Socio Economic Disparities in Israel

Socio Economic Disparities in Israel

of the import surplus rose , and total resources for domestic use rose more than did the national product . ... Economic policy was designed to reduce this dependence on capital imports , and eventually to abolish it .

Author: Fanny Ginor

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 1412834635

Category: History

Page: 313

View: 467

This study of the social and economic disparities in Israel spans the period from the early 1920s up to the present. An investigation into historical development is combined with a thorough analysis of causes of economic inequality and poverty. Special attention is paid to the socio-economic differences between and within the communities -- the two main Jewish groups (European and Oriental) and the Arab population. Further subjects include the examination of the impact of economic growth and structural changes on inequality; the analysis of income distribution by family types; and the influence of the working wife on family income and inequality. International comparisons and the analysis of inequality in the world show Israel in a wider perspective and lend the study a more general character. Contents: Introduction: Concepts and Measurement / The Mandatory Period / Socioeconomic Development of Income Distribution / An Historical Aspect / Factors Affecting Earning and Income Differentials / Determinants of Family Income / Poverty in Israel / Israel in the World / Income Distribution in the World
Categories: History

OECD Economic Surveys Greece 1971

OECD Economic Surveys  Greece 1971

In addition, it is desirable to reduce the dependence upon this type of capital imports, and it is partly for this reason that the Plan stresses the importance of a shift towards foreign direct participation in domestic enterprises and ...

Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9789264144446


Page: 81

View: 813

OECD's 1971 Economic Survey of Greece examines economic developments in 1969 and 1970, short-term economic policies, prospects for 1971, and development policies problems and prospects.

Imports and Growth in Highly Indebted Countries

Imports and Growth in Highly Indebted Countries

A real imports of capital and intermediate goods declined sharply for highlyindebted countries in the 1980s, these economies were faced with the need tosubstitute previously imported factors of production with domestic capital and labor.

Author: Jesko Hentschel

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3642467725

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 209

View: 438

A real imports of capital and intermediate goods declined sharply for highlyindebted countries in the 1980s, these economies were faced with the need tosubstitute previously imported factors of production with domestic capital and labor. The study empirically analyzes the degree of import dependence of twelve developing countries. Estimates of the short-run elasticity of substitution characterize both imported capital and intermediate goods to behave like complements in the production process in the developing countries. Long-run substitution elasticites differ considerably among the group of economies, especially for imported machinery and equipment. The results indicate that inward-oriented strategies have not achieved the aim of reducing the import dependence of the developing economies. In order to visualize theimplications of the differing degree of import dependence, a partial equilibrium econometric model is used to analyze the reaction of the trade account on external shocks and domestic policies in Columbia and Ecuador. Simulations show that the dependence on imported production means can transform an "adjustment with growth" of the external account intoan "adjustment or growth" controversy.
Categories: Business & Economics

Commodity Bulletin Series

Commodity Bulletin Series

Commercial rice imports into these four major rice importing countries today amount to less than 2.0 million tons against ... with a corresponding reduction in the foreign exchange available for capital imports and a consequent slowing ...



ISBN: MINN:31951D008977381

Category: Produce trade


View: 307

Categories: Produce trade

The Future of the World Economy

The Future of the World Economy

It was assumed that it would be possible to reduce their projected rates of import dependence by 10 per cent in 1980, ... A better mix of capital flows to the developing countries (including a larger share of loan and portfolio equity ...

Author: Wassily Leontief

Publisher: New York : Oxford University Press

ISBN: UOM:39015003541052

Category: Economic assistance.

Page: 138

View: 192

Categories: Economic assistance.

Development Economics

Development Economics

( 1982 ) , " The " Policy Gaps " , Allocative Inefficiencies and Self Reliance ' , in Heinz Ahrens and Wolfgang Peter Zingel ( eds . ) , Towards Reducing the Dependence on Capital Imports , Weisbaden : Franz Steiner Verlag .

Author: Syed Nawab Haider Naqvi

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 076199629X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 276

View: 850

Development economics has traditionally been looked down upon by neo-classical economic theorists. In this important book, Professor Naqvi sets the record straight and maintains that development economics is actually a new paradigm, rich in predictive power and empirical content, which is both wider and deeper than mainstream economics. He holds that development economics has an innate comparative advantage because it asks relevant questions about the vital problems of human existence--inequity, social injustice, poverty and human deprivation--and offers feasible answers.
Categories: Business & Economics

Developments in Latin American Political Economy

Developments in Latin American Political Economy

Observers such as CEPAL continued to stress the need for Latin America to increase its savings rate , thereby reducing its dependence on foreign capital flows . They also pointed to the dangers of excessive deregulation , which led to a ...

Author: J. Buxton

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 0719054591

Category: Political Science

Page: 260

View: 809

The first part of the volume addresses the changing nature and interaction of the state and the market in Latin American countries, as well as the principal challenges of consolidating political and economic reform in a period of profound change. The second part of the book examines a variety of traditional and non-traditional political roles, ranging from the military to women, and from the environmental lobby to human rights. It explores the ways in which the changing composition of the political debate is shaping the political arena. Forward looking in its approach, to volume provides readers with an indication of factors which will be of key significance in the immediate future, the tensions which have yet to be resolved and the prospects ahead.
Categories: Political Science

Liberalization Financial Instability and Economic Development

Liberalization  Financial Instability and Economic Development

The crisis brought to an end the expansion of markets in the North, the boom in commodity prices and capital flows to ... First, starting with China, the East Asian surplus economies need to reduce their dependence on markets in AEs by ...

Author: Yılmaz Akyüz

Publisher: Anthem Press

ISBN: 9781783082407

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 338

View: 668

Weighing up the costs and benefits of economic interdependence in a finance-driven world, this book argues that globalization, understood and promoted as absolute freedom for all forms of capital, has been oversold to the Global South, and that the South should be as selective about globalization as the North. ‘Liberalization, Financial Instability and Economic Development’ challenges the orthodoxy on the link between financial deepening and economic growth, as well as that between the efficiency of financial markets and the benefits of liberalization. Ultimately, the author urges developing countries to control capital flows and asset bubbles, preventing financial fragility and crises, and recommends regional policy options for managing capital flows and exchange rates.
Categories: Business & Economics

United States Latin American Relations

United States Latin American Relations

Several Latin American coun10 tries now heavily dependent upon petroleum imports could reduce their import bill substantially by developing their own petroleum resources . A number of countries are seeking to become relatively self ...

Author: University of Oregon. Institute of International Studies and Overseas Administration


ISBN: UTEXAS:059173024233857

Category: Latin America

Page: 140

View: 772

Categories: Latin America