The Truman Court

The Truman Court

Harry S. Truman, Memoirs, vol. 2, Years of Trial and Hope, 1946–1952 (Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1956), 476. 13. Marcus, Truman and the Steel Seizure Case, 214. 14. Frances Howell Rudko, Truman's Court: A Study in Judicial Restraint ...

Author: Rawn James

Publisher: University of Missouri Press

ISBN: 9780826274564

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 264

Perhaps the most overlooked aspect of Harry S. Truman’s presidency is his judicial legacy, with even the finest of Truman biographies neglecting to consider the influence he had on the Supreme Court. Yet, as Rawn James lays out in engaging detail, president Harry Truman successfully molded the high court into a judicial body that appeared to actively support his administration’s political agenda. In rulings that sparked controversy in their own time, the Supreme Court repeatedly upheld Truman’s most contentious policies, including actions to restrict free speech, expand civil rights, and manage labor union unrest. The Truman Court: Law and the Limits of Loyalty argues that the years between FDR’s death in 1945 and Chief Justice Earl Warren’s confirmation in 1953—the dawn of the Cold War—were, contrary to widespread belief, important years in Supreme Court history. Never before or since has a president so quickly and completely changed the ideological and temperamental composition of the Court. With remarkable swiftness and certainty, Truman constructed a Court on which he relied to lend constitutional credence to his political agenda.
Categories: History

Truman s Court

Truman s Court

I had the practice of sending Mr. Truman three names whenever a vacancy occurred . . . . I would usually select ... For example , on the first vacancy which happened on the Supreme Court , one of my three candidates was Harold Burton .

Author: Frances Howell Rudko

Publisher: Praeger

ISBN: UCAL:B4437526

Category: Law

Page: 200

View: 478

A concise, well-written examination by a lawyer-historian of the judicial restraint philosophies of President Truman's four appointees to the Supreme Court: Harold Burton, Fred Vinson, Tom Clark, and Sherman Minton. Rudko's analysis of the four men's opinions in criminal procedure, loyalty-security, racial discrimination, and alien rights cases show that Truman was far more successful than most presidents in choosing justices whose view of the judicial role matched his own. Choice Much of the debate surrounding the Supreme Court can be traced to the notion that the Court is primarily a political rather than a judicial institution. When the Court is viewed from an ideological standpoint, it becomes tempting, for example, to equate judicial restraint with conservatism, and activism with a liberal political perspective. In her study of the Truman Court, Rudko demonstrates the fallacy of the political approach. Focusing of the record of President Truman's four liberal appointees, she looks at the judicial philosophy underlying important decisions involving the rights of individuals and shows how judicial issues--especially the balance between restraint and activism--have determined the decision-making process.
Categories: Law

The Presidency of Harry S Truman

The Presidency of Harry S  Truman

Resolutions for Truman's impeachment were introduced in the House , and attempts were made in the Senate to restrict the use of federal funds for operating the steel mills . Most significant , court suits were initiated to resolve the ...

Author: Donald R. McCoy

Publisher: American Presidency (University of K

ISBN: STANFORD:36105002655418

Category: History

Page: 410

View: 638

In this volume in the American Presidency Series, McCoy recounts and evaluates the record of the Truman Administration and identifies its distinctiveness and relations to the past, its own time, and the future. Focusing on the problems that faced the United States between 1945-1953, he explains how Truman's vigor in championing civil rights, health, labor, education, and natural resource policies brought him immense unpopularity, and how, despite this, Truman triumphed in 1948, winning bipartisan support for his foreign and military policies. The author depicts Truman as an honest, hard-working, capable and complex man, and describes his relationships with his staff, Congress, foreign representatives, the judiciary, political parties, the press, the public, and influential private citizens. ISBN 0-7006-0252-6 : $25.00.
Categories: History

The Supreme Court

The Supreme Court

In spite of the fact that Truman had appointed four of the justices , the Court demurred to the steel company seizure , in Youngstown Sheet and Tube Company v . Sawyer ( 1952 ) . The first blow to Truman's action came when the Court ...

Author: Peter Charles Hoffer

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015074056055

Category: Law

Page: 491

View: 221

A definitive history of the U.S. Supreme Court details the evolution of the legal institution from the early days of the American Republic to the present day, offering profiles of the justices, the Court's years under each Chief Justice, its influence on American life, and the issues, cases, and decisions they handled from the perspective of the time in which they came before the Court.
Categories: Law

Supreme Court General Term First

Supreme Court General Term First

Deponent denies that he stated to James C. Truman or to any one “ that Burrows had sworn that Dickinson bad induced him to sign an important contract without knowing its contents , but that such 262 a claim coming from a lawyer like ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: LLMC:NYAKDXVSZ90K

Category:

Page:

View: 267

Categories:

Eleanor and Harry

Eleanor and Harry

The Correspondence of Eleanor Roosevelt and Harry S. Truman Eleanor Roosevelt, Harry S. Truman Steve Neal ... to consider making history by nominating Frances Allen, then a federal judge, for the Supreme Court, he demurred. Truman con- ...

Author: Eleanor Roosevelt

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 9780743202435

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 322

View: 768

Previously unpublished correspondence between Harry S. Truman and Eleanor Roosevelt offers insight into their sometimes turbulent friendship as it occurred against a backdrop of the Cold War and the rebuilding of postwar Europe.
Categories: Biography & Autobiography

Supreme Court Justice Tom C Clark

Supreme Court Justice Tom C  Clark

23. Clark, “Reminiscences ofan Attorney General,” 62. 24. Marcus, Truman and the Steel Case, 220. 25. Quoted in FrancesHowell Rudko, Truman's Court: AStudy in Judicial Restraint, 104. 26. Tom Clark, interview by Hess, 220–221, 217–218.

Author: Mimi Clark Gronlund

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 9780292779143

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 352

View: 518

An associate justice on the renowned Warren Court whose landmark ruling in Brown v. Board of Education overturned racial segregation in schools and other public facilities, Tom C. Clark was a crusader for justice throughout his long legal career. Among many tributes Clark received, Supreme Court Chief Justice Warren Burger opined that "no man in the past thirty years has contributed more to the improvement of justice than Tom Clark." Supreme Court Justice Tom C. Clark is the first biography of this important American jurist. Written by his daughter, Mimi Clark Gronlund, and based on interviews with many of Clark's judicial associates, friends, and family, as well as archival research, it offers a well-rounded portrait of a lawyer and judge who dealt with issues that remain in contention today—civil rights, the rights of the accused, school prayer, and censorship/pornography, among them. Gronlund explores the factors in her father's upbringing and education that helped form his judicial philosophy, then describes how that philosophy shaped his decisions on key issues and cases, including the internment of Japanese Americans during World War II, the investigation of war fraud, the Truman administration's loyalty program (an anti-communist effort), the Brown decision, Mapp v. Ohio (protections against unreasonable search and seizure), and Abington v. Schempp (which overturned a state law that required reading from the Bible each day in public schools).
Categories: Biography & Autobiography

Historical Materials in the Harry S Truman Library

Historical Materials in the Harry S  Truman Library

It includes the office files of individual members of Truman's White House staff and files maintained by White ... NSC – Meetings Supreme Court Trip File Truman ( Mary Jane ) File Truman Library Foundation File White House File The ...

Author: Harry S. Truman Library

Publisher:

ISBN: NWU:35556010876563

Category: United States

Page: 65

View: 954

Categories: United States

Harry S Truman and the News Media

Harry S  Truman and the News Media

69 Later , the perceived challenge to the freedom of the press by presidential action found resolution indirectly in the courts . On June 2 , 1952 , the United States Supreme Court , in a 6 to 3 decision in Youngstown Sheet and Tube v .

Author: Franklin D. Mitchell

Publisher: University of Missouri Press

ISBN: 0826211801

Category: History

Page: 312

View: 932

Based upon extensive research in the papers of President Harry S. Truman and in several journalistic collections, Harry S. Truman and the News Media recounts the story of a once unpopular chief executive who overcame the censure of the news media to ultimately win both the public's and the press's affirmation of his personal and presidential greatness. Franklin D. Mitchell traces the major contours of journalism during the lifetime and presidency of Truman. Although newspapers and newsmagazines are given the most emphasis, reporters and columnists of the Washington news corps also figure prominently for their role in the president's news conferences and their continuing coverage of Truman and his family. Broadcast journalism's expanding coverage of the president is also explored through chapters dealing with radio and television. President Truman's advocacy of a liberal Fair Deal for all Americans and a prudent and visible role for the nation in world affairs drew fire from the anti-administration news media, particularly the publishing empire of William Randolph Hearst, the McCormick-Patterson newspapers, the Scripps-Howard chain, and the Time-Life newsmagazines of Henry R. Luce. Despite press opposition and the almost universal prediction of defeat in the 1948 election, Truman was victorious in the greatest miscalled presidential election in journalistic history. During his full term, Truman's relations with the news media became contentious over such matters as national security in the Cold War, the conduct of the Korean War, and the continuing charges of communism and corruption in the administration. Although Truman's career in politics was based on honesty and the welfare of the people, his early political alliance with Thomas Pendergast, Kansas City's notorious political boss, provided the opportunity for a portion of the press to charge Truman with subservience to Pendergast's own agenda of corrupt government. The history and the dynamics of the Truman presidency and the American news media, combined with biographical and institutional sketches of key individuals and news organizations, make Harry S. Truman and the News Media a captivating and original investigation of an American president. Well written and researched, this book will be of great value to Truman scholars, journalists, and anyone interested in American history or presidential studies.
Categories: History

Harry S Truman

Harry S Truman

Moreover, the speech won Barkley the vice presidential nomination. Truman's first choice had been the liberal Supreme Court Justice William O. Douglas, but Douglas opted to stay on the Court with its lifetime appointment.

Author: E Ray Canterbery

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789814541855

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 212

View: 252

Harry S Truman is best remembered as the President who witnessed the swift arrival of the Cold War in the tumultuous years after World War Two. Little however has been written to show that he was also the populist President who set the political economic course for the United States to win it merely 40 years later. In this timely biography, E Ray Canterbery captures the spirit of the man, who first and foremost, was a politician who crafted political progams such as the Fair Deal program, full-employment program, New Deal program, reconversion, stabilization, and agriculture progams through the lens of progressiveness. He focuses on Truman's populist economics by charting Truman's early years, the makings of his populist character, his beginnings in Washington, Communism and the Truman Doctrine, the campaign of 1948, the Marshall Plan, the firing of General MacArthur, and the Korean War. While the economic aspects of his term were fundamentally that of war and peace, Canterbery analyses in great depth Truman's economic policies and instruments, such as the Employment Act of 1946 and the President's Council of Economic Advisers (CEA) — results of Truman's presidency that other authors of books on Truman have largely ignored. Harry S Truman: The Economics of a Populist President shows how Truman should be remembered: As a progressive politician whose populist policies rank him among the “near great” Presidents in the tradition of William Jennings Bryan, Theodore Roosevelt, and Woodrow Wilson. Contents:IntroductionThe Early YearsThe Political Making of a PopulistMr Truman Goes to WashingtonThe Economics of War and PeaceThe Employment Act of 1946 and the President's Council of Economic AdvisersCommunism and the Truman DoctrineThe Populist Campaign of 1948The Marshall PlanTruman's Defining Test: The Korean WarAfterward Readership: Economic historians, researchers, students and members of the public who are interested in American history and the early origins of the Cold War. Keywords:Harry S Truman;Bessie Wallace (Mrs Truman);the Whistle-Stop Campaign;President's Council of Econmics Advisers (CEA);Employment Act of 1946;Progressive populist;Progressivism;McCarthyism;War and peace;Democrats;Republicans;Keynesian economics;Communism;Iron Curtain;Stalin;New Deal;Truman Doctrine;Marshall Plan;Korean Warl Cold War;George C Marshall;Dwight D Eisenhower;Gerhard Colm;World War One;World War Two;Great Depression;Roaring TwentiesKey Features:Devotes much attention and detail to the economic aspects of Truman during his time in OfficeTruman's lasting legacy was that of his populism and his ability to connect with the common American man; this is explained in detail in this bookThis book will show how political economic strategies early on in the Cold War helped the United States eventually win it by the 1990s; it will show how Truman led the way in laying a good foundation for America's Cold Warrior stance
Categories: Business & Economics