Wetland Archaeology and Beyond

Wetland Archaeology and Beyond

The volume also includes a comprehensive explanation of the processes involved in archaeological practice and theory.

Author: Francesco Menotti

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199571017

Category: History

Page: 544

View: 790

Wetland Archaeology and Beyond offers an appreciative study of the people, and their artefacts, who occupied a large variety of worldwide wetland archaeological sites. The volume also includes a comprehensive explanation of the processes involved in archaeological practice and theory.
Categories: History

Wetland Archaeology and Beyond

Wetland Archaeology and Beyond

It is certainly evident that wetland archaeology, as an academic discipline, is not perceived in the same way everywhere. As a result the sense of isolation from mainstream archaeology felt in the Anglophone world (e.g. the United ...

Author: Francesco Menotti

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780191612435

Category: Social Science

Page:

View: 828

Despite being one of the most successful branches of mainstream archaeology, wetland archaeology, as an academic discipline, is still relatively unknown. We might have all heard of the wonderfully preserved organic artefacts and ecofacts found in waterlogged conditions, but do we really know how they were preserved, found, retrieved, and conserved for us to admire and study? Wetland Archaeology and Beyond takes the reader through the fascinating biography of wetland archaeology, from the dawn of the discipline to its remarkable achievements. Through a discussion of a large variety of worldwide wetland archaeological sites and their material culture, Menotti offers an appreciative study of the people who occupied these sites and who created the archaeological artefacts. The volume also includes a comprehensive explanation of the procedures and research processes involved in archaeological practice and theory. Focusing on the relationship between archaeological experts and the general public, Menotti highlights the importance of this relationship for the future of the discipline as wetland ecosystems continue to disappear at an inexorable rate - and with them our invaluable cultural heritage.
Categories: Social Science

The Oxford Handbook of Wetland Archaeology

The Oxford Handbook of Wetland Archaeology

Coles, B. (1995) Wetland Management: A Survey for English Heritage. ... Croes, D. R. (1995) The Hoko River Archaeological Site Complex. ... Menotti, F. (2012) Wetland Archaeology and Beyond: Theory and Practice.

Author: Francesco Menotti

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199573493

Category: Science

Page: 943

View: 825

The Oxford Handbook of Wetland Archaeology is the most comprehensive survey of world wetland archaeology ever published and sets out and covers the key issues and debates in the theory and practice of wetland archaeology, which has played a crucial role in studies of our past. Due to the high quantity of well-preserved organic materials found in humid environments, the study of wetlands has allowed archaeologists to reconstruct people's everyday lives ingreat detail. Through concise essays written by over fifty of the world's leading scholars in the field, it describes the scientific and archaeological principles, methodologies, and spectacular results of past and present archaeological investigations of wetland environments.
Categories: Science

Making One s Way in the World

Making One s Way in the World

Menotti, F. 2012 Wetland Archaeology and Beyond. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Menotti, F. and O'Sullivan, A. 2013 The Oxford Handbook of Wetland Archaeology. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Mietto, P., Avanzini, M. and Rolandi, ...

Author: Martin Bell

Publisher: Oxbow Books

ISBN: 9781789254051

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 652

The book draws on the evidence of landscape archaeology, palaeoenvironmental studies, ethnohistory and animal tracking to address the neglected topic of how we identify and interpret past patterns of movement in the landscape. It challenges the pessimism of previous generations which regarded prehistoric routes such as hollow ways as generally undatable. The premise is that archaeologists tend to focus on ‘sites’ while neglecting the patterns of habitual movement that made them part of living landscapes. Evidence of past movement is considered in a multi-scalar way from the individual footprint to the long distance path including the traces created in vegetation by animal and human movement. It is argued that routes may be perpetuated over long timescales creating landscape structures which influence the activities of subsequent generations. In other instances radical changes of axes of communication and landscape structures provide evidence of upheaval and social change. Palaeoenvironmental and ethnohistorical evidence from the American North West coast sets the scene with evidence for the effects of burning, animal movement, faeces deposition and transplantation which can create readable routes along which are favoured resources. Evidence from European hunter-gatherer sites hints at similar practices of niche construction on a range of spatial scales. On a local scale, footprints help to establish axes of movement, the locations of lost settlements and activity areas. Wood trackways likewise provide evidence of favoured patterns of movement and past settlement location. Among early farming communities alignments of burial mounds, enclosure entrances and other monuments indicate axes of communication. From the middle Bronze Age in Europe there is more clearly defined evidence of trackways flanked by ditches and fields. Landscape scale survey and excavation enables the dating of trackways using spatial relationships with dated features and many examples indicate long-term continuity of routeways. Where fields flank routeways a range of methods, including scientific approaches, provide dates. Prehistorians have often assumed that Ridgeways provided the main axes of early movement but there is little evidence for their early origins and rather better evidence for early routes crossing topography and providing connections between different environmental zones. The book concludes with a case study of the Weald of South East England which demonstrates that some axes of cross topographic movement used as droveways, and generally considered as early medieval, can be shown to be of prehistoric origin. One reason that dryland routes have proved difficult to recognise is that insufficient attention has been paid to the parts played by riverine and maritime longer distance communication. It is argued that understanding the origins of the paths we use today contributes to appreciation of the distinctive qualities of landscapes. Appreciation will help to bring about effective strategies for conservation of mutual benefit to people and wildlife by maintaining and enhancing corridors of connectivity between different landscape zones including fragmented nature reserves and valued places. In these ways an understanding of past routeways can contribute to sustainable landscapes, communities and quality of life
Categories: Social Science

Rethinking Wetland Archaeology

Rethinking Wetland Archaeology

The purpose of global wetland archaeology conferences and specialist publications must be clearly defined if we want to ... of any such rescue work must have significance and pertinence beyond the sub - field of wetland archaeology .

Author: Robert Van De Noort

Publisher: Bristol Classical Press

ISBN: UVA:X004836186

Category: Social Science

Page: 167

View: 618

Shows how wetland studies can be contextualised within geographical, cultural and theoretical frameworks. This book discusses how wetland archaeological discoveries can be understood in terms of past people's perception and understanding of landscape, which was not only a source of economic benefit, but a storehouse of cultural values and beliefs.
Categories: Social Science

Field Archaeology from Around the World

Field Archaeology from Around the World

Beyond the looking-glass: Some thoughts on sociopolitics and reflexivity in Australian archaeology. ... Galloway crannogs: An interim report on work at Cults Loch and Dorman's Island by the Scottish Wetland Archaeology Programme.

Author: Martin Carver

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319098197

Category: Social Science

Page: 245

View: 580

Field practice in archaeology varies greatly throughout the world, mainly because archaeological sites survive in very different ways in different counties. Many manuals see this as a problem - to be defeated by the imposition of standardised procedures. In this book we relish the variety of field practice, seeing it rather as the way the best archaeologists have responded creatively to the challenges of terrain, research objectives and the communities within which they work. While insisting on the highest levels of investigation, we celebrate the different designs, concepts, scientific detection methods and recording systems applied - so embracing standards, but not standardisation. The book is organised in four parts: Part 1 offers a summary of field procedures. Part 2 reviews the principal methods applied, above and below ground, and how the results are analysed. Part 3 illustrates the huge variety confronted by field workers with a series of exemplary commercial and academic projects enacted in downland, jungle, desert, permafrost, road schemes and towns. Approaches also differ according to the traditional methodologies that have evolved in particular countries. In Part 4 we give examples of some the strongest and oldest of those practised on four continents. ​
Categories: Social Science

Digital Archaeology

Digital Archaeology

Beyond the Map: Archaeology and Spatial Technologies. ... Chapman, H.P (2000) 'Understanding wetland archaeological landscapes: GIS, environmental analysis and landscape reconstruction; pathways and narratives', in G.Lock (ed.) Beyond ...

Author: Patrick Daly

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134388196

Category: Architecture

Page: 280

View: 783

The use of computers in archaeology is entering a new phase of unparalleled development, moving on from a specialist methodology on the margins to a powerful practical and analytical tool used across all areas of archaeological interest. With a thorough examination of the ways in which both everyday and cutting-edge technologies can be used to inform and enhance traditional methods, this book brings together ideology from the academic world and pragmatic, concrete examples to show how fieldwork, theory and technology fit together today as never before. Covering a history of the rise of computer use in archaeology as well as a thorough assessment of a number of high profile examples such as the Ferrybridge Chariot, this book shows how new technologies have been implemented into both theory and method as an integral part of the archaeological process. With contributions from renowned experts, experienced professionals and emerging names in the field, this unique, forward-thinking book brings together previously disparate aspects of archaeology in a new holistic approach to the study of the past. A companion website is also available to allow further study of the images included.
Categories: Architecture

Climate Change Archaeology

Climate Change Archaeology

It is beyond doubt that the climate is changing, presenting us with one of the biggest challenges in the twenty-first-century.

Author: Robert van de Noort

Publisher:

ISBN: 0191804916

Category:

Page: 272

View: 410

Categories:

Analecta Praehistorica Leidensia

Analecta Praehistorica Leidensia

An archaeological and environmental study of the Neolithic and Later Prehistoric landscape of the Avon valley and Durrington ... some implications for past landscapes and human activity , Journal of Wetland Archaeology 1 , 55 - 82 .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105132134789

Category: Netherlands

Page:

View: 131

Categories: Netherlands

Beyond the Map

Beyond the Map

H. Chapman / Wetland archaeological landscapes References [ 1 ] Tuan , Y. , Space and place . The perspective of experience . Arnold , London , 1977 . [ 2 ] Tilley , C. , A phenomenology of landscape - places , paths and monuments .

Author: Gary R. Lock

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015049715686

Category: Archaeology

Page: 236

View: 838

This set of papers by European and North American archaeologists explore the interface between new spatial technologies and areas of theoretical concern in spatial archaeology. Differing aspects of landscape, such as vision, perception and movement, are explored through a series of case studies that focus on how spatial technologies can influence archaeological interpretation and to what extent these new technologies can be manipulated to take us beyond 2-dimensional maps. Individual site-based analyses and new applications of predictive modelling are also presented and assessed together with the wider questions of spatial technologies within heritage management.
Categories: Archaeology