The outcome of metamorphosis is that the fish turns into a juvenile. Evidence to the fact that it is possible to learn when fish become juvenile has been provided by several participants of the workshop. They determined the onset of the ...
Author: G.H. Copp
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Metamorphosis and the transition from larvae or embryos to juveniles in fishes are important in order to answer, for example, questions about: (1) life-history styles and their modifications in evolutionary perspective and within current environmental demands; (2) the development and application of fisheries recruitment models, (3) the use of ontogenetic scales for interspecific comparisons, (4) the identification of ontogenetic shifts in resource use, and (5) the discovery of evolutionary interrelationships of species or genera. This volume is dedicated to recent studies and reviews of existing knowledge on this insufficiently-addressed area of ichthyology. Most of the papers in this volume were presented in Bratislava, Slovakia, at the 1st International Workshop of the Fish Ontogeny Network of Europe (FONE) in September 1997, a meeting sponsored in part by the European Commission. This volume emphasizes an integrated approach to the study of fish ontogeny, which is a process during which one event is related to another and everything is related to everything else, encompassing physiology, morphology, behaviour and niche. Within this comprehensive perspective, the papers in this volume are grouped along four major themes: reflections on early ontogeny and metamorphosis, organism-environment relationships, ontogeny of predator-prey interactions, and behaviour and ontogeny. Among other issues, the papers consider topics such as whether one can identify when fish metamorphosis ends, whether the larva period begins with hatching or with the onset of exogenous feeding, whether fish ontogeny is `saltatory' or `gradual', and whether larvae are eliminated in some fishes with direct development. The keynote paper of this volume reviews the main topics within contemporary paradigms and the final paper concludes that the onset of the juvenile period can be identified in some species, but precision remains problematic, emphasizing the need for further research in this dynamic area of fish biology.
The ability of young fish to detect chemical stimuli during these early ontogenetic periods, when they are still hidden ... in the environment by fish in early ontogeny can have a variety of effects on its behavior, which can either be ...
Publisher: Academic Press
FROM THE PREFACE: Dramatic changes occur in the physiology of most animals during their development. Among the vertebrates, birds are entirely oviparous, live for variable periods in a cleidoic egg, and show fundamental alterations in excretion, nutrition, and respiration at the time of hatching. In contrast, the eutherian mammals are all viviparous, depend on the maternal circulation and a specialized placenta to provide food, exchange gases, and discharge wastes. The physiology of both mother and fetus is highly specialized during gestation and changes fundamentally at the time of birth. Fishes exemplify both the oviparous and the viviparous modes of development, with some examples that are intermediate between the two. In these two volumes, selected reviews of many, but not all, aspects of development are presented. The chapters in Part A relate to the physiology of eggs and larvae; those in Part B concern viviparity and the physiology of posthatching juvenile fishes.
Author: United States. National Ocean ServicePublish On: 1991
Juveniles are typically associated with vegetation in estuaries , particularly seagrass beds and mangroves . ... Estuaries can be loosely categorized by their physical and chemical characteristics and their associated species ...
Author: United States. National Marine Fisheries ServicePublish On: 2000
Based on the results of bypass studies , guidance devices and bypass system components can be redesigned , modified , or deployed using specific configurations to improve juvenile fish passage . ESA - listed juvenile fish will be ...
Author: United States. National Marine Fisheries Service
For juvenile traits, morphological measurements can be made directly, but to examine the linkages from larval life to juvenile life, otolith microstructure analysis is necessary. Cohorts of young fish can be tracked by collecting ...
Author: Camilo Mora
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
The local diversity and global richness of coral reef fishes, along with the diversity manifested in their morphology, behaviour and ecology, provides fascinating and diverse opportunities for study. Reflecting the very latest research in a broad and ever-growing field, this comprehensive guide is a must-read for anyone interested in the ecology of fishes on coral reefs. Featuring contributions from leaders in the field, the 36 chapters cover the full spectrum of current research. They are presented in five parts, considering coral reef fishes in the context of ecology, patterns and processes, human intervention and impacts, conservation, and past and current debates. Beautifully illustrated in full-colour, this book is designed to summarise and help build upon current knowledge and to facilitate further research. It is an ideal resource for those new to the field as well as for experienced researchers.
Feed efficiency , protein efficiency ratio , and protein retained by the fish all increased as dietary protein increased ... are the principal predators on larvae and small juveniles reared in ponds ; whereas , cannibalism can become a ...
Author: Robert R. Stickney
Publisher: CRC Press
Culture of Nonsalmonid Freshwater Fishes, 2nd Edition presents an expanded, updated description of important techniques and practices for the culture of some of the most widely cultured nonsalmonid species used for human consumption (channel catfish, tilapia, carp) for stocking freshwater bodies for recreational fishing (bass, walleye, striped bass), and for bait (minnows). This new edition features the latest information on spawning, nutritional requirements, special culture requirements, tolerance to various water quality parameters, and types of diseases that can occur. It is an essential book for all aquaculturalists, agency fishery biologists, and students interested in freshwater aquaculture.
A juvenile English sole's main predators are probably piscivorous birds such as great blue heron ( Ardia herodias ) , larger fishes , and marine mammals . Adults may be eaten by marine mammals , sharks , and other large fishes .
COPP G. H. & KOVÁC V. 1996 : When do fish with indirect development become juveniles ? Can . J. Fish . Aquat . Sci . 53 : 746–752 . DARKOVA . A. 1975 : Behavioral reactions of schooling fishes in individuals of the same species and the ...