Interurban Knowledge Exchange in Southern and Eastern Europe 1870 1950

Interurban Knowledge Exchange in Southern and Eastern Europe  1870   1950

Loisel, “Études diverses,” 779, citing Alphonse Milne-Edwards and other French zoologists from the 1890s; also see Eric Baratay and Elisabeth Hardouin-Fugier, Zoos: Histoire des jardins zoologiques en Occident (XVIe–XXe siècle) (Paris: ...

Author: Eszter Gantner

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000207651

Category: History

Page: 344

View: 851

Around 1900 cities in Southern and Eastern Europe were persistently labelled "backward" and "delayed." Allegedly they had no alternative but to follow the role model of the metropolises, of London, Paris or Vienna. This edited volume fundamentally questions this assumption. It shows that cities as diverse as Barcelona, Berdyansk, Budapest, Lviv, Milan, Moscow, Prague, Warsaw and Zagreb pursued their own agendas of modernization. In order to solve their pressing problems with respect to urban planning and public health, they searched for best practices abroad. The solutions they gleaned from other cities were eclectic to fit the specific needs of a given urban space and were thus often innovative. This applied urban knowledge was generated through interurban networks and multi-directional exchanges. Yet in the period around 1900, this transnational municipalism often clashed with the forging of urban and national identities, highlighting the tensions between the universal and the local. This interurban perspective helps to overcome nationalist perspectives in historiography as well as outdated notions of "center and periphery." This volume will appeal to scholars from a large number of disciplines, including urban historians, historians of Eastern and Southern Europe, historians of science and medicine and scholars interested in transnational connections.
Categories: History

Zoo and Aquarium History

Zoo and Aquarium History

Baratay, Eric and Hardouin-Fugier, ZoosHistoire des jardins zoologiques en occident (XVIe –XXe siècles), La Découverte, Paris, 1998 [Zoos — History of Western Zoological Gardens (16th–20th Centuries)]. 3. Fisher, James, Zoos of the ...

Author: Vernon N. Kisling

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420039245

Category: Nature

Page: 440

View: 257

As one of the world's most popular cultural activities, wild animal collections have been attracting visitors for 5,000 years. Under the direction of Vernon N. Kisling, an expert in zoo history, an international team of authors has compiled the first comprehensive, global history of animal collections, menageries, zoos, and aquariums. Zoo and Aquar
Categories: Nature

Zoo Studies

Zoo Studies

Metamorphoses of the Zoo: Animal Encounter after Noah. Lanham: Lexington Books, 2010. – “Zoos and Eyes: Contesting Captivity and Seeking Successor Practices. ... Zoos: Histoire des jardins zoologiques en occident, XVIe–XXe siècle.

Author: Tracy McDonald

Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP

ISBN: 9780773558168

Category: Nature


View: 921

Do both the zoo and the mental hospital induce psychosis, as humans are treated as animals and animals are treated as humans? How have we looked at animals in the past, and how do we look at them today? How have zoos presented themselves, and their purpose, over time? In response to the emergence of environmental and animal studies, anthropologists, sociologists, philosophers, theorists, literature scholars, and historians around the world have begun to explore the significance of zoological parks, past and present. Zoo Studies considers the modern zoo from a range of approaches and disciplines, united in a desire to blur the boundaries between human and nonhuman animals. The volume begins with an account of the first modern mental hospital, La Salpêtrière, established in 1656, and the first panoptical zoo, the menagerie at Versailles, created in 1662 by the same royal architect; the final chapter presents a choreographic performance that imagines the Toronto Zoo as a place where the human body can be inspired by animal bodies. From beginning to end, through interdisciplinary collaboration, this volume decentres the human subject and offers alternative ways of thinking about zoos and their inhabitants. This collection immerses readers in the lives of animals and their experiences of captivity and asks us to reflect on our own assumptions about both humans and animals. An original and groundbreaking work, Zoo Studies will change the way readers see nonhuman animals and themselves.
Categories: Nature

Vestiges of Colonial Empire in France

Vestiges of Colonial Empire in France

Eric Baratay and Elisabeth Hardouin-Fugier, Zoos: Histoire des jardins zoologiques en Occident (XVIe-XXe siécles) (Paris, 1998), Chapter 1. Léon-Paul Fargue evoked the 'Jardin des Plantes – Halle aux Vins' and 'Le Musée des mondes ...

Author: R. Aldrich

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9780230005525

Category: History

Page: 383

View: 824

This book offers the first comprehensive study of 'sites of memory' in France connected to the history of French imperialism and colonialism, and the ways that the French have remembered or forgotten their colonial past. Through a study of monuments, memorials, museum collections and other 'sites of memory' in France connected with France's overseas empire this book analyzes the way in which French authorities marked the Paris and provincial landscapes with these reminders of France's colonial 'mission' during the period of imperial expansion, and the fate of these sites in the post-colonial period and what that evolution reveals about French memory and amnesia of the colonial epoch.
Categories: History

Strange and Wonderful

Strange and Wonderful

Milan: Prolifilo. Baines, John, and Jaromír Málek. 1980. Atlas of Ancient Egypt. New York: Facts on File. Baratay, Éric, and Élisabeth Hardouin-Fugier. 1998. Zoos: Histoire des jardins zoologiques en Occident (XVIe – XXe siècle).

Author: Karen Polinger Foster

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190672553

Category: Art

Page: 233

View: 991

Ever since the creation of the world's first botanical and zoological gardens five thousand years ago, people have collected, displayed, and depicted plants and animals from lands beyond their everyday experience. Some did so to demonstrate power over distant territories, others to enhance prestige by possessing something no one had seen before. Exotica also satisfied intellectual curiosity, furthered scientific research, and educated and entertained. In addition, exotica, especially their state-sponsored representation, were often instruments of political persuasion, and in turn exerted considerable influence over expansionist policies. More than an account of gardens and menageries from antiquity to the present, Strange and Wonderful explores the imagery of exotic flora and fauna in Western art, seeking answers to certain fundamental and universal questions. How do artists, schooled in traditional modes of rendering the familiar, deal with the new and strange? Why are rare species deliberately introduced into images otherwise devoid of the unusual? What is the pictorialized relationship between exotic reality and artistic imagination? Karen Polinger Foster takes readers on a journey across millennia and around the globe, telling fascinating stories and meeting along the way such characters as Hatshepsut's baboons, Charlemagne's elephant, Dürer's rhinoceros, and Victoria's hippopotamus. What emerges is a sense of just how strong and far-reaching the pull of the unknown and exotic has been across time and space. Ultimately, images of the wonderful reveal as much about the indigenous as they do about the strange, enabling us to glimpse more vividly the power of imagination to mold the unknown to its purposes. This dazzling and richly illustrated volume offers a thoughtful, much-needed inquiry into a very human phenomenon.
Categories: Art



Zoo: A History of Zoological Gardens in the West. First published in French as Zoos: Histoire des Jardins Zoologiques en Occident (XVIe-XXe siécle). Translated by O, Welsh. Reaktion Books Ltd., London, UK.


Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 9781493161836

Category: Gardening

Page: 442

View: 545

“Public Gardens Management: A Global Perspective” provides essential information about public gardens and what is involved in designing, managing, and maintaining one. Although suitable as a textbook, its audience will include anyone with direct or peripheral responsibility for administration or supervision of a complex organization that requires scientific knowledge as well as public relations and business acumen. It may also prove useful for homeowners, for there is no fundamental difference between growing plants in a public garden or a home garden, a fact reflected in the extensive reference citations. The topic is multidisciplinary and as old as the beginning of human civilization when the concept of mental and physical restoration was realized by early man while he/she was in a natural but well-ordered garden environment. Thus began the art of garden making. Many volumes have been written on every applicable subject discussed in this and similar publications. Indeed the voluminous literature on history, design, horticulture, and numerous related subjects is nothing short of overwhelming. Accordingly, anyone involved in management of public gardens, whether as a director or area supervisor, and irrespective of the type and size of such facility, would have to have familiarity with various aspects of garden organization and administration. However, despite the enormous number and diversity of such publications there are very few books that deal with the multiplicity of the topics in such a manner as to be practical in approach and cover most relevant and unified issues in a single book. These volumes provide the essential background information on plants, animals, management, maintenance, fundraising and finances, as well as history, art, design, education, and conservation. They also cover a host of interrelated subjects and responsible organization of such activities as creating a children’s garden, horticultural therapy, conservatories, zoological gardens, and parks, hence, administration of multidimensional public gardens. Nearly 500 full color plates representing illustrations from gardens in more than 30 countries are provided to assist and guide students and other interested individuals with history and the fundamental issues of public garden management. The 15 chapters begin with the need for public gardens, types of public gardens, historical backgrounds, as well as design diversity. Numerous quotations are included from many garden lovers, landscape architects, philosophers, and others. The author’s primary aim in writing this book was based on the confidence that a relevant reference, between the encyclopedic nature of some and the specific subject matter of others, could be used to provide fundamental information for management of public as well as private gardens. The boundary between botanical and zoological gardens and parks is no longer as distinct as it once was. In part it is because a garden is not a garden without plants and in part it has become apparent that for all practical intents and purposes all animals need plants for their survival. Visitors of zoological gardens expect to see more than just animals; zoos are landscaped grounds. Moreover, most communities find it financially difficult to simultaneously operate a botanical garden or an arboretum as well as a zoological garden and city parks. A number of public gardens are currently referred to as “botanical and zoological garden.” Population density and the public’s desires and expectations, as well as financial requirements, are among the reasons for some major city parks, such as Golden Gate in San Francisco, Central Park in New York City, and Lincoln Park in Chicago which integrate botanical or zoological divisions as well as museums and recreational facilities. While this book attempts to provide basic principles involved in public garden management, it does not claim to be a substitute for broader familiarity
Categories: Gardening

Consumable Metaphors

Consumable Metaphors

See Eric Baratay and Elisabeth Hardouin - Fugier , Zoos . Histoire des jardins zoologiques en Occident ( XVIe - XXe siècle ) , Paris , La Découverte , 1998 . See Michael A. Osborne , Nature , the Exotic , and the Science of French ...

Author: Ceri Crossley

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 3039101900

Category: Animal welfare

Page: 332

View: 858

This book studies the various definitions of animal nature proposed by nineteenth-century currents of thought in France. It is based on an examination of a number of key thinkers and writers, some well known (for example, Michelet and Lamartine), others largely forgotten (for example, Gleizes and Reynaud). At the centre of the book lies the idea that knowledge of animals is often knowledge of something else, that the primary referentiality is overlaid with additional levels of meaning. In nineteenth-century France thinking about animals (their future and their past) became a way of thinking about power relations in society, for example about the status of women and the problem of the labouring classes. This book analyses how animals as symbols externalize and mythologize human fears and wishes, but it also demonstrates that animals have an existence in and for themselves and are not simply useful counters functioning within discourse.
Categories: Animal welfare

Elephant Slaves Pampered Parrots

Elephant Slaves   Pampered Parrots

... Zoos: Histoire des jardins zoologiques en occident (XVIe–XXe siècle) (Paris: Éditions La Découverte, 1998). On the Versailles menagerie, see Gérard Mabille, “La ménagerie de Versailles,” Gazette des Beaux-Arts 83 (1974): 5–36; ...

Author: Louise E. Robbins

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9780801876776

Category: History

Page: 380

View: 359

This lively history “adds a new dimension to our understanding of 18th-century France” by exploring the Parisian fashion of importing exotic animals (American Historical Review). In 1775, a visitor to Laurent Spinacuta’s Grande Ménagerie at the annual winter fair in Paris would have seen two tigers, several kinds of monkeys, an armadillo, an ocelot, and a condor—in all, forty-two live animals. In the streets of the city, one could observe performing elephants and a fighting polar bear. Those looking for unusual pets could purchase parrots, flying squirrels, and capuchin monkeys. The royal menagerie at Versailles displayed lions, cranes, an elephant, a rhinoceros, and a zebra, which in 1760 became a major court attraction. For Enlightenment-era Parisians, exotic animals piqued scientific curiosity and conveyed social status. Their variety and accessibility were a boon for naturalists like Buffon, author of Histoire naturelle. Louis XVI use his menagerie to demonstrate his power, while critics saw his caged animals as metaphors of slavery and oppression. In her engaging account, Robbins considers nearly every aspect of France’s obsession with exotic fauna, from the animals’ transportation and care to the inner workings of the oiseleurs’ (birdsellers’) guild. Based on wide-ranging research, Elephant Slaves and Pampered Parrots offers a major contribution to the history of human-animal relations, eighteenth-century culture, and French colonialism.
Categories: History

Manual of Discourse Traditions in Romance

Manual of Discourse Traditions in Romance

Baratay, Éric/Hardouin-Fugier, Élisabeth (1998), Zoos: histoire des jardins zoologiques en occident (XVIe–XXe siècle), Paris, La Découverte; German edition: (2000), Zoo: von der Menagerie zum Tierpark, transl.

Author: Esme Winter-Froemel

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110668636

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 846

View: 581

Discourse Traditions are a key concept of diachronic Romance linguistics. The present manual aims to establish this approach at an international level by assembling contributions that introduce its theoretical foundations, discuss connections with alternative approaches of text and discourse analysis, show the relevance of Discourse Traditions for the history of Romance languages, and explore possibilities for future applications of the concept.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Papa Sartre

Papa Sartre

Zoos, Histoire des jardins zoologiques en Occident, XVIe-XXe siècle. Paris: La Découverte. Battesti, Vincent. 2004. “Odeur sui generis, Le subterfuge dans la domestication du palmier dattier (Tassili n'Ajjer, Algérie).

Author: ʻAlī Badr

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9789774162893

Category: Political Science

Page: 563

View: 211

"After a failed study mission in France, Abd al-Rahman returns home to Iraq to launch an existentialist movement akin to that of his hero. Convinced that it falls upon him to introduce his country's intellectuals to Sartre's thought, he feels especially qualified by his physical resemblance to the philosopher (except for the crossed eyes) and by his marriage to Germaine, who he claims is the great man's cousin. Meanwhile, his wealth and family prestige guarantee him an idle life spent in drinking, debauchery, and frequenting a well-known nightclub. But is his suicide an act of philosophical despair, or a reaction to his friend's affair with Germaine? A biographer chosen by his presumed friends narrates the story of a somewhat bewildered young man who-like other members of his generation-was searching for a meaning to his life. This parody of the abuses and extravagances of pseudo-philosophers in the Baghdad of the sixties throws into relief the Iraqi intellectual and cultural life of the time and the reversal of fortune of some of Iraq's wealthy and powerful families."--Publisher description.
Categories: Political Science