Observing the Volcano World

Observing the Volcano World

Based on a field survey at Merapi in 2002, over 70% of interviewed villagers thought that the kentongan was an efficient warning system (Lavigne et al. 2008). Every kentongan code has its own meaning (Fig. 8.4b). In case of volcanic ...

Author: Carina J. Fearnley

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319440972

Category: Nature

Page: 771

View: 633

This open access book provides a comprehensive overview of volcanic crisis research, the goal being to establish ways of successfully applying volcanology in practice and to identify areas that need to be addressed for future progress. It shows how volcano crises are managed in practice, and helps to establish best practices. Consequently the book brings together authors from all over the globe who work with volcanoes, ranging from observatory volcanologists, disaster practitioners and government officials to NGO-based and government practitioners to address three key aspects of volcanic crises. First, the book explores the unique nature of volcanic hazards, which makes them a particularly challenging threat to forecast and manage, due in part to their varying spatial and temporal characteristics. Second, it presents lessons learned on how to best manage volcanic events based on a number of crises that have shaped our understanding of volcanic hazards and crises management. Third, it discusses the diverse and wide-ranging aspects of communication involved in crises, which merge old practices and new technologies to accommodate an increasingly challenging and globalised world. The information and insights presented here are essential to tapping established knowledge, moving towards more robust volcanic crises management, and understanding how the volcanic world is perceived from a range of standpoints and contexts around the globe.
Categories: Nature

Volcanic Ash and Aviation Safety

Volcanic Ash and Aviation Safety

AN AUTOMATED VOLCANIC ASH WARNING SYSTEM By David M. Harris National Meteorological Center Meteorological data Communications Volcano status Ash transport. Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Volcanic Ash and Aviation ...

Author: Geological Survey (U.S.)

Publisher:

ISBN: UIUC:30112085256557

Category: Aeronautics

Page: 450

View: 232

Categories: Aeronautics

Volcanic Ash and Aviation Safety

Volcanic Ash and Aviation Safety

The requirements for an automated volcanic ash warning system are outlined, along with a possible system architecture and description of operation. The system would detect volcanic clouds by coexistence of anomalous electric fields and ...

Author: Thomas J. Casadevall

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 9780788116506

Category: Aeronautics

Page: 450

View: 827

This conference was prompted by the occurrence of 5 encounters between passenger jetliners with drifting clouds of volcanic ash from the 1989-90 eruptions of Redoubt Volcano in Alaska. Examines 5 principal areas, including: how volcanoes produce ash clouds, the damage and impacts resulting from ash-cloud encounters, communications procedures for mitigating the risks from volcanic ash, the meteorology and modeling of ash-cloud movement, and methods for detection and tracking of ash clouds. 60 technical presentations are included.
Categories: Aeronautics

The 1992 Eruptions of Crater Peak Vent Mount Spurr Volcano Alaska

The 1992 Eruptions of Crater Peak Vent  Mount Spurr Volcano  Alaska

Chronology of major events and Alaska Volcano Observatory notifications pertaining to the 1992 eruptions of ... 4:00 p.m. 00 : 00 * Update Orange Elevated seismicity indicated the possibility of a small eruption a with little warning .

Author: Terry E. C. Keith

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015095144831

Category: Spurr, Mount (Alaska)

Page: 220

View: 711

Categories: Spurr, Mount (Alaska)

Volcanic Tourist Destinations

Volcanic Tourist Destinations

20.31 Mount Warning rising out of the Tweed Caldera. ... Mount Warning National Park is a major volcanic tourist destination together with several other national parks in this region and which include: • Lamington National Park • Border ...

Author: Patricia Erfurt-Cooper

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642161919

Category: Nature

Page: 384

View: 852

This comprehensive book addresses the pressing need for up-to-date literature on volcanic destinations (active and dormant) and their role in tourism worldwide in chapters and case studies. The book presents a balanced view about the volcano-based tourism sector worldwide and discusses important issues such as the different volcanic hazards, potential for disasters and accidents and safety recommendations for visitors. Individual chapters and case studies are contributed by a number of internationally based co-authors, with expertise in geology, risk management, environmental science and other relevant disciplines associated with volcanoes. Also covered are risk aspects of volcano tourism such as risk perception, risk management and public safety in volcanic environments. Discussions of the demand for volcano tourism, including geotourism and adventure tourism as well as some historical facts related to volcanoes, with case studies of interesting socio-cultural settings are included.
Categories: Nature

Intraplate Volcanism

Intraplate Volcanism

Figure 3.4.10 Mount Warning showing the central ' trachyandesite ' spine surrounded by syenite ( upper slopes ) and ... Warning appear to be slightly older than granite to the east of Mount Warning are thought to most of the volcanic ...

Author: Robert Wallace Johnson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521380839

Category: Science

Page: 408

View: 423

This study of the young volcanoes of eastern Australia and parts of New Zealand looks at rock types and formation and inclusions of the upper mantle and lower-crustal rocks found in volcanic deposits. It discusses the Earth's crust and the mantle beneath, and the geological evolution in the area over the last 70-80 million years.
Categories: Science

Citizen Response to Volcanic Eruptions

Citizen Response to Volcanic Eruptions

... 43-46 ; perception over time , 105-110 Volcano insurance Volcano warning pamphlet , 2 ; as emergency information , 34-35 ; and protective measures , 39-41 ; and family emergency plans , 47 Volcanology , 107 Warning confirmation ...

Author: Ronald W. Perry

Publisher: Ardent Media

ISBN: 0829010505

Category: Social Science

Page: 145

View: 184

Categories: Social Science

Volcanic Hazards

Volcanic Hazards

The Taal, Mayon, and Canlaon cases (Philippines) illustrate the evolution of the country's preparedness in the monitoring, prediction and warning components in volcanic-hazards mitigation. At Galunggung (Indonesia), a pre-emption ...

Author: Robert I. Tilling

Publisher: American Geophysical Union

ISBN: 9780875907055

Category: Social Science

Page: 123

View: 536

Categories: Social Science

The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes

The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes

Volcano Warning Systems Department of Geosciences, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, TN, USA Department of Geology and Geophysics, National Disaster Preparedness Training Center, University of Hawai'i, Honolulu, HI, ...

Author: Haraldur Sigurdsson

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780123859396

Category: Science

Page: 1456

View: 473

Volcanoes are unquestionably one of the most spectacular and awe-inspiring features of the physical world. Our paradoxical fascination with them stems from their majestic beauty and powerful, sometimes deadly, destructiveness. Notwithstanding the tremendous advances in volcanology since ancient times, some of the mystery surrounding volcanic eruptions remains today. The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes summarizes our present knowledge of volcanoes; it provides a comprehensive source of information on the causes of volcanic eruptions and both the destructive and beneficial effects. The early chapters focus on the science of volcanism (melting of source rocks, ascent of magma, eruption processes, extraterrestrial volcanism, etc.). Later chapters discuss human interface with volcanoes, including the history of volcanology, geothermal energy resources, interaction with the oceans and atmosphere, health aspects of volcanism, mitigation of volcanic disasters, post-eruption ecology, and the impact of eruptions on organismal biodiversity. Provides the only comprehensive reference work to cover all aspects of volcanology Written by nearly 100 world experts in volcanology Explores an integrated transition from the physical process of eruptions through hazards and risk, to the social face of volcanism, with an emphasis on how volcanoes have influenced and shaped society Presents hundreds of color photographs, maps, charts and illustrations making this an aesthetically appealing reference Glossary of 3,000 key terms with definitions of all key vocabulary items in the field is included
Categories: Science

Walks Tracks and Trails of New South Wales

Walks  Tracks and Trails of New South Wales

The huge area of the Tweed Valley, which is virtually the caldera of the Mount Warning volcano, gives us an idea of its size. Today the caldera valley is over 1000 m deep and has a diameter of 40 km. Mount Warning erupted approximately ...

Author: Derrick Stone

Publisher: CSIRO PUBLISHING

ISBN: 9780643106925

Category: Science

Page: 280

View: 788

For the first time in a single volume, this book brings together more than 140 of the best walks, tracks or trails in New South Wales, which can be walked by the moderately fit individual. They are located in national parks, coastal parks, state forests, conservation reserves, historic parks and local government and public easements. Other routes follow state highways, minor roads, coastal cliffs, old gold routes, or pass bushranger haunts and back roads linking towns and historical features. Most routes do not require specialist navigation or bushcraft skills, and vary in length from a 45-minute stroll to a 4-day, 65-kilometre camping trip. Walks, Tracks and Trails of New South Wales highlights the best the state has to offer, from an outback ghost town and ancient lake beds, to Australia’s highest mountain, coastal environments and World Heritage rainforests. Easy-to-interpret maps are included to help you navigate, and the book’s size makes it convenient to bring with you on your adventures.
Categories: Science