This pioneering study charts the one-way traffic of cultural and historical objects during five centuries of European colonialism. Former colonies consider this as a historical injustice that has not been undone.
Author: Jos van Beurden
This pioneering study charts the one-way traffic of cultural and historical objects during five centuries of European colonialism. It presents abundant examples of disappeared colonial objects and systematizes these into war booty, confiscations by missionaries and contestable acquisitions by private persons and other categories. Former colonies consider this as a historical injustice that has not been undone. Former colonial powers have kept most of the objects in their custody. In the 1970s the Netherlands and Belgium returned objects to their former colonies Indonesia and DR Congo; but their number was considerably smaller than what had been asked for. Nigeria's requests for the return of some Benin objects, confiscated by British soldiers in 1897, are rejected. As there is no consensus on how to deal with colonial objects, disputes about other categories of contestable objects are analyzed. For Nazi-looted artworks the 1998 Washington Conference Principles have been widely accepted. Although non-binding, they promote fair and just solutions and help people to reclaim art works that they lost involuntarily. To promote solutions for colonial objects, nine Principles for Dealing with Colonial Cultural and Historical Objects are presented, based on the Washington Conference Principles. The nine are part of a model to facilitate mediation in disputes about them. This model can help to break the impasse in negotiations between former colonizers and colonies. Europe, the former colonizers, should do more pro-active provenance research into the acquisitions from the colonial era, both in public institutions and private collections. "This is a very commendable treatise which has painstakingly and with detachment explored the emotive issue of the return of cultural objects removed in colonial times to the metropolis. He has looked at the issues from every continent with clarity and perspicuity." Prof. Folarin Shyllon (University of Ibadan) "Momumentaal werk van hoge kwaliteit. Het hoofdstuk over Congo is bijzonder goed gedocumenteerd en leerrijk" Dr. Guido Gryseels (Director-General of the Royal Museum for Central Africa in Tervuren) CLUES is an international scientific series covering research in the field of culture, history and heritage which have been written by, or were performed under the supervision of members of the research institute CLUE+.
Gold and silver treasures , secret records , and sacred genealogical tablets of the
Empire were taken . ... such legislative , administrative , or • Jos van Beurden , Treasures in Trusted Hands : Negotiating the Future of Colonial Cultural Objects
Author: Francesco Francioni
Publisher: Oxford University Press
This Handbook provides a cutting edge study of the fast developing field of international law on the protection of cultural heritage by taking stock of the recent developments and of the core concepts and current challenges. The legal protection of cultural heritage has come under renewed focus from the international community and states since the 1990s. This is evidenced by the adoption of a range of international instruments. Countries are also enacting cultural heritage legislation or overhauling existing laws within their own national territory. Contributions address the protection of immovable and movable, tangible and intangible cultural heritage in peacetime and in the event of armed conflict as well as the interaction between specific regimes of cultural heritage protection with other fields of international law, including international criminal law, human rights and humanitarian law, environmental law, international trade, investments, and intellectual property. The last part of the Handbook covers diverse regional systems of heritage protection.
130 Jos van Beurden, “Treasures in Trusted Hands: 112 113 114 115 116 117
118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 Dutch-Indonesian Cooperation
Changed Remarkably Little after Diplomatic Rupture (Amsterdam: Het Spinhuis,
Author: Cynthia Scott
Cultural Diplomacy and the Heritage of Empire analyzes the history of the negotiations that led to the atypical return of colonial-era cultural property from the Netherlands to Indonesia in the 1970s. By doing so, the book shows that competing visions of post-colonial redress were contested throughout the era of post-World War II decolonization. Considering the danger this precedent posed to other countries, the book looks beyond the Dutch-Indonesian case to the “Elgin (Parthenon) Marbles” and “Benin Bronzes” controversies, as well as recent developments relating to returns in France and the Netherlands. Setting aside the “universalism versus nationalism” debate, Scott asserts that the deeper meaning of post-colonial cultural property disputes in European history has more to do with how officials of former colonial powers negotiated decolonization, while also creating contemporary understandings of their nations’ pasts. As a whole, the book expands the field of cultural restitution studies and offers a more nuanced understanding of the connections drawn between postcolonial national identity making and the extension of cultural diplomacy. Cultural Diplomacy and the Heritage of Empire offers a new perspective on the international influence of the UNGA and UNESCO on the return debate. As such, the book will be of interest to scholars, students and practitioners engaged in the study of cultural property diplomacy and law, museum and heritage studies, modern European history, post-colonial studies and historical anthropology.
Author: Robert Louis StevensonPublish On: 1993-04-19
And they made me sit down at table beside them, poured me out a glass of wine,
filled my hands with raisins, and all three, one after the other, and each with a
bow, drank my good ... “I did think I could have trusted Hands,” added the captain.
Author: Robert Louis Stevenson
Publisher: Courier Corporation
While going through the possessions of a deceased guest who owed them money, the mistress of the inn and her son find a treasure map that leads them to a pirate's fortune.
And when I think how the charity from which they sprang went out into the
desolate places of war; how it poured its treasures into kindly and trusted hands,
that they might minister to the higher needs of our crushed and helpless kindred; I
... get a line ashore from a yard arm , and hoist out the treasure . Then the pirates
would have set trusted hands to burying it right there , " bumped off ” the trusted hands and sailed away , leaving no trace of their visit . We figured that there were
Their ful though his step might be , could not be trusted . hands and their knives
were preferable to spades . ... bottom , where any other country the labor could
have been done in the wheels were put on again , and the treasures retwo hours
She trusted God and knew that he could do the impossible. ... There was a hand-
made fort with a chain drawbridge and painted metal soldiers, a well-worn copy
of his favorite book, there were jigsaw puzzles — all had pieces missing no doubt
Author: Great Britain. Parliament. House of LordsPublish On: 1922
... but presumautumn of last year the Patriarch again ably it was something in the
way of allowasked leave to make an appeal , not in ing the treasures of the
Church to be placed conjunction with the appeal which Maxim in trusted hands ,
Give me your hand : trust me you look well . Shakspeare . 3. To admit in ...
Dryden , Ind . Emp . These prodigious treasures , which flowed in to him , he
buried under ground by the hands of his most trusty slaves . Addison . 2. Strong ;
Give me your hand : trust me you look well . Shakspcare . 3 . To admit in ...
Dryden , Ind . Emp . These prodigious treasures , which flowed in to him , he
buried under ground by the hands of his most trusty slaves . Addison . 2 . Strong ;
Author: N. Thomas Johnson-MedlandPublish On: 2013-11-19
Introduction from Rantha and Reken[?] my parents had sent thither by the hand
oftheir treasures, who in their truth could be trusted therewith. And because I
remembered not its fashion,— for in my childhood I had left it in my father's house
Author: N. Thomas Johnson-Medland
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
Category: Literary Criticism
Duende is that place in us where the two halves of our life are conjoined. It is the place where we go down into the self and gather up that opposing force to our immediate nature. It involves the undoing of the 'pretending-everything-is-okay-mechanism' in us and it is an overall waking up to the forces of conflict in life and actually mustering a strength to make abiding choices. Many throughout time have likened this awaking process to dreams and forgetfulness and because of that it seeks to reveal itself in shadows and reflections. These are poems and images that evoke and provoke a sense of DUENDE.
Looking to the future, Job anticipates, “You will long for the creature your hands
have made” (14:15). Despite his intense suffering and the confusion it brought
him, Job trusted God's motives toward him. His trust finds an echo in Paul's ...
Author: Hugh Ross
Publisher: Baker Books
Arguably the oldest book in the Bible, the book of Job has a surprising amount to say about some of the newest scientific discoveries and controversies. Far from a book that is just about suffering, Job is filled with rich insight into both ancient and modern questions about the formation of the world the difference between animals and humans cosmology dinosaurs and the fossil record how to care for creation and more With careful consideration and exegesis, internationally known astrophysicist and Christian apologist Hugh Ross adds yet another compelling argument to the case for the veracity of the biblical commentary on the history of the universe, Earth, life, and humanity. Hidden Treasures in the Book of Job shows that the Bible is an accurate predictor of scientific discoveries and a trustworthy source of scientific information, and that both the book of Scripture and the book of nature are consistent both internally and externally.
Author: Great Britain. Parliament. House of LordsPublish On: 1922
I do not know in detail what the intention of the Church was, but presumably it
was something in the way of allowing the treasures of the Church to be placed in trusted hands, who would see that there was no danger of their use for
Author: Alexey Vasilyevich TrekhlebovPublish On: 2014-03-11
(world of white chamber, where the general plan of humanity'ascent is being
done) my parents had sent thitherby the hand oftheir treasures(servantspirits of
Slav world), who in their truth could be trusted therewith. And because I
Author: Alexey Vasilyevich Trekhlebov
Dear reader, if you are holding in your hands the book “Legends of the Phoenix” by A.V.Trehlebov, then in just a moment a magnificent journey awaits you filled with fascinating knowledge about the hidden history of our world and some of the most fascinating societal processes to ever occur. If you have already read a few dozen books on the subject but are still asking yourself the questions "Who am i?" "What is my purpose here?" or "Why do we die?" then this book will become a treasure within your library. If you are still searching for the answers to the age old questions of the origins of life on earth, the origins and evolution of our modern civilization, the origins of different races, the true history of the people on earth, our spiritual growth as humans, or the universal laws of the universe, then this book has come to you at the right time. Through years of scientific study, this non-fiction tractate is written in a simple yet fascinating manner and is suitable for all readers. The phoenix, as in the title of the book, is an ancient Russian symbol symbolizing the rebirth of Russia and the Slavic people. From folk tales it is written that these birds rise from their ashes, are then reborn in a magical flame and appear in a purer form. Since history has always been written by, and for the benefit of the current rulers, disregarding any previous facts or knowledge, we use the experience and heritage of our ancestors which have been laid out in the "Legends of the Phoenix." “Legends of the Phoenix” is devoted to the revival of the ancient, million year old culture and heritage of the Slavic people. The information in this book has deep roots from the Slavic Vedas dating back hundreds of thousands of years with knowledge not yet fully discovered by our modern civilization. Consisting of two parts, the first part “Origin of the Slavic-Aryans” discusses the root origins of the Slavic people, the ancient texts and archaeological monuments, the eon old Slavic ancestry, our beliefs, morals, commandments, and the answers to the mysterious wise tales of the Slavs. The second part called "The Path to Light" discusses the connection and meaning of the Slavic and Hindu Vedas, the stages of the ancient Slavic spiritual belief "Rodoveriye", the meaning of spiritual development, the paths and goals of our ancient societies, the wisdom behind each stage of life and how to get ready for and create virtuous offspring, the nature of divine and demonic entities and their purpose, the importance of understanding your inner self and past lives, the structure of all our energy bodies, the origins of the Vedas, what it means to have a non-dualistic view of the universe, and the secrets of the Golden Path.
Anos 1 . ry beard † clipt ' : upon all the hands shall be that trusted in her treasures
, f saying , who shallor Thy ulicy cuttings , and upon the loyns fackcloth . come
unto me ? 38 There shall be lamentation generally upon 5 Behold , I will bring a ...
In Matthew 16:21-23 Jesus gives us an example of how Satan can use a trusted
friend, in this case the Apostle Peter, ... learn mountains of information through hands-on experiences, interviewing firsthand accounts from those who walked
Author: Donna M. Trickett
Publisher: Xlibris Corporation
Category: Family & Relationships
Treasures from the Wreckage is a must read for anyone who lost a loved one. This three-part book contains a heart-felt story of the death of Donna M. Trickett’s daughter, Kimberly, her hospitalization for two months, and the ensuing trials and triumphs that were born from the disaster. In Donna’s desire to share the treasures she discovered in her journey, she has added a summary chapter of exactly what gems she extracted from her tragedy and a Study Guide chapter to help the reader find their own treasures from their wreckage.
His treasures , he trusted that false brother would never enjoy . For they ... Yet his
counsellors had warned him , that Pedro was , indeed , a shameless tyrant , who
having stained his hands with the blood of his nobles , and brethren , had even ...
In the middle is a waterfall of precious gems , not small about two feet or more in
height and about eighteen inches wide . ... He was the Tzar who set his
government right and then left it in the trusted hands of his leaders , while he
himself left to ...
... incu heath in the wilderness . the hand of Nebuchalrezzar icing ofBaly 7 7 For
because thou halt trusted in lon , and intothe hand of his fervants , and thy works
and in thy treasures , thou shalt afterwards it shall be inhabited , as in the allo be