Wired into Nature

Wired into Nature

Entertaining and enlightening, Wired into Nature explores an unknown history of the West.

Author: James Schwoch

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 9780252050459

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 906

The completion of the Transcontinental Telegraph in 1861 completed telegraphy's mile-by-mile trek across the West. In addition to linking the coasts, the telegraph represented an extraordinary American effort in many fields of endeavor to know, act upon, and control a continent. Merging new research with bold reinterpretation, James Schwoch details the unexplored dimensions of the frontier telegraph and its impact. The westward spread of telegraphy entailed encounters with environments that challenged Americans to acquire knowledge of natural history, climate, and a host of other fields. Telegraph codes and ciphers, meanwhile, became important political, military, and economic secrets. Schwoch shows how the government's use of commercial networks drove a relationship between the two sectors that served increasingly expansionist aims. He also reveals the telegraph's role in securing high ground and encouraging surveillance. Both became vital aspects of the American effort to contain, and conquer, the West's indigenous peoples--and part of a historical arc of concerns about privacy, data gathering, and surveillance that remains pertinent today. Entertaining and enlightening, Wired into Nature explores an unknown history of the West.
Categories: Social Science

On Human Nature

On Human Nature

These approaches search for the basic adaptive problems that humans faced during their evolution to distinguish what natural selection wired into the human genome from what is more purely cultural. One technique examines what makes ...

Author: Jonathan H. Turner

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000213652

Category: Social Science

Page: 298

View: 143

In this book, Jonathan H. Turner combines sociology, evolutionary biology, cladistic analysis from biology, and comparative neuroanatomy to examine human nature as inherited from common ancestors shared by humans and present-day great apes. Selection pressures altered this inherited legacy for the ancestors of humans—termed hominins for being bipedal—and forced greater organization than extant great apes when the hominins moved into open-country terrestrial habitats. The effects of these selection pressures increased hominin ancestors’ emotional capacities through greater social and group orientation. This shift, in turn, enabled further selection for a larger brain, articulated speech, and culture along the human line. Turner elaborates human nature as a series of overlapping complexes that are the outcome of the inherited legacy of great apes being fed through the transforming effects of a larger brain, speech, and culture. These complexes, he shows, can be understood as the cognitive complex, the psychological complex, the emotions complex, the interaction complex, and the community complex.
Categories: Social Science

The Everything Guide to Ayurveda

The Everything Guide to Ayurveda

Just like other creatures are wired into natural rhythms in nature such as hibernation or migration patterns, the human being, or homo sapien, is wired with particular rhythms as well. No one can escape this fact.

Author: Heidi E Spear

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 9781440530456

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 304

View: 429

Combining the Sanskrit words "ayur" (life) and "veda" (knowledge), Ayurveda is an ancient Indian practice for living that dates back thousands of years. Ayurveda promotes a mind-consciousness-body balance that, when in perfect alignment, results in improved health, outlook, and attitude. This is the optimal guide for families interested in Ayurveda, with information on: The history of Ayurvedic medicine in India Discovering individual "doshas," or personality types Incorporating Ayurvedic foods into your everyday diet Yoga and exercise techniques for each "dosha" Meditation and relaxation tips for the whole family Packed with information and guidance, plus more than twenty-five Ayurvedic recipes for meals and snacks that your whole family will love, this guide is the perfect resource for transitioning into a healthy, balanced way of living!
Categories: Health & Fitness

Ayurveda Made Easy

Ayurveda Made Easy

Just as other creatures are wired into natural rhythms in nature such as hibernation or migration patterns, the human being, or Homo sapiens, is wired with particular rhythms as well. The more you align with your natural rhythms, ...

Author: Heidi E Spear

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 9781507204399

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 160

View: 413

Practicing Ayurveda doesn't need to be complicated - these simple strategies will help you get moving toward a healthier lifestyle perfectly suited to your needs. A comprehensive holistic health system, Ayurveda works to help you better understand your body and achieve your personal ideal balance with a series of exercises, activities, and natural remedies. From dietary suggestions that will help you care for your body to yoga postures and breathing exercises to keep you calm and mindful, each page offers simple strategies for improving your physical and mental health. With over 50 easy-to-follow exercises, Ayurveda Made Easy helps you find health, peace, and energy for a balanced life.
Categories: Health & Fitness

Nurture the Nature

Nurture the Nature

94 nurture the nature In the next six chapters of this book, we'll discuss the newest scientific research into ... Gender differences wired into the brains of infants are just one of a number of complex but crucial themes I will look at ...

Author: Michael Gurian

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470322529

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 368

View: 146

From Michael Gurian, the best-selling author of The Minds of Boys and The Wonder of Girls, comes the next-step book that shows how any parent can tune into a child’s unique core personality, hard wiring, temperament, and genetic predisposition in order to help that child flourish and thrive. Based on the most recent brain research, Nurture the Nature features the Ten Tips for Nurturing the Nature of Your Baby, self-tests, checklists, and many other tools for you to help your kids get exactly the kind of support they need, from infants to adolescents. While offering positive ideas for nurturing your child, Gurian also shows how to avoid the stress, pressures, and excessive competition of what he identifies as social trends parenting. Most parents know instinctively that their child is unique and has special potential, weaknesses, and strengths. No child is a blank slate. Gurian calls on parents to turn away from one-size-fits-all approaches and instead support the individual core nature of a child with effective and customized loving care.
Categories: Family & Relationships

Rule of Law for Nature

Rule of Law for Nature

Human reactions to a changing Earth will emerge in comparable ways, reflecting traits of human nature that evolved through Darwinian natural selection and evolution. These instincts are “hard-wiredinto Homo sapiens.

Author: Christina Voigt

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107513211

Category: Law

Page:

View: 578

'Human laws must be reformulated to keep human activities in harmony with the unchanging and universal laws of nature.' This 1987 statement by the World Commission on Environment and Development has never been more relevant and urgent than it is today. Despite the many legal responses to various environmental problems, more greenhouse gases than ever before are being released into the atmosphere, biological diversity is rapidly declining and fish stocks in the oceans are dwindling. This book challenges the doctrinal construction of environmental law and presents an innovative legal approach to ecological sustainability: a rule of law for nature which guides and transcends ordinary written laws and extends fundamental principles of respect, integrity and legal security to the non-human world.
Categories: Law

When the Medium Was the Mission

When the Medium Was the Mission

For an excellent study of the westward expansion of the telegraph system, see Schwoch, Wired into Nature. A helpful discussion of the relationship of railroads to the reservation system can be found in Adas, Dominance by Design, 67–127.

Author: Jenna Supp-Montgomerie

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 9781479801497

Category: Religion

Page: 312

View: 990

An innovative exploration of religion's influence on communication networks When Samuel Morse sent the words “what hath God wrought” from the US Supreme Court to Baltimore in mere minutes, it was the first public demonstration of words travelling faster than human beings and farther than a line of sight in the US. This strange confluence of media, religion, technology, and US nationhood lies at the foundation of global networks. The advent of a telegraph cable crossing the Atlantic Ocean was viewed much the way the internet is today, to herald a coming world-wide unification. President Buchanan declared that the Atlantic Telegraph would be “an instrument destined by divine providence to diffuse religion, civilization, liberty, and law throughout the world” through which “the nations of Christendom [would] spontaneously unite.” Evangelical Protestantism embraced the new technology as indicating God’s support for their work to Christianize the globe. Public figures in the US imagined this new communication technology in primarily religious terms as offering the means to unite the world and inspire peaceful relations among nations. Religious utopianists saw the telegraph as the dawn of a perfect future. Religious framing thus dominated the interpretation of the technology’s possibilities, forging an imaginary of networks as connective, so much so that connection is now fundamental to the idea of networks. In reality, however, networks are marked, at core, by disconnection. With lively historical sources and an accessible engagement with critical theory, When the Medium was the Mission tells the story of how connection was made into the fundamental promise of networks, illuminating the power of public Protestantism in the first network imaginaries, which continue to resonate today in false expectations of connection.
Categories: Religion

The Haraway Reader

The Haraway Reader

These are the kids who came to the Museum to see the high tech Nature - Max films . But soon , for those not physically wired into the communication system of the late twentieth century , another time begins to take form .

Author: Donna Jeanne Haraway

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415966892

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 352

View: 530

First Published in 2004. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Humean Moral Pluralism

Humean Moral Pluralism

The feature is explanatorily original to a human's nature, hard-wired into her, something that can be used to explain how other features develop but cannot itself be explained by her experiences. Another idea that can be involved in ...

Author: Michael B. Gill

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191023415

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 455

Michael B. Gill offers an original account of Humean moral pluralism. Moral pluralism is the view that there are different ultimate moral reasons for action, that those different reasons can sometimes come into conflict with each other, and that there exist no invariable ordering principles that tell us how to resolve such conflicts. If moral pluralism is true, we will at times have to act on moral decisions for which we can give no fully principled justification. Humeanism is the view that our moral judgments are based on our sentiments, that reason alone could not have given rise to our moral judgments, and that there are no mind-independent moral properties for our moral judgments to track. In this book, Gill shows that the combination of these two views produces a more accurate account of our moral experiences than the monistic, rationalist, and non-naturalist alternatives. He elucidates the historical origins of the Humean pluralist position in the works of David Hume, Adam Smith, and their eighteenth century contemporaries, and explains how recent work in moral psychology has advanced this position. And he argues for the position's superiority to the non-naturalist pluralism of W. D. Ross and the monism of Kantianism and consequentialism. The pluralist account of the content of morality has been traditionally perceived as belonging with non-naturalist intuitionism. The Humean sentimentalist account of morality has been traditionally perceived as not belonging with any view of morality's content at all. Humean Moral Pluralism explodes both those perceptions. It shows that pluralism and Humeanism belong together, and that they make a philosophically powerful couple.
Categories: Philosophy

Unorthodox Marxism

Unorthodox Marxism

SM : We begin by asserting human nature because we believe that it is there , and we persist in using the concept because it proves so ... We assert a human nature wired into a social being which can only take form in a social context .

Author: Michael Albert

Publisher: South End Press

ISBN: 0896080048

Category: Education

Page: 379

View: 823

This "essay on capitalism, socialism, and revolution" offers a councilist critique of orthodox Marxism and offers, in the place of Marxism, a new view of socialist revolution consistent with modern circumstances.
Categories: Education

Primate Visions

Primate Visions

These are the kids who came to the Museum to see the high tech Nature-Max films. But soon, for those not physically wired into the communication system of the late twentieth century, another time begins to take form.

Author: Donna J. Haraway

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136608148

Category: Social Science

Page: 496

View: 700

Haraway's discussions of how scientists have perceived the sexual nature of female primates opens a new chapter in feminist theory, raising unsettling questions about models of the family and of heterosexuality in primate research.
Categories: Social Science

Reconceptualizing the Nature of Science for Science Education

Reconceptualizing the Nature of Science for Science Education

natural and physical world, such as the task of a botanist who studies plant species through direct observation or an ... is in our heads—on what evolution has 'wired' into our nervous systems and what we know as a result of experience.

Author: Sibel Erduran

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789401790574

Category: Science

Page: 189

View: 749

Prompted by the ongoing debate among science educators over ‘nature of science’, and its importance in school and university curricula, this book is a clarion call for a broad re-conceptualizing of nature of science in science education. The authors draw on the ‘family resemblance’ approach popularized by Wittgenstein, defining science as a cognitive-epistemic and social-institutional system whose heterogeneous characteristics and influences should be more thoroughly reflected in science education. They seek wherever possible to clarify their developing thesis with visual tools that illustrate how their ideas can be practically applied in science education. The volume’s holistic representation of science, which includes the aims and values, knowledge, practices, techniques, and methodological rules (as well as science’s social and institutional contexts), mirrors its core aim to synthesize perspectives from the fields of philosophy of science and science education. The authors believe that this more integrated conception of nature of science in science education is both innovative and beneficial. They discuss in detail the implications for curriculum content, pedagogy, and learning outcomes, deploy numerous real-life examples, and detail the links between their ideas and curriculum policy more generally.
Categories: Science

The Unbroken Thread

The Unbroken Thread

Gnosis was knowledge that saved : Once the gnostic believer awakened to the true nature of reality , he was freed from bonds of responsibility — and guilt . He “ knew ” that the rules proclaimed by the prophets and seemingly wired into ...

Author: Sohrab Ahmari

Publisher: Convergent Books

ISBN: 9780593137185

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 322

We’ve pursued and achieved the modern dream of defining ourselves—but at what cost? The New York Post op-ed editor makes a compelling case for seeking the inherited traditions and ideals that give our lives meaning. “Ahmari’s tour de force makes tradition astonishingly vivid and relevant for the here and now.”—Rod Dreher, bestselling author of Live Not by Lies and The Benedict Option As a young father and a self-proclaimed “radically assimilated immigrant,” opinion editor Sohrab Ahmari realized that when it comes to shaping his young son’s moral fiber, today’s America comes up short. For millennia, the world’s great ethical and religious traditions taught that true happiness lies in pursuing virtue and accepting limits. But now, unbound from these stubborn traditions, we are free to choose whichever way of life we think is most optimal—or, more often than not, merely the easiest. All that remains are the fickle desires that a wealthy, technologically advanced society is equipped to fulfill. The result is a society riven by deep conflict and individual lives that, for all their apparent freedom, are marked by alienation and stark unhappiness. In response to this crisis, Ahmari offers twelve questions for us to grapple with—twelve timeless, fundamental queries that challenge our modern certainties. Among them: Is God reasonable? What is freedom for? What do we owe our parents, our bodies, one another? Exploring each question through the life and ideas of great thinkers, from Saint Augustine to Howard Thurman and from Abraham Joshua Heschel to Andrea Dworkin, Ahmari invites us to examine the hidden assumptions that drive our behavior and, in so doing, to live more humanely in a world that has lost its way.
Categories: Social Science

How Shakespeare Put Politics on the Stage

How Shakespeare Put Politics on the Stage

Those links and obligations between rulers and ruled are in some sense natural; they have been hard-wired into the nature of reality; there is a predisposition to order and obedience in human society as God has created it.

Author: Peter Lake

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300225662

Category: History

Page: 696

View: 419

A masterful, highly engaging analysis of how Shakespeare’s plays intersected with the politics and culture of Elizabethan England With an ageing, childless monarch, lingering divisions due to the Reformation, and the threat of foreign enemies, Shakespeare’s England was fraught with unparalleled anxiety and complicated problems. In this monumental work, Peter Lake reveals, more than any previous critic, the extent to which Shakespeare’s plays speak to the depth and sophistication of Elizabethan political culture and the Elizabethan imagination. Lake reveals the complex ways in which Shakespeare’s major plays engaged with the events of his day, particularly regarding the uncertain royal succession, theological and doctrinal debates, and virtue and virtù in politics. Through his plays, Lake demonstrates, Shakespeare was boldly in conversation with his audience about a range of contemporary issues. This remarkable literary and historical analysis pulls the curtain back on what Shakespeare was really telling his audience and what his plays tell us today about the times in which they were written.
Categories: History

Ethics For Dummies

Ethics For Dummies

These ways of reacting are largely hard-wired into you by nature. So by default, everyone follows nature's laws. But to the extent that you follow your urges without thinking about them, you're letting nature rule your life.

Author: Christopher Panza

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470591710

Category: Philosophy

Page: 384

View: 578

An easy-to-grasp guide to addressing the principles of ethics and applying them to daily life How do you define "good" versus "evil?" Do you know the difference between moral "truth" and moral relativity? Whether or not you know Aristotle from Hume, Ethics For Dummies will get you comfortable with the centuries-old study of ethical philosophy quickly and effectively! Ethics For Dummies is a practical, friendly guide that takes the headache out of the often-confusing subject of ethics. In plain English, it examines the controversial facets of ethical thought, explores the problem of evil, demystifies the writings and theories of such great thinkers through the ages as Aristotle, Confucius, Descartes, Kant, Nietzsche, and so much more. Provides the tools to tackle and understand today's important questions and ethical dilemmas Shows you how to apply the concepts and theories of ethical philosophy to your everyday life Other title by Panza: Existentialism For Dummies Whether you're currently enrolled in an ethics course or are interested in living a good life but are vexed with ethical complexities, Ethics For Dummies has you covered!
Categories: Philosophy

The Altruistic Brain

The Altruistic Brain

Apart from the evolutionary biologists, the average person no doubt would say that there is still a perpetual struggle between good and evil, that is, a 50–50-ness somehow wired into the nature of things. Thus for every 9/11—full of ...

Author: Donald W Pfaff

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199377473

Category: Medical

Page: 224

View: 926

Since the beginning of recorded history, law and religion have provided "rules" that define good behavior. When we obey such rules, we assign to some external authority the capacity to determine how we should act. Even anarchists recognize the existence of a choice as to whether or not to obey, since no one has seriously doubted that the source of social order resides in our vast ethical systems. Debate has focused only on whose system is best, never for an instant imagining that law, religion, or some philosophical permutation of either was not the basis of prosocial action. The only divergence from this uniform understanding of human society has come from the behavioral sciences, which cite various biological bases for human goodness. Putting aside both ancient and relatively modern ethical systems, neuroscientists, psychologists, and evolutionary biologists have started a revolution more profound than any anarchist ever dreamed of. In essence, these researchers argue that the source of good human behavior - of the benevolence that we associate with the highest religious teachings - emanates from our physical make-up. Our brains, hormones, and genes literally embody our social compasses. In The Altruistic Brain, renowned neuroscientist Donald Pfaff provides the latest, most far-reaching argument in support of this revolution, explaining in exquisite detail how our neuroanatomical structure favors kindness towards others. Unlike any other study in its field, The Altruistic Brain synthesizes all the most important research into how and why - at a purely physical level - humans empathize with one another and respond altruistically. It demonstrates that human beings are "wired" to behave altruistically in the first instance, such that unprompted, spontaneous kindness is our default behavior; such behavior comes naturally, irrespective of religious or cultural determinants. Based on his own research and that of some of the world's most eminent scientists, Dr. Pfaff puts together well-established brain mechanisms into a theory that is at once novel but also easily demonstrable. He further explains how, using psycho-social approaches that are now well understood, we can clear away obstacles to the brain's natural, altruistic inclinations. This is the first book not only to explain why we are naturally good, but to suggest means of making us behave as well as we can. The Altruistic Brain is required reading for anyone who wants to understand the behavioral revolution in science and the promise that it holds for reorienting society towards greater cooperation.
Categories: Medical

A World Beyond Difference

A World Beyond Difference

Its main premise was that the essential truth of the earliest natural law theory – beginning with the legacies of ... the theistic approach to natural law emphasized a natural human conscience, a moral essence hard wired into the ...

Author: Ronald Niezen

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781405137102

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 902

A World Beyond Difference unpacks the globalizationliterature and offers a valuable critique: one that is forthright,yet balanced, and draws on the local work of ethnographers tocounter relativist and globalist discourses. Presents a lively conceptual and historical map of how we thinkabout the emerging socio-political world, and above all how wethink politically about human cultural differences Interprets, criticizes, and frames responses to worldculture Draws from the work of recent major social theorists, comparingthem to classical social theorists in an instructive manner Grounds critique of theory in years of ethnographicresearch
Categories: Social Science

The Nature of Fear

The Nature of Fear

Survival Lessons from the Wild Daniel T. Blumstein ... David's response to almost drowning wired into his brain a fear of large, powerful waves at Venice Beach. This makes sense from an evolutionary standpoint: fearful stimuli should ...

Author: Daniel T. Blumstein

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674249943

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 114

A leading expert in animal behavior takes us into the wild to better understand and manage our fears. Fear, honed by millions of years of natural selection, kept our ancestors alive. Whether by slithering away, curling up in a ball, or standing still in the presence of a predator, humans and other animals have evolved complex behaviors in order to survive the hazards the world presents. But, despite our evolutionary endurance, we still have much to learn about how to manage our response to danger. For more than thirty years, Daniel Blumstein has been studying animals’ fear responses. His observations lead to a firm conclusion: fear preserves security, but at great cost. A foraging flock of birds expends valuable energy by quickly taking flight when a raptor appears. And though the birds might successfully escape, they leave their food source behind. Giant clams protect their valuable tissue by retracting their mantles and closing their shells when a shadow passes overhead, but then they are unable to photosynthesize, losing the capacity to grow. Among humans, fear is often an understandable and justifiable response to sources of threat, but it can exact a high toll on health and productivity. Delving into the evolutionary origins and ecological contexts of fear across species, The Nature of Fear considers what we can learn from our fellow animals—from successes and failures. By observing how animals leverage alarm to their advantage, we can develop new strategies for facing risks without panic.
Categories: Science

Orphans Nature s Beloved

Orphans  Nature s Beloved

Now, God created me in his image, and in so doing wired into my deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) the ability to create. That creative genome was passed on to me by means of my creator. (I was created. Therefore, I create.) ...

Author: Marlon Orlando Cole

Publisher: Lulu Press, Inc

ISBN: 9781483457741

Category: Family & Relationships

Page:

View: 940

Uplifting and inspirational, truly motivating. I just love to write, leave me be and let me write.
Categories: Family & Relationships

The Design Book

The Design Book

His passionate designs extend to other aspects of nature beyond human anatomy, and looking into the soaring rafters ... Perhaps natural organic forms are hard-wired into our brains, or maybe it is because we have the ability to record ...

Author: Can Akdeniz

Publisher: Business Hacker Books

ISBN: 9781500156657

Category: Design

Page: 310

View: 651

Design is a growing and important field these days. Of course, in order excel as a designer, you need to be deeply in touch with your creativity. Being a designer involves looking at something a different way from how everyone else looks at it. But just how do you learn to do that? And what do you know when you're a creative person, but your creative juices just aren't flowing? That's where the advice of The Design Book: A Guide Book for Designers comes in. A Design Book is actually a two-volume collection including two very popular books on creativity and innovation by acclaimed business author Can Akdeniz. The set includes Go Nuts: The Art of Creativity and Innovation and Kill the Normal: The Secrets of Revolutionary Designs.
Categories: Design