Weapons of the Weak

Weapons of the Weak

He develops this conclusion throughout the book, through the different scenarios and characters that come up during his time of fieldwork in the village.

Author: James C. Scott

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300153620

Category: Political Science

Page: 392

View: 587

Weapons of the Weak is an ethnography by James C. Scott that studies the effects of the Green Revolution in rural Malaysia. One of the main objectives of the study is to make an argument that the Marxian and Gramscian ideas of false consciousness and hegemony are incorrect. He develops this conclusion throughout the book, through the different scenarios and characters that come up during his time of fieldwork in the village. This publication, based on 2 years of fieldwork (1978-1980), focuses on the local class relations in a small rice farming community of 70 households in the main paddy-growing area of Kedah in Malaysia. Introduction of the Green Revolution in 1976 eliminated 2/3 of the wage-earning opportunities for smallholders and landless laborers. The main ensuing class struggle is analyzed being the ideological struggle in the village and the practice of resistance itself consisting of: foot-dragging, dissimulation, desertion, false compliance, pilfering, feigned ignorance and sabotage acts. Rich and poor are engaged in an unremitting if silent struggle to define changes in land tenure, mechanization and employment to advance their own interests, and to use values that they share to control the distribution of status, land, work and grain.
Categories: Political Science

Inquisition and Medieval Society

Inquisition and Medieval Society

examined as an example of what James C. Scott has characterized as the " weapons of the weak . ” To do so , however , would be a mistake . The subterranean war described by Scott , with its anonymous acts of small resistance ...

Author: James Buchanan Given

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801487595

Category: History

Page: 255

View: 307

The author analyses the inquisition in one French region in order to develop a sociology of medieval politics. In Languedoc the inquisitors aggressively used the developing techniques of writing & record keeping to build cases & extract confessions.
Categories: History

Power in Action

Power in Action

40–41 James CScott Domination and the Arts of Resistance: Hidden Transcripts New Haven, Yale University Press, 1992 Scott Weapons of the Weak p. 287 Scott Weapons of the Weak p. 317 Scott Weapons of the Weak p. 40 Scott Weapons of the ...

Author: Steven Friedman

Publisher: Wits University Press

ISBN: 9781776143023

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 174

Argues that South Africans, like everyone else, need democracy for a more equal society What are democracies meant to do? And how does one know when one is a democratic state? These incisive questions and more by leading political scientist, Steven Friedman, underlie this robust enquiry into what democracy means for South Africa post 1994. Democracy is often viewed through a lens reflecting Western understanding. New democracies are compared to idealized notions by which the system is said to operate in the global North. The democracies of Western Europe and North America are understood to be the finished product and all others are assessed by how far they have progressed towards approximating this model. Power in Action persuasively argues against this stereotype. Friedman asserts that democracies can only work when every adult has an equal say in the public decisions that affect them.Democracy is achieved not by adopting idealized models derived from other societies–rather, it is the product of collective action by citizens who claim the right to be heard not only through public protest action, but also through the conscious exercise of influence on public and private power holders. Viewing democracy in this way challenges us to develop a deeper understanding of democracy’s challenges and in so doing to ensure that more citizens can claim a say over more decisions in society.
Categories: Political Science

Weapons of the Wealthy

Weapons of the Wealthy

Sometimes they have succeeded in their objectives, sometimes not, yet the use of protest persists in the face of repression as the most brazen weapon of the weak.3 But protest is not a tool of the weak alone.

Author: Scott Radnitz

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801466175

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

View: 797

Mass mobilization is among the most dramatic and inspiring forces for political change. When ordinary citizens take to the streets in large numbers, they can undermine and even topple undemocratic governments, as the recent wave of peaceful uprisings in several postcommunist states has shown. However, investigation into how protests are organized can sometimes reveal that the origins and purpose of "people power" are not as they appear on the surface. In particular, protest can be used as an instrument of elite actors to advance their own interests rather than those of the masses. Weapons of the Wealthy focuses on the region of post-Soviet Central Asia to investigate the causes of elite-led protest. In nondemocratic states, economic and political opportunities can give rise to elites who are independent of the regime, yet vulnerable to expropriation and harassment from above. In conditions of political uncertainty, elites have an incentive to cultivate support in local communities, which elites can then wield as a "weapon" against a predatory regime. Scott Radnitz builds on his in-depth fieldwork and analysis of the spatial distribution of protests to demonstrate how Kyrgyzstan's post-independence development laid the groundwork for elite-led mobilization, whereas Uzbekistan's did not. Elites often have the wherewithal and the motivation to trigger protests, as is borne out by Radnitz's more than one hundred interviews with those who participated in, observed, or avoided protests. Even Kyrgyzstan's 2005 "Tulip Revolution," which brought about the first peaceful change of power in Central Asia since independence, should be understood as a strategic action of elites rather than as an expression of the popular will. This interpretation helps account for the undemocratic nature of the successor government and the 2010 uprising that toppled it. It also serves as a warning for scholars to look critically at bottom-up political change.
Categories: Political Science

Cultural Resistance Reader

Cultural Resistance Reader

JAMES C. SCOTT , FROM WEAPONS OF THE WEAK - The anthropologist James C. Scott is one of the most eloquent defenders of a politics that doesn't look like politics . Studying peasants in Malaysia , Scott realized that a form of politics ...

Author: Stephen Duncombe

Publisher: Verso

ISBN: 1859843794

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 447

View: 766

An invaluable scholarly resource and a tool for political activists.
Categories: Literary Collections

Hidden Transcripts and the Arts of Resistance

Hidden Transcripts and the Arts of Resistance

... Scott identified what he called “the weapons of the weak” which lurk beneath the “rituals of deference” and “symbolic compliance” demanded of the weak as part of the onstage political play (Scott 1985). These weapons support the ...

Author: Richard A. Horsley

Publisher: Society of Biblical Lit

ISBN: 9781589831346

Category: Religion

Page: 208

View: 868

The essays in this volume develop the highly suggestive insights and theory of James C. Scott--especially those related to patterns of domination and subordination, the role of religion in supporting or opposing the powerful, and the "arts of resistance" by the subordinated--to tackle key issues in the interpretation of Jesus and Paul. All the contributors implicitly or explicitly assume a stance sympathetic with subordinatd peoples of the past and present. While all pursue primarily critical literary, historical and social analysis on New Testament texts in historical contexts, some also examine historical or contemporary comparative materials. In addition, some even find Scott useful in critical self-examination of our own scholarly motives, stances, and approaches in relation to texts and their uses. --From publisher's description.
Categories: Religion

Down to Earth Sociology 14th Edition

Down to Earth Sociology  14th Edition

Women, paradoxically, do not appear to be using any of these strategies of the weak to gain power from men, according to either their accounts or men's. What explains the use of weapons of the weak by the structurally dominant group but ...

Author: James M. Henslin

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 9781416536208

Category: Reference

Page: 588

View: 952

A new edition of a popular college reference features thirty percent new articles addressing current issues of contemporary sociology, from politics and religion to crime and poverty, in a volume that links each article to related chapters in widely used introductory textbooks. Original. 35,000 first printing.
Categories: Reference

Party Politics

Party Politics

Over the course of three books , The Moral Economy of the Peasant : Rebellion and Subsistence in Southeast Asia , Weapons of the Weak : Everyday Forms of Peasant Resistance , and Domination and the Arts of Resistance : Hidden ...

Author: Michael Hanchard

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0195176243

Category: Political Science

Page: 324

View: 362

Publisher Description
Categories: Political Science

The Chemical Weapons Taboo

The Chemical Weapons Taboo

This phrase recalls the disciplinary success of the poison taboo and its echoes of disdain for an equalizing weapon of the weak. Low-cost and efficient weapons of destruction are derided as an insufficient entry fee into the club of ...

Author: Richard M. Price

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9781501729546

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 246

Richard M. Price asks why, among all the ominous technologies of weaponry throughout the history of warfare, chemical weapons carry a special moral stigma. Something more seems to be at work than the predictable resistance people have expressed to any new weaponry, from the crossbow to nuclear bombs. Perceptions of chemical warfare as particularly abhorrent have been successfully institutionalized in international proscriptions and, Price suggests, understanding the sources of this success might shed light on other efforts at arms control. To explore the origins and meaning of the chemical weapons taboo, Price presents a series of case studies from World War I through the Gulf War of 1990–1991. He traces the moral arguments against gas warfare from the Hague Conferences at the turn of the century through negotiations for the Chemical Weapons Convention of 1993. From the Italian invasion of Ethiopia to the war between Iran and Iraq, chemical weapons have been condemned as the "poor man's bomb." Drawing upon insights from Michel Foucault to explain the role of moral norms in an international arena rarely sensitive to such pressures, he focuses on the construction of and mutations in the refusal to condone chemical weapons.
Categories: Political Science

Weapons of Mass Psychological Destruction and the People Who Use Them

Weapons of Mass Psychological Destruction and the People Who Use Them

As is detailed elsewhere in this volume, these weapons (chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, ... In this way it is sometimes referred to as the “weapon of the weak,” although this is something if a misnomer given that terrorism ...

Author: Larry C. James Ph.D.

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9781440837555

Category: Political Science

Page: 231

View: 955

A must-read for every concerned citizen, this absorbing book goes inside the mind of the psychological terrorist to look at what motivates him to act and to choose the weapon he does. • Details the science and psychology of WMPD in relation to chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, and explosive weapons, explaining why a terrorist chooses a specific type of a weapon • Examines who becomes a WMPD terrorist and why • Highlights how and why a suicide bomber is made as well as how, why, and where he will kill to do the most psychological damage • Includes case examples drawn from interviews with terrorists at Guantanamo and Abu Ghraib and from analysis of events including the Boston Marathon bombing • Lays out prevention strategies that can decrease the likelihood of an attack
Categories: Political Science