Unexploded Ordnance Detection and Mitigation

Unexploded Ordnance Detection and Mitigation

The chapters in this volume were presented at the July–August 2008 NATO Advanced Study Institute on Unexploded Ordnance Detection and Mitigation.

Author: James Byrnes

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402092534

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 286

View: 335

The chapters in this volume were presented at the July–August 2008 NATO Advanced Study Institute on Unexploded Ordnance Detection and Mitigation. The conference was held at the beautiful Il Ciocco resort near Lucca, in the glorious Tuscany region of northern Italy. For the ninth time we gathered at this idyllic spot to explore and extend the reciprocity between mathematics and engineering. The dynamic interaction between world-renowned scientists from the usually disparate communities of pure mathematicians and applied scientists which occurred at our eight previous ASI’s continued at this meeting. The detection and neutralization of unexploded ordnance (UXO) has been of major concern for very many decades; at least since the First World war. UXO continues to be the subject of intensive research in many ?elds of science, incl- ing mathematics, signal processing (mainly radar and sonar) and chemistry. While today’s headlines emphasize the mayhem resulting from the placement of imp- vised explosive devices (IEDs), humanitarian landmine clearing continues to draw signi?cant global attention as well. In many countries of the world, landmines threaten the population and hinder reconstruction and fast, ef?cient utilization of large areas of the mined land in the aftermath of military con?icts.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Portable Spectroscopy and Spectrometry Technologies and Instrumentation

Portable Spectroscopy and Spectrometry  Technologies and Instrumentation

Unexploded Ordnance Detection and Mitigation. Dordrecht: Springer. Carter, J.C., Angel, S.M., Lawrence-Snyder, M. et al. (2005). Standoff detection of high explosive materials at 50 meters in ambient light conditions using a small Raman ...

Author: Richard A. Crocombe

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119636366

Category: Science

Page: 608

View: 453

Provides complete and up-to-date coverage of the foundational principles, enabling technologies, and specific instruments of portable spectrometry Portable Spectroscopy and Spectrometry: Volume One is both a timely overview of the miniature technologies used in spectrometry, and an authoritative guide to the specific instruments employed in a wide range of disciplines. This much-needed resource is the first comprehensive work to describe the enabling technologies of portable spectrometry, explain how various handheld and portable instruments work, discuss their potential limitations, and provide clear guidance on optimizing their utility and accuracy in the field. In-depth chapters—written by a team of international authors from a wide range of disciplinary backgrounds—have been carefully reviewed both by the editors and by third-party experts to ensure their quality and completeness. Volume One begins with general discussion of portable spectrometer engineering before moving through the electromagnetic spectrum to cover x-ray fluorescence (XRF), UV-visible, near-infrared, mid-infrared, and Raman spectroscopies. Subsequent chapters examine microplasmas, laser induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS), nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, and a variety of portable mass spectrometry instrument types. Featuring detailed chapters on DNA instrumentation and biological analyzers—topics of intense interest in light of the global coronavirus pandemic—this timely volume: Provides comprehensive coverage of the principles and instruments central to portable spectroscopy Includes contributions by experienced professionals working in instrument companies, universities, research institutes, the military, and hazardous material teams Discusses special topics such as smartphone spectroscopy, optical filter technology, stand-off detection, and MEMS/MOEMS technology Covers elemental spectroscopy, optical molecular spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, and molecular and imaging technologies Portable Spectroscopy and Spectrometry: Volume One is an indispensable resource for developers of portable instruments, civilian and government purchasers and operators, and teachers and students of portable spectroscopy. When combined with Volume Two, which focuses on the multitude of applications of portable instrumentation, Portable Spectroscopy and Spectrometry provides the most thorough coverage of the field currently available.
Categories: Science

High Explosives Propellants Pyrotechnics

High Explosives  Propellants  Pyrotechnics

UXO is the acronym for unexploded ordnance and summarizes all kinds and conditions of unreacted ammunition found. J. Byrne (Ed.), Unexploded Ordnance Detection and Mitigation, Springer, 2009, 286 pp. V Vacuum stability test, ...

Author: Ernst-Christian Koch

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110660593

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 783

View: 280

This dictionary contains 739 entries with about 1400 references to the primary literature. Details on the composition, performance, sensitivity and other pertinent properties of Energetic Materials such as High Explosives, Propellants, Pyrotechnics, as well as important ingredients such as Oxidizers, Fuels, Binders, and Modifiers are given and presented partly in over 180 tables with more than 240 structural formulas . In detail the dictionary gives elaborate descriptions of 460 Chemical Substances 170 Pyrotechnic Compositions 360 High Explosive and Propellant Formulations In addition, the basic physical and thermochemical properties of 435 pure substances (elements & compounds) typically occuring as ingredients or reaction products are given too. 150 Figures, schemes and diagrams explain Applications, Test methods, Scientific facilities, and finally Individuals closely tied with the development and investigation of Energetic Materials. The book is intended for readers with a technical or scientific background, active in governmental agencies, research institutes, trade and industry, concerned with the procurement, development, manufacture, investigation and use of Energetic Materials, such as High Explosives, Propellants, Pyrotechnics, Fireworks and Ammunition. The book serves both as a daily reference for the experienced as well as an introduction for the newcomer to the field.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Operations Research for Military Organizations

Operations Research for Military Organizations

Ground penetrating radar for buried landmine and IED detection. Unexploded Ordnance Detection and Mitigation, 89-111. Deiana, D., & Anitori, L. (2010, June). Detection and classification of landmines using AR modeling of GPR data.

Author: Tozan, Hakan

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781522555148

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 445

View: 972

The study of operations research arose during World War II to enhance the effectiveness of weapons and equipment used on the battlefield. Since then, operations research techniques have also been used to solve several sophisticated and complex defense-related problems. Operations Research for Military Organizations is a critical scholarly resource that examines the issues that have an impact on aspects of contemporary quantitative applications of operations research methods in the military. It also addresses innovative applications, techniques, and methodologies to assist in solving defense and military-related problems. Featuring coverage on a broad range of topics such as combat planning, tactical decision aids, and weapon system simulations, this book is geared towards defense contractors, military consultants, military personnel, policy makers, and government departments seeking current research on defense methodologies.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Robots Operating in Hazardous Environments

Robots Operating in Hazardous Environments

Ground penetrating radar for buried landmine and IED detection. In: Jim Byrnes, editor. Unexploded Ordnance Detection and Mitigation. 1st ed. Dordrecht, The Netherlands. Springer and The NATO Science for Peace and Security Programme; ...

Author: Hüseyin Canbolat

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 9789535136798

Category: Social Science

Page: 140

View: 237

Robots are used in industry, rescue missions, military operations, and subwater missions. Their use in hazardous environments is crucial in terms of occupational safety of workers and the health of rescue and military operations. This book presents several hazardous environment operations and safe operations of robots interacting with people in the context of occupational health and safety.
Categories: Social Science

The Ecology of Animal Senses

The Ecology of Animal Senses

In: Byrnes J (ed) Unexploded ordnance detection and mitigation. Springer, Ciocco, pp 21–59 Deyrup M, Mosley JG (2004) Natural history of the flat bug Aradus glacilicornis in fire-killed pines (Heteroptera: Aradidae).

Author: Gerhard von der Emde

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319254920

Category: Science

Page: 269

View: 435

The collection of chapters in this book present the concept of matched filters: response characteristics “matching” the characteristics of crucially important sensory inputs, which allows detection of vital sensory stimuli while sensory inputs not necessary for the survival of the animal tend to be filtered out, or sacrificed. The individual contributions discuss that the evolution of sensing systems resulted from the necessity to achieve the most efficient sensing of vital information at the lowest possible energetic cost. Matched filters are found in all senses including vision, hearing, olfaction, mechanoreception, electroreception and infrared sensing and different cases will be referred to in detail.
Categories: Science

Data Science Learning by Latent Structures and Knowledge Discovery

Data Science  Learning by Latent Structures  and Knowledge Discovery

Automatic detection of buried utilities and solid objects with gpr using neural networks and pattern recognition. ... In Unexploded Ordnance Detection and Mitigation NATO Science for Peace and Security Series B: Physics and Biophysics ...

Author: Berthold Lausen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783662449837

Category: Mathematics

Page: 560

View: 388

This volume comprises papers dedicated to data science and the extraction of knowledge from many types of data: structural, quantitative, or statistical approaches for the analysis of data; advances in classification, clustering and pattern recognition methods; strategies for modeling complex data and mining large data sets; applications of advanced methods in specific domains of practice. The contributions offer interesting applications to various disciplines such as psychology, biology, medical and health sciences; economics, marketing, banking and finance; engineering; geography and geology; archeology, sociology, educational sciences, linguistics and musicology; library science. The book contains the selected and peer-reviewed papers presented during the European Conference on Data Analysis (ECDA 2013) which was jointly held by the German Classification Society (GfKl) and the French-speaking Classification Society (SFC) in July 2013 at the University of Luxembourg.
Categories: Mathematics

Face Recognition

Face Recognition

Unexploded Ordnance Detection and Mitigation, Springer, pp. 21-22, ISBN 9781402092527. Kakadiaris, I.A.; Passalis, G.; Toderici, G.; Murtuza, M.N.; Lu, Y.; Karampatziakis, N. & Theoharis, T. (2007). Three-Dimensional Face Recognition in ...

Author: Miloš Oravec

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 9789533070605

Category: Computers

Page: 412

View: 573

This book aims to bring together selected recent advances, applications and original results in the area of biometric face recognition. They can be useful for researchers, engineers, graduate and postgraduate students, experts in this area and hopefully also for people interested generally in computer science, security, machine learning and artificial intelligence. Various methods, approaches and algorithms for recognition of human faces are used by authors of the chapters of this book, e.g. PCA, LDA, artificial neural networks, wavelets, curvelets, kernel methods, Gabor filters, active appearance models, 2D and 3D representations, optical correlation, hidden Markov models and others. Also a broad range of problems is covered: feature extraction and dimensionality reduction (chapters 1-4), 2D face recognition from the point of view of full system proposal (chapters 5-10), illumination and pose problems (chapters 11-13), eye movement (chapter 14), 3D face recognition (chapters 15-19) and hardware issues (chapters 19-20).
Categories: Computers

Functional Surfaces in Biology III

Functional Surfaces in Biology III

Volatile compounds detection by IR acousto-optic detectors. In J. Byrnes (Ed.), Unexploded ordnance detection and mitigation (pp. 21–59). Dordrecht: Springer. Deyrup, M., & Mosley, J. G. (2004). Natural history of the flat bug Aradus ...

Author: Stanislav N. Gorb

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319741444

Category: Science

Page: 268

View: 457

This book is devoted to the rapidly growing area of science dealing with structure and properties of biological surfaces in their relation to particular functions. This volume, written by a team of specialists from different disciplines, covers various biological surface functions: sensing, coloration, attachment, drag reduction, moisture harvesting, etc. Because biological surfaces have a virtually endless potential of technological ideas for the development of new materials and systems, inspirations from biology could also be interesting for a broad range of topics in surface engineering. This volume together with two previous volumes “Functional Surfaces in Biology” (vols. 1 & 2 published in 2009) taken together, present a good reference for a novice in the field. The book is intended for use by researchers who are active, or intend to become active, in the field. The appeal of this topic is expected to be broad, ranging from classical biology, biomechanics and physics to such applied fields as materials science and surface engineering.
Categories: Science

Advanced Ultrawideband Radar

Advanced Ultrawideband Radar

“Some Advances in UWB GPR,” Unexploded Ordnance Detection and Mitigation, NATO Science for Peace and Security Series–B: Physics and Biophysics, Jim Byrnes (ed), Springer, Dordrecht, (The Nederland). pp. 223–233.

Author: James D. Taylor

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781466586604

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 476

View: 230

This book presents the latest theory, developments, and applications related to high resolution materials-penetrating sensor systems. An international team of expert researchers explains the problems and solutions for developing new techniques and applications. Subject areas include ultrawideband (UWB) signals propagation and scattering, materials-penetrating radar techniques for small object detection and imaging, biolocation using holographic techniques, tomography, medical applications, nondestructive testing methods, electronic warfare principles, through-the-wall radar propagation effects, and target identification through measuring the target return signal spectrum changes.
Categories: Technology & Engineering