Molecular Wine Microbiology

Molecular Wine Microbiology

While other books offer insights into the technological aspects of enology, this book is written by expert microbiologists, who explore the positive and negative impacts of gene function in the production of wine, from a microbiological ...

Author: Alfonso V. Carrascosa Santiago

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0080962580

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 372

View: 496

Molecular Wine Microbiology features rigorous scientific content written at a level comprehensible for wine professionals as well as advanced students. It includes information on production and spoilage issues, the microbial groups relevant for wine production and microbial wine safety. Microbiology has long been recognized as a key tool in studying wine production, however only recently have wine microbiology studies been addressed at a molecular level, increasing the understanding of how microbiology impacts not only the flavor quality of the wine, but also its safety. Understanding, at a molecular level, how a starter culture can impact ethanol, glycerol, volatile phenols, mannoproteins, biogenic amines or ochratoxin A of a wine are just some of the core points that must be considered in order to achieve maximium consumer acceptability while addressing safety concerns during processing and storage. While other books offer insights into the technological aspects of enology, this book is written by expert microbiologists, who explore the positive and negative impacts of gene function in the production of wine, from a microbiological point of view. Winner of the 2012 Jury Award in Enology from the International Organisation of Vine and Wine Presents the most current methods of studying the microbiology of wine Includes latest identification and typing methods, reducing identification time from days and weeks to minutes and hours Provides important knowledge about the impact of microbiological factors at the molecular level for reduction of wine spoilage and increased wine quality and safety
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Wine Microbiology

Wine Microbiology

The introductory narrative of this book is designed to be an overview, from the wine microbiologist’s point of view, of those critical junctures in the process (CCPs) that are of concern in wine quality as well as intervention/control ...

Author: Kenneth C. Fugelsang

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781475769708

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 245

View: 778

Winemaking from the vineyard to shipment of the bottled product is a series of challenges for winemaking staff. The introductory narrative of this book is designed to be an overview, from the wine microbiologist’s point of view, of those critical junctures in the process (CCPs) that are of concern in wine quality as well as intervention/control programs to address them. The second edition of Wine Microbiology builds upon the foundation of its highly successful predecessor with emphasis on modern molecular methods. It has been revised and updated with recent data and conclusions in all chapters.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Wine Microbiology

Wine Microbiology

This volume applies an inductive experimental approach to recognize, control and resolve the variables that effect the wine-making process and the quality of the final product - focusing on the grape variety-yeast interaction controversy.

Author: Claudio Delfini

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0824705904

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 496

View: 242

This volume applies an inductive experimental approach to recognize, control and resolve the variables that effect the wine-making process and the quality of the final product - focusing on the grape variety-yeast interaction controversy. It contains over 300 drawings, photographs and photomicrographs that illustrate the diagnostic morphology of wine yeast and bacteria used to track wine spoilage and related problems.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Wine Microbiology and Biotechnology

Wine Microbiology and Biotechnology

The book emphasizes the diversity of microorganisms associated with the winemaking process, and broadens the discussion of winemaking to include more modern concepts of biotechnology and molecular biology.

Author: Graham H. Fleet

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0415278503

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 510

View: 748

Wine Microbiology and Biotechnology presents developments in fermentation technology, enzyme technology, and technologies for the genetic engineering of microorganisms in a single volume. The book emphasizes the diversity of microorganisms associated with the winemaking process, and broadens the discussion of winemaking to include more modern concepts of biotechnology and molecular biology. In each chapter, recognized authorities in their field link the scientific fundamentals of microbiology, biochemistry, and biotechnology to the practical aspects of wine production and quality. They also provide relevant historical background and offer directions for future research.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Handbook of Enology Volume 1

Handbook of Enology  Volume 1

This third English edition of The Handbook of Enology, is an enhanced translation from the 7h French 2017 edition, and is published in print as individual themed volumes and as a two-volume set, describing aspects of winemaking using a ...

Author: Pascal Ribéreau-Gayon

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119584681

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 656

View: 486

As an applied science, enology is a collection of knowledge from the fundamental sciences including chemistry, biochemistry, microbiology, bioengineering, psychophysics, cognitive psychology, etc., and nourished by empirical observations. The approach used in the Handbook of Enology is thus the same. It aims to provide practitioners, winemakers, technicians and enology students with foundational knowledge and the most recent research results. This knowledge can be used to contribute to a better definition of the quality of grapes and wine, a greater understanding of chemical and microbiological parameters, with the aim of ensuring satisfactory fermentations and predicting the evolution of wines, an7thd better mastery of wine stabilization processes. As a result, the purpose of this publication is to guide readers in their thought processes with a view to preserving and optimizing the identity and taste of wine and its aging potential. This third English edition of The Handbook of Enology, is an enhanced translation from the 7h French 2017 edition, and is published in print as individual themed volumes and as a two-volume set, describing aspects of winemaking using a detailed, scientific approach. The authors, who are highly-respected enologists, examine winemaking processes, theorizing what constitutes a perfect technique and the proper combination of components necessary to produce a quality vintage. They also illustrate methodologies of common problems, revealing the mechanism behind the disorder, thus enabling a diagnosis and solution. Volume 1: The Microbiology of Wine and Vinifications addresses the first phase of winemaking to produce an "unfinished" wine: grading grape quality and maturation, yeast biology then adding it to the grape crush and monitoring its growth during vinification; and identifying and correcting undesired conditions, such as unbalanced lactic and acetic acid production, use of sulfur dioxide and alternatives, etc. Coverage includes: Wine microbiology; Yeasts; Yeast metabolism; The conditions for the development of yeasts; Lactic acid bacteria, their metabolism and their development in wine; Acetic bacteria; The use of sulfur dioxide in the treatment of musts and wines; Products and processes acting in addition to sulfur dioxide; Winemaking; The grape and its maturation; Harvesting and processing of grapes after harvest; Vinification in red and white wine making. The target audience includes advanced viticulture and enology students, professors and researchers, and practicing grape growers and vintners.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Understanding Wine Microbiota Challenges and Opportunities

Understanding Wine Microbiota  Challenges and Opportunities

Understanding how the microbial community works is expected to provide a sound basis before using fermentation helpers and starters, taking into account the indigenous microbiota.

Author: Aline Lonvaud

Publisher: Frontiers Media SA

ISBN: 9782889459599

Category:

Page:

View: 264

Wine yeast and bacteria have been extensively characterized in terms of physiological and metabolic traits largely in pure culture analyses. Winemaking practices derived from this basic knowledge have undoubtedly improved wine quality. Phylogenetic studies and genome comparisons in extensive collections have revealed the processes of evolution and adaptation of the two main microbial species, Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Oenococcus oeni, present in wine. However, grapes and grape juice contain a variety of microorganisms and these principal agents of fermentation are in fact part of a complex microbial community that evolves dynamically in a special niche. Thanks to the new methods of analysis, the complexity of the microbiota can be measured in any sample of must or wine. In addition, there is greater appreciation of diversity within the main species present in wine. Intraspecific diversity has been evaluated in yeast and bacteria species and strains can be typed even in the mixture of selected or indigenous strains. Descriptions of microbial profiles in all the regions of the world suggest that the microbiota is a significant element of terroir or regional signature. It is no longer enough to simply describe what is present. It is important to consider evolution, physiology and metabolism taking into account microbial interactions within the community. Research in wine microbiology has also expanded our understanding of the participation and role of non-Saccharomyces organisms in winemaking, and refined knowledge on microbial spoilage. However, it is challenging to go from the simple description of these phenomena to their interpretation. The greatest difficulty lies in analyzing the functioning of the extraordinary complex system of yeast and bacteria present during different stages of the fermentation. Interactions in the very particular environment of fermenting grape induce alternations of relative populations’ dominances and declines with subsequent impacts on wine composition. Some mechanisms have been identified or suggested, but much remains to be done. The recent advent of inoculation with non-Saccharomyces in oenological practice, sometimes leading to inconstant results, reflects the profound gaps that exist in knowledge of the complexity of fermentation and wine microbial ecosystems. Understanding how the microbial community works is expected to provide a sound basis before using fermentation helpers and starters, taking into account the indigenous microbiota. It will also aid in monitoring and understanding native or uninoculated fermentations that rely on the complex interactions of grape, winery and fermentation biota for their aroma and flavor profile. The aim of this Research Topic was to bring together current knowledge on several key aspects of wine microorganism biology: i) Evolution / co-evolution of yeasts and bacteria in their process of domestication and adaptation to the oenological niche. ii) Mechanisms of interactions between species and strains, both on grapes and in grape must. iii) Metabolism and physiology of yeast and bacteria in interactions with each other and with the environment, considering to what extent expected objectives (typicity, lower alcohol, etc.,) can be reached by using selected strains. iv) Development of novel technologies or approaches for the assessment of changes in a dynamic microbial community and the linking of such changes to wine flavor and aroma properties. v) Diversity, ecology, physiology and metabolism of B. bruxellensis. Damage from this spoilage agent is not effectively prevented because we do not fully understand the biology of this species, particularly in interaction with other yeast and bacteria. Each chapter presents advances in these areas of study. Research in wine microbiology, particularly in the wine microbiome and its impacts on wine composition is enhancing our understanding of the complexities and dynamics of microbial food and beverage ecosystems.
Categories:

Wine Microbiology

Wine Microbiology

In: Wine Microbiology and Biotechnology. G.H. Fleet (Ed), Chapter 6, pp. 185—223. Harwood Academic Publishers, Chur, Switzerland.

Author: Kenneth C. Fugelsang

Publisher: Рипол Классик

ISBN: 9785881474683

Category: History

Page:

View: 879

Categories: History

Handbook of Enology The Microbiology of Wine and Vinifications

Handbook of Enology  The Microbiology of Wine and Vinifications

This text will be invaluable to winemakers, students of enology or vinification and chemists interested in winemaking.

Author: Pascal Ribéreau-Gayon

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Incorporated

ISBN: UVA:X004397291

Category: Gardening

Page: 466

View: 675

For centuries the transformation of grapes into wine has been the focus of much scientific research but it was not until the nineteenth century that the role of yeasts in alcoholic fermentation was discovered. Since this discovery the findings of chemists, biochemists and microbiologists have led to controlled conditions in winemaking, producing more varied and higher quality wines. Handbook of Enology Volume 1: The Microbiology of Wine and Vinifications uniquely combines scientific knowledge with the description of day-to-day work in the first stages of winemaking, from grape-picking to the end of the fermentation processes. It discusses the scientific basics and technological problems of wine-making and the resulting consequences for the practitioner, providing an authoritative and complete reference manual for both the winemaker and the student. This text will be invaluable to winemakers, students of enology or vinification and chemists interested in winemaking.
Categories: Gardening

Handbook of Enology Volume 1

Handbook of Enology  Volume 1

The "Microbiology" volume of the new revised and updated Handbook of Enology focuses on the vinification process. It describes how yeasts work and how they can be influenced to achieve better results.

Author: Pascal Ribéreau-Gayon

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470010358

Category: Science

Page: 512

View: 978

The "Microbiology" volume of the new revised and updated Handbook of Enology focuses on the vinification process. It describes how yeasts work and how they can be influenced to achieve better results. It continues to look at the metabolism of lactic acid bacterias and of acetic acid bacterias, and again, how can they be treated to avoid disasters in the winemaking process and how to achieve optimal results. The last chapters in the book deal with the use of sulfur-dioxide, the grape and its maturation process, harvest and pre-fermentation treatment, and the basis of red, white and speciality wine making. The result is the ultimate text and reference on the science and technology of the vinification process: understanding and dealing with yeasts and bacterias involved in the transformation from grape to wine. A must for all serious students and practitioners involved in winemaking.
Categories: Science

Microbiota of Grapes Positive and Negative Role on Wine Quality

Microbiota of Grapes  Positive and Negative Role on Wine Quality

During spontaneous food/beverage fermentations, the microbiota associated with the raw material has a considerable importance: this microbial consortium evolves in reason of the nutrient content and of the physical, chemical, and biological ...

Author: Giuseppe Spano

Publisher: Frontiers Media SA

ISBN: 9782889451210

Category:

Page:

View: 374

During spontaneous food/beverage fermentations, the microbiota associated with the raw material has a considerable importance: this microbial consortium evolves in reason of the nutrient content and of the physical, chemical, and biological determinants present in the food matrix, shaping fermentation dynamics with significant impacts on the ‘qualities’ of final productions. The selection from the indigenous micro-biodiversity of ‘virtuous’ ecotypes that coupled pro-technological and biotechnological aptitudes provide the basis for the formulation of ‘tailored’ starter cultures. In the fermenting food and beverage arena, the wine sector is generally characterized by the generation of a high added value. Together with a pronounced seasonality, this feature strongly contributes to the selection of a large group of starter cultures. In the last years, several studies contributed to describe the complexity of grapevine-associated microbiota using both culture-dependent and culture-independent approaches. The grape-associated microbial communities continuously change during the wine-making process, with different dominances that correspond to the main biotechnological steps that take place in wine. In order to simplify, following a time trend, four major dominances can be mainly considered: non-Saccharomyces, Saccharomyces, lactic acid bacteria (LAB), and spoilage microbes. The first two dominances come in succession during the alcoholic fermentation: the impact of Saccharomyces (that are responsible of key enological step of ethanol production) can be complemented/integrated by the contributions of compatible non-Saccharomyces strains. Lactic acid bacteria constitute the malolactic consortium responsible of malolactic fermentation, a microbial bioconversion often desired in wine (especially in red wine production). Finally, the fourth dominance, the undesired microbiota, represents a panel of microorganisms that, coupling spoilage potential to the resistance to the harsh conditions typical of wine environment, can cause important economic losses. In each of these four dominances a complex microbial biodiversity has been described. The studies on the enological significance of the micro-biodiversity connected with each of the four dominances highlighted the presence of a dichotomy: in each consortia there are species/strains that, in reason of their metabolisms, are able to improve wine ‘qualities’ (resource of interest in starter cultures design), and species/strains that with their metabolism are responsible of depreciation of wine. Articles describing new oenological impacts of yeasts and bacteria belonging to the four main categories above mentioned (non-Saccharomyces, Saccharomycetes, lactic acid bacteria, and spoilage microbes) are welcome. Moreover, in this Research Topic, we encourage mini-review submissions on topics of immediate interest in wine microbiology that link microbial biodiversity with positive/negative effects in wine.
Categories:

Handbook of Enology The Microbiology of Wine and Vinifications

Handbook of Enology  The Microbiology of Wine and Vinifications

The "Microbiology" volume of the new revised and updated Handbook of Enology focuses on the vinification process. It describes how yeasts work and how they can be influenced to achieve better results.

Author: Pascal Ribéreau-Gayon

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 0470010347

Category: Science

Page: 512

View: 215

The "Microbiology" volume of the new revised and updated Handbook of Enology focuses on the vinification process. It describes how yeasts work and how they can be influenced to achieve better results. It continues to look at the metabolism of lactic acid bacterias and of acetic acid bacterias, and again, how can they be treated to avoid disasters in the winemaking process and how to achieve optimal results. The last chapters in the book deal with the use of sulfur-dioxide, the grape and its maturation process, harvest and pre-fermentation treatment, and the basis of red, white and speciality wine making. The result is the ultimate text and reference on the science and technology of the vinification process: understanding and dealing with yeasts and bacterias involved in the transformation from grape to wine. A must for all serious students and practitioners involved in winemaking.
Categories: Science

Winemaking Problems Solved

Winemaking Problems Solved

When will it re-ferment and push the corks? How do I best store and ship my bottled wine? Expert answers to these and further questions that arise during winemaking can be found in this convenient reference book.

Author: Christian E Butzke

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780857090188

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 432

View: 658

What is the best way to cold settle my white juices? How do I sample for Brettanomyces? What’s the best procedure to clean or store a used barrel? How do I care for the winery pump? My wine is too astringent - what do I do? When can I skip filtering my wine? When will it re-ferment and push the corks? How do I best store and ship my bottled wine? Expert answers to these and further questions that arise during winemaking can be found in this convenient reference book. Arranged in practical question and answer format, Winemaking problems solved provides brief, quickly accessible solutions to more than one hundred issues of frequent concern to winemaking professionals. Chapters review issues associated with grape analysis, juice and must preparation, yeast and malolactic fermentation, wine clarification and stabilisation, filtration, packaging and storage. Sections on winery equipment maintenance and troubleshooting, wine microbiology and sanitation are also included. The final part of the book focuses on particular wine quality issues, such as hazes and off-odours. With expert contributions from a diverse team of international enologists, Winemaking problems solved is an essential, hands-on reference for professionals in the winemaking industry and students of enology. Provides solutions to a variety of issues of frequent concern to wine making professionals Reviews issues related to grape analysis, filtration, packaging and microbiology A hands-on reference book written by a diverse team of international enologists
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Wine Fermentation

Wine Fermentation

Wineries are facing new challenges due to actual market demands for the creation of products exhibiting more particular flavors.

Author: Harald Claus

Publisher: MDPI

ISBN: 9783038976745

Category: Science

Page: 176

View: 731

Wineries are facing new challenges due to actual market demands for the creation of products exhibiting more particular flavors. In addition, climate change has lead to the requirement for grape varieties with specific features, such as convenient maturation times, enhanced tolerance towards dryness, osmotic stress, and resistance against plant-pathogens. The next generation of yeast starter cultures should produce wines with an appealing sensory profile and less alcohol. This Special Issue comprises actual studies addressing some of the problems and solutions for the environmental, technical, and consumer challenges of wine making today: Development of sophisticated mass spectroscopic methods enable the identification of the major metabolite spectrum of grapes/wine and deliver detailed insights in terroir and yeast-specific traits;Knowledge of the origin and reactions of reductive sulphur compounds facilitates the avoidance of unpleasant wine odors;Innovative physical–chemical treatments support effective and sustainable color extraction from red grape varieties;Enological enzymes from yeasts used directly or in the form of starter cultures are promising tools to increase the juice yields, color intensity, and aroma of wine;Natural and artificial Saccharomyces hybrids as well as collections of adapted wild isolates from various ecological niches will extend winemakers repertoire, allowing individual fermentations;Exact process control of wine fermentations by convenient computer programs will guarantee consistently high product quality.
Categories: Science

Handbook of Enology The Chemistry of Wine Stabilization and Treatments

Handbook of Enology  The Chemistry of Wine Stabilization and Treatments

This text will be invaluable to winemakers, students of enology or vinification and chemists interested in winemaking.

Author: Pascal Ribéreau-Gayon

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 0471973637

Category: Science

Page: 410

View: 512

The transformation of grapes into wine has been the focus of much scientific research for centuries. It was not until the nineteenth century that the role of yeasts in alcoholic fermentation was discovered. Since this discovery the findings of chemists, biochemists and microbiologists have led to controlled conditions in winemaking, producing more varied and higher quality wines. The Handbook of Enology Volume 2: The Chemistry of Wine Stabilization and Treatments uniquely combines chemical theory with the descriptions of day-to-day work in the latter stages of winemaking from clarification and stabilization treatments to ageing processes in vats and barrels. This book discusses the scientific basics and technological problems of winemaking and the resulting consequences for the practitioner, providing an authoritative and complete reference manual for both the winemaker and the student. This text will be invaluable to winemakers, students of enology or vinification and chemists interested in winemaking.
Categories: Science

Abstracts of Microbiology and Hygiene

Abstracts of Microbiology and Hygiene

5 OKAFOR , N . and IKEME , M . M . ( Dept . of Microbiol . , Univ . of Nigeria ,
Nsukka / Nigeria ) : Studies on the Transmissibility of Hookworm , Salmonella
and Shigella through Palm - Wine Palm - wine is a beverage drunk widely
through out ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:B4425899

Category: Bacteriology

Page:

View: 623

Categories: Bacteriology

Advances in Sustainable Viticulture and Winemaking Microbiology

Advances in Sustainable Viticulture and Winemaking Microbiology

Advances in Sustainable Viticulture and Winemaking Microbiology is an international scientific research eBook on the context of sustainable viticulture and winemaking development from the microbiological point of view.

Author: Gustavo Cordero-Bueso

Publisher: Frontiers Media SA

ISBN: 9782889457007

Category:

Page:

View: 658

Advances in Sustainable Viticulture and Winemaking Microbiology is an international scientific research eBook on the context of sustainable viticulture and winemaking development from the microbiological point of view. The Editors welcome the lectors to read multidisciplinary articles that bridge viticulture and winemaking with microbial ecology, environmental and social sciences. Manuscripts focus on novel findings underlining those relationships. The journal ‘Frontiers in Microbiology’ published original research articles that demonstrate a clear scientific breakthrough versus current knowledge. This eBook covers application fields such as sustainable viticulture, sustainable winemaking, the climatic global change, the preservation of natural resources and health, agriculture and biodiversity, ecological, economical and social impacts of beverages and food quality and security management and the geographical distribution of yeast and bacteria populations related to winemaking issues of agricultural changes. ‘If wine was perfect, there would be no need for microorganisms for a sustainable viticulture and winemaking’ - Gustavo Cordero-Bueso
Categories:

FEMS Microbiology Letters

FEMS Microbiology Letters

In : Wine Microbiology and Biotechnology ( Fleet , G. , Ed . ) , Harwood Academic
Publishers , Chur , pp . 289-326 . [ 3 ] Wibowo , D. , Eschenbruch , R. , Davis ,
C.R. , Fleet , G.H. and Lee , T.H. ( 1985 ) Occurrence and growth of lactic acid ...

Author: Federation of European Microbiological Societies

Publisher:

ISBN: UVA:X006183686

Category: Microbiology

Page:

View: 580

Categories: Microbiology

Handbook of Enology 2 Volume Set

Handbook of Enology  2 Volume Set

This third English edition of The Handbook of Enology, is an enhanced translation from the 7th French 2017 edition, and is published as a two-volume set describing aspects of winemaking using a detailed, scientific approach.

Author: Pascal Riberau-Gayon

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 1119587662

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1136

View: 476

Categories: Technology & Engineering