Writing and Literacy in Early China

Writing and Literacy in Early China

By carefully evaluating current evidence and offering groundbreaking new interpretations, the book illuminates the nature of literacy for scribes and readers.

Author: Feng Li

Publisher: University of Washington Press

ISBN: 9780295804507

Category: History

Page: 480

View: 895

The emergence and spread of literacy in ancient human society an important topic for all who study the ancient world, and the development of written Chinese is of particular interest, as modern Chinese orthography preserves logographic principles shared by its most ancient forms, making it unique among all present-day writing systems. In the past three decades, the discovery of previously unknown texts dating to the third century BCE and earlier, as well as older versions of known texts, has revolutionized the study of early Chinese writing. The long-term continuity and stability of the Chinese written language allow for this detailed study of the role literacy played in early civilization. The contributors to Writing and Literacy in Early China inquire into modes of manuscript production, the purposes for which texts were produced, and the ways in which they were actually used. By carefully evaluating current evidence and offering groundbreaking new interpretations, the book illuminates the nature of literacy for scribes and readers.
Categories: History

Early China

Early China

A critical new interpretation of the early history of Chinese civilization based on the most recent scholarship and archaeological discoveries.

Author: Li Feng

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521895521

Category: History

Page: 367

View: 354

A critical new interpretation of the early history of Chinese civilization based on the most recent scholarship and archaeological discoveries.
Categories: History

Language as Bodily Practice in Early China

Language as Bodily Practice in Early China

A Chinese Grammatology Jane Geaney. requisite level of literacy, however, other
impediments may have slowed the process by which writing served as a model
for speech.59 The argument that writing technology enhances the ability to ...

Author: Jane Geaney

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9781438468624

Category: Chinese language

Page: 350

View: 144

Challenges the idea held by many prominent twentieth-century Sinologists that early China experienced a “language crisis.” Jane Geaney argues that early Chinese conceptions of speech and naming cannot be properly understood if viewed through the dominant Western philosophical tradition in which language is framed through dualisms that are based on hierarchies of speech and writing, such as reality/appearance and one/many. Instead, early Chinese texts repeatedly create pairings of sounds and various visible things. This aural/visual polarity suggests that texts from early China treat speech as a bodily practice that is not detachable from its use in everyday experience. Firmly grounded in ideas about bodies from the early texts themselves, Geaney’s interpretation offers new insights into three key themes in these texts: the notion of speakers’ intentions (yi), the physical process of emulating exemplary people, and Confucius’s proposal to rectify names (zhengming).
Categories: Chinese language

The Oxford Handbook of Classical Chinese Literature

The Oxford Handbook of Classical Chinese Literature

In Li Feng and David Prager Branner, eds., Writing and Literacy in Early China.
Seattle: University of Washington Press, 239–270. Galambos, Imre. 2006.
Orthography of Early Chinese Writing: Evidence from Newly Excavated
Manuscripts ...

Author: Wiebke Denecke

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199356607

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 672

View: 748

This volume introduces readers to classical Chinese literature from its beginnings (ca. 10th century BCE) to the tenth century CE. It asks basic questions such as: How did reading and writing practices change over these two millennia? How did concepts of literature evolve? What were the factors that shaped literary production and textual transmission? How do traditional bibliographic categories, modern conceptions of genre, and literary theories shape our understanding of classical Chinese literature? What are the recurrent and evolving concerns of writings within the period under purview? What are the dimensions of human experience they address? Why is classical Chinese literature important for our understanding of pre-modern East Asia? How does the transmission of this literature in Japan, Korea, and Vietnam define cultural boundaries? And what, in turn, can we learn from the Chinese-style literatures of Japan, Korea, and Vietnam, about Chinese literature? In addressing these questions, the Oxford Handbook of Classical Chinese Literature departs from standard literary histories and sourcebooks. It does not simply categorize literary works according to periods, authors, or texts. Its goal is to offer a new conceptual framework for thinking about classical Chinese literature by defining a four-part structure. The first section discusses the basics of literacy and includes topics such as writing systems, manuscript culture, education, and loss and preservation in textual transmission. It is followed by a second section devoted to conceptions of genre, textual organization, and literary signification throughout Chinese history. A third section surveys literary tropes and themes. The final section takes us beyond China to the surrounding cultures that adopted Chinese culture and produced Chinese style writing adapted to their own historical circumstances. The volume is sustained by a dual foci: the recuperation of historical perspectives for the period it surveys and the attempt to draw connections between past and present, demonstrating how the viewpoints and information in this volume yield insights into modern China and east Asia.
Categories: Literary Criticism

Writing and Authority in Early China

Writing and Authority in Early China

... POWERS OF WRITING This book is about the uses of writing to command
assent and obedience in early China . ... with the opposition between the written
and the oral , nor does it attempt to assess the changing forms or degree of
literacy .

Author: Mark Edward Lewis

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 0791441148

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 544

View: 667

This book traces the evolving uses of writing to command assent and obedience in early China, an evolution that culminated in the establishment of a textual canon as the foundation of imperial authority. Its central theme is the emergence of this body of writings as the textual double of the state, and of the text-based sage as the double of the ruler. The book examines the full range of writings employed in early China, such as divinatory records, written communications with ancestors, government documents, the collective writings of philosophical and textual traditions, speeches attributed to historical figures, chronicles, verse anthologies, commentaries, and encyclopedic compendia. Lewis shows how these writings served to administer populations, control officials, form new social groups, invent new models of authority, and create an artificial language whose master generated power and whose graphs became potent objects.
Categories: Literary Collections

Writing and Literacy in Chinese Korean and Japanese

Writing and Literacy in Chinese  Korean and Japanese

... can write manuals and articles; some have knowledge of English, the
preeminent international language. Let us trace the history of literacy and
traditional education in Japan. Early Limited Literacy When Chinese characters
Were introduced ...

Author: Insup Taylor

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027285768

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 412

View: 903

Chinese, Japanese, South (and North) Koreans in East Asia have a long, intertwined and distinguished cultural history and have achieved, or are in the process of achieving, spectacular economic success. Together, these three peoples make up one quarter of the world population. They use a variety of unique and fascinating writing systems: logographic Chinese characters of ancient origin, as well as phonetic systems of syllabaries and alphabets. The book describes, often in comparison with English, how the Chinese, Korean and Japanese writing systems originated and developed; how each relates to its spoken language; how it is learned or taught; how it can be computerized; and how it relates to the past and present literacy, education, and culture of its users. Intimately familiar with the three East Asian cultures, Insup Taylor with the assistance of Martin Taylor, has written an accessible and highly readable book. Writing and Literacy in Chinese, Korean and Japanese is intended for academic readers (students in East Asian Studies, linguistics, education, psychology) as well as for the general public (parents, business, government). Readers of the book will learn about the interrelated cultural histories of China, Korea and Japan, but mainly about the various writing systems, some exotic, some familar, some simple, some complex, but all fascinating.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Perspectives on Teaching and Learning Chinese Literacy in China

Perspectives on Teaching and Learning Chinese Literacy in China

Historical. Perspectives. on. Chinese. Written. Language. and. Literacy.
Education. in. China. Liqing Tao and Gaoyin Qian 1.1 Introduction Chinese as a
written language has a long history. The earliest existing evidence of written
records dates ...

Author: Cynthia Leung

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400748224

Category: Education

Page: 222

View: 196

This is one of two volumes by the same editors that explore historical, philosophical, and cultural perspectives on literacy in China. This volume focuses on Chinese literacy, while the other volume is on English literacy. Since the founding of the People’s Republic of China, the country has witnessed a dramatic increase in its literacy rate, but not without challenges. The essays in this volume provide a comprehensive, cross-disciplinary look at changes in Chinese literacy education from ancient times to the modern day. Together, the essays address a wide array of topics, including early Chinese literacy development, children’s literature, foreign translated literature, and uses of information technology to teach Chinese. This authoritative text brings clarity and precision to the field and serves as a vital core resource for those who want to expand their understanding of Chinese literacy education. Its scope is unmatched even in academic literature in the Chinese language.
Categories: Education

Teaching Chinese Literacy in the Early Years

Teaching Chinese Literacy in the Early Years

Key issues explored within this text include: The Psycholinguistics of Chinese Literacy Neuropsychological Understanding of Chinese Literacy The pedagogy of teaching Chinese as a first language The Pedagogy of Teaching Chinese as a second ...

Author: Hui Li

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317804031

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 258

View: 150

The Chinese language is now used by a quarter of the world’s population and is increasingly popular as a second language. Teaching Chinese Literacy in the Early Years comprehensively investigates the psychology, pedagogy and practice involved in teaching Chinese literacy to young children. This text not only explores the psycholinguistic and neuropsychological processing involved in learning Chinese literacy but also introduces useful teaching methods and effective practices relevant for teaching within early years and primary education. Key issues explored within this text include: The Psycholinguistics of Chinese Literacy Neuropsychological Understanding of Chinese Literacy The pedagogy of teaching Chinese as a first language The Pedagogy of Teaching Chinese as a second language Teaching Chinese literacy in early childhood settings Assessing Chinese Literacy Attainment in the Early Years With the addition of two reliable Chinese literacy scales, Teaching Chinese Literacy in the Early Years is an essential text for any student, lecturer or professional teacher who is interested in learning and teaching Chinese literacy.
Categories: Foreign Language Study

Writing and the Ancient State

Writing and the Ancient State

Yet in China, no less than in the other literate states in our sample, literacy
training was vital and, regardless of writing system, had the same basic tasks to
accomplish. FIRST STEPS Although writing was almost certainly in use already
during ...

Author: Haicheng Wang

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107785878

Category: Social Science

Page:

View: 471

Writing and the Ancient State explores the early development of writing and its relationship to the growth of political structures. The first part of the book focuses on the contribution of writing to the state's legitimating project. The second part deals with the state's use of writing in administration, analyzing both textual and archaeological evidence to reconstruct how the state used bookkeeping to allocate land, police its people, and extract taxes from them. The third part focuses on education, the state's system for replenishing its staff of scribe-officials. The first half of each part surveys evidence from Mesopotamia, Egypt, the Maya lowlands, Central Mexico, and the Andes; against this background the second half examines the evidence from China. The chief aim of this book is to shed new light on early China (from the second millennium BC through the end of the Han period, ca. 220 AD) while bringing to bear the lens of cross-cultural analysis on each of the civilizations under discussion.
Categories: Social Science

Orthography of Early Chinese Writing

Orthography of Early Chinese Writing

1 The local corpus ies It has never been doubted that Chinese writing has variant
forms . ... transcribers of early manuscripts have identified in the course of their
work created the impression that scribes in early China lacked literacy skills .

Author: Imre Galambos

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105123912078

Category: Chinese characters

Page: 183

View: 577

Categories: Chinese characters

The Cambridge History of Chinese Literature

The Cambridge History of Chinese Literature

Stephen Owen is James Bryant Conant Professor of Chinese at Harvard University. --Book Jacket.

Author: Kang-i Sun Chang

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521855586

Category: Chinese literature

Page: 1504

View: 808

Stephen Owen is James Bryant Conant Professor of Chinese at Harvard University. --Book Jacket.
Categories: Chinese literature

Chinese Literature A Very Short Introduction

Chinese Literature  A Very Short Introduction

later Though “the study of writing” becomes the Chinese term for literature, the
term wen refers etymologically to a pattern, ... Closer to the idea of the liberal arts,
wen can refer to any patterned art form, and “carefully patterned writing” well
describes literature's broad scope in early China. ... Reading and writing
integrated individuals in an enduring stream of humanity, and members of the
scholar-official ...

Author: Sabina Knight

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199913138

Category: History

Page: 160

View: 351

Perhaps nowhere else has literature been as conscious a collective endeavor as in China, and China's survival over three thousand years may owe more to its literary traditions than to its political history. This Very Short Introduction tells the story of Chinese literature from antiquity to the present, focusing on the key role literary culture played in supporting social and political concerns. Embracing traditional Chinese understandings of literature as encompassing history and philosophy as well as poetry and poetics, storytelling, drama, and the novel, Sabina Knight discusses the philosophical foundations of literary culture as well as literature's power to address historical trauma and cultivate moral and sensual passions. From ancient historical records through the modernization and globalization of Chinese literature, Knight draws on lively examples to underscore the close relationship between ethics and aesthetics, as well as the diversity of Chinese thought. Knight also illuminates the role of elite patronage; the ways literature has served the interests of specific groups; and questions of canonization, language, nationalism, and cross-cultural understanding. The book includes Chinese characters for names, titles, and key terms.
Categories: History

Multilingualism in China

Multilingualism in China

The Politics of Writing Reforms for Minority Languages 1949-2002 Minglang
Zhou ... On the other hand, during the Chinese-monopolistic stage (1958—1977),
the balance was tilted toward the political ... languages through literacy and
educational/official use, as promoted by socialist political and economic
development.

Author: Minglang Zhou

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110924596

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 480

View: 607

Minglang Zhou's highly erudite and well-researched volume on the policies concerning writing reforms for China's minorities since 1949 provides an original and well-reasoned summary of a complex process. It documents how different script reforms meet dramatically different fates according to local preferences, history, cross-border ties, and the vitality of previously-used scripts. It convincingly shows that no single variable is decisive in the success of a script, and that language planners' fixation with technical details is doomed to failure, without careful coordination of extra-code factors. It also documents the little-known Sino-Soviet cooperation in the area of writing reforms. In a style accessible to both undergraduate and graduate students, Zhou's book is of interest to language planners, sinologists, applied linguists, writing theorists, and ethnologists.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Measure of Civilization

The Measure of Civilization

41. see, for instance, nicholas everett, Literacy in Lombard Italy, c. ... 52. in
general terms, see Mark lewis, Writing and authority in early China (albany: state
university of new york Press, 1999); early Chinese empires; China between
empires.

Author: Ian Morris

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400844760

Category: Social Science

Page: 400

View: 495

A groundbreaking look at Western and Eastern social development from the end of the ice age to today In the past thirty years, there have been fierce debates over how civilizations develop and why the West became so powerful. The Measure of Civilization presents a brand-new way of investigating these questions and provides new tools for assessing the long-term growth of societies. Using a groundbreaking numerical index of social development that compares societies in different times and places, award-winning author Ian Morris sets forth a sweeping examination of Eastern and Western development across 15,000 years since the end of the last ice age. He offers surprising conclusions about when and why the West came to dominate the world and fresh perspectives for thinking about the twenty-first century. Adapting the United Nations' approach for measuring human development, Morris's index breaks social development into four traits—energy capture per capita, organization, information technology, and war-making capacity—and he uses archaeological, historical, and current government data to quantify patterns. Morris reveals that for 90 percent of the time since the last ice age, the world's most advanced region has been at the western end of Eurasia, but contrary to what many historians once believed, there were roughly 1,200 years—from about 550 to 1750 CE—when an East Asian region was more advanced. Only in the late eighteenth century CE, when northwest Europeans tapped into the energy trapped in fossil fuels, did the West leap ahead. Resolving some of the biggest debates in global history, The Measure of Civilization puts forth innovative tools for determining past, present, and future economic and social trends.
Categories: Social Science

Writing from These Roots

Writing from These Roots

Literacy in a Hmong-American Community John Duffy. Appendix C Number 1
Early Miao/Hmong Writing Systems in China and Laos Number 2, continued
Name of Script Type of Literacy Location 214 Appendixes. Name of Script Type of
 ...

Author: John Duffy

Publisher: University of Hawaii Press

ISBN: 9780824830953

Category: History

Page: 241

View: 372

Writing from These Roots documents the historical development of literacy in a Midwestern American community of Laotian Hmong, a people who came to the United States as refugees from the Vietnam War and whose language had no widely accepted written form until one created by missionary-linguists was adopted in the late twentieth century by Hmong in Laos and, later, the U.S. and other Western nations. For this reason, the Hmong provide a unique opportunity to study the forces that influence the development of reading and writing abilities in cultures in which writing is not widespread and to do so within the context of the political, economic, religious, military, and migratory upheavals classified broadly as globalization. Drawing on life-history interviews collected from Hmong refugees in a Wisconsin community, this book examines the disparate political and institutional forces that shaped Hmong literacy development in the twentieth century, including, in Laos, French colonialism, Laotian nationalism, missionary Christianity, and the CIA during the Vietnam War. It further examines the influences on Hmong literacy in the U.S., including public schooling, evangelical Christianity
Categories: History

Literacy in Ancient Everyday Life

Literacy in Ancient Everyday Life

This volume explores the significance of literacy for everyday life in the ancient world. It focuses on the use of writing and written materials, the circumstances of their use, and different types of users.

Author: Anne Kolb

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110594065

Category: History

Page: 436

View: 405

This volume explores the significance of literacy for everyday life in the ancient world. It focuses on the use of writing and written materials, the circumstances of their use, and different types of users. The broad geographic and chronologic frame of reference includes many kinds of written materials, from Pharaonic Egypt and ancient China through the early middle ages, yet a focus is placed on the Roman Empire.
Categories: History

Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women

Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women

Women writers and women as figures in mens literary imagination are the two
main aspects of feminist study of ... acquire literacy in classical Chinese,
memorize the canon, and master the prestigious art of writing poetry—
requirements for the ...

Author: Cheris Kramarae

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135963156

Category: Reference

Page: 2050

View: 848

For a full list of entries and contributors, sample entries, and more, visit the Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women website. Featuring comprehensive global coverage of women's issues and concerns, from violence and sexuality to feminist theory, the Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women brings the field into the new millennium. In over 900 signed A-Z entries from US and Europe, Asia, the Americas, Oceania, and the Middle East, the women who pioneered the field from its inception collaborate with the new scholars who are shaping the future of women's studies to create the new standard work for anyone who needs information on women-related subjects.
Categories: Reference

Chinese Women s Cinema

Chinese Women   s Cinema

The consistent discursive privileging of writing (and reading) over acting
manifested what we may call a somatophobia, which escalated with the
increasing public visibility of the female body in early twentiethcentury urban
China. As a result of ...

Author: Lingzhen Wang

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231527446

Category: History

Page: 384

View: 724

The first of its kind in English, this collection explores twenty one well established and lesser known female filmmakers from mainland China, Hong Kong, Taiwan, and the Chinese diaspora. Sixteen scholars illuminate these filmmakers' negotiations of local and global politics, cinematic representation, and issues of gender and sexuality, covering works from the 1920s to the present. Writing from the disciplines of Asian, women's, film, and auteur studies, contributors reclaim the work of Esther Eng, Tang Shu Shuen, Dong Kena, and Sylvia Chang, among others, who have transformed Chinese cinematic modernity. Chinese Women's Cinema is a unique, transcultural, interdisciplinary conversation on authorship, feminist cinema, transnational gender, and cinematic agency and representation. Lingzhen Wang's comprehensive introduction recounts the history and limitations of established feminist film theory, particularly its relationship with female cinematic authorship and agency. She also reviews critiques of classical feminist film theory, along with recent developments in feminist practice, altogether remapping feminist film discourse within transnational and interdisciplinary contexts. Wang's subsequent redefinition of women's cinema, and brief history of women's cinematic practices in modern China, encourage the reader to reposition gender and cinema within a transnational feminist configuration, such that power and knowledge are reexamined among and across cultures and nation-states.
Categories: History

Looking at it from Asia the Processes that Shaped the Sources of History of Science

Looking at it from Asia  the Processes that Shaped the Sources of History of Science

... in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries reading and writing ability
in both Chinese and Noˆm (an ideographic writing system used to write
Vietnamese) was considered an essential tool of scholarship and literary
expression.

Author: Florence Bretelle-Establet

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9048136768

Category: Science

Page: 426

View: 193

How do Documents Become Sources? Perspectives from Asia and Science Florence Bretelle-Establet From Documents to Sources in Historiography The present volume develops a specific type of critical analysis of the written documents that have become historians’ sources. For reasons that will be explained later, the history of science in Asia has been taken as a framework. However, the issue addressed is general in scope. It emerged from reflections on a problem that may seem common to historians: why, among the huge mass of written documents available to historians, some have been well studied while others have been dismissed or ignored? The question of historical sources and their (unequal) use in historiography is not new. Which documents have been used and favored as historical sources by historians has been a key historiographical issue that has occupied a large space in the historical production of the last four decades, in France at least.
Categories: Science

Writing and the Origins of Greek Literature

Writing and the Origins of Greek Literature

CHAPTER 5 Literacy We find strong distinctions drawn between literacy and
orality , but after some discussion are not so ... Ancient Egypt , Rome , and
Greece , China , India , Islam , Europe , and the United States of America are
examples of ...

Author: Barry B. Powell

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521036313

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 210

View: 257

Examines the contribution of the alphabetic revolution to the genesis of archaic Greek literature.
Categories: Foreign Language Study