The Verbal Behavior Approach

The Verbal Behavior Approach

Make sure that Verbal Behavior (VB) intensive teaching sessions include lots of opportunities for the child to practice giving verbal responses, instead of relying heavily on the nonverbal operants that hallmark standard Applied ...

Author: Mary Lynch Barbera

Publisher: Jessica Kingsley Publishers

ISBN: 1846426537

Category: Education

Page: 200

View: 555

The Verbal Behavior (VB) approach is a form of Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA), that is based on B.F. Skinner's analysis of verbal behavior and works particularly well with children with minimal or no speech abilities. In this book Dr. Mary Lynch Barbera draws on her own experiences as a Board Certified Behavior Analyst and also as a parent of a child with autism to explain VB and how to use it. This step-by-step guide provides an abundance of information about how to help children develop better language and speaking skills, and also explains how to teach non-vocal children to use sign language. An entire chapter focuses on ways to reduce problem behavior, and there is also useful information on teaching toileting and other important self-help skills, that would benefit any child. This book will enable parents and professionals unfamiliar with the principles of ABA and VB to get started immediately using the Verbal Behavior approach to teach children with autism and related disorders.
Categories: Education

Verbal Behavior

Verbal Behavior

Naturally occurring verbal behavior is often the product of several simultaneously effective stimulus and/or motivative variables, and most such variables typically control more than one form of response. These two forms of multiple ...

Author: B. F. Skinner

Publisher: B. F. Skinner Foundation

ISBN: 9780989983907

Category: Psychology

Page: 1025

View: 891

In 1934, at the age of 30, B. F. Skinner found himself at a dinner sitting next to Professor Alfred North Whitehead. Never one to lose an opportunity to promote behaviorism, Skinner expounded its main tenets to the distinguished philosopher. Whitehead acknowledged that science might account for most of human behavior but he would not include verbal behavior. He ended the discussion with a challenge: "Let me see you," he said, "account for my behavior as I sit here saying, 'No black scorpion is falling upon this table.'" The next morning Skinner began this book. It took him over twenty years to complete. This book extends the laboratory-based principles of selection by consequences to account for what people say, write, gesture, and think. Skinner argues that verbal behavior requires a separate analysis because it does not operate on the environment directly, but rather through the behavior of other people in a verbal community. He illustrates his thesis with examples from literature, the arts, and sciences, as well as from his own verbal behavior and that of his colleagues and children. Perhaps it is because this theoretical work provides a way to approach that most human of human behavior that Skinner ofter called Verbal Behavior his most important work.
Categories: Psychology

Verbal Behavior and Politics

Verbal Behavior and Politics

Much of this communication takes the form of the spoken or written word . Though verbal interchange is indispensable to modern politics , the study of verbal behavior has been neglected . As Benjamin Whorf remarked decades ago ...

Author: Doris Appel Graber

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 0252002628

Category: Communication in politics

Page: 377

View: 984

Categories: Communication in politics

Content Analysis of Verbal Behavior

Content Analysis of Verbal Behavior

spoken per unit time so that one individual could be compared to others or to the self on different occasions with respect to ... After initial validation studies were completed for verbal behavior measures, alarge variety of additional ...

Author: Louis A. Gottschalk

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317843917

Category: Psychology

Page: 234

View: 743

Focusing on language and the assessment of its meaning, this volume concentrates on a method of content analysis developed by the author and Goldine Gleser. Applicable to transcripts of speech or verbal texts, this method uses the grammatical clause as its smallest unit of communication, considers whether or not a verb is transitive and involves an object, or is intransitive and describes a state of being. It derives scores on many scales that have been tested for reliability of scoring and for construct validity with concurrently administered measures, such as rating and self-report scales as well as biochemical and pharmacological criteria. Finally, this volume provides detailed descriptions of the clinical and basic research establishing the validity of these scales, so that a reader can locate studies that have pertinence to any special interest area. A major achievement described in this book is the development of computer software that understands grammar and syntax, can parse natural language, knows most of the words in the Merriam-Webster dictionary, has been taught to identify idioms and slang, and is capable of continuing to learn. The program can score all the scales, report whether the scores obtained from a verbal sample are one to three standard deviations from the norms, and suggest APA DSM-IIIR diagnostic classifications the clinician might consider in assessing the patient.
Categories: Psychology

Research in Verbal Behavior and Some Neurophysiological Implications

Research in Verbal Behavior and Some Neurophysiological Implications

These several categories of motor behavior that can operate in relative independence of sensory feedback suggest a mode of control function that ... The general point I wish to make, however, is that verbal behavior is not of a piece.

Author: Kurt Salzinger

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9781483270845

Category: Psychology

Page: 528

View: 993

Research in Verbal Behavior and Some Neurophysiological Implications focuses on varied approaches to the study of language, including verbal behavior in animals, mimicry, linguistics, and verbal satiation. The selection first offers information on verbal behavior in animals and dolphin's vocal mimicry as a unique ability and a way toward understanding. The book also ponders on the problem of response class in verbal behavior and verbal operant conditioning and awareness. Discussions focus on state of the organism as a determinant of response class, topography of response, common stimulus, and common effect. The publication takes a look at a behavioral basis for the polarity principle in linguistics, acquisition of grammar by children, and interdependencies of the bilingual's two languages. The manuscript also elaborates on verbal satiation and exploration of meaning relations and grammatical indicants of speaking style in normal and aphasic speakers. The selection is highly recommended for readers wanting to study verbal behavior.
Categories: Psychology

The Measurement of Psychological States Through the Content Analysis of Verbal Behavior

The Measurement of Psychological States Through the Content Analysis of Verbal Behavior

Flegel , H. Erassung schizophrener Morbiditatsverlaufe mit Gottschalks verbaler Stichprobe , verglichen mit Wittenborns ... The relationship of sex and intelligence to choice of words : A normative study of verbal behavior , J. Clin .

Author: Louis A. Gottschalk

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520038134

Category:

Page: 317

View: 577

Categories:

Festschrift for B F Skinner

Festschrift for B  F  Skinner

B. F. SKINNER'S VERBAL BEHAVIOR : A RETROSPECTIVE APPRECIATION KENNETH MacCORQUODALE THE UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA In his Annual Review chapter on the learn- So it has indeed been , although in a someing literature for 1957 , Kendler ...

Author: Burrhus Frederic Skinner

Publisher: Ardent Media

ISBN: 0891974970

Category: Psychology

Page: 413

View: 881

Categories: Psychology

New Developments in Behavioral Research Theory Method and Application

New Developments in Behavioral Research  Theory  Method and Application

Descriptions of verbal behavior or the effects of experimental manipulations on verbal behavior are correlated with chronological age (Irwin, 1960; Templin, 1957). Verbal conditioning is identified closely with clinical psychology and ...

Author: Barbara C. Etzel

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000089677

Category: Psychology

Page: 654

View: 914

Originally published in 1977, these examples of research and scholarly argument were collected in honor of Professor Sidney W. Bijou. In the language of academics, they constitute a Festschrift: a festival of scholarly writing, performed to celebrate the career of a person who produced, and stimulated others to produce, exactly such contributions throughout a long, valuable, and productive professional history. Since 1955, Dr Bijou had worked almost exclusively within the approach variously labelled as the functional analysis of behavior, the experimental analysis of behavior, operant conditioning, or Skinnerian psychology. From his point of view, it seems clear, the first of these labels was the correct one. It was the principle of objective, direct, observable analysis that attracted him.
Categories: Psychology