new conceptual vocabularies for understanding how cultures have trespassed across geography and social space. From the transformations of the meanings and practices of charity during late antiquity and the transit of medical knowledge between early modern China and Europe, to the fusion of Irish and African dance forms in early nineteenth-century New York, these essays follow a wide array of cultural practices through the lens of motion, translation, itinerancy, and exchange, extending the insights of transnational and translocal history. Cultures in Motion challenges the premise of fixed, stable cultural systems by showing that cultural practices have always been moving, crossing borders and locations with often surprising effect. The essays offer striking examples from early to modern times of intrusion, translation, resistance, and adaptation. These are histories where nothing--dance rhythms, alchemical formulas, musical practices, feminist aspirations, sewing machines, streamlined metals, or labor networks--remains stationary. In addition to the editors, the contributors are Celia Applegate, Peter Brown, Harold Cook, April Masten, Mae Ngai, Jocelyn Olcott, Mimi Sheller, Pamela Smith, and Nira Wickramasinghe. Some images inside the book are unavailable due to digital copyright restrictions.