Weaponized Lies

Weaponized Lies

What weaponizes the lies is not the media nor Facebook. The danger is in the intensity of that belief— the unquestioning overconfidence that it is true. Critical thinking trains us to take a step back, to evaluate facts and form ...

Author: Daniel Levitin

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 9780241313572

Category: Psychology

Page: 320

View: 416

A guide to critical thinking in the 'post-truth' era, from the author of Sunday Times best-seller The Organized Mind We live in a world where the line between truth and lies is increasingly blurred by euphemistic terms such as 'post-truth', 'counter-knowledge', 'fringe theories' and others. In a world where anyone can become an expert at the click of a button, we're worse equipped than ever to evaluate the information we encounter and separate the truth from the lies. Daniel Levitin debunks the idea that truth no longer exists, and shows that we urgently need to learn the skills toeffectively ask ourselves: can we really know that? And how do they know that? In this eye-opening, accessible guide filled with fascinating examples and practical takeaways, acclaimed neuroscientist Daniel Levitin shows us how learning to understand statistics will enable you to make better, smarter judgements on the world around you.
Categories: Psychology

Weaponized Lies Deluxe

Weaponized Lies Deluxe

What weaponizes the lies is not the media nor Facebook. The danger is in the intensity of that belief—the unquestioning overconfidence that it is true. Critical thinking trains us to take a step back, to evaluate facts and form ...

Author: Daniel J. Levitin

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 9781524742270

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 541

This deluxe eBook (previously published as A Field Guide to Lies Deluxe) features six videos from Daniel Levitin, with more examples, anecdotes, and added visual guides. We’re surrounded by fringe theories, fake news, and pseudo-facts. These lies are getting repeated. New York Times bestselling author Daniel Levitin shows how to disarm these socially devastating inventions and get the American mind back on track. Here are the fundamental lessons in critical thinking that we need to know and share now. Investigating numerical misinformation, Daniel Levitin shows how mishandled statistics and graphs can give a grossly distorted perspective and lead us to terrible decisions. Wordy arguments on the other hand can easily be persuasive as they drift away from the facts in an appealing yet misguided way. The steps we can take to better evaluate news, advertisements, and reports are clearly detailed. Ultimately, Levitin turns to what underlies our ability to determine if something is true or false: the scientific method. He grapples with the limits of what we can and cannot know. Case studies are offered to demonstrate the applications of logical thinking to quite varied settings, spanning courtroom testimony, medical decision making, magic, modern physics, and conspiracy theories. This urgently needed book enables us to avoid the extremes of passive gullibility and cynical rejection. As Levitin attests: Truth matters. A post-truth era is an era of willful irrationality, reversing all the great advances humankind has made. Euphemisms like "fringe theories," "extreme views," "alt truth," and even "fake news" can literally be dangerous. Let's call lies what they are and catch those making them in the act.
Categories: Social Science

A Field Guide to Lies

A Field Guide to Lies

Identifiers: LCCN 2016007356 |ISBN 9780525955221 (hardcover) | 9781101983829 (Weaponized Lies paperback)| 9780593182529 (ebook) Subjects: LCSH: Critical thinking. | Fallacies (Logic) | Reasoning. Classification: LCC BC177.

Author: Daniel J. Levitin

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 9780593182529

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 983

Winner of the National Business Book Award From the New York Times bestselling author of The Organized Mind and This Is Your Brain on Music, a primer to the critical thinking that is more necessary now than ever We are bombarded with more information each day than our brains can process—especially in election season. It's raining bad data, half-truths, and even outright lies. New York Times bestselling author Daniel J. Levitin shows how to recognize misleading announcements, statistics, graphs, and written reports, revealing the ways lying weasels can use them. It's becoming harder to separate the wheat from the digital chaff. How do we distinguish misinformation, pseudo-facts, and distortions from reliable information? Levitin groups his field guide into two categories—statistical information and faulty arguments—ultimately showing how science is the bedrock of critical thinking. Infoliteracy means understanding that there are hierarchies of source quality and bias that variously distort our information feeds via every media channel, including social media. We may expect newspapers, bloggers, the government, and Wikipedia to be factually and logically correct, but they so often aren't. We need to think critically about the words and numbers we encounter if we want to be successful at work, at play, and in making the most of our lives. This means checking the plausibility and reasoning—not passively accepting information, repeating it, and making decisions based on it. Readers learn to avoid the extremes of passive gullibility and cynical rejection. Levitin's charming, entertaining, accessible guide can help anyone wake up to a whole lot of things that aren't so. And catch some weasels in their tracks!
Categories: Social Science

Weaponized Lies

Weaponized Lies

New York Times bestselling author Daniel Levitin shows how to disarm these socially devastating inventions and get the American mind back on track. Here are the fundamental lessons in critical thinking that we need to know and share now.

Author: Daniel J. Levitin

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 9781524742225

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 200

Previously Published as A Field Guide to Lies We’re surrounded by fringe theories, fake news, and pseudo-facts. These lies are getting repeated. New York Times bestselling author Daniel Levitin shows how to disarm these socially devastating inventions and get the American mind back on track. Here are the fundamental lessons in critical thinking that we need to know and share now. Investigating numerical misinformation, Daniel Levitin shows how mishandled statistics and graphs can give a grossly distorted perspective and lead us to terrible decisions. Wordy arguments on the other hand can easily be persuasive as they drift away from the facts in an appealing yet misguided way. The steps we can take to better evaluate news, advertisements, and reports are clearly detailed. Ultimately, Levitin turns to what underlies our ability to determine if something is true or false: the scientific method. He grapples with the limits of what we can and cannot know. Case studies are offered to demonstrate the applications of logical thinking to quite varied settings, spanning courtroom testimony, medical decision making, magic, modern physics, and conspiracy theories. This urgently needed book enables us to avoid the extremes of passive gullibility and cynical rejection. As Levitin attests: Truth matters. A post-truth era is an era of willful irrationality, reversing all the great advances humankind has made. Euphemisms like “fringe theories,” “extreme views,” “alt truth,” and even “fake news” can literally be dangerous. Let's call lies what they are and catch those making them in the act.
Categories: Social Science

The Psychology of Political Behavior in a Time of Change

The Psychology of Political Behavior in a Time of Change

In a philosophical sense, Donald Trump is not continuously lying but rather he is bullshitting. ... 63) Weaponized Lies Daniel Levitin (2016, p. xx) examines the cognitive consequence of living in a “post-truth era.

Author: Jan D. Sinnott

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030382704

Category: Psychology

Page: 637

View: 376

This volume seeks to add a unique perspective on the complex relationship between psychology and politics, focusing on three analytical points of view: 1) psychology, politics, and complex thought, 2) bio/psycho/social factors of masculinity and power, and 3) underlying factors in political behavior. Contributors examine recent political events worldwide through a psychological lens, using interdisciplinary approaches to seek a deeper understanding of contemporary political ideas, psychologies, and behaviors. Finally, the book offers suggestions for surviving and thriving during rapid political change. Among the topics discussed: Biopsychological factors of political beliefs and behaviors Understanding political polarization through a cognitive lens Impact of psychological processes on voter decision making Motivations for believing in conspiracy theories Nonverbal cues in leadership Authoritarian responses to social change The Psychology of Political Behavior in a Time of Change is a timely and insightful volume for students and researchers in psychology, political science, gender studies, business and marketing, and sociology, as well as those working in applied settings: practitioners, government workers, NGOs, corporate organizations.
Categories: Psychology

Cognitive Superiority

Cognitive Superiority

Weaponized lies purposefully undermine our ability to make good decisions (Levitin 2016). Influence, as it operates in the continuum of persuasion, coercion and control, can take many forms. Default rules can eliminate choices from ...

Author: Dean S. Hartley III

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030601843

Category: Political Science

Page: 308

View: 238

In a world of accelerating unending change, perpetual surveillance, and increasing connectivity, conflict has become ever more complex. Wars are no longer limited to the traditional military conflict domains—land, sea, air; even space and cyber space. The new battlefield will be the cognitive domain and the new conflict a larger contest for power; a contest for cognitive superiority. Written by experts in military operations research and neuropsychology, this book introduces the concept of cognitive superiority and provides the keys to succeeding within a complex matrix where the only rules are the laws of physics, access to information, and the boundaries of cognition. The book describes the adversarial environment and how it interacts with the ongoing, accelerating change that we are experiencing, irrespective of adversaries. It talks about the ascendant power of information access, pervasive surveillance, personalized persuasion, and emerging new forms of cognition. It profiles salient technologies and science, including persuasion science, artificial intelligence and machine learning (AI/ML), surveillance technologies, complex adaptive systems, network science, directed human modification, and biosecurity. Readers will learn about human and machine cognition, what makes it tick, and why and how we and our technologies are vulnerable. Following in the tradition of Sun-Tsu and von Clausewitz, this book writes a new chapter in the study of warfare and strategy. It is written for those who lead, aspire to leadership, and those who teach or persuade, especially in the fields of political science, military science, computer science, and business.
Categories: Political Science

Ethics Across the Curriculum Pedagogical Perspectives

Ethics Across the Curriculum   Pedagogical Perspectives

Easy to understand, easy to remember. But what if the very notion of “truth” has been problematized beyond recognition? A recent bestseller, Daniel Levitin's Weaponized Lies, opens by pointing out that the “Oxford Dictionary's Word ...

Author: Elaine E. Englehardt

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319789392

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 419

View: 207

This book features articles by more than twenty experienced teachers of ethics who are committed to the idea that ethics can and should be taught virtually anywhere in the education curriculum. They explore a variety of ways in which this might best be done. Traditionally confined largely to programs in philosophy and religion, the teaching of ethics has in recent decades spread across the curriculum education. The contributors to this book discuss the rationale for supporting such efforts, the variety of challenges these efforts face, and the sorts of benefits faculty and students who participate in ethics across the curriculum endeavors can expect. An overriding theme of this book is that the teaching of ethics should not be restricted to one or two courses in philosophy or religion programs, but rather be addressed wherever relevant anywhere in the curriculum. For example, accredited engineering programs are expected to ensure that their students are introduced to the ethical dimensions of engineering. This can involve consideration of ethical issues within particular areas of engineering (e.g., civil, mechanical, electrical, chemical) as distinctive segments of certain courses (e.g., those that focus on design problems), or as a full semester course in ethics in engineering. Similar approaches can be taken in nursing, medicine, law, social work, psychology, accountancy, management, and so on. That is, some emphasis on ethics can be expected to be found in broad range of academic disciplines. However, many ethical issues require careful attention from the perspectives of several disciplines at once, and in ways that require their joining hands. Recognizing that adequately addressing many ethical issues may require the inclusion of perspectives from a variety of disciplines makes apparent the need for effective communication and reflection across disciplines, not simply within them. This, in turn, suggests that faculty and their students can benefit from special programs that are designed to include participants from a variety of disciplines. Such programs will be a central feature of this book. Although some differences might arise in how such issues might best be discussed across different parts of the curriculum, these discussions might be joined in ways that help students, faculty, administrators, and the wider public better appreciate their shared ethical ground.
Categories: Business & Economics

America s Post Truth Phenomenon When Feelings and Opinions Trump Facts and Evidence

America s Post Truth Phenomenon  When Feelings and Opinions Trump Facts and Evidence

Steve Tesich, “The Watergate Syndrome: A Government of Lies,” Nation, January 6/13, 1992, 12–14. ... Daniel J. Levitin, Weaponized Lies: How to Think Critically in the Post-Truth Era (New York: Dutton Press, 2017). 22.

Author: C.G. Prado

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9781440862731

Category: Psychology

Page: 215

View: 637

This book presents absorbing and critical expert perspectives on the post-truth phenomenon that has infiltrated the U.S. political system, media, and populace. • Analyzes Trump-administration-generated mistruths in a discussion of post-truth America • Presents varied concerns, perspectives, and thought-provoking topics in clear, accessible, and engaging words • Explains the historical and social circumstances that led to post-truth • Details why some people are more apt to embrace and spread post-truth • Outlines actions to defeat post-truth
Categories: Psychology

The World in Six Songs

The World in Six Songs

What weaponizes the lies is not the media nor Facebook. The danger is in the intensity of that belief— the unquestioning overconfidence that it is true. Critical thinking trains us to take a step back, to evaluate facts and form ...

Author: Daniel J. Levitin

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 9781101043455

Category: Music

Page: 368

View: 931

The author of the New York Times bestseller This Is Your Brain on Music reveals music’s role in the evolution of human culture in this thought-provoking book that “will leave you awestruck” (The New York Times). Daniel J. Levitin's astounding debut bestseller, This Is Your Brain on Music, enthralled and delighted readers as it transformed our understanding of how music gets in our heads and stays there. Now in his second New York Times bestseller, his genius for combining science and art reveals how music shaped humanity across cultures and throughout history. Here he identifies six fundamental song functions or types—friendship, joy, comfort, religion, knowledge, and love—then shows how each in its own way has enabled the social bonding necessary for human culture and society to evolve. He shows, in effect, how these “six songs” work in our brains to preserve the emotional history of our lives and species. Dr. Levitin combines cutting-edge scientific research from his music cognition lab at McGill University and work in an array of related fields; his own sometimes hilarious experiences in the music business; and illuminating interviews with musicians such as Sting and David Byrne, as well as conductors, anthropologists, and evolutionary biologists. The World in Six Songs is, ultimately, a revolution in our understanding of how human nature evolved—right up to the iPod.
Categories: Music

The Future of Global Affairs

The Future of Global Affairs

Managing Discontinuity, Disruption and Destruction Christopher Ankersen, Waheguru Pal Singh Sidhu. 37. Levitin, Daniel J. 2016. Weaponized Lies: How to Think Critically in the Post-Truth Era. New York, NY, USA: Dutton. 38.

Author: Christopher Ankersen

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030564704

Category: Political Science

Page: 331

View: 727

This book has two aims: first, to examines the evolving role of the state, and non-state actors, coupled with trends – including globalization, populism, post-truth, enlightened capitalism, feminist foreign policy, energy disruption, climate change, emerging cyber and other technologies, and the crisis in UN-centered multilateralism, to offer a prescient assessment of global affairs in the near future; and, second, to solidify the transdisciplinary nature of Global Affairs as a field of study that transcends the traditional conceptual silos.
Categories: Political Science