Underground Infrastructures

Underground Infrastructures

The book has 15 chapters covering various usage of underground space. There are about 135 figures and tables. The book contains about 20 case histories/examples.

Author: R K Goel

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 9780123977670

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 352

View: 998

Underground facilities, such as tunnels, sewer, water and gas networks form the backbone of the economic life of the modern city. In densely populated areas where the demands for transportation and services are rapidly increasing and the construction of new roads and railways are prohibited, the construction of a tunnel might be the only alternative. Brief and readable, this reference is based on a combined 75 years of field experience and places emphasis is on simple practical rules for designing and planning, underground infrastructures. The books’ begins with a clear and rigorous exposition of the classification of underground space, important considerations such as geological and engineering and underground planning. This is followed by self-contained chapters concerning applications for underground water storage, underground car parks, underground metros & road tunnels and underground storage of crude oil, lpg and natural gas. The book has 15 chapters covering various usage of underground space. There are about 135 figures and tables. The book contains about 20 case histories/examples. One of the first book to address all of the major areas in which this technology is used, this book deals with major topics such as: hydroelectric projects with modern planning of complex underground structures; underground storages of food items, crude oil and explosives and highly cautious underground nuclear waste repositories. Rail and road tunnels and TBM are described briefly. Risk management in underground infrastructures is of vital importance. Civil Engineers, Mining Engineers, and Geotechnical Engineers will find this book a valuable guide to designing and planning underground infrastructures both in terms of its applications. Risk management method for underground infrastructures Vital tips for the underground storage of food, water, crude oil, natural gas and munitions Provides design tips for Underground Parking Facilities Instruction for the designing planning and construction for underground Metros and road tunnels Planning and design of underground nuclear waste repositories Clearly explains the benefits and drawbacks of underground facilities Quick guide to the various modern mechanical underground parking options Explanation of construction planning and Risk management Places expert advice for planning and constructing projects at the finger tips
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Underground Infrastructure of Urban Areas 4

Underground Infrastructure of Urban Areas 4

The book collects contributions from several countries, presenting current scientific and technical issues associated with this area of the building industry.

Author: Cezary Madryas

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781351363099

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 224

View: 356

Underground infrastructure undoubtedly constitutes one of the most important engineering equipments of urbanized areas. It includes energy distribution, communications and water, carry away sewage, transportation systems of goods and people, storage facilities of articles, liquids and gases, and commercial, recreational and research activities and other functions. Underground Infrastructure of Urban Areas 4 is dedicated to the research, design, implementation and maintenance of infrastructure systems, as well as communication tunnels and building structures (garages, tanks, etc.) in urbanized areas. The book collects contributions from several countries, presenting current scientific and technical issues associated with this area of the building industry. Both theoretical issues and cases studies on the design, execution and testing of underground infrastructures at expertise and scientific levels are included in the book. Presenting the state-of-the-art in underground infrastructure of urbanized areas, Underground Infrastructure of Urban Areas 4 aims at academics, designers and builders of structures, producers and suppliers of building materials, equipment, and underground structures, and also to those managing and maintaining these structures.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Underground Infrastructure of Urban Areas 2

Underground Infrastructure of Urban Areas 2

The book collects contributions from eight countries, presenting current scientific and technical issues associated with this area of the building industry.

Author: Cezary Madryas

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0415683947

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 319

View: 136

An easily accessible guide to scientific information, Hazardous Chemicals: Safety Management and Global Regulations covers proper management, precautions, and related global regulations on the safety management of chemical substances. The book helps workers and safety personnel prevent and minimize the consequences of catastrophic releases of toxic, reactive, flammable, or explosive chemical substances, which often result in toxic or explosive hazards. It also details safety measures for transportation of chemical substances by different routes, such as by road, rail, air, and sea. Discusses different aspects of potentially toxic and hazardous chemicals in simple and comprehensive language Provides toxicity and health effects of chemicals in simple, nontechnical language Covers scientific information on hazardous and potentially dangerous chemical substances at workplaces Offers fundamental knowledge about the biological and health effects of hazardous and potentially toxic chemicals in a comprehensive way Includes recent developments on safety management of hazardous and potentially toxic chemicals and related global regulations The author discusses the importance of knowledge in avoiding negligence during the use and handling of hazardous chemical substances. He stresses the importance of proper management and judicious application of each chemical substance irrespective of the workplace and eventually shows how safety and protection of the user, workplace, and the living environment can be achieved.
Categories: Business & Economics

Underground Infrastructure of Urban Areas 3

Underground Infrastructure of Urban Areas 3

Underground infrastructure undoubtedly constitutes one of the most important engineering components of urbanized areas.

Author: Cezary Madryas

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781315722955

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 336

View: 812

Underground infrastructure undoubtedly constitutes one of the most important engineering components of urbanized areas. Such infrastructure includes energy distribution, communications and water, carry away sewage, elements of transportation systems of goods and people, storage facilities of articles, liquids and gases, as well as commercial, recre
Categories: Technology & Engineering

How to Solve the Nation s Infrastructure Problem

How to Solve the Nation s Infrastructure Problem

In other words , in the 11 southern California counties , the members of the
Engineering Contractors Association build and repair most of the underground
infrastructure and much of the street infrastructure . As a result , the problem of
the ...

Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Public Works and Transportation

Publisher:

ISBN: LOC:00183654299

Category: Government lending

Page: 2122

View: 436

Categories: Government lending

An Asset Management Approach for Drainage Infrastructure and Culverts

An Asset Management Approach for Drainage Infrastructure and Culverts

As the philosophical saying , “ out of sight is out of mind , ” there has been more
attention and maintenance work for above - ground infrastructure , while the
underground infrastructure is failing due to lack of maintenance and proper asset
 ...

Author: Mohammad Najafi

Publisher:

ISBN: NWU:35556038769931

Category: Culverts

Page: 271

View: 419

Drainage infrastructure systems (culvert, storm sewer, outfall and related drainage elements) are mostly buried underground and are in need of special attention in terms of proactive/preventive asset management strategy. Drainage infrastructure systems represent an integral portion of roadway assets that routinely require inspection, maintenance, repair and renewal. Further challenges are the wide geospatial distribution of these infrastructure assets and environmental exposure. There has been considerable research conducted on culverts, but mostly looked at the problem from a traditional structural/geotechnical perspective. Asset management procedures for culverts and drainage infrastructure systems are complex issues, and can benefit a great deal from an optimal asset management program that draws from programs pertaining to buried pipes. The first and most important step in an asset management initiative is the establishment of mechanism for asset inventory and asset conditions in a format compatible with the routine procedures of field operators and inspectors. The first objective of this research project was to develop field protocols and operational business rules for inventory data collection and management and inspection of drainage infrastructures in terms of types of data to be collected, frequency of inspection, and analysis and reporting mechanisms. After review of these protocols by the project oversight committee, a pilot study was conducted to verify efficiency of their implementation. The condition assessment protocol introduced is useful in evaluating the overall condition of culverts and can be used for decision making regarding the repair, renewal or replacement of culverts. For the second objective of this project, investigators examined the inventory and inspection protocols employed by Ohio Department of Transportation (ODOT) and developed a decision support platform, which establishes a link between the inspection results and appropriate repair, renewal and replacement procedures. After applying the recommended procedures, the transportation agencies can better track the conditions of culverts thereby reducing the risks of culvert failures.
Categories: Culverts

Urban Transport X

Urban Transport X

infrastructures instability was a major cause of accidents . At another side ,
underground infrastructures instability can be a direct or indirect consequence of
many other accidents that may happen during realization and using phases .

Author: C. A. Brebbia

Publisher: Wit Pr/Computational Mechanics

ISBN: NWU:35556038334926

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 917

View: 743

Annotation The growing need for better urban transport systems and a healthier environment has led to ever increasing levels of research. This is reflected in Urban Transport X which features over 85 papers first presented at the latest conference in this successful and well-established series. The contributions focus on areas such as: Integrated Transport and Land Use: Energy Systems: Transport Control and Safety: Environmental Impact: and Traffic Pricing.
Categories: Business & Economics

Underground Infrastructure Research

Underground Infrastructure Research

A collection of papers from the international symposium "Underground Infrastructure Research: Municipal, Industrial and Environmental Applications 2001".

Author: M. Knight

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781000099560

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 436

View: 196

A collection of papers from the international symposium "Underground Infrastructure Research: Municipal, Industrial and Environmental Applications 2001". It explores materials for buried pipelines, pipeline construction techniques and condition assessment methods, and more.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Modelling for Transportation Systems Planning

Modelling for Transportation Systems Planning

The nature of typical spatial implementation depends strongly of the type of
infrastructure . Basically , we can distinguish ( fully ) underground infrastructures ,
infrastructures at surface level or elevated infrastructures . In designing
underground ...

Author: Piet H. L. Bovy

Publisher: Delft University Press

ISBN: NWU:35556034582312

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 318

View: 853

Categories: Technology & Engineering

Innovation Steps Towards Efficient Goods Distribution Systems for Urban Areas

Innovation Steps Towards Efficient Goods Distribution Systems for Urban Areas

both be used on surface ( traditional infrastructure ) as at the underground links (
see for example Borkens , 1997 ; Yamada et al . , ( 1995 ) . Table 25-1 :
Comparison of surface and underground operation of vehicles Surface operation
 ...

Author: Arjan van Binsbergen

Publisher: Delft University Press

ISBN: NWU:35556034498915

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 564

View: 917

Categories: Technology & Engineering

Critical Infrastructure Protection Program

Critical Infrastructure Protection Program

He is the former director (1996-99) of the Defense Threat Reduction Agency's
Springfield Research Facility, involved in assessing and protecting critical
underground, infrastructure and mobile systems. Much of his career was spent at
the ...

Author: Alexander Edward Richard Woodcock

Publisher:

ISBN: 0913969036

Category: Bioterrorism

Page: 673

View: 603

Categories: Bioterrorism

Underground Infrastructure Damage for a Chicago Scenario

Underground Infrastructure Damage for a Chicago Scenario

Explosions just above the ground surface can only couple a small fraction of the blast energy into an underground shock. The various forms of nuclear radiation have limited penetration into the ground.

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1065912661

Category:

Page:

View: 239

Estimating effects due to an urban IND (improvised nuclear device) on underground structures and underground utilities is a challenging task. Nuclear effects tests performed at the Nevada Test Site (NTS) during the era of nuclear weapons testing provides much information on how underground military structures respond. Transferring this knowledge to answer questions about the urban civilian environment is needed to help plan responses to IND scenarios. Explosions just above the ground surface can only couple a small fraction of the blast energy into an underground shock. The various forms of nuclear radiation have limited penetration into the ground. While the shock transmitted into the ground carries only a small fraction of the blast energy, peak stresses are generally higher and peak ground displacement is lower than in the air blast. While underground military structures are often designed to resist stresses substantially higher than due to the overlying rocks and soils (overburden), civilian structures such as subways and tunnels would generally only need to resist overburden conditions with a suitable safety factor. Just as we expect the buildings themselves to channel and shield air blast above ground, basements and other underground openings as well as changes of geology will channel and shield the underground shock wave. While a weaker shock is expected in an urban environment, small displacements on very close-by faults, and more likely, soils being displaced past building foundations where utility lines enter could readily damaged or disable these services. Immediately near an explosion, the blast can 'liquefy' a saturated soil creating a quicksand-like condition for a period of time. We extrapolate the nuclear effects experience to a Chicago-based scenario. We consider the TARP (Tunnel and Reservoir Project) and subway system and the underground lifeline (electric, gas, water, etc) system and provide guidance for planning this scenario.
Categories:

Structural Health Monitoring of Civil Infrastructure Systems

Structural Health Monitoring of Civil Infrastructure Systems

Additionally , almost 100 bridges , offshore platforms , tall buildings , spatial
structures , underground infrastructures and pavement have been implemented
with SHM systems in mainland China at present . This chapter summarizes the
state ...

Author: Vistasp M. Karbhari

Publisher: Woodhead Publishing

ISBN: UCSD:31822037481165

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 552

View: 386

Structural health monitoring is an extremely important methodology in evaluating the 'health' of a structure by assessing the level of deterioration and remaining service life of civil infrastructure systems. This book reviews key developments in research, technologies and applications in this area of civil engineering. It discusses ways of obtaining and analysing data, sensor technologies and methods of sensing changes in structural performance characteristics. It also discusses data transmission and the application of both individual technologies and entire systems to bridges and buildings. With its distinguished editors and international team of contributors, Structural health monitoring of civil infrastructure systems is a valuable reference for students in civil and structural engineering programs as well as those studying sensors, data analysis and transmission at universities. It will also be an important source for practicing civil engineers and designers, engineers and researchers developing sensors, network systems and methods of data transmission and analysis, policy makers, inspectors and those responsible for the safety and service life of civil infrastructure. Reviews key developments in research, technologies and applications Discusses systems used to obtain and analyse data and sensor technologies Assesses methods of sensing changes in structural performance
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Proceedings

Proceedings

11 ) Urban life The creation of dedicated infrastructures underground in city
centres relieves congestion and eases the flow of private traffic . In Brussels , the
disappearance of surface public transport on some routes has meant that the
whole ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015045997098

Category: Transportation

Page:

View: 902

Categories: Transportation

Large Diameter Shafts for Underground Infrastructure

Large Diameter Shafts for Underground Infrastructure

Different construction sequences and geological depositions were considered. The lining safety was evaluated by three different methods. The height of the excavation stages was the most influencing parameter.

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1051884582

Category:

Page:

View: 623

Graphical abstract: Highlights: Large diameter shafts built by the sequential excavation method were analysed. Different construction sequences and geological depositions were considered. The lining safety was evaluated by three different methods. The height of the excavation stages was the most influencing parameter. Inclined geological depositions result in different shaft behaviour. Abstract: The technique of large diameter shafts for deep excavations was analysed in terms of its basic construction elements, reported literature cases and design methods. The effects of the construction sequence and the geological deposition on the behaviour of the shaft was analysed using 3D finite element models. Induced stresses and displacements on the soil mass were investigated. Three methods to assess the stability of the shaft lining were presented and employed as a post-processing stage of analysis of the models. The results indicated a major influence of the height of the vertical excavation stages on the shaft behaviour, markedly on the induced settlements. The lining analysis also demonstrated the effects of the vertical excavation stages and how different safety assessment methods can produce significantly different results.
Categories:

Research EU

Research EU

One important part of astrophysics is neutrino astronomy , which requires
sophisticated infrastructure , and which ironically is usually located underground .
Laguna is studying underground infrastructures and engineering at different sites
, and ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: MINN:31951D03160987M

Category: Research

Page:

View: 472

Categories: Research

Project Finance for Construction and Infrastructure

Project Finance for Construction and Infrastructure

The relationship between London Underground and the three infrastructure
companies was based on an output specification of the Underground's
infrastructure needs , defining exactly what had to be done by the three
infrastructure ...

Author: Frederik Pretorius

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 1405151277

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 372

View: 571

This is a self-contained text on the logic and institutions of project finance, supplemented by a series of project finance case studies illustrating applications in different economic environments, across different jurisdictions and at different stages of development. It will introduce an analytical framework drawing on applied institutional economics that includes and concentrates primarily on an analysis of the institutional logic behind generic project finance arrangements. The application of the institutional framework will be demonstrated with project cases from Hong Kong, Thailand, India, Europe and Azerbaijan - each at different stages of development. While each project case will have a general theme and will highlight aspects of interest to built environment professionals, it will primarily be used to illustrate one or more specific PF/PFI principle.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Freight

Freight

Clearly , this will be the case if we want to make use of an underground
distribution system in an urban area without an underground infrastructure
network . The same goes if we want to operate fully automated road vehicles .
Still , in some ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: NWU:35556025451139

Category: Freight and freightage

Page: 111

View: 526

Categories: Freight and freightage

Rem Koolhaas OMA

Rem Koolhaas OMA

At the AA - School of Architecture , Koolhaas had attended the lectures of
Boyarsky on the underground infrastructures of Chicago . And Daniel Libeskind
had published , in the program for 1976-77 of Intermediate Unit 9 at the same AA
 ...

Author: Roberto Gargiani

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105131760857

Category: Architecture, Modern

Page: 343

View: 835

This first critical monograph places the work of Rem Koolhaas and OMA in a cultural context that allows the reader to better understand the creative process of modern architecture, retracing the career of Rem Koolhaas in chronological and thematic order.
Categories: Architecture, Modern

Urban Transport VII

Urban Transport VII

The infra - structural interventions are those provided by the Naples
Transportation Masterplan and consist in the building of new railway
infrastructures ( underground , trams , funiculars ) and of 18 transit interchange
nodes in order to obtain a ...

Author: Lance J. Sucharov

Publisher: Wit Pr/Computational Mechanics

ISBN: NWU:35556033418476

Category: Nature

Page: 767

View: 950

Current research on urban transport and the environment is as important as it is varied, while the issues involved are complex and often inter-related. Containing the proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Urban Transport and the Environment in the 21st Century, this volume addresses the environmentally effective integration of various modes of transport.
Categories: Nature